Archive for ‘Bretagne’

May 25, 2019

Ploemel, Ploermel, Ploemeur,Ploeren 4P of the Morbihan!

And moving right along my beautiful Morbihan, telling you of many towns off the beaten path. Heck, I can do this for a lifetime, there are so many and all quant, architecturally nice and historically proud. Just my cup of …. well. This time will tell you about the 4P’s! Ploemel, Ploermel, Ploemeur ,and Ploeren. It takes a while to remember the spelling lol!

Ploemel in the heart of a triangle between Auray, La Trinité-sur-Mer and Étel. Ploemel is 137 km from Rennes, 138 km from Nantes and 105 km from Quimper.  Ploemel comes from the Breton “ploe ” (Parish) and “Emel ” or “Meir “, leader of the Breton emigrants who came in the 7C. The wave that brought the Bretons from present day UK. The main lordship was that of Locmaria, formerly owned by the Broérec in the 13C, a younger branch of the ancient Counts of Vannes, and by the family of Trévegat in the 15C. In 1790, Ploemel was erected as a municipality and capital city of the District of Auray, with Erdeven for sole dependence. During the revolutionary torment, the Rector refuses to take the oath and exile himself in Spain. The royalists (Chouans), many in Ploemel, then supplied vigorous supporters to GenGeorges Cadoudal. In 1801, the commune loses its title of Canton capital and is attached to that of Belz.

Saint-André Church (St Andrews) done from 1835-1847. It is a church, shaped like a Latin cross, with semicircular windows. This church replaces a 17C church damaged during the French revolution. The current church was extended to the east by a sacristy. The nave comprises of four bays, with a bell tower-porch which dates only from 1847. The retable-lambris (wooden panels) dates from the 19C and the central painting which represented a Resurrection, done in 1859, was recently replaced itself surmounted by a representation of the eternal Father, and the lateral niches houses statues of St. Andrew and St. Isidore

City of Ploemel on the Church

Ploemel

Ploemel

Ploërmel, is attested for the first time in 835 in the cartulary of Redon.   The city will then be honored until the 16C of the presence of the Dukes of Brittany for its strategic position. In the 16C, it entered the Royal domain. The city has a particularly rich civil and religious architectural heritage. So much cannot fit in one post in my blog, more of this later. Finally, the Church of Saint-Armel is the most emblematic and important monument of Ploërmel. It houses the tomb of the Dukes Jean II and Jean III of Brittany!. The town is crossed by the national road 24 (RN 24) and the national road 166 (RN 166). Both very much use by yours truly!

The Church of Saint-Armel, founded in the 15C, was rebuilt between 1511 and 1602. The north portal, about 1530, presents scenes from the Gospel, and popular scenes. Inside, there is a wooden vault adorned with richly carved sand pits, stained glass including a Tree of Jesse , 1552, ornamentation, the lay of the Dukes Jean II and Jean III and that of Philip of Montauban, Chancellor of Anne of Brittany. Originally the tombs of the two Dukes were placed in the Church of the Carmes. As the Church was destroyed by the League, the two tombs were moved to the Church of the Priory of St. Nicholas in 1591. Resettled in the new Church of the Carmes, they remained there until the French revolution. In 1790, the walls of the tombs were destroyed and the tomb was open. It was the General Council of Morbihan that restored the two tombs, in 1820, which were then deposited on a new and unique tomb placed in the Church of Saint-Armel.

City of Ploermel on heritage

Tourist office of Broceliande on Ploermel heritage

Ploermel

Ploermel

Ploemeur   is a town on the Atlantic coast bordering four cities: Lorient, Larmor-Plage, Guidel and Quéven. Off the coast is the island of Groix, three nautical miles from the mainland. Ploemeur has 17 km of coastline. On this range there are several beautiful beaches, without counting several coves (more on them later posts). Ploemeur comes from the Breton “Plo Meur” (great parish).

Saint Ninnoc is native to the present country of Wales. She landed in Armorique in the 5C on a   stone ship…, among seven other ships, to join a part of her family. Saint Ninnoc received from King Erich, son of Aldrien, the land necessary for its implantation near a pond. There is only the name of the village and the pond of Lannénec as well as the fountain Sainte-Ninnoc, the last vestige of this period. Saint Ninnoc is thus the founding Abbess of the double monastery of Lannénec, in 456 and 458, and of the parish of Ploemeur. One of the monasteries was for men, the other for women. This is the first female monastery in Armorique. Viking raids took place in the 10C, and the monasteries were burned.

The Church of St. Pierre (St Peter) from 1037, renovated in the 13C, 16C, and again in the 18C. It is also, known as the Church of St Peter of the Links . It comprises a nave of seven bays with aisles and a flat bedside choir. Between the nave and the choir, the triumphal arch, redone in third-point in the 16C, is supported by columns from the 11C to capitals decorated with windings, leaves and animals. The columns are the only vestiges of the Romanesque church. The nave rebuilt in the 18C with large arched arches resting on stacks of impositions recalls the Romanesque plan. The choir, behind which the sacristy forms apse outside, was completed in 1729. The bell tower, located on the western porch, was started in 1686. The porch is topped by a curvilinear pediment and bears a crest with hammered arms and a cartridge engraved with a Latin inscription meaning: “enterprise according to the pious wishes of the parishioners on June 1, 1686 “. The south gate is from the 18C. It is worth mentioning the altarpiece and woodwork of the 18C choir and, under the porch, a wooden Christ of Pity, of the 16C. The “Way of the Cross “, artwork by Xavier de Langlais, dates from 1959.

The city of Ploemeur on heritage

Parish of Ploemeur on the Church

ploemeur

ploemeur

The city of Ploeren was a former primitive parish which once enclosed the current territories of Arradon and Ile aux Moines, and is one of the cities of the first beltway of Vannes. It was long before the French revolution when the noble families of Vannes liked to own a farm that had a significant income. Even Nicolas Fouquet, Superintendent of Finance of Louis XIV, was no exception to the rule. This was happening in 1656. It took the French revolution to divide the inhabitants into Chouans (Royal rebels) and Republicans (revolutionaries). Many of local Ploerinois engage with General Georges Cadoudal. They risk having their belongings confiscated or even losing their lives. But what does it matter,the list was long of the farmers made prisoner here. During WWII, two military planes, one ally, the other enemy, crashed on the town: on August 12, 1941, a Messerschmitt Bf 109 E-4 killed its pilot; on May 29, 1943, a B-17, the Concho Clipper serial 42-29838 of the 8th US Army Air Force ,351th bombardment group, 509th bomb Squadron (RQ) collapsed causing 4 fatalities among the crew members.

The Chapelle Notre Dame de Béléan or the chapel of Our Lady of Béléan is located at the village named Béléan, in Ploeren. The original chapel was built by Jean du Garo in gratitude for surviving with his squire, during the seventh crusade preached by Saint Louis in 1248, in order to liberate Palestine. They had been locked up by the Turks in a crate and loaded on a ship. The ruined chapel was restored in the 15C. Today, the Chapel is rectangular in shape, in large and medium size, it measures about 18 by 7 meters. In 2016, the Chapel is still the subject of an important devotion, as evidenced by the numerous candles constantly lit and the book where pilgrims write their requests and thanks. The chapel of Our Lady of Béléan is also called Notre-Dame de Bethléem (Our Lady of Bethlehem).   The furniture and interior décor are very simple. Two large paintings on wood, represent “Jean du Garo” and “Saint Michel d’Auray”. An interior stone bench girt the walls. The stained glass window dates from the 16C. In the bay of the south half-mouthful fragments of stained glass bearing the coats of arms of the Kermeno of Garo are remarkable.

City of Ploeren on heritage

Ploeren

Ploeren

And there you go another dandy group of 4 the 4P’s indeed of my beautiful Morbihan. Hope you are enjoying these tours of the off the beaten path towns of my dept 56! Indeed the towns of Ploemel, Ploemeur, Ploeren, and Ploêrmel , got it.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

May 25, 2019

Maletroit, Muzillac,Noyal-Muzillac in my Morbihan!

So shall we continue… YES! My beautiful Morbihan has a lot of architecture and history to write for a lifetime. An area hardly untouched by foreign visitors if we take out the perennial British and to some degree the German, Belgians, and lately even Spanish. Its the third most visited region of France who herself is the most visited country in the world; sorry for the punt ::) Let me get back to my department 56 and show you another trio of beauties; this time Maletroit, Muzillac, and Noyal-Muzillac in my Morbihan!

Malestroit is crossed by the Canal from Nantes to Brest and by the Oust river which are joined at this place. The town of Malestroit is located 40 km from Vannes . The neighboring towns are Saint-Marcel to the west, Pleucadeuc to the south and Ruffiac to the east. The city is crossed by the road D776, the D764 and the D146. There was formerly a train station in Malestroit, now nearest train station is in Vannes.

The 11C Church of Saint-Gilles, partly destroyed in 1592. The entire northern part of the church was added during the reconstruction, as well as animal statues such as Ox, Lion, Eagle, etc And it has exceptional paintings of the Middle Ages.  Saint-Gilles Church an older church was enlarged in the 15-16C, partly destroyed by a fire in 1592 (the day of the expulsion of the leaguers ). The statue called Notre-Dame-de-pity dates from the 16C. It is carved in a wooden monolith. It was before the French revolution in the chapel of the Augustinian monastery  in the Notre Dame island, then thrown by the revolutionaries to be burned, it was exchanged by Pierre Evain, carpenter, against 5 ropes of wood. He hid it before installing it in the Church.

At the Place du Bouffay, in the middle of the medieval houses with wooden panels, stands the Church of Saint-Gilles which replaced in the 12C the chapel of the 11C originally built at the site of a sacred source. This double-gables Church, which has undergone several construction campaigns  11-13C, 16C  and 18C, surprises by the inevitable juxtaposition of styles. From the Romanesque period, there remains the square of the transept and its south-extended cross-vaulted apsidal, which opens onto a southern façade with a rich iconography. At the 16C  Northern nave in flamboyant Gothic  was attached to the southern nave radiating Gothic. These two naves, separated outwardly by an octagonal turret and communicating inside by large arcades, confer to the ensemble a great originality. Then it was rebuilt and enlarged in the 17C following the fire caused by the Leaguers in 1592.

Inside, you will notice a beautiful polychrome Pieta of the 16C, the stained glass of the tree of Jesse  15C, the large stained glass window, to the left of the high altar of 1900) which represents the life of Saint-Gilles , the Chair aux Sirens  17C and the reliquary hand of Saint-Gilles, 15C in silver bronze.  On both sides of the south gate, consisting of two doors carved from the 17C, one can see, embedded in the wall, sculptures that come from the Church of the 11-12C. Large reliefs in the round-bump, capitals and corselets, they represent a jumbled of the attributes of the evangelists , the lion of St. Mark crushed by Samson which symbolizes perhaps the man of Saint-Mathieu, the Ox of Saint-Luke  rests on a pedestal adorned with the Eagle of St. John, vices (protest, impurity, debauchery, adultery, lust, drunkenness, avarice) or the Acrobat, an interesting allegory of man leaving the station right to sink in the aforementioned vices.

City of Maletroit on heritage

Tourist site of Broceliande on the Church

Tourist office of Brittany on Maletroit heritage

Maletroit

Maletroit

Muzillac is part of the 12 towns of the intercommunality Arc Sud Bretagne and the district  of Vannes. It is located 30 km from Vannes, and 90 km from Nantes.  The town of Muzillac is placed under the Ducal power in the 13C and regularly receives the Chamber of Accounts of Brittany , from the 13C to the 15C. In the 16C, an edict of Charles IX unites the Royal Court of the borough at the siege of Vannes. At the time of the French revolution, the territory of Muzillac was the mark of the Chouans under the command of the Count of Silz, then of the General of Sol de Grisolles. On June 10, 1815, at Pen Mur, the Royalists (chouans) took over the imperial troops ,this is known as the battle of the schoolboys. Because , the battle of Pen Mur: between the bonapartists and the chouannerie clashed. The latter is awaiting a landing of arms by the British. Alerted, the Imperials, in the number of 570 and commanded by General Rousseau, exit from Vannes and attack the chouans in Muzillac where they had placed under the command of General Louis de Sol de Grisolles. The confrontation turns to the advantage of the chouans in this battle where they are carried out on the ground by Rohu and Joseph de Cadoudal and where the pupils of the Collège Saint-Yves of Vannes are distinguished ( that is why also the battle of schoolboys)  and having joined the Catholic and Royal Army of Britain) that are pushing back the imperial troops.

Sainte-Thérèse Church is the new Church done in 1930 . The new Church, without steeple and in the form of a Latin cross, is consecrated in 1934 and dedicated to Sainte-Thérèse of the Child Jesus. The two-story nave has six spans on each side. In addition to the high altar, there are two lateral altars: the altar located in the west houses the statues of Saint Teresa of the Child Jesus and of St. Anthony of Padua; the other altar located opposite houses the statues of St. Anne, the Virgin and St. Joseph. Stained glass windows are from 1948;  this church was restored following a arson offence dated November 13, 1983 .

City of Muzillac on heritage

Tourist office of Damgan La Roche Bernard on Maletroit heritage

Muzillac

Muzillac

Noyal-Muzillac is also part of the 12 towns of the intercommunality Arc Sud Bretagne and the district of Vannes. Excavations carried out in the 19C have brought to light prehistoric sites and the Roman period as pathways and elements of a villa. The first time the name is found of Noyal-Muzillac  in the history of the country, was in 1252.

After the fall of the Roman Empire, during the Breton migrations, the first parishes appeared. It is probably at this time that the parish will be born with Patron Saint Martin of Tours. The revolutionary period will lead the Noyalais early enough to support the white party (Royals) and especially the Chouannerie. The troops of Le Batteux will also punish these inhabitants during a bloody punitive expedition in 1793.  In 1802, was born in Noyal-Muzillac Julien Daniélo, a writer who became known in the Parisian literary milieu. He will be the last Secretary of François-René de Chateaubriand. Julien Daniélo will die in Paris in 1869.

The Church of St. Martin de Tours, which preserves from the Romanesque period some vaults dated from the 11C. The Gothic period of the 15C is also very present with imposing ogive arches and capitals with various motifs. The nave and choir are enriched with remarkable 17C paintings. Its Chapel of the Rosary, in the south, also has an imposing painting of 1819.

The Church of St. Martin de Tours, 11-12C , 17C and 20C is dedicated to Saint Martin de Tours. It included a nave with aisles, a transept, on which the rounded apse of the sanctuary was opened directly.  This church was modified in the 14C at transept and choir. At the end of the 13C or at the beginning of the 14C, the cross-braces were transformed into chapels opening onto the square, which became the choir, by large broken arches worn on heavy pillars with engaged balusters, including the capitals adorned with foliage’s and serrations indicate that these pillars were part of the primitive construction. The apse has been preserved but very reworked at various times. The bell tower, which was to be first on the square, had been rebuilt on the south Chapel: it was burned in 1630 and restored in 1639. The nave was completely rebuilt in 1850. The last major works carried out from 1965 to 1970, lead to the decrease of the nave.

The three Chapels of Saint-Jean-Baptiste, the True Cross and Saint-Yves depending on the lordship.. The Chapel of the Sacred Heart located in the north wing of the transept and threatening ruin is restored in 1898 , and it is now the baptistery. The Church is covered with a frame and on the sand pits are the coats of arms of the families Carné, Boisorhant, Rochefort, Larlan and Rieux. The sprocket dates from 1785. The baptistery, octagonal in shape, dates from the 18C. This church is restored and transformed into 1970. The lateral stained glass windows dates back to 1886. The stained glass of Saint Joseph, dates from 1909. The stained glass of Notre-Dame de Lourdes, dates from 1959. One saw in the Interior of the Church, three paintings such as the Christ on the Cross and which today took the place of the old altarpiece, the Annunciation and the presentation at the temple which are today near the Chapel of the Rosary of the 17C from the Château de Keralio. The painting of the Rosary, in the chapel of the Rosary, is dated 1819,  the Church houses the polychrome statues of a Virgin and Child (or Our Lady of the Blessing), a Madonna and Child, 17C  and located in the Chapel of the Rosary, Saint Sébastien, 18C, Saint Isidore 19C and Saint John the Baptist 16-17C.  The church now houses three bells weighing 600 kg., 450 kg. and 125 kg. and blessed  in 1953.

City of Noyal-Muzillac on Religious heritage

Tourist office of Damgan La Roche Bernard on Noyal Muzillac heritage heritage

Noyal Muzillac

Noyal Muzillac

There you go like I said given in threes ,twos, one and all, these are all wonderful country in my off the beaten paths of my beautiful Morbihan dept 56. Enjoy Maletroit, Muzillac ,and Noyal-Muzillac in my Morbihan!

And remember ,happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

May 25, 2019

Merlevenez,Nostang, Moustoir-Ac in the Morbihan!

And the beat goes on in my lovely Morbihan, never ending marvels and wonderful architecture and history all around me which can yours too if dare to visit the 3rd most visited region(Brittany)  of the most visited country(France) in the World! I will go right into it and tell you a bit more on the towns of Merlevenez, Nostang, and Moustoir-Ac in my Morbihan!

Merlevenez, this town is located between Plouhinec and Nostang. It borders the ria of Etel on 3 km from the village of Kergo to the pond of Rhodes. A legend has the origin of the name Merlevenez. It speaks of a long married and still childless Lord who promised a chapel to the Virgin if he got one. He obtained a girl who filled him with joy and then built the Church of Merlevenez or the daughter of joy. Today, it is the community of towns of Blavet Bellevue Océan, with Kervignac, Nostang, Plouhinec and Sainte-Hélène. It is in fact on its municipality that is located the seat.

The Notre-Dame-de-Joie Church  12-15C  of the town of Merlevenez  is one of the most beautiful monuments of Romanesque art in Brittany. It measures 38 meters by 12 meters. It is built on the foundations of a chapel built by the Templars.

The construction began in the 11C and continued in the 12C. Towards the end of the 14C a bell tower was erected on the square of the transept, which was restored in 1533, after being shot by lightning. The structure of the Choir was laid in 1410. Finally, in the 19C, a sacristy was built to the east of the south brace. The nave, which comprises five spans, communicates with the aisles by large third-point double-roller arches, resting on cruciform piles, confined to their four sides by engaged columns. The northeast corner of the transept’s north brace is the oldest part of the building, and may date from the first half of the 11C. The square, whose arches and supports are from the 12C, was vaulted in the 14C  by an eight-branched arch of warheads resting on contemporary tubes of supports.  The south brace, which could not be said to have been completed by a chapel like the north brace, presents a curious peculiarity with three arched arches, two of which are blind, against the west wall and supporting a massive masonry protruding on the bare wall, given the impression of a veneer and could have supported a tribune, destined for the organ buffet.  The primitive Choir, from the 11C, probably had to have a straight span completed by a circular apse, but from the 12C it was transformed into a flat-bedded choir, as it is today. The outside of the Church is quite simple. The front with an acute gable, is supported by high, unsealing buttresses, between which opens a porch, plated in the 13C, crowned with a triangular pediment whose entablature is ripped off by the upper part of the archivolt. The southern porch, opening onto the cross brace, cushioned by a straight ledge resting on sculpted modillions. The steeple, which rises on the square of the transept, is one of the prettiest in the region. On a Romanesque style, in the 14C, an opened octagonal floor was elevated to the four cardinal points of twined bays, and decorated on each of the intermediate panels of tri libelous blind armatures. The octagonal arrow that rises above it has been redone after 1533, but on the exact model of the old one. A screw staircase in a polygonal turret climbs up to the tower gallery..There you go for the Notre-Dame-de-Joie Church.

city of Merlevenez on the Church

Official new metro area of Merlevenez on the Church

Merlevenez

The town of Nostang  was involved in the creation of the community of towns of Bellevue in 1993. Today, it is the community of towns of Blavet Bellevue Océan, with Kervignac, Merlevenez, Plouhinec and Sainte-Hélène.

The parish Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul offers in its Chapel Notre-Dame a mural of the said of the three dead and the three vivid which is a macabre dance: three young gentlemen are arrested in a cemetery by three dead, who recall the brevity of life and the importance of the salvation of their souls. The bell tower was rebuilt in 1951.

Nostang

The furniture inside is of a high quality, as evidenced by the limestone altarpiece at the base of the altarpiece, two doors framing the altar, lead to the sacristy. At the top, three compartments bounded by four Corinthian columns. The curved outer panels are adorned with garlands of flowers that frame the statues of St. Peter and St. Paul. In the center, a painting of Mésanstourm depicts Saint Peter walking on the waters to meet Jesus. The whole is topped with a dentelle entablature. The central panel is crowned with a curvilinear pediment supported by two columns. It is decorated with Angelate on the tympanum and supports an ensemble sculpted such as  two Angels half extended before the Trinity, and  the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, personified by a dove

The arms of the transept welcome two retables. The oldest it consists of a central table framed with twinned columns that support a small triangular pediment. The upper part consists of a niche flanked by columns and foliage, welcoming the statue of the Trinity, all capped with a triangular pediment. This altar is dedicated to the Madonna of the Rosary and the central panel seems to represent the donation of the Rosary to St. Dominic. The south altarpiece knows the same organization although it is contemporary of the three altars. It is dedicated to the Cross, Saint John the Baptist and the Sacred Heart, as evidenced by the statuary. The painting illustrates the agony of Jesus and on the altar of the altarpiece, is laid a bust-reliquary of St. Peter.  One should note the presence of particularly interesting statuary: two Trinities, one represented with the Father seated, the other with the representation of the Holy Spirit in the form of a dove and a statue of the Blessed Virgin and Saint Marguerite dating from the 18C whose form is similar to that of boat prowlers. Other elements are of interest are the 17C choir stalls, the presence of a confessional dated 1814, which is unusual, as well as the 19C painted décor of the vault although this practice is widespread.  There you on Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul .

City of Nostang on the Church

Official new metro area of Nostang on the Church

nostang

Moustoir-Ac is located on the granitic heights that are the Landes of Lanvaux high point 175 meters. Many megaliths punctuate the territory of the town such as the dolmen de Lacabarede, the Menhir de Kerara or that of Kermark, the highest standing menhir of the Morbihan. Moustoir-AC is located 26 km north of Vannes and 29 km south of Pontivy; and a side note this is where we got our dog Rex from a dairy farm in town! . It is located at the intersection of the roads Rennes-Lorient and Vannes-Saint-Brieuc. Moustoir-AC has existed since 1387 when it separates from the former primitive parish of Plumelin. During the Chouannerie, Moustoir-AC  became a hangout for the Chouans (rebels against the French revolution)  who will be illustrated thanks to the black shepherd dogs  used for intelligence operations. Two important monuments we like to tell you more are the Sainte-Barbe Church located in the town was built by  the first half of the 16C. The Notre-Dame-des-Septs- Douleurs (ND of seven pains) ains Chapel, located in the hamlet of Kerhéro, was built in 1749.

City of Moustoir-Ac on heritage

The Church of St. Barbara (St Barbe) dates to a large extent from the first half of the 16C.  The baptismal Chapel dates from the 18C. The altarpiece of the major altar is mounted in 1730. The bell tower is erected from 1774 to 1777. The floor sacristy is built in 1838 in the extension of the choir. The grandstand is built in 1852. A bell of 626 kg is installed and blessed in 1853. The southern porch dates from 1873. The stained glass windows are installed in 1887. Since 1904 the central niche of the altarpiece has seen a large crucifix. The slate steeple will be renovated in 1926. The major altar is consecrated in 1964. The Church is divided into a Latin cross with a flat bedside and a nave without aisles preceded by an extended Tower of a five-sided sacristy. The tower of the square porch, neo-classical style and flanked by a staircase turret, rises on four floors delimited by horizontal strips. The drum of the chamber of bells, including a Bell of 626 kg, is polygonal. A niche with a curvilinear pediment houses a bronze statue of Sainte-Barbe, the patron Saint of the parish. The polychrome altarpiece of the major altar is in white stone. It consists of a large arched arch sheltering a Christ in the cross flanked by two wings formed of columns framing a statue on pedestal and supporting an entablature. The major altar, adorned with the mystical lamb, is none other than the bedrock of the ancient mission cross. The statues of the Virgin and Saint John once framed this cross.

Tourist office of Central Morbihan on the Church St Barbe

Moustoir Ac

Moustoir Ac

The Chapelle de Notre-Dame-des-Sept-Douleurs  is also called Chapelle de Kerhéro  is located in rural area in the town of Moustoir-AC, in the hamlet of Kerhéro. The Chapel of Our Lady of the Seven Pains was built in 1749, then owned by the Langle family. The ell was sponsored by the same family for the first time in 1789, and was replaced in 1874. In 1896, the chapel was completely rebuilt. It is restored for the last time in 1943. Currently, the exterior seals, stained glass windows and roof are completely restored. The chapel affects a rectangular plane, about 20 × 10 meters. It has an arrow on a square-stump steeple adorned with ball pinnacles.  The floor of the Chapel is gone and the walls are in uncoated granite. The altar is white stone. The chapel has several broken arch windows including the stained glass of the choir dedicated to Our Lady of the Seven Pains (Notre-Dame-des-Sept-Douleurs ).

Tourist office Central Morbihan on the Chapelle

Moustoir Ac

Moustoir Ac

There you go another trio from my beautiful Morbihan, enjoy at will, off the beaten paths of my Brittany and my belle France. Endless beauty, architecture and history , chapeau! Come to see the pretty towns of Merlevenez, Nostang, and Moustoir-Ac in my Morbihan.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

 

May 24, 2019

Locminé,Locoal-Mendon, Mériadec in the Morbihan!

So in my continuing showcase of all beautiful Morbihan, I come to you with another trio of nice towns very near me, that I passed by them every week. And yes, there is always to take photos but some will do for now. There is so much to see and do and photos to take it is overwhelming and sometimes do not know where to go next! Anyway, this is my beautiful Morbihan of my lovely Brittany and showing you some of the towns of Locminé, Locoal-Mendon, and Mériadec!

Locminé in the 6C was founded a monastery by Saint Colomban. In the 7C the Abbey of Saint-Sauveur de Moréac was founded by the disciples of Saint Gildas in Locminé. This Abbey was destroyed by the Normans around 919. In 1008, Félix, a monk of Fleury was called by Duke Geoffroy 1er to reconstruct the Abbey of Saint-Gildas-de-Rhuys and the Abbaye Saint-Sauveur de Locminé. After having definitively settled in Rhuys in 1025, he retained Locminé as a simple Priory. Locminé will remain a Priory of Saint-Gildas-de-Rhuys until 1791.

The Chapelle Notre Dame du Plasker or Chapelle de la Congrégation is in the city center of Locminé, a place of prayer would have existed in its location as early as the 11C. The present Chapel dates from the 16C. During the French revolution, the chapel was transformed into a material depot and served for some time as a deciders temple. In 1804, the municipality brought down the upper part of the bell tower and replaced it with the current  stove.  On the occasion of a marriage, in 1675, the register of catholicity called it Notre-Dame de la Belle-Place (Our Lady of the Beautiful square). Apparently, the square that bordered her at noon had no particular beauty.

Built in the mid 16C, of a rectangular shape church flanked to the north by a square chapel, opening onto the main nave by a large third-point arcade penetrating into committed columns. This Chapel, which supports a small square tower, was to be vaulted as the births of the warheads were seen, but the vault was never finished. The third-point windows have a flamboyant network: above that of the bedside outside, there is a mutilated crest. The Chapel is covered with a roof with a frame whose entrails, with crocodile heads, have been cut. There are some fragments of stained glass from the 16C and a pretty flaming pool. The Altarpiece dates from the 16C.

City of Locmine on the Chapelle

Tourist office of Central Morbihan on the Chapelle

Tourist office of dept 56 Morbihan on the Chapelle

Locmine

Locmine

The  Church of Saint-Sauveur and Saint-Colomban initially from the 16C was a compromise between the ancient granite facades and the modern Church of concrete, carpentry and slate. The facades are that of the old Chapel of Saint-Colomban, from the end of the 15C, to the left and that of the old church, on the right; the City Council had decided, in 1972, to demolish the Church which had become obsolete, nowwith  only the two portals of the west façade. In the old church there was a stained glass window of Saint-Colomban integrated into the new construction: the panels of this stained glass were reassembled in a vertical strip behind the altar.

The Church of Saint Sauveur and Saint Colomban,finished in 1976, however the old church  was used for meetings of corporations of butchers, tanners, carpenters, etc. During the French revolution, the chapel was transformed into a material depot and served for some time as a decider temple. In 1804, the municipality had the upper part of the steeple cut down and replaced it with a stove. When the town was endowed with a fire pump, the municipality found nothing better than the shed for the carriages. Throughout the 19C, and even beyond, the chapel became the meeting place of the Marian Congregation of young Girls. At the beginning of the 19C, the church escaped demolition.

This current Church of Saint Sauveur and Saint Colomban preserves the facades of the old church and the neighboring Chapel of St. Colomban from the 16C. The two churches have the same flamboyant décor with third-point doors with decorated or basket handles inscribed in large curly braces, windows with flamboyant lattice. On the western portal of the Church rises a large square stone steeple with polygonal arrow. Church and Chapel, which communicate with each other through a huge modern arcade, are covered with frames redone in recent times. As the stained glass windows of the chapel are of the 16C, well preserved, depicting various scenes of the life of Saint Colomban. The altarpiece of the high altar, and known as altarpiece of the true Cross, in polychrome wood, dates from the 16C.. The reliquary and the hunting of Saint-Colomban, in wood and white iron, date from 1758.  The Church was made up of two aisles and exhibited various carved motifs such as gargoyles, crests, etc. The Cross presents a crucified Christ with characters at his side, the Virgin on the back, all topped with a small pediment. The cylindrical barrel is plugged into a cubic base. The whole is on a pedestal bearing various names engraved to correspond to a re construction  in the early 19C.

City of Locmine on the Church

Tourist office of Central Morbihan on the Church

Locmine

Locmine

The town of Locoal-Mendon comes from  “loc ” (Hermitage), from  “Gudual “, a Holy hermit of circa 631, and Mendon  from the Gauls  “Mina Dona ” meaning small Fortress. Locoal owes its name to Saint  Gudual. It is a dismemberment of the territory of Plouhinec. Locoal is an island located in the Etel’s seafront, between Saint Helena and Mendon; it is communicated with this second parish by a bridge reminiscent of Saint-Cado, and has under her dependence the Plec peninsula, which is close to the north. The territory of Locoal once belonged to the Priory of Saint-Gudual. A primitive Monastery would have been founded and maintained until the Norman invasion in 919, which completely ruined it.

The origin of Mendon has been attested since the 10C. It is a dismemberment of the territory of Ploemel. The territory of Locoal-Mendon was looted and ravaged in 1592 by the Spaniards who occupied Port-Louis during the Wars of the League. In 1790, the territory of the right bank of Etel became a wholly-fledged town of St. Helena. Locoal was attached to Mendon in 1806 by decision of Napoleon Ire ,and the ensemble was then called Locoal-Mendon. On August 5, 1944, 10 gliders from England landed on the town. They carried 10 jeeps and 30 French paratroopers of the special air service, it was the motorized element of the 2nd parachute fighting Regiment of Commander Pierre Bourgoin. These jeeps participated in the liberation of Morbihan!

The Church of Notre-Dame or Saint-Pierre built from the 15-16C of Mendon, rebuilt at the beginning of the 18C and renovated at the end of the 19C, retaining the bedside wall and the southern porch of the ancient church of the 16C. A former chapel that has become the parish church of Mendon, it includes a nave without aisles, a transept and a flat bedside choir. Built in the 16C, restored in the 17C, it was internally renovated in 1892. The exterior decoration, flamboyant, is particularly rich. To the south is a beautiful square porch, vaulted with warheads, adorned with pinnacles pilasters, curly braces, and foliage of vine leaves, with false gable with creeping also decorated. A stone bench is carved inside and outside the porch. The cushier buttresses of pinnacles are adorned with false architecture and animal motifs. The bell tower, with a stone spire, which rises on the western gable, was completely redone in 1875;  this bell tower rises in a three-story tower connected by angled buttresses of pinnacles with vegetal cross. The Choir dates from 1474. The bedside window is divided into five trilobeous forms surmounted by a network of trilobite flames around a central quatrefoil  15C,  and a tour  in 1893 as well as a scene of the Nativity of the Virgin, with ten characters.

City of Locoal Mendon on heritage

locoal mendon

The village of Meriadec was until 1912 a former Plumergat truce and had a trival chapel. The territory of Plumergat, (which includes Meriadec)  which has an almost triangular configuration, is bounded to the north by Brandivy and Pluvigner, to the west by Brech, to the south by Pluneret, to the east by Plescop and Grand-Champ.

The Church of Saint-Mériadec built in 1913, located in the village of Mériadec (part of town Plumergat) . Today, the western façade is still awaiting its bell tower whose plan had been drawn up , but whose financing was refused by the General Council in 1923. The Altarpiece-Tabernacle  from the 17C, in gilded wood, would come from the old Chapel Sainte Anne d’Auray . The present Church replaces a primitive Chapel. For a very long time, the village of Mériadec formed a truce of Plumergat. The primitive chapel was a rectangular building, quite archaic, finished in 1383, where you could see a few Romanesque arched windows and others in a broken arch. The northern sand pits walls of the choir wore an non translated inscription. A small square steeple covered in slate, stood at the entrance of the choir. To the south was a small square porch, very simple, with stone bench on each side. The chapel was covered with a fairly rustic structure and had been enriched with fine 17C wood altarpieces from the convent of the Carmes of Sainte-Anne.

City of Plumergat on Meriadec heritage

Meriadec

And there you go another trio of nice towns, the list is endless but I keep on trying to see them all!!! Hope you enjoy these rides into the off the beaten paths of my beautiful Morbihan, lovely Brittany, and in my belle France. Enjoy Locminé, Locoal-Mendon, and Mériadec in my Morbihan!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

 

May 24, 2019

Le Roc Saint André, Le Bono, Le Gorvello in the Morbihan!

And just to show the wealth we have here and see the previous posts on my beautiful Morbihan, the beat goes on. In my lovely Brittany the monuments, sights and plain fun are forever.  If Hemingway only would had gone out of Paris… Let me tell you about three quant towns I like and go by then often in my rounds here; these are Le Roc Saint André, Le Bono, and Le Gorvello in the Morbihan of course!

At the origin of the village had a simple Chapel ,the Chapel of Rotz  which becomes in 1608  the Chapel of the Roc  and at the French revolution, Pont du Roc. First erected as a town in 1790 and in parish in 1802 , the town takes in 1951 its current name of Le Roc-Saint-André, and last became, on 1 January 2016, a common delegate of the new town of Val-d’Oust. It merges with the towns of La Chapelle-Caro and Quily within the new municipality of Val-d’Oust. (see other posts).

The Church of Saint André  was rebuilt between 1901 and 1903, replacing that of the 16C too outdated. The steeple is 35 meters high and its style recalls those of Leon in Finistère dept 29. The Church of the trivial, then parish of the Roc is under the term of the Apostle St. André (St Andrews). It has the form of a Latin cross, with unequal arms, which indicates a retouching in the primitive plane. The doors, the arcades of the transepts and the windows are ogive in style. It is noted three paintings by the Breton painter Lhermitais, from the convent of Roga. To the west stands a square, stone, two-bay steeple. On this side, the porch is formed by the extension of the nave, a unique arrangement of its kind. The lateral altars are dedicated to the Blessed Virgin and the sacred Heart.

Le Roc Saint Andre

Le Roc Saint Andre

The Church of Saint André has adopted a Latin cross plan to a single nave. The choir ends with a flat, gable-toothed bedside. The curved arch arches are in coated and painted bricks; used to tighten the space of the nave, they fall back on cylindrical columns or on Interior buttresses, thus relieving the gutter water walls as well. The large bays with flamboyant later, concentrated on the south façade, provide a very high brightness inside the church. To the west, the Cornish-inspired steeple is accosted by a staircase turret and has an arrow in granite masonry.

Le Roc Saint Andre

Le Roc Saint Andre

The cemetery that surrounded it disappeared in 1947, making way for a belvedere on the Canal from Nantes to Brest (the channeled Oust river) and its bridge. A statue of St. Andrew, the patron of the parish, appears on the façade dominating the Canal. There is my favorite brewery in all of Brittany here, Lancelot indeed, cheers ::)

City of Val d’Oust as Le Roc Saint André on heritage

Tourist office of dept 56 Morbihan on Church Saint André

We continue our balade par voiture…, in the wonderful harbor town of Le Bono, very near me, and just wonderful.  It is located at the confluence of the ria of Auray and Bono, 4 km south of the town of Auray and 15 km from Vannes.  Former property of the monks of Saint-Gildas-de-Rhuys, the Domaine du Bono was sold with house, building and land of water passage to the Chevalier Pierre de Montigny,  Lord of Kerisper in 1669. This former fishing village is home to a small port known for its boats called “forbans”. At the beginning of the 20C, there was only a small fishing village around the port, whose uniform houses: the “Pen-TI ” were grouped along a capricious network of narrow and often steep alleyways. The port of Bono is located on the edge of the river. The site is an old cove lined with a rocky chain. The port, which dries at low tide, was built in 1916.

The Church Stella Maris is at the top of  Rue Edouard Herriot, near the roundabout of the Avenue Général de Gaulle ( road D101) at Le Bono, (which goes into Auray and near where my boys finished their  high school) . Started in 1956, it was completed only in 1966 thanks to the donations of the parishioners. Inside, there is an altarpiece in carved and painted wood dating from the late 15C to early 16C.

Finished in 1966, taken ten years to build it. It is stone-sized with a metal structure. Inside, its brick vault gives the choir in a lighted oven of three rosettes a beautiful effect. It adopts a Romanesque style with a nave pierced by triple windows dressed in stained glass with major shades of blue and red. The bottom of the Church in a semicircle is adorned with a fresco in shades of yellow and green. Curiously, a carved wooden tympanum of the Italian Renaissance and an altarpiece carved and painted on a small altar dating from the end of the 15C early 16C,time of king  Louis XII, was discovered. There is also a statue of Notre Dame des Flôts and boats ex-voto (like those shown in webpage https://www.ex-voto-marins.net/pages/lieupage56LeBonoEglise.htm

The city of Le Bono on the Church Stella Maris

Le Bono

Le Bono

Other interesting things to see me think in Le Bono are

The Kernours tumulus, which is of a bent or square  type, was erected around 3000 BC. It is one of the seven known tumulus of this type, which are all found between the estuaries of the Loire and the Blavet rives. It is the only one of the seven to have preserved its mound , which measures 4 meters high and 20 meters in diameter.  Also,  the old suspension bridge of Le Bono is one of the last two works of this type still in service in France; Built between 1838 and 1840, and renovated in 2006. It underwent many periods of closure and repair and has a length of 96 meters, this bridge spans the Bono River near the port of Bono, and allows walkers to reach the nearby Chapel of Saint-Avoye in the town of Pluneret.  In 1969, a new bridge was inaugurated to replace the Le Bono suspension bridge, which was too weak for road traffic. This steel crutches bridge is named in honor of Joseph Le Brix, an Aviator originally from the neighboring town of Baden. It has an apron of 286 meters long for 10 meters wide and a height of 26 meters above the Bono river.

Le Gorvello (or sometimes Gorvello) is a hamlet straddling the towns of Theix-Noyalo and Sulniac. The hamlet is located at the intersection of the departmental roads D7 and D183, equal distance from Theix, Sulniac, Berric, La Trinité-Surzur and Lauzach. It is about 15 km from Vannes. In the 12C, Le Gorvello housed a Chaplaincy, belonging to the Templars, which cared for the poor, the sick and the lepers. At the dissolution of the order of the Templars, in 1312, the parish was passed under the control of the Bishop of Vannes. The Church of St. John the Baptist is built from 1523 to replace the chapel of the Templars.

The Church of St. John the Baptist of Le Gorvello, town of Sulniac. It’s a T-shaped Church, the nave barely detached from the two arms of the transept. At the bedside, large glass canopy with moldings. To the south transept, mulled window ,and in  the north transept, wooded window . The west entrance gable is adorned with a bay in a basket handle with pinnacles, braces and flop work. The gable is crowned by a small campanile with double compartment, frontings, all in granite. On the north façade, the nave bay is adjacent, adorned and protected by a porch made up of a circular granite arch. The buttresses of the bedside and the north transept present a superposition of cylindrical and prismatic parts.

Le Gorvello

The present Church of St John the Baptist replaces the primitive chapel built by the hospital monks in the early 16C. The church has been reworked several times. In 1523, the nave is covered with a frame, which has abundant inscriptions. In 1547, a chapel was added.  In 1560, a porch and a second chapel are added. The Church is open, on its western gable, by a door in a basket-loop, with multiple moldings, under a brace bearing a high jewel. The buttresses that surround it are decorated with flaming pinnacles. The Church houses the statues of St. Mark and St. Isidore, the Patron Saint of the Laborers.

Le Gorvello

Le Gorvello

Tourist office of dept 56 Morbihan on Le Gorvello heritage

Tourist office of area Gulf of Morbihan on town of Sulniac and Le Gorvello

There you go some more interesting trips off the beaten path in my beautiful Morbihan; and is not over yet!! Plenty more to see and do here. For now ,enjoy Le Roc Saint André, Le Bono, and Le Gorvello in the Morbihan of course!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

 

 

 

May 24, 2019

The Abbey of Notre Dame de Langonnet!

So this is a town and an abbey and a church all in one, even a park unique! All this in my beautiful Morbihan, in lovely Brittany. I have to tell you again about the Abbey Notre Dame of Langonnet!

Langonnet is part of the Cornish area of the Morbihan dept 56 and is bordering the Côtes-d’Armor Dept 22. The town  was part of the bishopric of Cornouaille. The language used was Breton Cornish until the linguistic changeover to French which took place in the 1950’s. The Cornish was used in the cantons of Gourin, Faouët, while the rest of the Department spoke the Breton Vannetais (except the eastern end that spoke Gallo). Langonnet is equidistant from Gourin and Faouët at about 9-10 km and is located in the center of a triangle linking the towns of Gourin, Le Faouët and Plouray. The main admin town is  La Trinité-Langonnet , bordering the Gourin-Glomel-Rostrenen road; while the Langonnet Abbey is located on the road to Plouray.

A bit of history I like on Langonnet

In 1136, Duke Conan III of Brittany, at the request of his mother the Duchess Ermengarde, granted the founding charter of Langonnet Abbey. Monks from the Abbey in the Diocese of Blois settled on the edge of the Ellé river near the Roman way Vorgium-Blabia (current Port-Louis). Around 1146, Maurice de Carnoët or Saint Maurice  became the Abbot before becoming the first Abbot of the Abbaye Saint-Maurice de Carnoët en Clohars-Carnoët (see this post). Langonnet Abbey had to suffer from the League War. The monks were forced to leave the premises and the Church was transformed into a stable. When the monks returned in 1598 after three years of absence the Lords of the vicinity had seized most of their land.  The preacher Julien Maunoir preached missions to Langonnet in 1646 and 1666.

The property of Langonnet Abbey is sold at auction as national property in 1791, during the French revolution.  In 1793, the Abbey became a rallying place for the region’s Chouans (fighting back at the French revolution); at the end the Abbey was occupied by Republican troops (revolutionaries) from 1795. Emperor Napoleon I settled there by Decree in 1806, the first public stud farm of Brittany with forty stallions and ten broodmares. The Langonnet stud was moved to Hennebont in 1856-1857 and the Abbey returned to the Missionaries of the Holy Spirit to  rediscovers its religious vocation. Like the other towns of the surrounding townships, Langonnet experienced two waves of emigration to North America the first in the 19C, when one of the first to leave made a wonderful account of his expedition and the second in the 1950’s, when the Consul of Canada made a promotional campaign in this part of Morbihan, and  59 persons from the town departed to Canada and 62 to the United States between 1948 and 1953.

What to see , well lets start with the Church of St Peter and St Paul. The present church was preceded by a monastic establishment founded by the monks of the Abbey of Landévennec. The Church, in its oldest parts, dates back to the 12C. From this primitive Church remains only the eastern part of the nave of Romanesque style.  In the 16C, the entire exterior was redone as well as the collateral, the font Chapel and the eastern part of the Church. The first spans of the nave are also built in the Gothic style. The ossuary and sacristy were erected in the 17C. In 1662, the Church was covered with a new roof structure. The bell tower was hit by Thunder in 1844. It was crowned with a small wooden arrow covered with slate. The square tower is entirely redone between 1846 and 1873 and the steeple that overcomes it. Inside, the furniture is almost entirely crafted in the 19C.

Langonnet

langonnet

However, the best is yet to come. Seeing the panel near the Church of the Abbey we took the plunge on the side road D128 which becomes the D790 to the Abbey entrance about 100 meters from it where the parking area is located. You go in and ride into the abbey property to the parking in the back.  And this is the Abbaye of Notre Dame de Langonnet! Right behind the chapter Chapel passing buildings where the monks live,once out you see to your right the walk path of peace and meditation where you find fountains and trails to prayer; then if turn to the left , you come into the main entrance of the abbey. Push the door right in and walk right into the cloister garden. Around it you will see door one small one with stained glass go ahead and open the door and the light is on the wall by the door as you come in ,turn it on yourself! Once out back in the cloister corridor you come to another door less nice but go ahead and open it too, Inside is the wonderful chapter chapel gorgeous.

langonnet

langonnet

The Notre-Dame of Langonnet Abbey contains an African Museum that it says is quite remarkable with a permanent collection, although raining no time to see this time. It has room or salle I general presentation of museum with the masks; salle II Tools of the kitchen ,home décorations;salle III music instruments;salle IV weapons;salle V African masks We did saw the chapel and the major chapel and grounds of the abbey with a friendly help from the guardian, very nice.

langonnet

The story goes that at the request of his mother, Ermengarde, in 1136, Conan III, Duke of Brittany, grants to Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, great figure of the Cistercian order, land on the banks of the Elle river to built an Abbey. The wars of Religion, mainly the League from 1590 to 1598, were fatal to the Abbey. The expelled monks will only find ruins back in 1598. The Abbey will be rebuilt from 1688 to 1788.

langonnet

langonnet

Following the French Revolution, which marks the end of the presence of the monks in these places, buildings and close dependencies, reserved by the State, are transformed in 1806 in national Stud. In 1858, he transferred to the former Cistercian Abbey of Women in Hennebont.

langonnet

After various transactions, the missionaries of the congregation of the Holy Spirit settled in the Abbey. Nowadays, they still occupy it . Currently the Abbey is as follows: three-body logis Horseshoe shape enclosed by the Church, built around the cloister.

langonnet

langonnet

Massive and modest, the bell tower is typically Cistercian. The Hall or room of the chapter shows an already fine Gothic art, with this elegant arch lowbed based on thin pillars. Its capitals are decorated with clover leaves, acanthus, Ivy or oak. The architecture of the chapter room is always very neat. Each morning, the monks gathered there to read a chapter of the rule of Saint Benedict, commented on by the Father Abbot, who then read the tasks of the day.

langonnet

langonnet

Some webpages to help you plan your trip here and you must are

Official Abbaye de Langonnet

City of Langonnet and its heritage

Tourist office of the Morvan country on Langonnet heritage

There you a wonderful full day in lovely old Langonnet to enjoy these wonders of our world. Do enjoy the Abbey and Church and more in Langonnet, my Morbihan of course!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

May 23, 2019

Landévant,La Gacilly,Lanvaudan,Larmor-Baden in my Morbihan!

And of course, once done, you will know the Morbihan too, and Brittany! Well bear with me, this is a work of love on my beautiful adopted region of my belle France. There is so much , and I feel I am just touching the surface here , believe me. Anyway, here are a bit more on the wonderful towns of Landévant, La Gacilly, Lanvaudan, and Larmor-Baden in my Morbihan!

Landévant is located between Lorient and Vannes on the N165 expressway , and very near me as I go by here when going out to the Finistére dept 29. Of course, Landévant is in the Morbihan dept 56. The town is at the north end of the Étel river. In 1790, Landévant became an independent town! Landévant was a dismemberment of the former parish of Pluvigner . In 1795, takes place the battle of Landévant where several thousands Chouans (rebel for king against the French revolution) obtained victory over the Republican troops( French revolutionaries).

The Church of St. Martin built in 1834. It replaces a 15C Church that has preserved a few animal sculptures. Some carved stones from the old church have been preserved, embedded in the south wall and fragments of inscriptions in Gothic characters giving dates 1413 and 1422. The bell tower, dates from 1857.

Landevant

City of Landevant on heritage

La Gacilly as such   first appears from 1317. In January 1st 2017, a new municipality which retains its original name was created with the administrative status of a new town. It was born from the merger of three former towns, which therefore have the administrative status of a delegated municipality; these are La Chapelle-Gaceline, La Gacilly and Glénac. La Gacilly is 13 km from Redon, 49 km from Vannes, 51 km from Rennes and 78 km from Nantes.

The Church of Saint-Nicolas-de-Myre or Saint-Jean-de-Myre from 1845. This church replaces the old chapel of the castle which once served as parish worship and dated from the 14C and was restored or enlarged in 1626 and 1628. The Church first trivial then parochial of la Gacilly was under the invocation of St. Nicholas. In 1745, the truce of La Gacilly was erected in the parish. The present Church is executed according to the rules of Greek architecture, with portico columns and rich triangular pediment. The church stood on a height, between the city and the old road of Glénac.The first stone of a chapel to the south in 1626, and another to the north in 1628; they were blessed in 1631, and dedicated, that of the north to the Blessed Virgin, and that of the south to St. Nicholas.

la-gacilly

la gacilly

la gacilly

Two events worth mentioning here we had enjoyed are the largest outdoor Photo Festival in France taking place every year from June to October. The Festival “peoples and nature” invades all the streets of the town, revealing images in giant format, exposed outdoors. Of course, my photo skills are still rudimentary lol! More info here: https://www.festivalphoto-lagacilly.com/

And at La Gacilly you find the home of a world renown firm of Yves Rocher known for its cosmetic product base on natural plants.   You can visit the industrial site the Botanical garden, very nice indeed. More info here: http://www.jardinbotanique-yvesrocher.fr/

City of La Gacilly on heritage

Tourist site on area of Broceliande on La Gacilly

Lanvaudan is best known for its ancient rural habitat which has been largely backed up with its low-cut stone houses and thatched roofs. There is no city/town hall as the town is less than 1K folks , the office locally is at  1,Place de la Mairie.

The Church of Saint-Maudez or Church of Saint-Mandé is at place Saint-Maudé. The parish church was built in 1642 and dedicated to Saint Maudez, a monk of the 5-6C. The first church was mentioned in the 14C. The first was destroyed and a second church was built in 1642. The Church is constructed in a refined way, formed of simples lines, on the basis of a Latin cross plane to a nave and flat bedside walls are built of granite and stone and the roof is covered with slate.

The Interior of the church, albeit very little decorated, contains, in addition to the main altar dedicated to the Saint, two secondary altars dedicated to the Virgin Mary and Saint Roch . It bears the mark of various stylistic elements borrowed as well from the Greek Antiqué such as in the west gate, and spans of the nave in force between the 15C and the 17C. The continuation at a late date mid-19C of the Breton formula with the porch tower with lateral turrets and open bell tower is perhaps one of the ultimate examples of the genre. In addition, the interior of the church is to be noted, especially for its false vault with starry celestial blue and the preservation of all its furniture from the old sanctuary. It testifies to the wealth of its donors; the Lords under the old regime and the rich farmers in the 19C.

Lanvaudan

Tourist office of Lorient South Brittany on Lanvaudant

The town of Larmor-Baden is located on a peninsula on the banks of the Gulf of Morbihan, 14 km from Vannes and 14 km from Auray. Larmor-Baden has 4 Islands on its territory: the island of Berder (private), connected to the mainland by a submersible roadway, the island of Gavrinis (with a great cairn megalith stone), île Longue and ïle Radenec. The marsh of Pen an Toul occupies about 42 hectares within the town’s territory. This one is separated from the Gulf by a dike equipped with valves, called Pont de Pen an Toul.

In 1857, Larmor is still a village dependent on the parish and the town of Baden. When in August 1858, Emperor Napoleon III and Empress Eugenie visited Brittany, the inhabitants of Larmor profited to solicit from their imperial majesties that their section be erected in the branch of the parish of Baden. In 1860, the Imperial decree, which erected the Larmor-Baden Church as a separate branch, was signed by Emperor Napoleon III. But it was only 64 years after the creation of the parish that the steps for the erection of the village of Larmor into the town Larmor-Baden and was finally erected in 1924.

The parish Church of Notre-Dame, blessed on July 29, 1880. It had as godmother of the bells, for the donation the Countess Dillon. Among the statues and paintings that adorn the Church, were donations or works of parishioners, the statue of Notre Dame of Larmor, in polychrome wood, holding a three-masts in her left hand and leaning with her right hand on a naval anchor and the other, a small painting watercolor depicting a brick-goëlette, the “Giralda”, offered by Captain Héno, in gratitude for being released safely, him and his crew, of a terrible storm in the North Atlantic in 1878.

City of Larmor Baden on heritage

Larmor Baden

Larmor Baden

Larmor Baden

Ok so now you have some more! We go around by car mind you , there is public transport in Brittany but a bit behind me think on the rest. Car still king here and to see these beauties is the best way. However, all worth the effort. From in land La Gacilly and is cosmetic fame, to the Gulf coastal of Larmor-Baden, to my backyard of Landévant to rural in country Lanvaudant all is the best off the beaten path stays in my beautiful Morbihan and  lovely Brittany. Hope you enjoy the ride.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

May 23, 2019

Kernascléden,Plouay,Quily,La Chapelle Caro in the Morbihan!!!!

And we go on, on an endless tour of my beautiful Morbihan dept 56 of the region of Brittany in my belle France. The views,sights are indeed endless here and I am doing my best to introduce you to the off the beaten paths of my Brittany. Hope you are enjoying the ride as much as we do. This time a main topic on four wonderful towns, Kernascléden, Plouay, Quily, and La Chapelle Caro!

Kernascléden is a town in a relatively small rural municipality located in the Scorff Valley and connected by its traditions to the country Pourlet . The city center or Bourg here is located 13 km east of Faouët, 11 km west of Guémené-sur-Scorff and 29 km north of Lorient. The construction at Kernascleden of a first Christian sanctuary, dedicated to the Virgin Mary, was at the origin of the creation of a pilgrimage on an indefinite date in the locality. The importance of this pilgrimage necessitated the construction of a hospital to welcome pilgrims and the sick. Trade has become a major development and this has led to the construction of a market where a weekly marketplace was held. Around 1420, the first chapel became too small, given the importance of the pilgrimage, or threatening ruin, the family of Rohan, owner of the premises, took the decision to build the present Chapel. Viscount Alain VIII of Rohan opened a construction site that would last about 44 years.

Church of Notre Dame of Kernascléden, is a granite church built in the style of the flamboyant Gothic, and you see on the outside, the beautiful flat bedside, the “men’s Porch” and the “ladies ‘ porch” each supporting a delicately serrated spoof of a shelter the statues of the once-polychrome Saints. These auxiliary entrances are located on the southern façade of the church; the women, separated from the men during the Mass, stood at the bottom of the nave with the children, in front of a space dedicated to the major fairs and festivals of the canton. The multitude of pinnacles with buttresses and other vertical elements is at the origin of the nickname “chapel with a thousand pinnacles”. The steeple itself, with modest dimensions, is in the same plane as the sober west façade. Inside, one of the two frescos of Brittany depicting a macabre dance persists and still underlines the trauma of the great plague of 1356. This work can be dated from the construction of the Church, that is the middle of the 15C and is the only one in the region to be accompanied, on a neighbouring wall, of a representation of hell, particularly evocative and frightening for the faithful of the end of the middle ages. We face the musician Angels dreaming perhaps of a visitor done by the painter Maurice Denis covering the vaults of the nave and choir, scenes of the life of the Virgin and of Jesus chanting pillars and walls. Several elements of the painted décor were recuperated in the middle of the 20C.

kernascleden

kernascleden

kernascleden

The Church also contains another treasure. A colony of bats is housed in its bell tower! That is why, next to the Church, walkers can visit the House of the bat in order to know everything from the mysterious world of these ladies of the night.

City of Kernascléden and its heritage

Plouay historically, it is part of the Kemenet-Héboé and the country of Lorient. The municipality owes to a large extent its fame to the Organization of the Grand Prix de Plouay cyclist event held every year in mid-August. A Brittany classic since 1931. The parish of Plouay is under the patronage of Saint Ouen. During the patron festivals that took place in August various sporting events were organized including a bike race. Thereafter the bike race became the Grand Prix de Plouay, then the Brittany Classic Ouest-France. The town is located 13 km of Hennebont and 19 km of the city of Lorient.

There in Plouay you see the nice Church of Saint Ouen, the Church was built at the end of the 14C, it has a plan in the form of a Latin cross, with two aisles.Its limestone and marble choir develops in three parts: a central panel and two concave wings.All connected  at the beginning of the 18C.In the large niches we can see the statues of Saint Barbara and Saint Eloi who seem contemporary, while in the niche above, the statue of Saint Ouen is older.The altar is of simple form.

City of Plouay on religious heritage

Tourist office of Lorient south Brittany on Plouay in English

plouay

plouay

Quily comes from the old Breton “killi ” or bocage. The town is a dismemberment of the primitive parish of Sérent in the 15C. The parish of Quily once depended on the deanery of Porhoët. Quily was erected as a twon in 1790. The municipality of Quily was first attached to the canton of Guégon, then in 1801 to the canton of Josselin.  Quily became, on 1 January 2016, a municipality delegated to the new town of Val-d’Oust.. Val d’oust is the result of the grouping of the three towns of Le Roc-Saint-André, Quily and La Chapelle-Caro.

We went to Quily on the road D174 , pure country and wonderful ride; big town of 342 inhabitants!, where the main thing to see is the Church of Saint Nicodéme. The Church was originally built as the Church of Notre Dame des Neiges (our lady of snow) built in 1689. The Church is home to altars dedicated to Saint Anne and the Virgin Mary. Under the southern porch is a vault with carved panels of the 16C. Since 1802 the name is that of Saint Nicodéme. Done in Latin Cross style.

New area of Val d Oust on heritage

Quily

We continue from Quily on the road D766A towards La Chapelle-Caro, it takes its name from the family of the Chapelle. This is a break-up of the original parish of Ploërmel. She was nicknamed ‘ the lower-Chapel ‘ or ‘ La Chapelle-sous-Ploërmel’. After having belonged to the great Lordship of Porhoët, La Chapelle-Caro enters the ducal domain in 1168. La Chapelle Caro is elevated to Viscount in 1576, into County in the 17C, and held the lordship of Crévy in 1630.   This parish took the name of “La Chapelle Caro” in the 20C due to its proximity with the town of Caro. It became, on 1 January 2016, a new town of Val-d’Oust. Located on the Ploërmel – Vannes axis, La Chapelle-Caro is located a few kilometers from Ploërmel, but also from Malestroit and Lizio. The town is crossed by the Canal Nantes-Brest.

However, as much as the name the interesting the thing to see here is the Church of Notre Dame, built in 1868 to replace a former treviale church and parish from the 17C, reworked in 1711. The present Church is in the shape of a Latin cross. A square tower is located at the bottom of the nave. The stained glass windows are post–1870. The Church houses a statue of saint Fiacre 16C. A beautiful early 16C processional cross, silver plated on solid wood, is kept in the sacristy; The façade of the Church was restored in 2007 as well as the stained glass windows.

City of Val d’Oust on heritage

La Chapelle Caro

And there you go again, some wonderful off the beaten paths towns of my beautiful Morbihan. We criss cross the department 56 and region of Brittany to show you not only France is the most visited country in the world, but Brittany is the third most visited region of France! Enjoy Kernascléden, Plouay, Quily, and La Chapelle Caro.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

May 22, 2019

The Ciders of Brittany, II

On a still sunny day in my neck of the woods Vannes and also at Paris, I like to update a previous post I did in my blog on the ciders of Brittany. This is as close as you can come to call it the drink of the Bretons (except maybe beers) and we love it. Of course, I need to add nothing new to me as have been drinking ciders since birth all from Asturias Spain. Later on got into Norman cider , a competitor lol! and lastly as living here in Brittany have taken to the Breton ciders , especial all on their own. Let me tell you a bit more on them.

Well, we do drink beers and have some good ones (see previous posts), and wine (not from present day Brittany) but not really; the original to go alone with the galettes and crêpes is the cider of Brittany. We love it and buy by the case ::)

Let me tell you a bit about them, as they can differed a bit from areas within Brittany, and we drink mostly those in the Morbihan dept 56. You can find out about the Breton ciders here: http://www.lescidresbretons.com/maison-cidricole-de-bretagne_actualite.htm

An organization especialising about those in Finistére dept 29 is here: http://www.cidref.fr/les-cidreries

And to locate a good cider distillery you can look here: http://www.lescidresbretons.com/cartographie/cartographieV2.swf

Now some background onto them:

The designation Appellation Cidre de Bretagne or Cidre Breton is a protected geographical area such as a Indication Géographique Protégée (IGP) since 2000.  According to the Union Nationale Interprofessionnelle Cidricole, the Breton ciders are characterized by a variant color from straw yellow to tainted or woody brown  according to the varietal composition and the terroir (site of cultivation of apples). Now , you can reach when done thru here: http://www.cliaa.com/pagec.php?interpro=62

The variety Guillevic label rouge given since 2000 is done using apples of the Guillevic variety only, pure juice ,not gasified not adulterer and non pasteurized.  It is produce in my area of the Morbihan and it is with a soft acidic flavor and aromas of fresh fruit, flowers, and exotic fruits like pineapples. The body is pale yellow, with green reflects, crystalline with fine persistent bubbles.

The Breton Cider is serve in cups of terracotta shiny smooth call Bolées ,small bowls with handle or without and the form in cylindrical style. You have Cidre doux or sweet with less than 3 degrees alcohol, Cidre Demi-Sec or half dry with alcohol between 3-4 degrees and the Cidre Brut with alcohol of 4 degrees or more usually 5,5 degrees.

The production of fermented apples is known in Brittany since the 8C. In the 12C several varieties of apples from Spain (I started drinking the ciders of Asturias Spain !) were grafted with local varieties to improved their concentration of tannins and the conservation of ciders.  Until the end of the 19C the harvest of apples and the cider production was very loose and the price varies in the same proportions according to the harvest of apples, the offer and the quality. Brittany produces 40% of all cider consumed in France with the biggest producers located in a radius of 60 km around the city of Rennes, representing 84% of the volume in Brittany. Also, in addition, you have about 70 artisans local producers in farms that gives a different twist to this wonderful drink.  The legend has seven large ciders in Brittany, on the terroirs of the Nantais country, the country of Rennes, Redon, the Val-de-Rance, the Goëlo, the Guillevic and Cornouaille. We only build a legend on great stories, and the cider of the 21C is a Breton one.

As to the production and apples we have plenty to tell, to condense here it is.

The first ciders arrive in the market early October coming from the region of Dol (Dol de Bretagne) ; the farmers from the marshes kept this tradition to collect the apples early. It is a cider doux, acidic, very nice to the taste on drinking but needs early drinking. The varieties of apples are the rouget de Dol and rouget blanc, bit apples. It was sold like table apples in England and Germany.

In Ille-et-Vilaine dept 35, was for long the biggest producer of cider apples in France; and the areas of the basins of Rennes and Vitré  still are the region with the biggest production.  The ciders here are generally light, acidic low in alcohol and nice bouquet.  The varieties are the bedan rouge aigre, marguerite and gilet rouge.  Before ,this region exported part of its apples to Germany for apple juice.

Along the valley of the Rance , and around Dinan the cru call  “de Pleudîhen” is more acidic and stronger than that of Rennes.  The varieties are  the Jeanne renard, chevalier jaune, and marie menard.  The land is more granitic, and the arable land less deeper and less rich than on the basin of Rennes given apples less stronger, fruits richer in sugar,and a density on the must higher.  The Valley of the  Rance has always been a rich region of cider apples and exported the ciders to other areas of Brittany such as Léon  and Trégor, where varieties stronger and good conservation are harvest such as the richarde, vallon, and toupie etc.

The more we go west, the more the crus are acidic and less apples to mix with. The region of Vannes is an exception.  Here is the base for the guillevic variety that only use alone a doux, acidic well perfume and average alcoholic. In the south of the Finistére dept 29, in the apple orchards of Quimperlé they mix the acidic varieties in  Clohars-Carnouët, Moëlan-sur-Mer, Pays Bigouden ,and Fouesnant . The crus are known for their strong color and acidic taken from their varietals such as Chuero briz, c’huero ru and kermerrien. In the north of the Finistére , you have it is not much cultivated and import their apples from the east of the Côtes-d’Armor (dept 22) such as  Dinan, Plancoët, and Matignon. The basin of Fougères produces a lot of apples but do not give a cru well done.

Now we try many in the various restaurants we go to or crêperies but the ones we do buy for home and like the best are in Morbihan dept 56:

Distellerie de Gorvello in Sulniac, the Tradition brut, more here: http://www.distilleriedugorvello.fr/

Sulniac

The musée du cidre in Le Hézo but nice cider on the spot produce, more here: http://museeducidre.com/

The Cidrerie du Golfe , at Arradon, more here: http://la-cidrerie.fr/crbst_7.html

Cidrerie Nicol at Surzur, more here: https://www.cidres-nicol.bzh/

Surzur

Cidrerie des Terroirs at Colpo: more here: https://www.cidreriedesterroirs.fr/

You get the idea , it is drank a lot and especially when a good galette or crêpe do not make the mistake of eating them with wine, beer is an exception, but a cider is a must.

The Tourist office of Brittany has more in English: Ciders of Brittany

Enjoy the Ciders of Brittany , is as local as you can get , get them while they last, traditions are important. Drink in moderation of course, but drink lol!!!

And remember, happy travels , good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

May 22, 2019

How about those European beers!

Ok lack of imagination for titles on my post well you know me by now… I like to tackle a special subject that can be travel related too. I if reading my blog very much into wines , collector, drinker, and amateur lover of the grapes and my god Bacchus ! Certified connasseur by France and Spain. However, I do indulge in other drinks such as beers.

For a friendly chat or apéro as we call it in France, sort of a happy hour US or after work UK, we tend to dwell into beers for the better and quicker conversation lol! Over the years I have appreciated them more and more and by now in my home we tend to divide the subject depending on the type of food we are going to serve. A barbecue of course it is always beers!  Therefore, let me write something on my favorite beers, as have done in the past with those of Brittany and others in my blog. Other than Breton, like the Duchesse Anne triple as the French do not know beers , sorry!!! we drink Belgians, Irish, or German beers at home and at bars. Of course, while in Spain , we do drink the beers there but only our favorite from Madrid Mahou. Lately, we have been trying Czech beers too lol!!!

Pluvigner

Belgian beers are among the most varied and the most numerous beer collections in the world. They vary from the very popular “pils” to the exclusively Belgian appellations of lambic (spontaneous fermentation), old brunette, red beer or raw beer through the famous Trappists! and other Abbey or seasonal beers.  Since 2016, Belgian beer has been inscribed in the intangible cultural heritage of UNESCO under the title: beer cultivation in Belgium.

The Guild of the Brewers of Bruges saw the day in 1308, that of Liège in 1357 and that of Brussels in 1365. In the 16C, the “Maison de l’Arbre d’Or” (house of the golden tree) on the Grand-Place in Brussels was bought by the Brewers from the upholsterers. Restored in 1638, the Brewers ‘ House was destroyed during the bombing of Brussels by Marshal Villeroy in 1695. Rebuilt between 1698 and 1707, it is embellished in 1749. After the abolition of the corporations, it was sold as a State property in 1793 under the French occupation. A bit of more recent history, in 1934: the monks of Westmalle brew the first triple, yes! In 1954, the House of Brewers on the Grand Place of Brussels becomes a corporatist house. In addition to the Brewers Guild and the Chevalerie du Fourquet, it houses a brewery museum in the basement (yes very nice). In  2007, was the creation of the Belgian family brewers label bringing together the family Breweries of more than 50 years of existence.  In 2008,  InBev merges with the American brewer Anheuser-Busch. Anheuser-Busch InBev is thus created and maintains its position as a world leader.

Authentic Trappist product at the moment, and six are located in Belgium: West-Vleteren, Westmalle (yes!) , Achel, Rochefort, Orval and Chimay (yes!). We know the doubles of the Trappist abbeys, but also the Sint Bernardus Pater, Maredsous (yes!)  and the Witkap Dubbel. The white beers, this type of beer, aged 400 years ago, had disappeared in the  1950’s, but was revived by Pierre Celis in his brewery in Hoegaarden.

Belgium beers webpage on tourism of beers

pluvigner

Guinness  is a dark Irish dry stout that originated in the brewery of Arthur Guinness at St. James’s Gate, Dublin, Ireland, in 1759. It is one of the most successful beer brands worldwide, brewed in almost 50 countries, and available in over 120.  The acquisition in 1986 of Distillers company, a Scottish group, including the brands of Johnnie Walker, Ballantine’s or Chivas Regal whiskies. Guinness PLC disappeared in 1997, the date of the creation of the company Diageo PLC by merger-acquisition with Grand Metropolitan.

The Guinness is a stout, a black beer topped with white foam, known worldwide for its flavor and its special appearance. Guinness is strongly linked to the history of Ireland; it is one of the symbols at the international level. The brand uses a Celtic harp such as that of Brian Boru or Trinity College as part of its visual identity. This 14C harp model is one of the traditional symbols of Ireland since the reign of Henry VIII in the 16C. Guinness used the harp as a symbol in 1862 and then as a logo deposited in 1876. However, it is reversed compared to that of the national coats of arms.

This beer is a stout, a type of beer of high fermentation from the beers porter that became famous in the 18C in London. It’s almost black brown color (but which is actually deep red; to be seen in the light) comes from the use for its design of highly roasted malts and roasted barley grains. The cream-colored foam layer that caps the beer is the result of a nitrogen addition during the draught . This latter characteristic poses the difficulty of obtaining an identical flavor and texture between the Guinness pressure and those sold in bottles and cans. In 2016, under the pressure of vegans, Guinness modifies its ancestral recipe; it renounces to use the traditional fish-native bladders to filter and lighten its beer and now uses a new filtration process. their beers are now Vegan

The Guinness draught is the flagship variety of the Guinness range; it is also the best-selling beer in Ireland. The extra stout is a separate range within the Guinness range of beers. Stronger, more “corsed”, with more pronounced bitterness, the extra stout is also exported abroad under the name foreign extra stout.

Official Guinness and its beers

Diageo corporate owner of Guinness

pluvigner

The German beer (we drink most) originates in the high Middle Ages. For centuries, beer has been part of German culture and gastronomy, and the country is studded of Bierpalast (“beer Palace”), Biergarten (“beer garden”), Bierstube (“Brasserie”), Bierkeller (“beer cellar”), Bierhaus (“house beer “) and Bierzelt (” beer tent “) found at the many beer festivals.  In Germany there are a large number of types of beers but the immense success of the pilsener  dominating 70% of the market eclipsing many regional varieties, apart from the export and the Weissbier which occupy about 10% of the internal market.

In 736 in Geisenfeld in Bavaria, there is a mention of a fermented beverage based on barley. In 766, mention was made of the oldest beer delivery from Geisingen to the Abbey of St. Gallen (Switzerland). In 974, the first brewing authorization was given by the Emperor Otto II of the Holy Roman Empire to the Church of Liège (Belgium).

The Thuringian have a document of 1434 (Wirtshausgesetz) written in Weißensee, which states the only ingredients allowed: water, barley, hops. Decrees in Regensburg in 1453 or Landshut in 1493 prohibit any aromatization except that of hops. In 1842 also arrives from Bohemia, the pilsener which was to be immediately successful.

During the recasting of the Biersteuergesetz in 1993, the rules of the former are maintained as a preliminary law of beer and the tax provisions transferred. Now the regulation on the eligible ingredients is no longer valid only for the production of beer in Germany for the German market. Imported beer is not subject to these regulations; and German Brewers can also escape if they produce for export, unless they receive exemptions for special beers. Now the beers still adhering to its principles are classified among the traditional Lebensmittel (“traditional foods”) and protected also by European decree. The Reinheitsgebot (German Beer Purity Law)  is in fact the longest existing law ensuring the food quality of a product for health.

The German beers are legally classified according to their densities: Einfachbiere (“simple beers”) , Schankbiere (“consumer beers” at pressure), Vollbiere (” “complete beers”) , representing more than 90% of the production, Starkbiere (‘ strong beers ‘) or Bockbiere .  To which are added two genres apart: Lückenbiere, all beers banned before 1993 under the classification of the time ; Biermischgetränke, variegated drinks or cocktails based on beer and fruit juice, aroma or energizing. The beers are also classified by type or style so very many!

Centrally and industrialized in the North, breweries are more artisanal and more localized in the South. Only Bavaria contains half of the 1 300 breweries in the country and 4 000 of the 5 000 beer brands produced. The largest concentration of breweries in the world is located next to Bamberg, in the upper Franconia region of Bavaria. The Weihenstephan Abbey founded in 725 holds the oldest brewery still in operation (since 1040).  In 2004 Oettinger dethrone Krombacher (my favorite!) from the top of the biggest breweries

Since 1810, the Oktoberfest has been the largest party in the world for two weeks in Munich. Beer consumption here reaches its peak; there are only doses of one liter. Almost as well known and famous in Germany, the Cannstatter Volksfest in Stuttgart is also a huge festival. The Deutschen Bieres Tag (“German beer day”) is celebrated on April 23rd since 1994 in honor of the famous Reinheitsgebot law.

Popular beers of Germany webpage

pluvigner

Czech beer has a long and complex history. The first known brewery in the region dates back to 1118. The city of Brno had been recognized for brewing rights as early as the 12C, while the two cities traditionally associated with Czech beer namely Plzeň and České Budějovice, have had a brewery since the 13C. The history of modern beer in the Czech regions (Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia) dates back to the creation of the Pilsner Urquell in 1842 which revolutionized the brewing industry. Previously, Bohemia was famous for its wheat beers, known in Czech under the term “světlé pivo” (light beer), the equivalent of the German “weissbier” or the Belgian “witbier”. Most of the large and medium-sized cities owned at least one brewery. But the largest breweries were in České Budějovice , Plzeň , and Prague. Important breweries were also found in the towns of Rakovník, Žatec  and Třeboň.

The two most famous (and most exported) Czech beer brands are Pilsner Urquell, the first and archetype of Pilsner beers and Budweiser Budvar . Other major brands include Bernard, Gambrinus, Krušovice, Radegast, Starobrno, Staropramen, Velkopopovický Kozel and Svijany. Budweiser beer produced in the Czech Republic (founded in 1795 and having begun exporting to the United States in 1871); American Bud produced in the United States since 1876. A verdict of the European Court of Justice of July 2010 stipulates that Budweiser beer has the exclusive use of the Budweiser brand throughout the European Union. Its a case of the little country devasted by wars vs the big giant marketing and immigration power.

According to the Czech law, beers are divided into the following categories, regardless of their style and colour: Lehké, a light beer that stands at 8 ° Výčepní, a table beer that is between 8 ° and 10 °  Ležák, a classic Lager beer which is between 11 ° and 12.99 ° premium, for beers exceeding the threshold of 13 °. Originally, Pilsner just meant that the beer was breated in Plzeň. By extension, the term now refers to a pale and hoppy Lager beer. The Czech Beer Festival in Prague is the largest beer Festival in the Czech Republic and is held for 17 days each year in May!. It is possible to taste more than 70 different brands of Czech beers. The Pilsner festival is a two-day beer festival held each year in October by the Pilsner Urquell brewery in Plzeň.

Original Czech beers webpage

pluvigner

And there you, actually the main beer producing and historical countries in the world. We just take a few of their beers for personal and family enjoyment, drink in moderation ,it is all for fun as well as keeping the traditions! However, the beers of Ireland, Germany, Belgium and the Czech Republic are all very good indeed!!! Hope you can enjoy them too.

pluvigner

And remember ,happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

 

 

 

%d bloggers like this: