Archive for ‘France’

December 2, 2022

The Maison Loo of Paris !

Here is something unusual and quant of my eternal Paris. I am always in my road warrior more or walking zombie there, and came upon a beautiful red building that caught my eyes. This was many years ago and had the picture hidden in my vault until now; and its time for me to included it in my blog for me and you. Hope you enjoy the post as I.

The Maison Loo located at 48 rue de Courcelles in the 8éme arrondissement of Paris ,is a Chinese Pagoda that it is in no way a religious building, but simply the result of one man’s love for his country of origin , China , and his will to share it with his adopted country, France. Arriving in Paris in 1902, Ching Tsai Loo was a dazzlingly successful art dealer. He bought a private mansion built in 1880, in the classic French style, to carry out his activity there a few steps from Parc Monceau. The mansion is raised by 2 floors, the roof is rebuilt, and the entire building is painted red , A construction completed in 1926.

Paris

And although it was sold in 2011, it continues its activity according to the wishes of its illustrious founder , namely to be a cultural link between France and China. It is now a private museum, which offers exhibitions and fairs throughout the year ,and even spaces that can be privatized. The only opportunities if you wish to discover the magnificent typical Chinese interior decoration of this pagoda. The official Galerie C.T. Loo & Cie is today the oldest gallery of Asian art in Paris and the only real Chinese house in Paris. A unique decoration of 600 m 2 of Asian arts.

The official pagoda of Paris or Maison Loohttp://www.pagodaparis.com/pagoda_paris.html

The Paris tourist office on the Pagoda of Parishttps://en.parisinfo.com/paris-museum-monument/71540/The-Pagoda-Paris

There you go folks, a dandy picturesque house in a nice area of my eternal Paris. The Pagoda of Paris as it is best known will make it an interesting sight if participating in a host cultural event there. Again, hope you enjoy the post as I

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all !!!

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December 1, 2022

The Espace Champerret of Paris !

This is another memorable spot that should be in my blog, and I have several pictures of the personal nature but a bit old and will include in this post about the Espace Champerret of Paris ! My times here have been to participate in the Independant winegrowers association wine fair, a memorable and wonderful event.

The Espace Champerret is at 6 rue Jean Oestreicher with the main entrance by the Place Auguste Balagny in the 17éme arrondissement of Paris, by the Porte de Champerret and serve by metro station Porte de Champerret line 3, exit/sortie 1 ,also, near is Louise Michel station with exit/sortie 2, It has correspondance with bus lines no 84,92, and 93 which I know of, As well as near RERLine C, Pereire-Levallois station,

The Espace Champerret has a huge accessible and human-sized site of 8450 m²,where it hosts a variety of professional and general public events every year. It includes three halls on one level from 1,450 m² to 5,000 m², both independent and complementary, which offer the possibility of organizing tailor-made events and easily setting up simple and efficient visitor routes.

The Espace Champerret is part of Viparis: a single brand that brings together the 10 main venues in Paris, and which hosts more than 330 trade fairs per year. Official Viparis webpage :https://www.viparis.com/en/

The Espace Champerret unique webpagehttps://www.espacechamperret.com/en/site/espace-champerret

The Paris tourist office on the Espace Champerrethttps://en.parisinfo.com/paris-professional/74527/Espace-Champerret-VIPARIS

The last independent winegrowers event held here I did not attend and it was the 29ème Salon des Vins des Vignerons Indépendants ,held from March 18-21 2022, The properties of note to me were the Château Haut Mayne, Château Hourtin Ducasse, Château Eugénie,of Cahors, Château La Coustarelle of Cahors malbec, and Domaine Michel Girard et Fils of Sancerre.

Paris champerret ind vignerons PF MF et XF domaine dutertre stand nov08

Paris Champerret ind wine fair mr roche ancienne cure mars10

However, my last event attended here was the 26éme Salon des Vins des Vignerons Indépendants held from March 22-24 2019 ,and there I saw a lot more of my favorites ,such as :

Château D’Agassac, Château Lesparre, Château Paloumey, Château Bel Air ,Château Hourtin Ducasse ; Château Du Taillan ,Château La Valade, Canon Fronsac, As well as Domaine de la Rochelierre of Fitou ; Château Eugénie of Cahors , Domaine Cauhape of ,Jurançon Sec ; La Diligence, of Chinon, Domaine de la Rouletiére of Vouvray, Domaine Serge Dagueneau et Filles of Pouilly Fumé, Domaine Charles Joguet of Chinon, Domaine Vayssette of Gaillac, Château d’Aydie of Madiran, and Domaine L’Ancienne Curé of Bergerac.

Paris Champerret ind wine fair mars10

Paris Champerret ind wine fair XF sandwich nov08

So, what is the Vignerons Indépendants de France? or the independent winegrowers of France. Let me explain ,briefly.

Everything began in the South of France, in the Languedoc Roussillon old region more especially. After WWII winemaking cooperatives grew so much they were weakening the independent winegrowers, although the latter had been strongly established in the region for several decades. To protect their independence they decided to create a counter-power in 1978 under the Confédération Nationale des Caves Particulières CNCP (National Confederation of Independent Cellars). The group grew up, a collective brand was created in 1985, a Wine Competition was launched in 1990 and in 2003, faithful to its founding spirit, the CNCP became the Vignerons Indépendants (Independent Winemakers) that now also federates bottlers. Today, the union counts 7000 members.

The independent winemakers are organized in CEVI (European Confederation of Independant Winemakers). Established in 2002, the CEVI defends the Common Agricultural Policy with 11 national organizations of independent winemakers united in a common voice in Brussels. VIF (Independant Winemakers of France). At the national level, the Independant Winemakers union has become a privileged interlocutor for the public authorities, various institutions and professional bodies. At last count, 11 Regional Federations of Independent Winemakers. They pursue the departmental federations’ initiatives and provide a representation role with regional authorities. At last count,  32 Departmental Federations of Independent Winemakers.  Despite their regional diversity, independent winemakers all have the same job and share common problems. The departmental federations defend the profession along with independent winemakers  on a day-to-day basis and provide them with numerous services: advice, preferential purchasing conditions, training, legal  or marketing help.

The Vignerons Indépendants Wine Fair in Paris is the largest fair in the world open to the general public, and the Vignerons Indépendants Wine Contest is the 3rd biggest competition in France !!

The official Vignerons Indépendants of Francehttps://www.vigneron-independant.com/

There you go folks a wonderful way of life we enjoy enormously in my belle France. Wine has been a tradition in my family for many generations ,and I am happy to continue it thru my sons. The Vignerons Indépendants are just awesome, and the Espace Champerret a memorable spot in my life. One last note the pictures are memorable ones from the 2017 event. Hope you enjoy the post as I

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all !!!

December 1, 2022

The Place Denys-Cochin of Paris !

Ok so in my meandearing walks and road warrior trips in my eternal Paris, I have passed by many streets, and some catch my attention for come back and good memories of my run around Paris. The Place Denys Cochin is one example of wonderful walks and drives in Paris. Hope you enjoy the new text using older picture but first time in my blog.

The Place Denys-Cochin is a thoroughfare located in the École-Militaire quartier or neighborhood of the 7th arrondissement or district of Paris. It bears the name of the politician Denys Cochin defender of Catholicism. The square was created and took its current name in 1930. The square is actually a triangular shaped square situated in between the Avenue de Tourville, the Avenue de Lowendall and the Boulevard de la Tour-Maubourg looking over towards the immaculate gardens of Les Invalides.The square faces the Hôtel des Invalides.(see post).

The statue of General Mangin in 1932 and erected on the square, was melted under the Vichy regime at the request of the Nazis during the Occupation of Paris in 1940-1941, on the orders of Adolf Hitler. Only the head has survived, preserved today at the Cave of the Dragon. Another source mentions that it would be at the Army Museum, at the Invalides. A statue of General Mangin was reinstalled after the war at the bedside of the Saint-François-Xavier Church, in the same arrondissement, place du Président-Mithouard.  Since 1985, it has housed a statue of Marshal Hubert Lyautey.

paris Pl Denys Cochin statue Maréchal Lyautey apr17

The polished pink granite stele, 2.60 meters high and 25 cm wide, was inaugurated in 1915. The mentions on both sides will be on the one hand the homage to the Goums and on the other hand the appeal in 1939 by Mohammed V to his people to support France.

The Place Denys-Cochin is served nearby by metro lines 13  at Saint-François-Xavier station and line 8  at École Militaire station, as well as nearby by RATP bus lines 82and  92. 

There is no webpage for a square as this one, but will put up the Paris tourist office on the Invalides which in front:  https://en.parisinfo.com/paris-museum-monument/71310/H%C3%B4tel-national-des-Invalides

There you go folks, another dandy spot in my eternal Paris entering my blog for the memories of always in my eternal Paris. Hope you enjoy the post and do walk by the Place Denys Cochin, worth it.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all !!!

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December 1, 2022

Curiosities of Paris, !!! Part IV

Looking at my vault, found some older pictures which need to be in my blog. This allows me to show additional looks of wonderful sights in my eternal Paris. Nostalgia sets in and here I go on the curiosities of Paris, !!! part IV.

The Fontaine Saint-Michel fountain was built under the second empire in 1860, It includes a bronze group, inspired by Raphael’s painting in the Louvre, representing Saint Michael slaying the demon, Both dragons were sculpted by Henri-Alfred Jacquemart, Four statues top the pink columns of the fountain ; these are : Prudence, holding a mirror and a serpent, by Jean-Auguste Barre, Justice, holding a sword, by Elias Robert, Temperance, by Charles Gumery , and La Force, dressed in the skin of the Nemean lion and armed with the club of Hercules, by Auguste-Hyacinthe Debay.

paris fontaine St Michel jul09

The Fontaine Saint-Michel is part of the aeration plan of the city planned by Haussmann under Napoleon III. The piercing of Boulevard Saint-Michel in the axis of the Sainte-Chapelle forced the creation of a square at the outlet of the Pont Saint-Michel, Haussmann ordered the establishment of this fountain in order to fill the angle between the Boulevard Saint-Michel and the place Saint-André-des-Arts and give a visual outlet to the perspective of the Boulevard du Palais. It is 26 meters high and 15 meters wide. The Fontaine Saint-Michel differs from other Parisian fountains by the use of polychromy: Red marble of Languedoc (columns), green marble, blue stone of Soignies, yellow limestone of Saint-Yllie.

paris fontain st michel feb14

The Paris tourist office on the fontaine de Saint Michel: https://en.parisinfo.com/transport/73150/Fontaine-Saint-Michel

Of course, my loving memorable  wonderful Jardin des Tuileries!!! It has many memorable moments in my life visiting it and working across from it and visiting again.The basins were nice and somehow missing from my previous posts, so I am making up here.  Hope you enjoy it as I.  The Jardin des Tuileries is located in the 1éme arrondissement of Paris, and was created in the 16C. It is the oldest and largest garden in Paris with 28 hectares, It is, in fact, at the crossroads of the Louvre Palace/Museum, the Place de la Concorde, the Seine river, and the rue de Rivoli. Right along the Terrasse des Feuillants exit onto rue de Rivoli 

paris jardin des tuilereis bassin rond mar13

Royal gardener Le Nôtre carefully studied painting and optical effects to redesign the Grand Carré, which is remarkable for its play on perspective. He corrected the distortion due to the distance by shifting towards the East the small round basins of the reserved gardens, located to the left and to the right of the round basin (on the Place du Carrousel side), which seems much larger than the Octagonal Basin while it is twice as small !  In the center of the Jardin des Tuileries, stands the octagonal Basin, near which chairs have been placed so that you can rest, read, chat, and even sunbathe! You can also daydream and stroll on the Terrasse du Bord de l’Eau or Waterfront Terrace which overlooks the elegant Orangerie museum (see post)  building and borders the Seine river !

paris jardin des tuileries to arc du carrousel louvre nov19

The large octagonal pool located near the Concorde gate is the largest of all the pools in the Jardin des Tuileries. It is adorned with a powerful central jet that reaches 12 meters high and eight inclined jets placed in each of the angles of the octagon. Located at the other end of the park near the Louvre, a large round pool has a basin supported by four consoles. It is a privileged place for children who take great joy in sailing the small sailing boats.  Two smaller round waterholes are found on the surrounding lawns. The statue of the Tigress bringing a peacock to her ; work by Auguste Cain dating from 1873, decorates the surroundings of the small round basin located on the south side, The small round basin on the north side faces the Marsan pavilion of the Louvre. It is the statue of the Tiger slaying a crocodile sculpted by Auguste Caïn in 1873, which marks this place.The two rectangular basins, the one on the north side and the one on the south side, are decorated with copies of two statues representing Atalanta and Hippomenes. The works were commissioned by Louis XIV to decorate the park of the Château de Marly. After the destruction of the Château de Marly, they were placed in the garden of the Tuileries Palace(also gone). They are respective works of Pierre Lepautre and Guillaume Coustou (father) dating from 1705. The originals are exhibited at the Louvre Museum (see post).  The basin located to the north also hosts in its round part the statue of the Faun with a kid, the work of Pierre Lepautre from 1685.

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The Paris tourist office on the Jardin des Tuilerieshttps://en.parisinfo.com/paris-museum-monument/71304/Jardin-des-Tuileries

There you go folks, two dandy wonderful spots in my eternal Paris, both a must to visit while you in Paris. I have enjoyed over the years my walks and road warrior rides around these places and each time is like the first time on them ! Again, hope you enjoy the latest curiosities of Paris post as I.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all !!!

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November 30, 2022

The Palais Brongniart of Paris ,part II !!

I like to add a second part to this wonderful monument of my eternal Paris using new text and older pictures, I came to see many wonderful things in Paris some like this one not open to the general public and many more times pictures not allowed except on this one. Some lucky residents do visit  like me visiting the Palais Brongniart. Let me tell you again about the Palais Brongniart of Paris, part II.

paris palais brongniart front sep15

paris palais brongniart back sep16

Actually, at the time I was living there, you can still visited and it is only since 2008 that is off the general public. Once out of the Paris region, and living in the Morbihan Breton, I had the opportunity to visit 4 times already !!! The architect Alexandre Théodore Brongniart was appointed,to do it , and for reference is also the architect of the famous Lycée Condorcet (high school) and of the plans of the Père-Lachaise cemetery of Paris.

paris palais brongniart front parvis sep16

paris palais brongniart right side resto ent sep16

The original Palais Brongniart palace was done in a neoclassical style, the building originally appeared as a rectangle 69 meters long by 41 meters wide. Placed on a base of 2.60 meters, it is surrounded by a peristyle composed of 64 Corinthian columns. Its metal roof dates from 1815. In 1902-1907, two short wings to the north and south were added by the architect Jean-Baptiste Clavel, giving a Greek cross plan. On the Rue Vivienne side, the steps are flanked by allegorical statues of Commerce done by Augustin Dumont, and Justice done by François Duret, and on the Rue Notre-Dame des Victoires side, by Agriculture done by Charles Seurre, and Industry done by James Pradier. Inside, the main staircase leads to the floor formerly occupied by the former room of the Commercial Court. On this floor, a glazed gallery overlooks the former large trading room or corbeille room located on the ground floor. Among the decorations, grisailles by Abel de Pujol and Charles Meynier depict cities in France.

paris palais brongniart left side sep15

A key and essential monument of Parisian heritage, the Palais Brongniart was built by the architect Brongniart at the instigation of Napoleon Bonaparte. By laying the first stone in 1808, the Emperor wanted to bring together all stock market activities in one place, a real innovation at the time aimed at optimizing the existing system. Inaugurated in 1826, the place will indeed be the lung of the financial activity of the 19C, favoring the expansion of the railways, the steel industry, and the great industrial adventures, until 1996, date of the closing of the Stock Exchange at the Palais Brongniart.
paris palais brongniart resto ent sep15
It was indeed, the headquarters of the French Stock Exchange for nearly two centuries, the
Palais Brongniart now hosts major events in the heart of Paris. This historic site is a privileged place to receive general assemblies, congresses, conferences, conventions, meetings, award ceremonies awards, product launches, exhibitions, receptions, gala dinners and cocktail parties…My trips here were all of the above !

paris palais brongniart ceilings sept15

Inaugurated in November 2018, La Place, a new 400 m² space integrated into the Palais Brongniart, is a symbol of the dynamism of Fintechs and a showcase for their innovations. A place open to all, dedicated to sharing major developments that are disrupting uses and revolutionizing the economy. La Place’s mission is to promote meetings between startups, entrepreneurs and investors in the fields of finance, banking and insurance, but also to familiarize the general public with Fintech and new trends in the sector. La Place webpage : https://www.laplace-fintech.com/?lng=en

The official Palais Brongniarthttps://www.palaisbrongniart.com/en

The Paris tourist office on the Palais Brongniart: https://en.parisinfo.com/paris-museum-monument/71378/Palais-Brongniart

There you go, now you have a better idea of the wonders of Paris even if off hands to the public, there are hundreds like these, just to show Paris is a living open air museum and still many secrets.  The area is wonderfully great for walks eat out and even shop; take a look. Hope you enjoy the post as I.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all !!!

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November 30, 2022

Memories of the Jardin d’Acclimatation of Paris !

This is a very nice garden/park in Paris. I had done a previous post on its history and rides but have found new cuite pictures of my boys and decided to add to my blog. After all, as said, this blog is my life’s history hopefully for a long time more. At the time, the boys were younger, early teens and they love it. I had my world HQ nearby so it was an easy walk there and then took the kids and mom there too. Let me tell you a bit more on the Jardin d’Acclimatation of Paris. Hope you enjoy the post, and thanks for reading me over these years !

Paris jardin d'acclimatation PF et twins oct05

As you might know, France has thousands, and Paris hundreds, some are historical wonders, and others follies to sink in, this one is for the dreamer the kid in all of us. I have enjoy each time here even if just for walks on meetings breaks; it is wonderful and it has gotten better over time me think. The pictures are older the text is new.

The Jardin d’Acclimatation garden park for small children offers more than 40 attractions for children from 1 year old, an educational farm and restaurants on the edge of the Bois de Boulogne at the gates of Paris. A total of 42 attractions, including 17 new ones with 4 large roller-coasters, 500 animals (exotic birds, goats, rabbits, mouflons), 16 restaurants and 18 hectares of nature await you. Including the brand new Toupie which opened its doors on April 2, 2022.

Paris jardin d'acclimatation kart ride RF oct05

Paris jardin d'acclimatation kart ride XF oct05

Among these, we can dwell on: The steam engine: one of the 4 roller coasters in the park; The Clock Tower: A drop tower for children; Goat River: A Log Circuit; The Big and the Little Carousel; The Gondolas: A Music Express-style ride…pony rides, a zip line and an acrobatic course. It is also possible to visit the large aviary and discover the shows at the Guignol theatre.

Paris jardin d'acclimatation horse ride XF oct05

Paris jardin d'acclimatation horse ride RF oct05

The 18 hectares of nature have been redesigned so that the attractions blend into it. It is therefore a green park where nature remains very present that reveals itself to us. Large expanses of grass allow you to relax in the sun, while the small farm invites children to meet the animals.

Paris jardin d'acclimatation boat ride RF et XF oct05

The Jardin d’Acclimatation emblematic dragon takes on a new face and the roller coaster takes on the appearance of a steam engine. Among the novelties announced, a 12-meter-high bobsleigh, turbine-style aircraft is born as well as flying boats. For a trip back in time, the attractions are designed in a retro-futuristic Steampunk style, a marriage between the world of Harry Potter and that of the Lord of the Rings or even between Jules Verne and Victor Cabret.
In summer, water games are part of the game. So we go to take advantage of the misters and other fountains available to have fun and cool off.

Paris jardin d'acclimatation petting zoo pig et RF oct05

How to get there: Metro line 1, get off at “Les Sablons” station, exit 2, then take rue d’Orléans to the entrance to the Jardin d’Acclimatation 150 meters further on. There are several bus lines such as 43 – 73 – 82 – 93  that I know of and taken elsewhere in Paris. For those bikes there is a Velib station on Boulevard des Sablons. My choice is the Car park VINCI at the Palais des Congrès. Just go over the Porte Maillot and take the Petit Train, and it will take you free witha paid admission, through the woods to the Jardin d’Acclimatation.

Paris jardin d'acclimatation railway oct05

Paris jardin d'acclimatation petit train RF et XF oct05

The official Jardin d’Acclimatation: https://www.jardindacclimatation.fr/en

The Paris tourist office on the Jardin d’Acclimatation: https://en.parisinfo.com/paris-museum-monument/71282/Jardin-d-Acclimatation

The wonderful Petit Train of the Jardin d’Acclimatationhttps://www.jardindacclimatation.fr/en/attractions/le-petit-train

There you go folks,  a wonderful garden park of many family memories and open to all.  The Jardin d’Acclimatation  needs to be visit,  it is great ,and now better than ever. If you have children or young teens this is a must indeed in your travels to Paris.  Again, hope you enjoy the post as I,

And remember, happy travels, good health ,and many cheers to all !!!

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November 30, 2022

Châtelet !!!

Well for lack of a better name or my creative mind ,I believe one word is enough to describe this beauty of a transports hub and gorgeous surroundings in my eternal Paris. Never too far away it from it and one area I have visited zillions of times over the years, even if the transports there have been a lot fewer. This will be in my black and white series, no pictures. Nevertheless, let me tell you a bit more on Châtelet station of Paris !!!

The Châtelet station opened on August 6, 1900, more than two weeks after the first section of line 1 between Porte de Vincennes and Porte Maillot was put into service. The station takes its main name from its proximity to the Place du Châtelet, which is set up on the site of the Grand Châtelet, a former fortress which served as a prison and court under the Ancien Régime (monarchy), before being demolished in 1802 during from the reign of Emperor Napoleon I, In everyday language, the name of Châtelet is today used to designate not only the eponymous square, but also the RER station of Châtelet – Les Halles, or even the whole of the hypercenter of Paris.

The Châtelet station has lines 1, 4, 7, 11 and 14 of the Paris Metro, located in the 1éme and 4éme arrondissements of Paris. The Châtelet station is the largest underground station in the world ! The network to be served by five metro lines is the nerve center of the Paris metro and is part of a more global exchange hub integrating the Châtelet – Les Halles station as well as the Les Halles metro station. At peak times, you can see up to 120 trains per minute ! The station is located under the huge shopping center of Les Halles, which benefits from the largest cinema in France: the UGC Ciné Cité-Les Halles, with its 27 rooms. This incessant whirlwind even inspired the singer Florent Pagny for his album “Châtelet les Halles” released in the year 2000. (one of my favorite singers, he is now battling lung cancer).

The Châtelet station consists of two parts connected to each other by a long corridor equipped with two conveyor belts. They serve under Place du Châtelet ; Line 7 under Quai de Gesvres ,between Pont-Neuf and Pont Marie; and Line 11 under Victoria Avenue ;terminus preceding or following Hôtel de Ville station. It, also serve, line 1 under rue de Rivoli ; between Louvre – Rivoli and Hôtel de Ville; line 4 under rue des Halles ; between Les Halles and Cité; and line 14 diagonally between these two previous streets, parallel to line 4 ; between Pyramids and Gare de Lyon stations. The station is connected, from the northern part, by another corridor comprising three conveyor belts, to the RER station of Châtelet – Les Halles ; served by lines A, B and D, and through this, at Les Halles metro station on line 4. It is also one of the few major interchange hubs to have no service connection between the various metro lines that intersect there.

A brief introduction to the laberynth of stations here, which I have taken as needed but try to avoid as much as possible and recommend all do, The whole of the Châtelet – Les Halles station is comprise of the following lines

On the Forum side area you have the RER A line St-Germain ou Cergy ou Poissy / Boissy ou MLV Chessy, The RER B line Aéroport Roissy CDG  ou Mitry / Robinson ou St-Rémy, and the RER D line Creil ou Orry-la-Ville / Melun ou Corbeil ou Malesherbes, Also, metro line 4 Porte de Clignancourt / Bagneux – Lucie Aubrac with exits/sorties 1 Porte Marguerite de, 2  Porte Berger Forum,  3 Porte Lescot Forum, Centre Georges Pompidou, 4 Porte Rambuteau Forum , 5 Porte Saint-Eustache Forum, 6 Porte du Pont Neuf Forum, 7 Porte du Jour Forum, 8 Porte du Louvre Forum, and 9 Rue Montorgueil.

On the rue de Rivoli side area you have metro line 1  La Défense / Château de Vincennes, metro line 4  Porte de Clignancourt / Bagneux – Lucie Aubrac, and metro line 14 Mairie de Saint-Ouen / Olympiades, with exits/sorties 10 Place Sainte-Opportune, 11 Rue de Rivoli, 12  Rue Bertin Poirée, 13 Rue des Lavandières ,and 14 Rue Saint-Denis.

On the Seine river side area, you have metro line 7 La Courneuve / Mairie d’Ivry or Villejuif Louis Aragon, and metro line 11 Châtelet / Mairie des Lilas, with exits/sorties 15 Théâtre du Châtelet, 16 Place du Châtelet, 17 Théâtre de la Ville, 18 Avenue Victoria, and 19  Rue Saint-Martin.

A bit more details on the metro lines found at Châtelet station:

Metro line 1 of Paris (see post) ,The first line was done and started on July 19 1900 to be exact on 3 wagons from  Porte Maillot to Porte de Vincennes. This line is almost all underground;   except at  Bastille stop, in 1934 it was extended to Chateau de Vincennes, and by 1937 to Neuilly-sur-Seine. This line is now an automated line without driver that is computer controlled. The Châtelet Metro line 1 stops are : La DéfenseEsplanade de la Défense Pont de Neuilly Les Sablons Porte Maillot→Argentine→Charles de Gaulle-Etoile→George V→ Franklin D Roosevelt→Champs-Elysées – Clemenceau→Concorde tuileries→ Palais Royal – Musée du Louvre → Louvre – Rivoli→ Châtelet→ Hôtel de Ville→ Saint Paul→ Bastille→ Gare de Lyon→ Reuilly – Diderot→Nation→ Porte de Vincennes→ Saint Mandé→ Bérault→ Château de Vincennes.

Metro line 4 of Paris (see post), It links the north and the south of Paris, the line was progressively built starting in 1908 and not all station connected until 1910. Not before complaint from the scholars at the Institut de France of the noise, and the line diverted to Châtelet and ile de la Cité. the line was enlarged in 1977 with the station Les Halles ,dug 30 meters deep to accommodate the RER train line. It has been enlarge with the extention to mairie de Montrouge. The Châtelet Metro line 4 stops are : Porte de Clignancourt →  Simplon →   Marcadet – Poissonniers→  Château Rouge → Barbès – Rochechouart→  Gare du Nord→  Gare de l’Est Château d’Eau →  Strasbourg – Saint-Denis→  Réaumur – Sébastopol→  Etienne Marcel →  Les Halles→  Châtelet→ Cité → Saint-Michel→  Odéon→ Saint-Germain-des-Prés →  Saint-Sulpice →  Saint-Placide → Montparnasse – Bienvenüe→  Vavin →  Raspail →  Denfert-Rochereau→ Mouton-Duvernet →  Alésia → Porte d’Orléans→Mairie de Montrouge.

Metro line 7 of Paris (see post). This line has 18.6 kms, took 70 years to do all stations and is completely underground. It criss cross Paris from north east to south east with 38 stations, the first station was done in 1910 from porte de la Villette to Opéra. It has two directional segments at Mairie d’Ivry and Villejuif-Aragon. The Châtelet Metro line 7 stops/exits are: La Courneuve – May 8, 1945 → Fort d’Aubervilliers → Aubervilliers – Pantin – Quatre Chemins → Porte de la Villette → Corentin Cariou → Crimea → Riquet → Stalingrad → Louis Blanc → Château-Landon → Gare de l’Est → Poissonnière → Cadet → Le Peletier → Chaussée d’Antin – La Fayette → Opera → Pyramids → Royal Palace – Louvre Museum → Pont Neuf → Châtelet → Pont Marie → Sully – Morland → Jussieu → Place Monge → Censier – Daubenton → Les Gobelins → Place d’Italie → Tolbiac → Maison Blanche, Blue branch: Le Kremlin-Bicêtre → Villejuif – Léo Lagrange → Villejuif – Paul Vaillant-Couturier → Villejuif – Louis Aragon, Yellow branch ): Porte d’Italie → Porte de Choisy → Porte d’Ivry → Pierre and Marie Curie → Town Hall of Ivry.

Metro line 11 of Paris (see post), This line is totally underground, and is 6,2 kms long, being the shortest regular metro line. Also,none of its stations have change name since its beginning in 1935. It goes from Chatelet to Marie des Lilas. The station Telegraphe is cement reinforce of more than 20 meters deep, from 1944-45 it was under direct control of the Nazis. The line 11 was the first metro line in the world to have pneumatics material done so in 1956. The Châtelet Metro line 11 stops/sorties are :Châtelet → City Hall → Rambuteau → Arts and Crafts → Republic → Goncourt → Belleville → Pyrenees → Jourdain → Place des Fêtes → Telegraph → Porte des Lilas → Town Hall of Lilas.

Metro line 14 of Paris (see post). This is the most recent line in the Metro de Paris as it opened in October 1998. It bring together Saint Lazare at the train station to Olympiades. It replaces an older line 14 that linked the stations Invalides to Porte de Vanves and eliminated in 1976 while fusion with line 13. The current Line 14 has nothing in common with the old line. It is an automatic line, The Châtelet Metro line 14 stops/sorties are : Saint-Lazare→ Madeleine→ Pyramids→ Châtelet→ Gare de Lyon→ Bercy→ Cour Saint-Emilion→ Bibliotheque François-Mitterrand→ Olympiades.

The Châtelet station is, also , served by the following RATP bus lines : No, 21,  38, 47,  58, 67, 69,  70, 72, 74, 75,  76,  85 ,and 96 , As well as Noctilien night bus lines N11,  N12,  N13,  N14,  N15,  N16,  N21, N22, N23, N24 ,and N122.

The official Paris transports RATP ( Régie autonome des transports parisiens)  :https://www.ratp.fr/en/vos-lignes/vos-stations/chatelet

The official IDF region transports Transilien : https://www.transilien.com/en/page-deplacements

The Paris tourist office on public transports in Paris : https://en.parisinfo.com/practical-paris/how-to-get-to-and-around-paris/public-transport

There you go folks, hope it helps get you thru the Châtelet station of Paris. A wonderful city, I agree, the most beautiful city in the world !!! And public transports to boot; Châtelet is the king of its stations. Hope you enjoy the post as I

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all !!!

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November 29, 2022

Again ,Saint Guigner Church of Pluvigner !!!

There, I am back to showcase our main church in town, This is a must for us in town, we have been inside several times and past by it zillions times yet only briefly mentioned in a couple previous posts in my blog. And looking at my vault, found several older pictures not yet in the blog, so therefore, its time for me to tell you more about the  St Guigner Church of Pluvigner !!!

plu ch st guigner entr side apr13

plu ch st guigner altar c apr13

plu ch st guigner ceilings sep13

First, my town of Pluvigner (French) is Breton language by the name of Pleuwigner.  The name comes from the Breton PLOE meaning Parish and GUIGNER , the Saint; therefore, the Parish of St Guigner or Pleuwigner or Pluvigner ! Get it ! We do more than French here!!! All streets, names trafic circles are bilingual and the City/town hall newsletter as well.

Pluvigner had its patron saint as Saint Guigner, under whose name was placed its parish church. Hibernois of origin and son of a small king still peasant, this saint had embraced the Christian religion. Back in his homeland, he renounced the throne left vacant by the death of his father ,and he went to today’s Great Britain, to work there for the conversion of the Saxons who had invaded this country: Barely landed, circa 455 , he was put to death, with all his companions. Fleeing the Saxons, a band of Christians who lived in the neighborhood where these martyrs had plucked their palms; and taking with it the body of Saint Guigner, crossed the sea, and came to settle, in the territory of the ancient Vénètes (Celtic tribe who gave the name to our capital city Vannes or in Breton Gwened) in an almost deserted canton, and was distinguished from other similar bands, by taking the name of Plou de Guigner or parish of Guigner, from which came naturally, later, that of Pluvigner, given to the parish formed, by these emigrants,

The highlight of the town of Pluvigner, is the Saint Guigner Church , our main church. There was a chapel next door called the Notre Dame des Oties b 1426, touches the parish church and communicates with it through the sacristy.

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Only the rather crude south door and the large bell tower in the style of the pseudo-classical Renaissance, with superimposed orders, have been preserved, which was built in 1781. The tower and the bell tower date from 1781. The stained glass windows, date from 1932-1933 and represent the events of the life of certain famous figures of the parish, such as Saint Guénaël, Saint Guigner and the penitent Kériolet. A lintel carries the group of the Crucifixion, composed of Christ surrounded by the Virgin and Saint John. The lectern rests on three griffin legs and at its top is an eagle perched on a terrestrial globe. The church contains the relics of Saint Guigner and houses a statue of Saint Guigner. The painting entitled “Assumption”, a work by Philippe, dates from 1770. The painting entitled “Donation du Rosaire”, a work by Charles Milcendeau, dates from around 1900.

plu ch st guigner organ nave apr21

plu ch st guigner baptismal font apr21

plu ch st guigner tresor left apr21

plu ch st guigner tresor right apr21

The City of Pluvigner bilingual on the St Guigner Churchhttps://www.pluvigner.fr/eglise-paroissiale-saint-guigner/

The local Bay of Quiberon tourist office on Pluvignerhttps://www.baiedequiberon.co.uk/pluvigner

There you go folks, my main church in town. Just enjoy it as we have come to do in our newer little corner of our world. This is the Saint Guigner Church of Pluvigner, in my beautiful Morbihan dept 56 of my lovely Bretagne, and my belle France!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all !!!

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November 29, 2022

How about a government building in Versailles !

This is unusual but as said government building can be nice and full of history as to its previous occupants This is the case of the préfecture or local government building in my dear Versailles, capital of the Yvelines dept 78 in the Île de France region.  The city as often I mentioned is a lot more than a castle/palance/museum! There is so much history here, lots of things to see. Today will tell you for the first time about an interesting building.

Let me tell you a bit on the Préfecture des Yvelines in Versailles. This is the regional government building and it has many functions one of them is issuing the initial carte de séjour resident card to my parents on the adminstrative side. I will tell you about the historical part that is only open on heritage days or journées du patrimoine. Next will be September 16-17, 2023 !

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A bit of history I like: From 1800, the first Prefect of Seine-et-Oise (now Yvelines dept 78) occupied in Versailles the old building of the furniture repository of the Crown, built between 1780 and 1796, and located at 11 rue des reservoirs (nearer the palace/museum). During the summer of 1859, the general council of Seine-et-Oise adopted the principle that a new prefecture would be built, the buildings having become too small for the administrative needs of the time. The general council of Seine-et-Oise buys, on March 26, 1861, the old Chenil du Roi,(the Royal hunting dogs kennel)  built in 1685 behind the Grandes écuries (big stables) , The proposal was selected, among 38 other candidates, and in September 1863, the work began. The installation will take place at the end of 1866, and the inauguration on June 19, 1867 at the current site today by the Avenue de Paris, and ave de l’Europe.  During the Franco-Prussian conflict, from September 20, 1870, the Prince Royal of Prussia, Frédéric-Guillaume, then from October 5, the King of Prussia, Guillaume Ier, occupied the Prefecture until March 6, 1871. The offices on the ground floor of the Prefecture were chosen to serve as a post for the battalion guarding the Prince. Thus, at the top of the Prefecture, the Prussian flag flew in place of the tricolor flag. During this period, the Potager du roi supplied the King of Prussia with fruit and vegetables.  Adolphe Thiers, (third Republic) Head of the executive power, also had his choice of residence on this building. He settled on March 18, 1871 and occupied the entire left wing of the building with his wife and sister-in-law Félicie Dosne. His successors, Marshal Patrice de Mac-Mahon( Count of Mac Mahon and Duke of Magenta), then Jules Grévy,(both Third Republic) did the same. In this way, the current Préfecture of Yvelines was the seat of the French Government for eight years (from March 18, 1871 to January 30, 1879). In 1880, the building again became Préfecture of Yvelines dept 78.

A bit of description on the construction : After the main gate visible from the avenue de Paris, and at the end of the main courtyard, you reach the main body of the préfecture. Two wings in reverse square which determine the main courtyard. Beyond the main building, we can see the design of an English garden. The building also fits into the grand French style breathed since the early 1850s by architects of public administration, like the National Library and the Sorbonne. As for, paintings, furniture. art bronzers suppliers of furniture for the Crown, ministries and the Seine prefecture. The latter will equip almost all reception rooms with chandeliers, most of which are still in place. The main body of the Préfecture des Yvelines, both on the ground floor and upstairs, is reserved for representation functions. The facade is designed accordingly, with a balcony carried by consoles and adorned with neo-18C ironwork, two busts of Ceres and Mercury, allegories of agriculture and commerce and a sculpted tympanum representing, on both sides of an escutcheon carrying the imperial “N”,(for Napoléon Ier) the figures of the Seine and the Oise joining their waters cross the hall, then the waiting room, one can discover the facade on the garden side . The sculpted iconography of the central body adapts to the landscaped environment of this facade with the busts of Vertumne and Pomone and the representation in the triangular eardrum of the triumph of Flora and Céres.

The inside description only seen in heritage days or journées du patrimoine, and no photos allowed. The Prefect’s hearing office. A recent painting, dated 1991, represents the basin of Neptune in the park of the Palace of Versailles, while the four allegories of Arts, Sciences, Commerce and Agriculture decorate the tops of the door. The beautiful double-sided desk, Louis XV period, was used by Mac-Mahon, during his stay in Versailles. On the mantelpiece, the pendulum symbolizing “Study and Philosophy”, from the Louis XVI period. Waiting room or Erignac room. Located in the center of the building, its decor illustrates two of the decorative art trends of the time, neo-classicism and a return to the past. The ceiling, divided into three panels decorated with stylized plant ornaments and acanthus scrolls, interprets the arts of Louis XIV’s past. Since 1998, this salon has been renamed “Salon Erignac” in tribute to the Prefect Claude Erignac, assassinated in the exercise of his functions, on February 6, 1998. The Small lounge, currently secretarial room. This room served as a billiard room as evidenced by the chandelier with two suspensions. On the ceiling, in a sky framed by a stone balustrade, four loves support garlands which meet at the ring of the chandelier. The over-doors represent the four seasons on canvas. Salon Thiers, currently meeting room. This living room retains its original decor: background with leafy sky, cornices painted with still lifes. The first two show flowers, game and fruit in veneer associated with fabrics. Ribaillier-Mazaroz furniture was designed for this room. The two-part glazed sideboard with sculpted still lifes at the bottom, with motifs of fruit and game, mixes Renaissance and Louis XIII styles. The Escalier d’Honneur or staircase of honor. The upper floor is accessible by a large staircase made up of a first central straight flight and a second double flight. Its walls are clad in colored stucco-marble. Upstairs, there is a decoration with iconic pilasters and two imposing canvases, “La Seine à Suresnes” (1867), by Émile Lambinet,(see post on musée Lambinet de Versailles); and a “Vue de Capri” by Félix Lanoüe. The wrought iron railing is inspired by the Louis XIV style. Note the figure of the old Seine-et-Oise formed by two intertwined Ss and an O. The General Council room, currently deliberation room of the departmental council. The general council room has a ceiling in the sky surrounded by a flowery balustrade, a cornice enlivened by musical loves, fire pots and birds, in relief. The monumental fireplace was originally decorated with a bust of Napoleon I replaced by a bust of Marianne and a pendulum of Chaumont-Marquis, still in place. Opposite, a painting by Guillaume Dubufe , “Allegory of the Seine and the Oise”, replaces the portrait of Napoleon III. The Grand salon called Salon des Aigles (Eagles’ room). The Salon des Aigles occupies the entire first floor of the front part of the central pavilion and is opened by six windows. Pilasters and columns with Corinthian capitals, in stucco-marble whose original color is no longer visible, enliven the whole. A chimney in purple breach evokes the living room of Hercules of the Palace of Versailles. On the ceiling, the Four Hours of the Day by Ernest Augustin Gendron are symbolized by four young life-size women flying in the sky. The Morning pours the contents of an urn, the South spreads flowers, the Evening holds an hourglass, the Night is stretched out on a cloud.  The highly decorated cornice is highlighted at the angles of four golden eagles with outstretched wings posed on a geometric decoration. In the center of the arches, the four Seasons are represented. They are personified by life-size women seated and wearing their attributes, from right to left: Winter, with green drapery, Spring, with pink drapery, Summer, with blue drapery and Autumn, with the red drapery. The Louis XV style furniture is due to Ribaillier-Mazaroz. As for the large cartel pendulum with two female heads and the gilt chased bronze cartridge dial, it was delivered in 1867 by the Maison Chaumont-Marquis. The Empress Salon. It takes its name from the portrait of Empress Eugénie,(wife of Napoleon III), which was there. On the ceiling is painted a sky framed by a balustrade, on which are sitting eight loves playing with birds. The cornice is marked on the corners with the crowned imperial emblem “N”. Two allegories, “Poetry and Music”, are represented in the overcoats. The fireplace trim a large white marble scroll pendulum console with chiselled gold ornaments and two white marble egg vases with bouquets of lilies with ten candles. On the ground, the “Le Jour” carpet comes from the national furniture collection and was produced by the Manufacture national de la Savonnerie in 2001. The Large dining room. It is covered with stucco-marble paneling imitating certain decorations of the Palace of Versailles. The cornice, adorned with three cardboard-stone friezes, highlights the ceiling painted by Dominique-Henri Guifard (1838-1913), representing a sky background framed by a gallery with balusters, in the middle of which branches of foliage and flowers run. On the fireplace, a pendulum from the First Empire period on its base Orpheus in Hell: recognizable by his lyre, he arrives in front of Hades seated on a throne, at the back, stands veiled Eurydice led by a little love who wears a quiver.

The Yvelines dept 78 on the building : https://www.yvelines.fr/publication/brochure-hotel-du-departement-de-la-prefecture/

The Préfecture des Yvelines government building on the foreign services/immigrants : https://www.yvelines.gouv.fr/Demarches-administratives/Accueil-a-la-Prefecture-des-Yvelines

For info as I have a picture but hope none need to come here is the Tribunal Judiciaire de Versailles (palais de justice building) at 5, place André-Mignot. This is the judicial courthouse!  A bit of history I like; from the outset, it was occupied by the former stables of the Queen. These were first those of King Louis XIV who acquired the land in 1672. He had built a body of buildings intended to accommodate the squires. , pages, saddle horses and carriages. But, from 1682, Louis XIV had other stables built opposite the château, which were larger and more comfortable. He then donated his old stables to his wife Marie-Thérèse of Austria. The stables accommodated the crews of Queen Marie Leszczynska, then those of the Dauphine of France, Marie-Antoinette, Archduchess of Austria . During the French revolution, the premises were transformed into a remand center. At the Restoration, the royal guard settled there. Then various regiments took up residence there. The army did not separate from the building until 1968 for the benefit of the Ministry of Justice, which installed certain departments of the High Court and the Regional Computer Production Center there. The Court of Appeal will gradually take their place.versailles-palais-de-la-prefecture-back-rue-jean-a-houdon-jul06
There you go folks another dandy historical , architecturally stunning monument in my dear Versailles. Hope you enjoy this post on the off the beaten path government buildings of Yvelines, and a very popular Versailles.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all !!!

November 29, 2022

The Palace of Versailles in WWII !

I have to tell you about the Palace of Versailles during WWII, using my black and white series no pictures, Recently the palace had made in French a recollection of this period and I am translating at best their post here in my blog, Therefore, here is the story and I hope you enjoy it as I.

A huge date of June 28, 1919 was signed the Treaty of Versailles in the palace, Signed on the anniversary of the Sarajevo bombing that triggered WWI, the Treaty of Versailles put a definitive end to the conflict, and defined the sanctions taken against Germany. The choice of location is also symbolic: it is in the Hall of Mirrors where the German Empire was proclaimed in 1871, that the Allied and German signatories meet ! An eventful day for the future on January 30, 1933, Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellery of the Weimar Republic, As this was becoming real, in 1933, the Ministry of Fine Arts asked all museums in the Île-de-France region to draw up evacuation lists for their works in the event of a conflict. The operation is supervised by Jacques Jaujard, Deputy Director of National Museums. At Versailles, Charles Mauricheau-Beaupré begins to draw up a first plan. In September 1933, he gave Jacques Jaujard a report of around twenty pages. In 1935, the chief architect Patrice Bonnet submitted his first conclusions to the Direction des Beaux-Arts. From the summer of 1936, the Department of National Museums worked on prospecting buildings likely to house the evacuated works. If many names circulate ,including that of the Château de Chambord ,everyone recognizes the need to keep these places secret.

On August 29, 1939 , the Palace of Versailles had part of its collections evacuated by truck to the castles of Brissac and Chambord. They carried a total of 494 paintings, including 283 in boxes, 32 tapestries and carpets, 52 hangings, 85 works of art, 32 pieces of furniture, including the monumental clocks by Passement-Caffieri and Morand, as well as furniture by large dimensions, particularly precious, such as Louis XVI’s desk and Marie-Antoinette’s jewelry holder , A number of works are nevertheless stored on site, notably in the Orangerie. By September 1939, the construction of shelters for the staff of the castle is done. Unable to build a shelter under the Cour de marbre or marble courtyard, the architect Patrice Bonnet built a first shelter, a blockhouse of earth bags on the terraces. The second shelter is under the vault of the bosquet de la Salle de Bal or ballroom grove, which can accommodate 300 people. At the end of the month, a new shelter is set up in the grotto of the bosquet des Bains d’Apollon , behind the sculpted group. October 4, 1939: the Grand Canal is dried up, Only the Pièce d’Eau des Suisses or swiss water piece is left in water.

On July 21, 1938 was the official visit to Versailles by British sovereigns. In this troubled political context, the British sovereigns went to France, and in particular to Versailles in July 1938. On this occasion, King George VI and Queen Consort Elizabeth were invited by the President of the Republic Albert Lebrun to dine in the Hall of Mirrors. Also, around this date, Gaston Brière leaves his position as chief curator of the National Museum of Versailles. He is replaced by Pierre Ladoué, former assistant curator of the Luxembourg Museum. By September 24, 1938 it was installed anti-aircraft defense machine guns on the roofs of the palace, On April 5, 1939: election of Albert Lebrun as President of the French Republic, In the spring of 1939, the exhibition “At Versailles in 1789” opens on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the French revolution. President Albert Lebrun, newly elected, solemnly inaugurates the exhibition. The Jeu de Paume room is refurbished, Madame de Maintenon’s apartment ​which hosts the exhibition is completely repainted.

By Autumn 1939, the windows of the Palace of Versailles are obstructed, Inside the castle, the wide entrances to the Hall of Mirrors are sealed off with thick brick walls. The sculpted decorations are dismantled, numbered and packed; the fireplaces , which cannot be transported ,are fireproof. In order to ward off possible bombardments, the windows overlooking the city and the gardens are obstructed by thick wooden panels fitted with fire shields, reinforced with sandbags. In the fall of 1939, the Palace of Versailles plunged into darkness. By September 3, 1939, France and Great Britain declare war on Germany, During the month of September, the park is closed to the public and the works it contains (statues, vases, gilded lead from the Bosquet de la Salle du Bal…) were sheltered in the Orangerie or evacuated to the grounds of the Vaux-de-Cernay abbey, like the statue in the Latona fountain. In the winter of 1939, the castle was no longer heated. The panes of the windows, which have been removed to allow the installation of dirt bags , allow the cold to pass inside, and it freezes in several rooms of the palace/museum. At the beginning of 1940, the thaw caused serious damage as the ceilings were pierced and the water ran down the walls and onto the paintings, particularly in the galerie des Batailles or gallery of battles, On March 27, 1940, the woodwork of the Chamber of the Queen, the Cabinet of the Pendulum and the Cabinet of the Council were evacuated.

In May 1940, faced with the advance of Nazis troops, the French population fled south. At Versailles, a dozen guards who remained in post left the castle and retreated to Brissac castle with their families. The staff remaining on site are spread over the estate: Ladoué and Bonnet are stationed at the palace, while Mauricheau-Beaupré oversees the Grand and Petit Trianon; they still benefit from the help of about twenty guards, still present. But a wind of panic is blowing over Versailles…On June 3, 1940, nazis aircraft bomb Versailles. Three shells fall near the Royal Opera, in the Avenue de Paris, and in the rue des Reservoirs. By June 9, 1940, the majority of the museum agents leave Versailles and withdraw to the south (Chambord, Brissac, Valençay) , on June 13, 1940, start the exodus of the population of Versailles.

By June 14, 1940, the Nazis entered Versailles. They take possession of the premises, hoist the swastika flag on the roofs of the palace. In the weeks that followed, a large number of soldiers and officials invaded the castle, visited the premises, and sometimes damaged certain rooms. The implausible has happened ; Versailles has fallen into the hands of the Third Reich… Between 1941 and 1943, the Palace of Versailles lived under Nazis occupation ; the headquarters of the Gestapo is installed rue des Saussaies. Quickly after their arrival, the Nazis troops criticized the state of destitution of the castle, and demanded the repatriation of the collections, still stored in the deposit castles. It was organize the partial restoration of the museum. The castle is still very popular with Nazis troops, but on the French side, there are fears for its future, especially as the bombardments in the French sky are getting closer and closer. In February and June 1944, the city suffered heavy bombardments targeting the Gare des Chantiers and the Satory camp. By August 25, 1944, Versailles is liberated by General Leclerc’s troops. Faced with the Allied advance, the Nazis fled the city. Versailles is safe and sound. From one army to another, Versailles offered itself to the eyes of the British and American troops, who invested the place, visited the castle and the Hall of Mirrors where, 25 years earlier, the Treaty of Versailles was signed. After the Liberation and until 1946, the works were gradually repatriated from the places of deposit, and put back in place in Versailles. There were camps of interntment for Jewish and others at the Saint-Pierre prison, Satory camp, and Borgnis-Desbordes barracks. After WWII, Versailles was in a rather catastrophic state. For this reason, a safeguard plan was initiated in 1952 by André Cornu, Secretary of State for Fine Arts. The Friends of Versailles society contributes to this plan in favor of the museum. And life went on as today !

The Palace of Versailles during WWII : https://en.chateauversailles.fr/discover/history/key-dates/versailles-during-second-world-war#a-palace-under-occupation

There you go folks, a sad period but gladly the Palace of Versailles came out ok for all future generations to enjoy. Thanks to some smart , alerte ,and hero folks around here. Hope you enjoy the post on Versailles during WWII as I

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all !!!

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