July 15, 2018

Amsterdam, and another Venice of the North!

I have come here several times on business, and once with the family. Usually to these out of zone countries, I go on business and if see something interesting , planned it to come back with the family. As we have older boys, Amsterdam is a natural for many things of knowledge and life.

It is a nice city and I love the canals could live there forever. I have written on the city before so will post below for a reminder of Amsterdam.

Canals and Amsterdam

Then, will give a bit of history I like and Europe has plenty.

Amsterdam ,The city is located in the north  of Holland, but is not the capital of the province, the latter being Haarlem, located 19 km west of Amsterdam. The name of the municipality comes from the old Dutch name Amstelredamme evoking the origins of the city: La Digue (dam) on the Amstel. A small fishing village in the 12C, the city experienced a very strong growth in the Middle Ages to the point of becoming one of the main ports of the world during the Dutch golden century. The district of Wallen is the oldest part of the city, which develops around a concentric network of semi-circular canals connected by perpendicular channels, forming a “spider’s Web”. In the center of the old Town is the Royal Palace of Amsterdam, built in the 17C, on the Dam square, symbol of the importance of the city.  king William I made his residence in 1815. Since July 2010, the Grachtengordel district, delimited by Herengracht, Keizersgracht and Prinsengracht, has been listed on UNESCO’s World Heritage list. In this area is the renamed Amsterdam crushing, a tree-lined courtyard with ancient dwellings — the oldest dating back to about 1528 — housing an Anglican chapel.

A bit on the transport of course just the basis.  The city of Amsterdam has two peripheral boulevards which allow to bypass the city or to quickly cross the agglomeration. The outer ring of the city is the A10 highway; with a length of 32 km, it connects the 18 main urban routes — numbered from S101 to S118 — to the country’s main highways, and in particular to the A1 (which serves the east of the Netherlands), the A2 (which joins Utrecht, Bois-le-Duc, Eindhoven and Maastricht ) and the A4 which serves the axis drawn between Amsterdam, The Hague, Rotterdam and Belgium. The second peripheral of the city is known as the “Inner Device” (Amsterdamse binnenring) or S100, and consists of a set of three quays that delimit the borough of Centrum along the Singelgracht, the Nassaukade, the Stadhouderskade and the Mauritskade. The city’s public transport network, managed by the GVB (Gemeentelijk Vervoerbedrijf), is highly developed, combining several modes of transport, both rail (tram and Metro), road (bus) as well as maritime and fluvial (ferries). The main train station is Amsterdam-Centraal which serves both the rest of the country (local Intercity trains and sprinter) as well as the international connections (Fyra, Thalys, Deutsche Bahn, etc. I have come here on the thalys trains to the Centraal station. However, most of the time I come by the  Amsterdam-Schiphol Airport located less than 20 minutes by train from the Centraal station.

Amsterdam Amsterdam Amsterdam Amsterdam

And now the history.  The first mention of the name “Amsterdam” in the historical documents dates back to an act of Florent V, Count of Holland from 1256 to 1296. This document, called “Amsterdam Tax Exemption” (Tolprivilege van Amsterdam) and dated 27 October 1275, exempted the few hundred inhabitants of the “Dam on the Amstel” from paying taxes on trade in their products within the county of Holland and on their bridge-dam on the Amstel, built around 1270. The bourg Amsterdam gets the status of City in 1300 or 1306,, probably by the bishop of Utrecht, and becomes an important trade place in the 14C, thanks to its Port that develops on the Damrak, downstream of the original dam.

Before 1385, the Amstel separates the city of Amsterdam into two parts of roughly equal size: the “Old Town” (Oudezijde) where the “Old Church” (Oude Kerk) is located, whose construction began around 1300, and the “New City” (Nieuw zijde) where the “New Church” (Nieuwe Kerk), built at the beginning of the 15C is located. In order to guarantee its protection, the city is endowed with canals, supplemented by a palisade (Burgwal) composed of a wall of earth overhung by a wooden palisade. When after 1385, new enclosure walls are built, the existing wall takes the name of Voorburgwal (before-palisade) while the new one is baptized Achterburgwal (back-Palisade), both in the old and new cities. In the historic center, there are still four canals/streets bearing the names of Oudezijds Voorburgwal, Oudezijds Achterburgwal, Nieuwezijds Voorburgwal and Nieuwezijds Achterburgwal (now Spuistraat).

In the 16C, the population revolted against the successor of Charles V, King Philip II of Spain. In fact, unlike Charles V whose firm policy remained very sensitive to social and religious developments in his provinces in the Spanish Netherlands, Philip II showed intransigence in religious and political matters, which generates strong  opposition. The revolt quickly degenerates into a row war – to which Amsterdam rallies from 1578 and leads to the independence of the seven northern provinces of the Spanish Netherlands, under the name of the United Provinces. The year 1578 is also marked by the overthrow of the Catholic government of the city during the episode of the Alteratie, which sees the Protestants taking power without bloodshed.

The 17C is considered the golden age of Amsterdam because it at that time became the richest city in the world. After the hegemony of the Golden Age, the 18C saw the decline of the city’s prosperity. Eleven years after his arrival in power in France in 1799, emperor Napoleon I was able to extend his empire to the Netherlands, which were annexed during the First Empire in 1810. Amsterdam thus acquired the status of third city of the Empire, alongside Paris and Rome, the brother of Napoleon I, Louis, imposed as ruler of the Kingdom of Holland from 1806 to 1810, decided to make Amsterdam his capital when he arrived in The Hague in 1806.  In 1808, he moved to the capital, and settled in the town hall which  he made it his Royal Palace.

After the ousting of the French troops by the Russian and Prussian armies in 1813, the new monarch of the House of Orange Nassau again chose The Hague as a place of residence, and as seat of the States General of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Amsterdam remains, however, the capital of the Kingdom of the Netherlands from 1815 to 1830, alongside Brussels.  Nearly several difficult decades, the second half of the 19C is marked by a new life for the city, often considered a second golden age. The construction of the North Sea Canal in 1876, which supersedes the canal of Northern Holland, helps to facilitate links with the major ports and major metropolitan areas of Europe, opening up new commercial horizons to the city.

Even if Holland remained neutral in WWI it suffers greatly economically and hunger of the population . During WWII  nazi Germany invades and take control in May 1940.  One of the most famous episodes of the war took the story of the young Anne Frank , hidden for 25 months wiht her family and friends below a store in the center of Amsterdam, before found and deported to  nazi concentration camp of Bergen-Belsen.  At the end of WWII another period of hunger and economic hardship came in.  At the end of the reform, the new boroughs are Centrum, Nieuw-West, Noord,, Oost, West, Zuid, Zuidoost, and Westpoort. Legal prostitution is limited geographically to the “red districts”, which   consists of a network of alleys containing several hundred cabins rented by sex workers. These offer their services behind a glass door usually illuminated with red. The most famous red light district of Amsterdam is De Wallen, which has become a major tourist attraction over the years. However, it is also possible to find cabins in the Spui district and south of the Singelgracht.

Some of the things to do and see in Amsterdam are

Department stores such as de Bijenkorf founded in 1870. The high-end boutiques are located mainly in the Pieter Cornelis Hooftstraat (often abbreviated as “P. C Hooftstraat” or “PC”) and Cornelis Schuytstraat, located close to the Vondelpark. Two of the liveliest streets of Amsterdam are the narrow medieval street of Kalverstraat, located in the heart of the city near the Dam Square and Nieuwendijk which corresponds to its extension north of the square. Among the main shopping areas, the Negen Straatjes (literally “nine small streets”) consist of nine narrow alleys within the Grachtengordel, the system of concentric canals. Warmoesstraat, one of the oldest streets in the city, is known for its many coffee shops, sex shops and the nerve centre of the city’s leather community. The streets of Haarlemmerdijk and Haarlemmerstraat have been designated as the best shopping streets in the Netherlands by many publications.

The Bloemenmarkt is a permanent flower market. Located on the Singel and stretching between Muntplein and Koningsplein, it is the only floating flower market in the world. The shops are located on boats stowed at the edge of the canal, which is a legacy of the time when all the trees and plants were to be routed daily from outside the city via the canals. The city also has a large number of open-air markets such as the Albert Cuyp market, Westerstraat, Ten Kate and the Dappermarkt. Some of these markets operate daily, such as the Albert Cuyp and Dapper markets, popular with tourists and renowned for the variety and exoticism of the products that are offered. Others, such as the Westerstraat market, are organized on a weekly basis.

The Oude Kerk (the “Old Church”), located in the heart of De Wallen district, which was consecrated in 1306. The oldest wooden building dates back to 1425; It is the Houten Huys (“Wooden House” in ancient Dutch) which is located in the Begijnhof. This is one of only two wooden buildings still present in Amsterdam and one of the few still visible examples of Gothic architecture largely influenced by the French culture, Baroque architecture develops strongly throughout the 18C as evidenced by the Royal Palace on the Dam.

Three canals are reserved for residential development: the Herengracht (“Canal of the Lords” in reference to the Heren Regeerders van de Stad Amsterdam, the reigning lords of Amsterdam), the Keizersgracht (literally the “Emperor’s Channel”) and the Prinsengracht (the “Prince’s Channel”). Built during the Dutch Golden Age, they form the so-called “golden boot” (Gouden Bocht) 179. The fourth and most peripheral of the channels is the Singelgracht, which is seldom mentioned on the maps since it is a generic term for all small peripheral channels. This channel should not be confused with the Singel, the old canal that surrounded the medieval city and which is located more in the center of the city, in what constitutes the hypercenter (Binnenstad).

Amsterdam Amsterdam Amsterdam Amsterdam

The Krijtberg (1642), a former Catholic clandestine church of the United Provinces, is one of many such churches (the Schuilkerken), which developed while non-Calvinist cults were tolerated provided that no outside sign is shown. Ons Lieve Heer Opsaler is also in this situation: built between 1661 and 1663 in an attic by a wealthy Catholic merchant, it was clandestine. The Oude Kerk (“Old Church”), built in 1306 and having for Saint-Patron Nicolas de Myre, is the the oldest church in the city and is also one of the oldest monuments in Amsterdam. Originally built in the form of a Roman Catholic church, it became a Calvinist church following the Reformation in 1578. It was built on an ancient cemetery, and continued to welcome the bodies of citizens of the city until 1865. In total, it has 2 500 tombs where 10 000 Amsterdam, including Jacob van Heemskerk, Frans Banning Cocq and Saskia van Uylenburgh, Rembrandt’s wife, are buried. It is now on Oudekerksplein, right in the heart of the Red Light District.

The Nieuwe Kerk (“New Church”), located on the Dam, was built only a century later and completed in 1408. Built in a Gothic style, it is the national Church of the Netherlands but also a major place of exhibitions. In particular, it is the place of the investitures of the sovereigns of the Netherlands. The Queens Wilhelmine, Juliana, Béatrix and King Willem-Alexander were inducted into it. On February 2, 2002, there was celebrated the marriage of Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange with Máxima Zorreguieta Cerruti . Located close to Amsterdam Central Station, St. Nicholas Church in Amsterdam is the largest Catholic Church in the city. It was erected between 1884 and 1887  and is the third Church in the city to bear the name of Saint Nicholas.


Four churches dating from the 17C and designated by a cardinal point, are located in the center of the city. The Noorderkerk (“Church of the North”), built especially for the inhabitants of the Jordaan, is of modest size. The Westerkerk (“Church of the West”), located on the Prinsengracht, is on the other hand the largest church in the Netherlands and has become one of the symbols of the city, especially because of its peculiar architecture, the crown of the Emperor Maximilian of Austria which covers it and its carillon adorning its steeple. The Zuiderkerk (“Southern Church”), located towards the Nieuwmarkt, was the first church in the city to be built especially for Protestant worship between 1603 and 1611. Finally, the Oosterkerk (“Eastern Church”), also of modest size, is no longer used for religious services since 1962.

The Amsterdam Zoo, nicknamed Artis, is named after the Royal Society of Zoology Natura Artis Magista (“Nature is the Master of Art”). It is one of the oldest in the world (the main building dates from 1838) located right in the city center, its ambience contrasts strongly with the surrounding urban bustle. It features an aquarium (built in 1882), zoological and geological museums, a planetarium and a library.

The most important museums in Amsterdam are located on the Museumplein (“Museum Square”). This space was created at the end of the 19C on the grounds of the previous international and Colonial exhibition of 1883. The square is almost entirely covered with lawn, except for the northern part, covered with gravel and in the center of which is a long rectangular basin which turns into a skating rink in the northern winter of the square is bordered by the Rijksmuseum of Gothic architecture. This museum opened in 1885 and underwent a major renovation between 2003 and 2013. The Rijksmuseum has the largest and most important collection of Dutch classical art.

The northwest of the Museumplein houses the Van Gogh  Museum to commemorate the visit and living of Van Gogh in Amsterdam.  The museum is house in one of the rare examples of modern building in the district and host an important  permanent collection.  Next to the Van Gogh Museum is the most important modern art museum in the city, the Stedelijk Museum. Built at the same time as the square, the building was inaugurated in 1895. The Nederlands Scheepvaartmuseum (“Dutch Maritime Museum”) is home to the world’s richest marine collection. There are paintings, models, weapons or maps of maritime geography. The Amsterdam Museum (formerly Amsterdams Historisch Museum) is entirely dedicated to the history of the Dutch capital through works of art and various documents. The Anne Frank House, where Anne Frank and her family hid from the Nazis before her deportation in August 1944.

The Heineken Music Hall is a concert hall located near the Amsterdam ArenA which hosts the great concerts of internationally acclaimed artists. It also hosts numerous electronic music festivals such as the Amsterdam music Festival, opened its doors in 2012, and welcomes international artists . The Paradiso a room of Spectacles and a cultural center located in an old church of Amsterdam, built between 1879 and 1880 near the Leidseplein, one of the tourist and cultural centers of the city.

Some of the webpages to help you plan your trip here are

Tourist office of Amsterdam: https://www.iamsterdam.com/en

Holland tourist office on Amsterdam: https://www.holland.com/global/tourism/destinations/amsterdam/amsterdam-26.htm

There you go ,you have a whole wonderful northern city to see and a couple days at least. I with the canals can be there much longer …

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!




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July 15, 2018

Let us go to Jakarta!

I have another find ,this one in Asia, far from home. Originally, never thought would reach here as too far from my comfort zone. However, business had its way that I found myself going to Jakarta, Indonesia. It has been  a wonderful experience and many new friends!

I have visited the country and in and out of Jakarta seven times in the last seven years and each experience have been gratifying indeed. The friendly people and the ambiance of a big city of the East are tops. Already looking forward to one day return again maybe end of this year.

Let me tell you my previous two blogs post on Jakarta, there are others mixed in with other destinations in Indonesia. See the Jakarta exclusive below

One whole of Jakarta: https://paris1972-versailles2003.com/2016/01/27/one-whole-jakarta-indonesia/

Repeat Jakarta and its like home: https://paris1972-versailles2003.com/2016/12/06/jakarta-repeatand-its-beginning-to-feel-good/

As I have written on things to see in previous blog posts on the city and country  ,let me tell you a bit about the history I like

Jakarta is the capital of Indonesia. It constitutes a 1st level subdivision of the same rank as the provinces under the special territory of the capital Jakarta, in Indonesian Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta. Anglophones colloquially dubbed her “the Big Durian”.

Jakarta has a bus network and especially minibuses, such as the Kopaja, MetroMini or Angkot (group taxis). There is a high-level service bus network, the TransJakarta.  There are many taxis, the prices are low and the vehicles in general in good condition. Jakarta also has a Regional express network, the KRL Jabotabek with major railway stations  Gambir and Kota. Jakarta has two peripheral toll belt roads: An interior, the Lingkar Dalam Kota (“Inner Circular”), an exterior, the Jalan Lingkar Luar Jakarta (“Jakarta Outer Circular Road”) or in English Jakarta outer Ring Road . The city is the heart of a network of highways in the three directions: westward and the Port of Merak, south and Bogor, towards the east and Bandung.  I have taken the car here and with a driver but oh my God , it is really a challenge and I have done some major city driving myself; the city is inundated with scooters and bikes that surround you as you are standing on a red light; and one time we walk faster to our hotel than waiting in a car line of traffic lol!! The nice and easy airport always taken is the Soekarno-Hatta International Airport.



A bit of history as it goes , Jakarta is located at the northwestern end of the island of Java, it is crossed by the Ciliwung River which flows into the Bay of Jakarta. An important Center of the Hindu-Buddhist kingdoms of Sunda and then of Pajajaran under the name of Kalapa, it became Jayakarta in 1527 after its conquest by the Sultanate of Banten. The Dutch renamed it Batavia in 1619 and made it the de facto capital of the Dutch East Indies. On August 17, 1945, Soekarno and Mohammad Hatta proclaim the independence of Indonesia, the city then resumes the name Jakarta-which in colonial times had remained as indicated by the name of a road, Jacatraweg, and became the Capital at the end of the War of Independence in 1949.

The oldest written vestige found in Jakarta is the so-called “de Tugu” inscription found in the neighborhood of the same name in North Jakarta. This inscription, written in Sanskrit and in writing of Pallava, mentions a kingdom named Tarumanagara and his King Purnawarman who, in this place, had a canal of 10 km to the sea built. It’s the 5C ,this was once the location of an active port named Kalapa (“Coconut” in Malay and Sundanese). Kalapa was the main maritime outlet for the Hindu kingdom of Pajajaran, whose capital, Kuan, was upstream of the Ciliwung river on the site of the current city of Bogor (visited!!) , 60 km south of Jakarta. In 1513, a Portuguese embassy came to Kalapa. A treaty was signed in 1522 with Pajajaran, which allowed the Portuguese to build a warehouse and a fort at the mouth of the Ciliwung river. In 1596, a Dutch flotilla commissioned made a stopover at Jayakarta. Prince Jayawikarta, a vassal of Banten, allowed them to build a fort and two warehouses. He does the same with the English, which leads to clashes between the two communities. Banten, who disapproves of the action of his vassal, was dismissed.  In 1619, Jan Pieterszoon Coen, Governor General of the VOC (Vereenigde Oostindische Company or Dutch East India Company), installed since 1605 in Ambon in the Moluccas, in turn conquered Jayakarta. On his ruins he founded Batavia. In 1799, the VOC was declared bankrupt. The Dutch government confiscated its assets and Batavia became the capital of the Dutch Indies. Independent Indonesia gives the city its original name from Jakarta.

Some of the interesting cultural, historical and customs things to see here are

Monas (National Monument) enthroned in the center of Merdeka Square, the largest public square of the world with 1 square kilometer. The museum Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (very nice indeed on the customs of the islands); National Museum of Indonesia , and the  Ragunan Zoo.



Also, with time see  Setu Bakan (South Jakarta): The government encouraged the local people to renovate their home or decorate it with traditional elements like the roof sculptures Gigi Lang ( “Teeth Or the Langkan, i.e. the front porch. Traditional cultural shows take place on weekends.

Tugu (Jakarta North): In the 17C, a population from Malacca settled in the countryside east of what was then called Batavia. Malacca had been conquered by the Portuguese in 1511 and this population spoke Portuguese. The Dutch East India Company had brought them as slaves to Batavia and then had them freed. Their descendants inhabit the village of Tugu. Tugu strives to preserve his tradition of keroncong, a musical genre with melancholic accents. Every June 22nd, date decreed as the anniversary of Jakarta, which besides the Keroncong, offers culinary specialties Betawi.

Kampung Batik (South Jakarta): Kampung Batik (“The Batik Village”) is home to batik artisans. The Sanggar Batik Cantingku is a workshop where children are taken on weekends.

Jakarta has the largest mosque in Southeast Asia, the Istiqlal mosque. The city is the seat of the Archdiocese of Jakarta whose cathedral is the Cathedral of St. Mary of Jakarta.

Now you got it, a bit of history and some tourist sights to see as well those in my posts ;hope it helps.

Some additional webpages to help you plan your trip here are

Tourist office of Jakarta in English : http://jakarta-tourism.go.id/2015/jakarta-tourism-culture-office-jtco

Tourist office of Indonesia on Jakarta in English: http://www.indonesia.travel/gb/en/destinations/java/dki-jakarta

Unofficial good tourist info on Jakarta in English: http://www.indonesia-tourism.com/jakarta/

A very nice city, just get help in transports moving about and the rest is easy. And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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July 15, 2018

The still medieval Krakow Poland!

Let me bring you up to a wonderful find in Europe. I was taken away by some friends on a business conference to be held in a city never been before. I took this advantage with little expense on my part and went alone. It was a pleasant surprise finding another jewel in the vastness of our Europe.

This is Krakow or Cracovie in French, in Poland the eastern reaches of the European Union. The trip went well and nice memories of it still lingered, I might be back in October again if all goes well.

Let me tell you about my previous blog post here: Krakow Poland

Krakow has a variety of architecture from Gothic, Baroque, and Renaissance a reason for its recognition. All the more so, that during WWII, it remained intact.  Capital of the Lesser Poland , it is located 300 km south of Warsaw, on the Vistula river. Dating from the 7C, it is one of the oldest and most important cities in Poland, whose architectural heritage is very well preserved. The historic city is located at the foot of the Wawel Hill. Krakow was, before Warsaw, the capital of the Poland and is often considered the true center of the country with its traditions and over 1 000 years old history. It is the cultural and scientific center of the country, with the Jagiellonian University of Krakow, the second oldest university in central Europe (1364); that of Warsaw dates from 1816. Karol Wojtyła was Bishop and then Archbishop of Krakow, before becoming Pope in 1978, the first non-Italian pope for 455 years.

Brief on transports:  There is a large tramway  network connecting the majority of the districts with the city center and complemented by a bus network. This set is managed by the SIKiTL . A large part of the historical center of the city was transformed into a pedestrian zone leaving a place for horse carriages, cyclo-cabs and electric vehicles destined for the visit of the city.  The central station  (Dworzec Główny) is located just outside the old town. It forms an ensemble with the bus station, served by numerous regular bus lines, local, regional, national or International. The airport Jean-Paul II is located 11 km west of the center of the city,and the one I used as the rest walking is superb. There is a STR Special train shuttles from the central station serving the airport in 15 minutes.

A bit of history I like:

According to the earliest testimony that has been reached , of the Bishop of Krakow, Vincent Kadlubek, who lived from the late 12C to the beginning of the 13C, an imaginary ruler, Krakus (or Krak), founded the city of Krakow on the hill of the Wawel above the Dragon’s Den (the Dragon of the Wawel of the name of the cliff that dominates the Vistula) that he had just killed. This legendary king, Krakus, gave his name to the city of Krakow. The first historical writings show the Slavs settling on the banks of the Vistula in the 8C. The history of Krakow begins before the creation of the Polish State, as the capital of the people of Vislanes. It indicates that the prince of the Vislanes was baptized. It is possible that Krakow was a vassal, ally or even part of Great Moravia, then a vector of Christianity in the region. The Legend of the dragon, reminiscent of that of Saint George, could be a reminder of the abandonment of paganism. When Great Moravia was destroyed by the Hungarians, Krakow was administered by the Kings of Bohemia.

Bolesław the Valiant, first king of Poland, was crowned in Krakow in 1025. In 1038, Krakow became the capital of Poland. From 1072, Saint Stanislas, patron saint of Poland, is Bishop of the city. The Kings of Poland resided in the city of Krakow from 1305 to 1595, and where they were crowned. In 1364, King Casimir III of Poland (Casimir the Great) founded the Cracow Academy (current Jagiellonian University; the second oldest university in Central Europe.  Poland has to face the power cravings of its neighbouring countries, Prussia and Russia having views of this territory. Tadeusz Kościuszko launches a last insurgency movement from Krakow to try to maintain the independence of Poland but this ends in a failure and in 1795, the country is divided between Prussia, Russia and Austria that inherits from Krakow ( Incorporated in the province of Galicia).  The year 1809 brings the liberation to Krakow which is integrated into the Duchy of Warsaw. Between 1815 and 1846, it became a “Free City” (Free City of Krakow) with limited sovereignty. In 1846, after a new attempt at rebellion, Krakow passed under the direct control of the Austrian Empire. After the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, Austria granted autonomy to the Galician Province in exchange for Polish loyalty. Krakow is once again a national symbol.

During WWI, the Krakow troops fought alongside the central empires with Germany and Austria in order to achieve greater autonomy, following a promise made jointly on 5 November 1916. In September 1939, Krakow fell into the hands of the Nazi Wehrmacht following the sharing agreement between Hitler and Stalin in Poland. It became the capital of the occupied Polish Territories not integrated into the Reich, the general government.  The district of Kazimierz is currently experiencing a strong tourism revival, mainly due to the success of the film by Steven Spielberg, Schindler’s list, made on the spot. The filmmaker’s work highlights the role of a German industrialist who saved hundreds of lives by working in his factory of Jews promised to a certain death. With the Ghetto pharmacist, Tadeusz Pankiewicz, he was given the title of “Righteous Among the Nations” of the Yad Vashem Memorial in Jerusalem. Too bad the Gulag effect on Poland are hardly mention and the suffering under Communism.  Visitors now go to the scene of the filming and discover restaurants, cafes and bookstores drawing from the Jewish past of the city a original theme. The Festival of Jewish Culture in Krakow is the largest event of its kind in the world in a community without local Jewish population.

Things to see that  like are:

The parks are great even if no time to see all of them, the best are Krakowski Park, Jordan Park ,and Błonia Park. There is a great number of Religious buildings such as 48 Catholic churches, 10 millenarian churches, 8 Protestant temples, 5 Buddhist temples, and 48 Orthodox temples, so says the city.

The Royal Castle designed in Italian Renaissance architecture, and the St. Stanislas and Wenceslas Cathedral Basilica of Krakow on the Wawel Hill where King John III Sobieski is buried. The old medieval town (Stare Miasto in Polish) with its large square (Rynek Główny, the largest medieval square in Europe, lined with colorful mansions of the 14C and 15C in the middle of which is the Sukiennice , a hall filled with small Souvenir shops. The floor of this Hall with portraits contains a museum of paintings and sculptures of the 19C of very good quality. On the east side of the Square thrones the Basilica of Santa Maria and the statue of Adam Mickiewicz; since September 2010, under the slab of the square, you can visit a new interactive museum that talks about the Krakow of the Middle Ages.

Krakow Krakow


As said , dozens of old churches and museums such as the  Jagiellonian University dating from the 14C; Kazimierz, the historical center of the Religious and social life of the Jews of Krakow. The old Theater ,and the National Museum of KrakowCzartoryski Museum (Leonardo da Vinci, Rembrandt), the Bunker Sztuki museum on modern Art; Contemporary arts museum of Krakow , inaugurated in 2011. Polish Aviation Museum, and the Oskar Shindler museum.

Krakow Krakow Krakow

There you go wonderful Krakow, some webpages to help you plan your trip here are

Tourism on Krakow

Poland tourism on Krakow

It is indeed worth a detour while in this part of the world. Enjoy the re post,now with a bit more on the history I like.

And remember, happy travels , good health, and many cheers to all!!

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July 14, 2018

Vannes a medieval intact in the Morbihan!

Well let get a pictorial on Vannes, this is a medieval jewel of France really, all intact ,no wars have done damage here ,all original with some repairs needed for upkeeps. There are even people living in these old wooden houses going back to the 14C, where nothing can be change by law of preservation of the heritage. Vannes is my capital city and where I work for the last 7 years!

Looking over my blog, last time wrote on Vannes alone was back on Februay 25 2018!! and bits of it in my series of My Travels in the Morbihan and Some news from France posts. This is needed to have some new photos in so today was the day of errands in the capital.

We got up early and went for the Japanim mangas store in the old town section of Vannes, at 14 bis rue Emilie Burgault; parking for free by Place du Maréchal Lyautey as National Holiday, or National Day July 14 (what visitors still call Bastille Day,no longer use in France). They have a page in Facebook here: Japanim

Vannes Vannes

From there we walk to the market around Place des Lices, Place du Poids Public and rue Saint Vincent, Rue de Le Hellec, one of the best I have seen around France. It is big and has everything, we get our fruits, vegetables, and cheeses here and nice to be recognize by the vendors already.


Then it was time to do my car wash at the automatics at the Leclerc shopping center, had lunch at Flunch , a supermarket chain restaurants typical of the all you can eat phenomenon reminded me always of my Piccadilly’s in Florida way back. The best here is the salads and the sweets , ice cream and wines all at reasonable prices, who said France is expensive! Here is the contact info, great for the families coming over for the beach this time of the year: Flunch Vannes

Vannes Vannes Vannes

Of course, we stop by Castorama our home building store and gather more garden and barbecue goodies, at their store in Vannes just around the corner from all the above places. And finally we crossed over to E Leclerc hypermarket to do our groceries with the boys.  And we got back home as now it’s been played the 3rd game match of the World Cup Russia 2018 between Belgium vs England; two dear countries so we are neutral ::) As I write and looking, the final score is 2×0  for Belgium, well done , England was out from minute one.

Vannes Vannes Vannes

And here are some pictures I took of beautiful medieval Vannes as we walked its streets just before preparation for their Fêtes Historiques today and getting ready for a wide screen TV to see the France vs Croatia World Cup final tomorrow 17H French time from Moscow. We will be in our town watching it with the locals.

Vannes Vannes Vannes Vannes Vannes Vannes Vannes Vannes Vannes Vannes

Again some repeat webpages but for the sake of searching here they are

Tourism Morbihan on Vannes

Tourism Brittany on Vannes

Gulf of Morbihan on tourist trails

Tourist office of Vannes in English

Hope it helps your trip on medieval wonderful Vannes, in dept 56 Morbihan, region of Brittany.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!





July 14, 2018

Bucharest was a nice find in the East!

As I began to crawl myself into the Eastern part of Europe I did with hesitation. I know the history and dreadful devastation of having gone thru nazism and communism and remind me of my enfant /child years; therefore avoided it. Finally, it took my turn to go on business trips and it has been a pleasant surprise on how people can survive and even improve their lives.

Bucharest was a nice find indeed, and I have been lucky to be able to visited and know the city well.  It will certainly stayed as a good souvenir of my travels and of course looking forward for more. I have done several blog entries on Bucharest especially and would like to remind you all of them below

Bucharest a new found backyard : https://paris1972-versailles2003.com/2012/05/05/a-new-found-backyard-bucharestthe-little-paris/

Bucharest I am back again: https://paris1972-versailles2003.com/2013/02/15/bucharest-here-i-am-again-lol/

Hey Bucharest I am back :https://paris1972-versailles2003.com/2013/04/27/bucharest-one-more-time/

And yes one more time Bucharest: https://paris1972-versailles2003.com/2013/07/26/returning-to-bucharest-oh-yes/

This is becoming a routine affairs Bucharest: https://paris1972-versailles2003.com/2014/03/16/its-becoming-routine-bucharest-again-looks-wonderful/

We are getting alone fine Bucharest: https://paris1972-versailles2003.com/2015/01/29/bucharest-is-coming-along-just-fine/

One more time Bucharest : https://paris1972-versailles2003.com/2015/12/11/one-more-time-in-bucharest/

Bucharest is an important transport node, on the way to the European Road 81 from Pitești to Constanţa, the starting point of three highwayss (the A1 towards Pitești, the A2 towards Constanţa and the A3 towards Ploiești) and the new National roads (DN1 to Oradea , DN1A to Braşov, DN2 to Suceava, DN3 to Călărași, DN4 to Oltenița, DN5 to Girgiu, DN6 to Timişoara and Cenad, DN7 to Nădlac and DN71 to Sinaia).   In which I have ridden about 800 kms on the A2 and DN6 alone many times. At the heart of the Romanian railway network, the North station is the main train station. It has several lines of metros, trams, trolleybus and buses operated by the RATB (Regia Autonomă de Transport București). The airport my in and out to the city and country is the Henri-Coanda International Airport. There is a train service but stops at Otopeni the town where the airport is located and then need a shuttle or taxi to Bucharest.


And as I have covered many angles let me tell you a bit about the history I like

The city is mentioned for the first time in 1459 as a fortified market at the crossroads of trade routes between Târgoviște, then the capital of Wallachia, Braşov in Transylvania, and the port of San Giorgio founded by the Genoese on the Danube. This market quickly developed and, in the 17C, became the capital of the Principality of Wallachia, then, in 1859, of Romania.

According to the legend attested in the 19C, Bucharest (București) would come from Bucur , a shepherd who would have established the first settlement on the present site. Like, in Romanian, bucur means “joy”, many Romanian writers name Bucharest “The City of Joy” Indeed, the city was founded in the 14C by Mircea the Elder (Mircea cel Bătrân), after his victory over the Turks, as “Fortress of Bucharest” (and It is then possible that Bucur could have been the first military governor) in the 19C, while Romania served as a theatre of operations in the wars of the neighboring empires and that the Romanians took part in the Revolutions of 1821 and 1848. Bucharest was frequently occupied and looted by the Ottomans, the Austrians and the Russians. It was occupied at length twice by the latter, in 1828-1833 and in 1853-1854, then by an Austrian garrison in 1854-1857. In 1861, in the Union of Wallachia and Moldova, Bucharest became the capital of the new Principality of Romania.

Between December 6, 1916 and November 1918, the city was occupied by the Germans and the capital was transferred to Iaşi. After WWI, Bucharest became the capital of the Kingdom of Unified Romania, which now includes Transylvania and Bukovina until then Austro-Hungarian, and eastern Moldova (annexed by the Russian Empire in 1812). Between the two wars, the city had the nickname of Petit Paris, as the French are numerous (Romania forms, with Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia, the “small agreement” allied with France) like all of Romania, Bucharest had to undergo dictatorial regimes Carlist, fascist and communist from February 1938 to December 1989. During WWII, Bucharest suffered from both Anglo-American bombardments (during the Antonescu regime, allied with the third Reich) and Nazi (after Romania joined the Allies).

In power  from March 6, 1945 to December 22, 1989, the Communists develop a deliberate urbanism, disconnected from the realities and needs of the population, which translates into the field by a series of historical monument destructions (including statues and of churches, judged to bear the memories of the past).  Since 1990, with the restoration of democracy and the opening of borders, the city evolves rapidly.

The Dâmbovița river crosses the city in the west  at the level of Chiajna, and  east, at the level of Glina. The Dâmbovița river flows into the Argeş, a tributary of the Danube.  The Colentina flows into the northern part of Bucharest, throwing itself further downstream from the city in the Dâmbovița.  The two rivers are the subject of many natural or artificial lakes within the city, particularly for Colentina  at Lake Herastrau, Lake Floreasca, Tei Lake or Colentina Lake.  A lake is located in the centre of the city, Lake Cișmigiu, which is located in the park with the same name. This lake, which was used for baths in medieval times, is surrounded by the Cișmigiu Park, inaugurated in 1847.

Of the medieval city architecture , most of the buildings that survived until the modern era were destroyed under the Communist regime with the process of systematization committed to the aftermath of the 1977 earthquake. Some medieval and Renaissance buildings have been preserved, the most notable are in the Lipscani district. This district contains remarkable buildings such as Hanul him Manuc and the ruins of Curtea Veche. The city center has retained the architecture of the late 19C and early 20C, and in particular the period between the two wars, which is often considered the “golden Age” of Bucharest architecture. At that time, the city was greatly enlarged and enriched, competing with other major European capitals such as Paris.

Some streets are lined with sumptuous néobaroques palaces such as:

Curtea Veche: Ancient princely court dating from the 15C built under the orders of Vlad III the Impaler.  Hanul him Manuc:  the Inn was built in 1808. The hostel is located Strada Franceză not far from the Curtea Veche (eating here very nice indeed). Villa Monteoru or writers ‘ house; Casa Lenș-Vernescu: Built in 1820 on the Avenue de la Victoire.


Palazzo Kantakouzenos ,located on the Avenue de la Victoire, the Palatul Cantacuzino , whose construction ended in 1902, in a Baroque style of the Louis XVI era. It was intended for Prince Georges Grégoire Kantakouzenos, former prime Minister of Romania. In 1956, he welcomed the George-Enescu Memorial Museum, named after the great Romanian composer, who had become the National Museum since 1990.
Palais Suțu, located in Sector 3, the Palatul Suțu is a classified Gothic-style building erected in 1835. It hosts the Municipal Museum of Bucharest.  Palazzo Crețulescu, located along the Cișmigiu Park, the Palatul Crețulescu French Renaissance style. It was ceded in 1972 to UNESCO for its European Center for higher education.  Palazzo Cotroceni , at the base of a monastery erected by Șerban I Kantakouzenos on Cotroceni Hill, the Cotroceni Palace became the main residence of King Carol I in a classical Venetian style. It later became the seat of the Presidency of the Republic of Romania. CEC Palace, also on the base of a monastery already restored by Constantine II Brâncoveanu.  Palazzo Ghica, Still named Ghika Tei Palace, it is a palace erected according to the will of Grigore IV Ghica.

The Arc de Triomphe, the present Arc de Triomphe was erected in 1936 on the ruins of a first and a second arch.  Romanian Athenaeum: The Ateneul Român is a concert hall located on the Avenue de la Victoire built in 1888.  National Theater ,still called Teatrul Național Ion Luca Caragiale is a building in 1982, on the bases of the reconstructed theater it is also located on the Avenue of Victory. Renaissance Memorial, the Memorialul Renașterii is a memorial that commemorates the victims of the Romanian Revolution of 1989 (free from Communism). It consists of a sharp 25 meters high marble column where a metal column is attached.


Courthouse of Bucharest; the courthouse was completed in 1895. It is located on the Splaiul Independenței, (independence square) along the Dâmbovița river . Palace of parliament or Palace of the people; this gigantic construction was built between 1984 and 1989. The original project was aimed at consolidating all the state institutions and the residence of Nicolae Ceaușescu. Piața Revoluției (Revolution Square), was at the heart of the fighting during the Romanian Revolution of 1989 which overthrew the regime of Nicolae Ceaușescu. Union Boulevard built on the orders of Ceaușescu, it is 30 centimeters wider than the avenue des Champs-Elysées of Paris . And, is also the longest boulevard (or avenue) of Europe with 3 500 meters.  There are nice museums amongst my favorites are the National Museum of Art of Romania, the National Museum of History of Romania, the National Natural History Museums «Grigore Antipa».


The Churches ,I like the Cathedral of Saint-Basile-the Great of Bucharest (Greek-Romanian Catholic), the first Roman Catholic rites Church in Bucharest.  Church of the monastery Stavropoleos, and the theater Odeon, located on the Avenue of Victory, (before 1989, Teatrul Muncitoresc CFR Giulești), founded in 1946, the troupe being welcomed From 1911 to 1946 in the National Theater of Bucharest. It is composed mainly of two halls (Majestic and Giulești).

Some webpages to help you plan your trip here are

Tourist office of Romania on Bucharest : http://romaniatourism.com/bucharest.html

Bucharest tourist page : http://www.tourism-bucharest.com/

There you go hope you like it, it is a city to detour in Europe. Hope it helps your decision.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!



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July 14, 2018

Why not Prague, Old world charm!

This is another dandy in Europe, well done and rebuilt but very nice after all. I have been by here several times, and even on business trips. The city is ok for the part of the world is in, it has been kept very nicely with a quaint old world charm.

I like to tell you about Prague,and first give you my previous blog posts on it.

Made it to Prague

Back to Prague and it was nice

Prague ,third time is a charm

And to continue now with a bit of history I like.

Prague is the capital and the largest city in the Czech Republic. It is at the same time one of the fourteen regions of the country, the capital of the administrative region of Central Bohemia and the capitol of the historical region of Bohemia. It is crossed by the Vltava river.  Prague is located 250 km north-west of Vienna, 280 km south of Berlin and 300 km northeast of Munich as well as 1038 km from Paris.

For transports , I have come by air at Prague International Airport, also called Praha-Václav-Havel, located to the west of the city. Prague, which is at the center of the Czech railway network, has four main stations: the Central station Praha hlavní nádraží; station Praha Masarykovo nádraží; Praha-hole Holešovice and Smíchov Station. The main one is at Hlavni. The main highways that radiate from Prague are the D1, which leads to Jihlava and via Brno, to Bratislava, the D5 which leads to Pilsen and, via Rozvadov, to Nuremberg, the D8, which goes to Ústí nad Labem; And the D11, which leads to Hradec Králové. The main European roads passing through Prague are the European Road 50 which connects Brest (France) to Makhachkala (Russia), and on the books to one day try it. The European route 55 connecting Helsingborg (Sweden) to Kalamata (Greece), the European route 65 from Malmö (Sweden) to Chania (Greece) and the European Road 67 connecting Helsinki to Prague. Prague has a network of three metro lines, about twenty tram lines of day and a dozen of nights. In parallel, a bus network covers the city. Bus lines make the shuttle between Prague International Airport and the subway’s A and B lines.


A bit of location and districts info for the savvy traveler.  In the past the capital of the Kingdom of Bohemia, the Holy Roman Empire and Czechoslovakia . In modern Czech, práh means “threshold”, the name comes from an old Slavic root, Praga, which means “Fort” according to the legend, the city was founded under the order of Libuše, prophetess and mythical founder of the reigning lineage of the Přemyslid, where a man named Přemysl, a mere laborer who became her husband and the first king of Bohemia. Others, fascinated by the magical character of the city, claim that it is the threshold, the gateway to other worlds or other dimensions. The history of Prague is very rich and associates the Duchy of Bohemia with the great moments of European medieval history.

Some of the most Important areas of Prague from a tourist point of view in my opinion are Malá Strana (“small Side” in Czech) is a baroque district, entirely rebuilt in the early 17C following major fires. Situated on a slope that rises towards the Royal and Imperial Castle, it is the district of the Great Imperial nobility (Lobkowicz, Sternberg, Thun…) that has built wonderful mansions after the Battle of the White Mountain, in a baroque style.

Hradčany, the Castle District situated on the left bank of the Vltava River, it dominates the lower town by the complex structure of the Imperial Castle of Habsburg and that of the kings of Bohemia, as well as the bell tower of the Cathedral of Saint-Guy. This district is composed of countless palaces of great lords, convents, monasteries, Renaissance houses, parks and gardens.

The Old Town is one of the Prague districts characteristic of its harmonious accumulation of all the architectural styles of Europe. Its main point is the old place (Staroměstské náměstí), its town hall, the astronomical clock of Prague, its many narrowed-themed houses, its baroque and neo-Baroque palaces, and the famous Cubist house with the Black Madonna.

Vyšehrad, the first castle in Prague this term literally means in Czech “the castle from Above”. This was the place of the first Prague castle in the time of the Dukes of Bohemia. This is also where we find the first religious building in Romanesque style. It is a romantic place turned into a barracks under Marie-Therese, then a nationalist memory in the 19C.

Now a bit of history I like

The first written record mentioning Prague dates from 965. It is the result of a Jewish merchant from Andalusia, Ibrahim ibn Ya’qub. The town became a bishopric in 973. In 1170, Vladislav II built, the first stone Bridge on the Vltava River, the Judith Bridge, which, collapsed in 1342, will be replaced by a stone bridge, the famous Charles Bridge. Otakar II founded Malá Strana in 1257, which then received a municipal charter and hosted the German community, which was administered under the rights of Magdeburg. On the other side of the Vltava river, the old town of Prague grows around its historic core of Týn and is populated by Czechs and a Jewish community in what will become Josefov. The city is experiencing its apogee with the King of Bohemia and future Germanic Emperor Charles IV (son of John of Luxembourg) who built the Charles Bridge (1357), the Cathedral of St. Guy of Prague (1344), founded in April 1348 Charles University, the first German university , and extends the city to the east and south to create the new city (1347) which doubles the area of the old town. In 1355, Charles IV made Prague the capital of the Holy Roman Empire.

The daughter of Vladislav IV, Anne Jagiellonian, married Ferdinand of Austria, according to a dynastic agreement arranged by Maximilian I of the Holy Roman Empire in 1515, and the city soon passed under Habsburg domination after the death without heirs of Louis II Jagiellonian to The Battle of Mohacs against the Ottomans in 1526.  The defeat of the Czech and Protestant armies at the Battle of the White Mountain in November 1620 and decapitation, place of the old Town (still marked today of 27 white crosses on the ground, in commemoration of the event), of the twenty-seven leaders of the revolt mark, for a long time, the end of the hopes of independence of the Bohemian states. At political level, in 1627, Ferdinand II annulled the Charter of Vladislav Jagiellonian (1500) and imposed the new Charter of the States of Bohemia (in German, Verneuerte Landesordnung, in Czech, Obnovené Zřízení Zemské) which imposed the germanization of teaching and of the administration. The peace of Prague was signed in 1635 between the emperor and some Protestant German princes. En 1648, at the end of the Thirty Years ‘ War, the left bank of the city (Hradčany and Malá Strana) was invaded and looted by the Swedish Protestant armies shortly before the Westphalian treaties put an end to the hostilities that had led central Europe to fire and blood.

In 1741, the War of the Austrian Succession saw the arrival of the troops of Frederick II of Prussia, allied with the French army of the Marshal of Belle-Isle who put the siege and took the city.  With the independence of Czechoslovakia, proclaimed on 28 October 1918, Prague became capital and many streets were renamed. Shortly before WWII, Prague welcomed the Czech refugees expelled from the Sudetenland attached to the third Reich following the Munich agreements. On 15 March 1939, Bohemia-Moravia was conquered in its entirety and Adolf Hitler Parade at Prague Castle. On May 5, 1945, an insurrection erupts that will lead to the liberation of the city by a largely improvised resistance around a Czech National Council (Česká Národní Rada or Nazi units), which takes the lead of the insurrection. On 8 May, German troops capitulated and, according to prior agreements, the Red Army took Prague on 9 May 1945 during the Prague Offensive.

In 1968, the Prague spring marked the city in an ephemeral way, it was crushed in August  tanks of the Warsaw Pact armies, mostly  Soviets. The Prague people improvises resistance and fights take place, particularly around the Czechoslovak radio and television and the nearby National Museum. On January 16, 1969, Jan Palach set himself on fire in the Wenceslas Square to protest against the invasion of his country by the Soviet Union. The Velvet Revolution, in 1989, marks for Prague as for the rest of the country a second liberation;  the omnipotence of the single party and its political police are collapsing, democratic freedoms are restored, the symbols of the dictatorship are and the names of certain streets, squares or stations of the Metro are democratized. The writer Vaclav Havel and ex political prisioner was elected President of the Republic and moved to Prague Castle.

Some brief things to see in addition or repeat of what is in my blog posts above.

The Castle District (Hradčany) with the Prague Castle;  Place des Hradčany (Hradčanské Náměstí): Archbishop Palace (Rococo); Palazzo Schwarzenberg (Renaissance) which houses the Museum of Military History; Palazzo Černín, the largest baroque palace in Prague (Ministry of Foreign Affairs); St. Vitus Cathedral; Basilica of St. George; The Golden Alley; The Royal Garden of Prague Castle (with the Queen Anne Belvedere, Renaissance style).


Neighborhood of Malá strana: Church of St. Nicholas of Malá Strana; Convent of Notre-Dame de Lorette; Palais Wallenstein The quarter of the old Town (Stare Město) has the Charles Bridge (Karlův most); Powder Tower; Old Town square there is the Astronomical clock; Old Town City Hall; Church of Notre-Dame of Týn; Kinsky Palace; Clementinum a showcase of the Czech National Library, features a sumptuous Baroque library, inherited from the time it housed Charles University in Prague and which is reminiscent of the Hofburg Library in Vienna; The House of Mozart is home to the Municipal House (1911) in the Smichov district; this is where he composed Don Giovanni. The musician’s first harpsichord and a wick of his hair are exposed. That said, museums offer rich collections that are worth visiting especially for me the National Museum which dominates its imposing mass Wenceslas square and that of pantheon of the Czech nation (with a dome honoring the great men of the country.





Some webpages to help you plan your trip here are

City of Prague tourist office : https://www.prague.eu/en

Czech Republic tourist office on Prague: Czech Republic Tourist office

Tourist office of Prague: Tourist office of Prague

There you go something different from the East and worth a detour in Europe. Hope it helps

And remember, happy travels , good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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July 13, 2018

Some news from France CXCIIII

And why not something on the latest happening in France and especially Paris from my angle of view or is it point? Maybe straigth line direct ,here it is folks

Track game or jeu de piste at the Louvre museum now starting their  own “adventure game” at the Jardin des Tuileries. After registering online, go to Diane’s kiosk for the beginning of the riddle. What does André Le Nôtre  testament reveal? The answer is hidden somewhere in the largest Parisian garden. Until August 26th. Free game, duration 1 h 30 More  in French  https://www.louvre.fr/mysteres-aux-tuileries-l-adventure-game-du-louvre

The french fries or La Frite a new monomaniacal spot opened 5, rue de la Fidelité in the 10éme arrondissement. Pont Neuf  is the first Parisian fries shop. In the tray, golden Normandy potatoes in high quality beef fat. It nibbles with chiffonade ham, pastrami or fish fritters. More at   https://www.frite-pontneuf.com/

After the Château de Chambord, the Conciergerie, and the Palais des Papes d’Avignon, it’s the turn of the Château of Blois to adopt the Histopad, the tablet of reality augmented by the young French sprout Histovery. From July 12th, visitors of the Château de Blois will be able to point this tablet in the places to see them reappear at 360 degrees as they existed in the Renaissance, with their furniture and decorations. More at http://en.chateaudeblois.fr/2487-the-digital-tools-of-the-chateau.htm

And the National Day or for many abroad still the Bastille Day ;  the fireworks of July 14th are coming with 30 minutes of show! The July 14th parade troops in the spotlight! Free Concert in the Champs de Mars; with classical music in the spotlight! Firefighters ‘ ball of 13 and 14 July; the feast and the good humour of the firefighters! The Champs de Mars will be closed for concert and fireworks.  A second perimeter of protection will be activated from 14h (2 p.m.) on Saturday, around the Eiffel Tower  to host the traditional concert of July 14th at 21h (9:30 p.m.) followed by the pyrotechnic show (23h or 11pm). The Champ-de-Mars and the Place du Trocadéro will be surrounded by barriers whose accesses will be protected, filtered and controlled. In this area, police officers will be able to carry out identity checks, bags, baggage and vehicle searches. 2 200 members of the security forces will be mobilized. More on the festivities from the tourist office here: https://en.parisinfo.com/discovering-paris/major-events/bastille-day-in-paris


traffic restrictions and parkings for the 13-14 July festivities in Paris

Accustomed to flying in the sky of Paris, the soldiers of the Air Base (BA) 107 of Vélizy-Villacoublay (Yvelines 78) off the A86 highway, will participate in the parade on foot of 14 July on the Champs-Elysées this Saturday. This is a first since 2011! See them in the parade in Paris.

At Poissy (Yvelines 78) There will be a dance party with DJ, at  Place de la République, from 20h to  02h (2am). By 23h (11pm)  on the banks of the Seine river , there will be  fireworks, on the theme of Le Corbusier. From  19h!30 (7:30 pm), The traditional  firefighters ‘s  ball with concert at 21h (9 pm)  and DJ from 23h (11:30 pm) , entrance fee 10€  with a consumption. More info from the city of Poissy: https://www.ville-poissy.fr/index.php/agenda/855-bal-des-pompiers-de-poissy-2018.html?date=2018-07-13-19-30

At Saint-Germain-en-Laye (Yvelines 78) . From  19h30 (7:30 p.m), the inhabitants are invited to gather around a parade, then around many animations before the fireworks fired at 23h (11pm), from the lawn of the Boulingrin, in the park of the castle. https://www.saintgermainenlaye.fr/112-1004/fiche/fete-nationale-edition-2018.htm

At Versailles (Yvelines 78) TheFirefighters ‘ ball from 20h to 03h (8pm to 3am) at the barracks (4bis Avenue de Paris) with the  group Los Képitos Txaranga and the H2O Troupe, as well as Nick Stevanson.  Price 10€ with  consumption.  https://www.versailles.fr/actualites/toute-lactualite/detail-dune-actualite/actualites/bal-des-pompiers-une-grande-fete-populaire-au-pied-de-lhotel-de-ville/

At the theater or Theatre in  Vésinet (Yvelines 78) the Amaranthus company presents the play “Mon Isménie” in the Discovery Garden. The city/town hall of Vésinet organizes theatrical performances in the Open Air. It is Eugene Biche who is put in the spotlight with a staging of Pierre-Sébastien Kuntzmann. Free and open-entry performances on Saturday at 20h30 (8:30 p.m). and Sunday at 17h (5:00 p.m). More information at  https://www.amaranthus.fr/

From the vestibule of the Royal Chapel, to the Galerie des Glaces, through the Salon of Hercules, the Royal serenade of the Château de Versailles accompanies visitors for 40 minutes of visit. In the large apartments, they will stroll, at sunset, in the company of the musicians of Folies Françoises and the dance company L’Eventail. This Saturday at 18h30 (6:30 p.m.),  7h30 (7:30am), 19h30 (7:30pm)  and  19h50 (7:50pm). Rates: 24€  in full price, €21 in reduced price. More information on the website of the Château de Versailles. Info here: http://www.chateauversailles-spectacles.fr/en/spectacles/2018/royal-serenade-hall-mirrors

Closer to me in my town we will have the usual Breton Fest Noz party and Fireworks Saturday, July 14 official ceremonies in the morning by 11h15 (11:15am). in front of the City/Town Hall (memorial wreaths Depot – Parade) July 14th Festival from  21h (9pm) at the  Goh Lanno Sports Complex Parade at the lanterns, departing from the barracks , hosted by the Bagad of Landaul  and popularly  animated by Koskerien and Ambiance 56 groups. Small snacks and bar on site. More info in City of Pluvigner (this is my town now). More info here: http://www.pluvigner.fr/actualites/fete-du-14-juillet/

The Historique of Vannes are back with show, a parade ,and firework, participants and spectators occupy the city center of Vannes. If you wish to attend or participate in the historic festivals 2018, go on Friday 13 and Saturday 14 July 2018 in Vannes. The event brings together many spectators in a period atmosphere. After the Belle epoque, Napoleon or Anne of Brittany, the historic feasts of Vannes 2018 will honour the Renaissance and Henriette of England. Extras and artists will come back to animate the streets and revive the coming of Henriette from England in the “Renaissance” atmosphere. More here: https://golfedumorbihan56.com/vannes-les-fetes-historiques-2018/

More from the city of Vannes : https://www.mairie-vannes.fr/outils-et-services/vannes-actus/actualite/actualite/article/annonce-du-theme-2018-des-fe/

At historical Auray there will be July 13 and 14  from  19h (7pm) in the Place du Loch, a popular  Bal with DJ Arnaud.  Onsite dining organized by Auray Football Club (fried mussels-sausages merguez-crepes) opening at  22h (10pm) the stadium doors visual control and search of the bags at the entrance to the stadium. Glass bottles and alcoholic beverages will be banned in the stadium enclosure.  By 23h (11pm) fireworks at the Loch Stadium of a singular pyrotechnic spectacle provided by the company HTP-Hubert Thézé pyrotechnics Guichen 35. By 23h30 (11:30pm) dance party with Dj Arnaud ;free admission
. More here: https://www.auray.fr/Agenda/Loisirs/Bal-et-feu-d-artifice

And as usual we will try to participate in our town as it is not far from our house. For the football World Cup Russia final between France vs Croacia, there will be giant screen TV from 17h in the espace Athena in Auray (this has been cancelled by the mayor’s office due to security concerns). In Vannes it will be in the college Jules Simon next to the city hall with a maximum permitted of 4500 persons.

Also, in Paris, a giant screen will be installed on the Champ-de-Mars, near the Eiffel Tower. Giant screens will also be installed in Bordeaux, in the Chaban-Delmas Stadium. In Rennes, the giant screen installed on the Esplanade Charles-de-Gaulle remains operational for the final. In Nantes, a giant screen will be installed in the XXL Hall of the exhibition Center, at the Beaujoire. This just in the World Cup final will also be shown in large wide screen TV at the faboulous Place du Marché Notre-Dame in Versailles. 

Catch the fever it will July 15 from Moscow Russia ;more on the World Cup here: https://www.fifa.com/worldcup/matches/match/300331552/#match-liveblog

And I leave you with expectation, it is a huge weekend in France, all stop the National Day of July 14 and the World Cup final of July 15, too much partying lol!!! cheers

And of course, remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!


July 13, 2018

The markets of Rouen!

I have been coming here for a long time, maybe since 1990, and always enjoyed it. I like the history of it, and the quaint streets, the architecture and the people. I have come to see the Champion of France in baseball the Rouen Huskies and Vice Champion of Europe! and to enjoy on its wonderful old restaurants. However, what my dear late wife Martine and I enjoyed most was the markets of Rouen.

It is wonderful to have these great places surrounded by truly amazing history and great architecture. And of course, the products are delicious.  Let me tell you briefly on them, as I have other posts on Rouen itself here in my blog ,just do search.

The markets of Rouen from the city webpage are: City of Rouen markets

And the same from the tourist office are: Tourist Office of Rouen on markets

A bit on where they are,starting with the precious marché du Vieux Marché at Place du Vieux Marché. 

The Old Market square,or place du Vieux Marché  located at the West end of the rue d’Horloge and not far from the big clock, there are several houses half-timbered or corbelled, whose large part actually consists of old façades done to  this place. It housed the Church Saint-Sauveur who was destroyed in 1793 but including the foundations were identified during the renovation of the square. Church Sainte-Jeanne of Arc  bold and disputed architecture allows you to admire the stained glass windows of the old Church of Saint-Vincent, formerly located at the bottom of the rue Jeanne d’Arc  and destroyed in 1944. Its appearance evokes both a viking ship and a fish. It was inaugurated on May 27, 1979 by Valéry Giscard d’Estaing, president of the French Republic.



The fame of the place is related to the torture of Joan of Arc who was burnt alive on May 30, 1431. The place of public executions with the pillory and the firewall to the pyres was exhumed at the same time as the foundations of the Church of Saint-Sauveur.  Until 2012, a Joan of Arc (Jeanne d’Arc) Museum located south of the place, near “the oldest Inn of France”, recounted her life. The place was also the site of the executions until 1836, and wholesale market  until 1969, time of the creation of the market as we know it today.

A small market is always running on a Hall with  ironwork covered with slates as the adjoining Church and which evoke the waves of the ocean.  Until 1944 there was the Theatre-Français, bombed and replaced in 1960 by modern buildings with half-timbered facades from the 17C at  two steps from the  square, 6 rue de la Pie , is the birthplace of Pierre Corneille which became a museum dedicated to the writer.  There is an underground parking as well as a station Cy’ click (bikes).

From the city of Rouen : Place du Vieux Marché

Another one we like and enjoyed is at the Saint Mark’s square or Place Saint Marc  located in the Saint-Marc – Croix de  Pierre – Saint-Nicaise district. The name is taken from a Chapel which was  settled by  the Cordeliers in 1228, before being transferred in 1255 to St. Clement Church. The Chapel of St. Mark, close to the Aubette, is burned down before 1342 and rebuilt in 1435. The Clos Saint-Marc was part of the fiefdom of the Lords of the Tot, who had the right to hold a market. In 1794, the clos Saint-Marc is called the Clos des Volontieres or Volunteers. In a miserable area, the field was cleared and transformed into a place planted with trees and filled with fountains, which hosts the market from 1837. In 1846, the cabins are built to house the merchants. The place is connected to the docks by the opening of the rue  Armand Carrel in 1844 the place is renowned for its vast market, especially the Sunday bringing together traders from first and second-hand dealers. There is also a shopping center (Intermarché). Concerts take place here on the terraces on Thursday. There is an underground car park as well as a station Cy’ click (bikes).

The market here is an institution. The Marché de Saint Marc or St.-Marc  Market, one of the largest of the region ,very busy on the big square of the historical center  four days a week: Tuesday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday. Fruits, vegetables, textiles and second-hand dealers, particularly in summer, the terraces  fill up at eye sight, as soon as the Sun made its appearance. Grey weather, the market may hold some surprises. Installed  in the Place Saint Marc , since the first half of the 19C, the market spread under and between the halls. Sunday is the day of choice to meet a maximum of small producers. Many growers alongside the cheese makers, butchers, fishmongers in the region… The non-food side, the second-hand dealers hold an important place. Here and there, we meet also a merchant of flowers or a shoe merchant installed in front of a seller of… socks.


The market from the city of Rouen page: Place St Marc ,the market

On the city and tourist page above you have other markets as well and the ones by rue Eugéne Boudin are good too . The two above are simply above and beyond any even in the region, these are tops. Worth a detour and spend easily a morning on each.  Hope it helps your shopping pleasures in the Seine Maritime dept 76 of the region of Normandy.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!


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July 13, 2018

This is Morlaix up in Finistére!

I have come to see most of Brittany, I say most because we can never see everything, but most I say. I have the great opportunity to live in the region now and take advantage of knowing this historical wonderful region of France. Brittany/Bretagne/Breizh. I have come north to the Finistére department 29 to encounter the sea and the historical nice city of Morlaix. My dear late wife Martine liked it too.

Let me tell you a bit on it from all angles in a brief way ,starting with my previous blog post on it. Morlaix in the Finistere

Morlaix is in the north of department Finistère, No. 29 in the region of Brittany. In the background of a Ria, this city is often the victim of floods because it is at the confluence of two rivers, the Queffleuth and the Jadhav, which form the Dosenn (or river of Morlaix) that flows into the channel, in the Bay of Morlaix. On average we observe two to three storms each year exceeding 110 km/h . In Finistère,  it is part of the Trégor and Leon, both being delimited by the Dosenn. They are separated even in the city as evidenced by the quay of Trégor and the quay of Leon.  The city is famous for its viaduct built in the 19C in the city center/downtown  which is given the nickname of the “City of Viaduct”.There is a train station SNCF on the TGV Paris-Brest and by the TER Bretagne local trains. See link on transports at end.

Morlaix was originally a Gaulish oppidum, then transformed into a Roman castrum, located on the hill of the “Parc-au-Duc”, which dominates the Ria du Dossen and located southwest of the center of the present city, in the western part of the peninsula , formed By the Jadhav and the Queffleuth  rivers. It was around the year 1000 that a lord of Leon built a castle on the present site of Morlaix, between the rivers of Queffleuth and Jadhav. There, in the peninsula, is born a village sheltered from the fortress living mainly from fishing-related activities. From the 11C, monks from three abbeys, those of Saint-Mathieu de Fine-Terre, Saint-Melaine de Rennes and the Abbey of Marmoutier, founded the first religious settlements of the city, the Priorys, which gave birth to the three . The respective suburbs of Saint-Mathieu (in the southeast, then on the territory of Plourin), of Saint-Melaine (in the northeast, then on the territory of Ploujean) and of Saint-Martin (in the west, then on the territory of Pleyber-Christ.

When Duchess Anne has just acceded to the duchy, she sees herself isolated in her own court, which in her vast majority does not trust her. Contrary to the provisions of the Treaty of the Orchard signed in August 1488 by his father Louis XI and the Duke of Brittany Francis II (the father of Anne), the king of France Charles VIII invaded Brittany in January 1489. Aid from King Henry VII of England landed in Morlaix to help Queen Anne in 1489, as she married Maximilian of Austria in December 1490 in Rennes (formation of an England-Habsburg-Aragon-Castile-France axis). Finally, Anne will be Queen of France twice by marrying Charles VIII in December 1491 and then Louis XII in January 1499. During a tour of Brittany , the Duchess-queen of France Anne stops in Morlaix and descends to the convent of the Jacobins in the summer of 1505 . Queen Anne makes a solemn entrance that all cheer, she lodges at the convent because the castle must be  repaired.  The Duchess is offered a ermine with a pearl necklace. A sudden movement of the animal frightens the Queen. Pierre de Rohan speaks to the Queen in these words:  “What are you afraid of, Madame? These are your weapons!  ” Coat of Arms of Brittany still today.

King Francis I, son-in-law of the Duchess Queen Anne, will also visit the city on September 15, 1518 .After a bitter battle and great losses due to the English ,they find, the latter offering little resistance because of the libations of the previous night. Following this event, it was decided to build the castle of Taureau in the Bay of Morlaix in 1544.

The Morlaisiens merchants built, on the main street, houses with narrow facades, due to a parcel lanièré due to the plan of subdivision established for the reconstruction after the fire of 1522, including the House of 9, Grand-Rue (which serves as a museum) and the so-called Duchess Anne, built around 1530, are beautiful examples of these houses called “Pondalez”.  After the wars of religion, Morlaix takes full advantage of the apogee of the trade of the linen in the 17C, the apogee being about 1680. However, from 1620, the noble merchants of Morlaix no longer build houses in Pondalez, but houses In stone with curtain facade such as those in the  rue Longue-de-cramt and Place des Otages, as well as private hotels totally stone like the Maison Pénanault and the Hotel François du Parc built in blue schist and granite.   The arrival on Monday 10 November 1624 of the Duke of Vendôme, son of king Henri IV and Gabrielle of d’Estrées visiting Morlaix.

Morlaix is a city of goldsmiths; in 1754, it was the most important community of goldsmiths in Brittany.  Many having fabricated coins in the Treasury of Saint-Jean-du-Doigt or Locam’s Treasure

At the beginning of the French Revolution, popular societies of the Friends of the Constitution are created everywhere. The first Jacobin Club of Brittany was foounded in  1790. The nave and the bedside of the Church of Notre-Dame-du-Mur, which had been transformed into a temple of reason during the French revolution  were sold in 1805 in order to serve as a stone quarry. There is a nice facade in the Cour d’honneur of the tobacco factory of Morlaix.  The tobacco factory in Morlaix is one of the oldest in France, it already existed in 1689.  The third company (Morlaix) of the 4th Battalion of Mobiles Guards of Finistère participated on 29 November 1870 in the Battle of the L’Haÿ during the siege of Paris during the war of 1870.


There is a WWI  commemorative painting placed in the Church of Saint-Mélaine. Morlaix was bombarded many times during  WWII by the British and the Americans, the main objective was the railway viaduct, in order to cut the rail communications with Brest. Morlaix was free on 8 August 1944 by American troops from the north coast to the Ponthou where Marquis resistance fighters had strafed Nazi troops on 4 and 5 August 1944 on the road N12 to facilitate the advance of the Allied army.

Things to see in this quaint nice town of the north of Brittany.

The former convent of the Jacobins, whose Church founded in 1230, is the oldest in the city. The convent was built in the 13C, the rose of the bedside dates from the  15C.  It was confiscated in the French revolution, then served as barracks, and finally siege the Archaeological Society of Finistère. Since 1887, it houses the Museum of Fine Arts of the city,


The Viaduc of Morlaix sees its first stone laid in 1861. Its construction ends in 1864. The demolition of the houses required for its construction resulted in the erasing  of most of the houses in Pondalez and porches (stilt houses and three or four-storey buildings along the harbour) in the remaining  houses demolished between 1880 and 1907, the last in 1969. The 19C Granite Viaduct (1861) for the Paris-Brest railway line. Majestic piece of granite from the ile Grande  was built from 1861 to 1864 during the construction of the Paris-Brest line.  The result is prodigious: 292 meters long, 58 meters high, 14 arches and 9 poles, 11 000 m3 of stones… The Rennes-Brest line was inaugurated in 1865.  There is a nice Italian Theater from 1888 and fully restored.


The  Church of Saint-Mélaine, of flamboyant Gothic style (15C) dedicated to Melaine de Rennes. The Priory of Saint-Mélaine  was founded between 1149 and 1157 following a donation of Guyomarc’h III, Lord of Morlaix. The Church was built at the end of the 15C. In 1879, the Church lantern was replaced by a zinc-coated wooden arrow. The Church houses beautiful paintings and scultptures from the 15C to 19C, as well as a Dallam organ restored in 1971.


The Church of Saint-Mathieu, the tower is one of the first Renaissance buildings in the area. It houses an opening statue of gilded wood from the late 14C. When opened it offers a carved trinity and painted scenes from the new Testament. This statue from the Cologne (Germany) region was commissioned by the Brotherhood of Weavers of Morlaix. The Church also houses a beautiful organ, the late 17C buffet containing an instrument of Heyer (1873).


The quaint historical nice house at  9 Grande-Rue welcomes the works and objects of the collection of the Museum of Morlaix relating to the architecture and the history of the city – and the so-called Duchess Anne (16C), Rue du Mur.  The booth of the Place des Otages, offered in 1903 by Auguste Ropars. The Carmelite fountain, dating from the 15C, at the foot of the former  Church of Notre-Dame de Fontaines. The Château de Suscinio (House of the privateer Charles Cornic) and its botanical park, located in Ploujean, former commune annexed by Morlaix.


In the Bay of Morlaix, the castle of Taureau, erected in the 16C to defend the bay, was reworked by Vauban from 1689, but he died in 1707 before his completion. The stone ship then takes its current dimensions: 60 meters long, 12 meters wide and 12 meters high for a built up surface of 1 450 m2. In addition to eleven bunkers that can each receive a cannon, the Fort houses housings, two dungeons, a canteen, a kitchen and a chapel. In the 20C, it is the second residence of the family of Vilmorin, then houses, from 1960 to 1980, a sailing school having counted up to 250 trainees, of which 150 housed in the castle. This fort to the sea, a national property managed by the ICC, can now be visited.

Some webpages to help you plan your trip here are (first know the helpful tourist office in town is at  historical Maison Penanault 10 place Charles de Gaulle +33 (0)2 98 62 14 94 – informations@tourisme-morlaix.bzh)

City of Morlaix on monuments in French : http://www.ville.morlaix.fr/VIVRE-A-MORLAIX/Tourisme/A-la-decouverte-de-la-Ville/La-balade-patrimoniale/(view)/content

Tourist office of the Bay of Morlaix in French:  http://www.baiedemorlaix.bzh/fr/s-inspirer/patrimoine-et-culture/

Tourist office Finistére dept 29 Tourism in English: http://www.finisterebrittany.com/morlaix

Tourist office of region of Brittany in English: http://www.brittanytourism.com/discover-our-destinations/pink-granite-coast-morlaix-bay/unmissable-sites/morlaix

The harbor ,ports of Morlaix in French: http://www.morlaix-communaute.bzh/Amenager-durablement/Le-littoral-les-ports/Les-ports

For moving about in public transports this is good for all of Brittany; used to be called Breizhgo and now change to MobiBreizh:  http://www.breizhgo.com/en/

There you go ,you are all set for an enjoyable trip to the north of Brittany and Finistére. Enjoy it

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

July 12, 2018

The Petit Palais of Paris

And here is the small friend of the Grand, another marvel of Paris. The inner courtyard cafe is just superb and surrounded by such beauty is incredible. My first encounter here was on a Incas of Peru exhibition about 10 years ago, and it remains close to me. I am talking about the Petit Palais de Paris.

The Petit Palais, was built on the occasion of the Universal Exhibition of 1900, houses the Museum of Fine Arts (Beaux-Arts)  of the city of Paris. It is located in the 8éme arrondissement or district of Paris, Avenue Winston-Churchill, facing the Grand Palais. The Petit Palais is served close by the Metro lines 1 and 13 at the station Champs-Elysées-Clemenceau as well as by the bus lines RATP 42, 73, 80, and 28.

My previous blog post on the Petit Palais is here: https://paris1972-versailles2003.com/2011/03/04/the-grand-and-petit-palais-at-paris/

The Petit Palais is organized around a semi-circular garden. The exhibition sites are located on the first floor (2nd US), the ground floor (1st US) being originally dedicated to offices and reserves. The façade is about 150 meters long, centered by a monumental porch topped by a dome. Ionic columns with diagonal scrolls adorn the main facade as well as the semi-circular peristyle of the inner courtyard. The décor is complemented by numerous bas-reliefs. The sculptures on the façade are, the city of Paris protecting the Arts  with a woman seated holding in her left arm a ship symbolizing Paris and surrounded by the Muses; on the right, a group with the Seine river  and its tributaries. On the left, the Four Seasons group  with young women carrying sheafs of wheat and fruit.

From 1902, the Petit Palais becomes the Palais des Beaux-Arts of the city of Paris to host a permanent collection from antiquity to the end of the 19C, these collections were enriched by multiple donations of which one can cite the most important are of Eugène and Auguste Dutuit ceded their collection in 1902, rich of nearly 20 000 works and featuring several major works of the Dutch school including a autoportraits of Rembrandt and the abduction of Proserpine of Rubens, Greco-Roman Antiquities, Art objects of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, engravings and drawings of masters such as Martin Schongauer, Albrecht Dürer, Rembrandt, Fragonard etc.); in addition Edward and Julia Tuck ceded in 1930 their collection of 18C French art objects; Ambroise Vollard yields several modern works at the museum, including the portrait of Ambroise Vollard in the chat by Pierre Blackwell (1924) or another portrait of the painter by Paul Cézanne (1899); Roger Cabal bequeathed to the museum a collection of icons in 1998. Alongside these donations, the museum will acquire many works, including several paintings by Gustave Courbet.

For the past several years, contemporary photography has entered the Petit Palais when it was decided to present, in introduction to major international exhibitions, images of photographers inspired by the civilizations . Some of these photographs were then acquired by the museum. The museum’s graphic arts funds consists of 18 000 engravings and 9 000 old and modern designs. The collection of drawings includes many more much more, too numerous to mention in one blog post.

Paris Paris

Additional exhibition spaces are created on the ground floor , with reserves moved to the basement. The permanent collection is exposed to the left by entering, the temporary exhibits to the right. In between the two, at the bottom of the garden, a coffee shop is wonderfully done to eat in a stunning garden. The windows of the exhibition spaces and the canopies of the permanent collections are designed for natural lighting. The offices are located above the temporary exhibition spaces. An amphitheater is created on the ground floor under the garden.

All and much more, this is nice and cute and lovely, a must to see in a wonderful district of Paris. You must come that is all.

Some webpages to help you plan your visit to this wonderful little palace are

Official webpage Petit Palais : http://www.petitpalais.paris.fr/en

Tourist office of Paris: https://en.parisinfo.com/paris-museum-monument/71067/Petit-Palais-Musee-des-Beaux-Arts-de-la-ville-de-Paris

The webpage of Paris museums on the Petit Palais: http://www.parismusees.paris.fr/en/petit-palais-city-paris-museum-fine-arts

There you go, another wonder of Paris and now better covered in my blog. That is all.

And remember , happy travels, good health,and many cheers to all!!!


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