The Château de La Roche Maurice!

Ok so I am staying in this wonderful old town of the Finistére dept 29 in Bretagne. We have come here for sights and even to purchase at the wonderful market next to the Church in city center of lovely La Roche Maurice. Again in previous posts did not go too much into the sights here and the Castle ruins is a must to see. Let me catch up you on it now.

The La Roche Maurice town is located in the downstream part of the Valley of the Élorn river , between Landivisiau (upstream, east) and Landerneau (downstream, west). It is crossed by the former road National 12 , now name the D 712., and by rail line from Paris-Montparnasse to Brest which goes along the Élorn, right bank for the former N 12, left bank by the railroad tracks. La Roche-Maurice is served by a train station.

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And the castle has according to legend, the Castle,  very old , would have belonged in the 5C to a Lord named Élorn and then would have been called Hainebon, “the old bridge”, the history of the Château de la Roche-Maurice is closely linked to the counts of Leon. During the dismantling of the territory of Léon in 1180, the youngest branch of the Léon family ,founded by Hervé I de Léon Lord of Léon, the youngest son of Guyomarch IV, Viscount of Léon, obtained the territories of Daoulas, Landerneau and Landivisiau until Penzé and manages to keep himself around his fief of La Roche-Maurice for 8 generations.

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The Château, which was then called Roc’h-Morvan ,because it was originally built, facing   Leon, by a Lord of Cornwall, called Morvan, was taken by the English in 1177; they placed a garrison there until Geoffroy II Plantagenet, Duke of Bretagne from 1181 to 1186, restored a part of Léon to the sons of Guyomarch IV of Leon. The dungeon, about 13 meters wide, could have been raised by Guyomarch V of Leon, heir in 1179 of the Viscounty of Leon, and living until 1210. It is probably partially destroyed around 1240 when Hervé III, Lord of Léon tries vainly to oppose the advance of the Duke of Brittany Jean I Le Roux, but nevertheless continues to be in the hands of the family of Leon until the death of Hervé VIII of Leon in 1363, who dies without a direct heir . The lordship of Leon had a sister, Jeanne, wife of John I of Rohan. The lordship ,then became part of the House of Rohan. For 150 years, waiting to become Viscounts of Rohan, the eldest sons of Rohan settled until 1517 in the Château de la Roche-Maurice under the title of Lords of Leon. The Castle was then the only fortress of the lordship of Leon in a state of defence fortification.

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In 1489, following the Franco-Breton war of 1489-1491 led by Viscount John II of Rohan, who claims to inherit the Duchy of Brittany because of his ascend and his wife Marie de Bretagne against the King of France Charles VIII, the Château de la Roche-Maurice is dismantled. Around 1580, during the League wars, the Rohan took the side of the Protestant party in Brittany. The castle is probably definitely destroyed at that time. It will never be rebuilt.

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In 1678, the remains of the castle was transformed into a prison, and retained this role until 1694 in the 18-19C, the Castle served as a quarry, and many of the houses of the village and perhaps the present church were built with these stones. The Château remained the property of the family of Rohan until its acquisition in 1986 by the General Council of Finistère open now to the visit, the Castle now offers a secure course dotted with interpretive panels (construction phases, reconstitution of scenes of daily life). The history of the Château de la Roche-Maurice will remain, however, forever unknown due to the destruction of most of the trail of the Maison de Rohan, also known as the “Chartrier of Blain” in 1793 during the reign of terror of the French revolution. Very nicely done the presentation tours from the tourist office of La Roche Maurice which is at the base of the Castle across it. A nice place to see on the off the beaten path ways of my Brittany; hope you have enjoy it.

Some webpages to help you plan your trip here worth a detour are:

The city of La Roche Maurice on its heritage: https://larochemaurice.fr/histoire/

The Landerneau Daoulas tourist office on La Roche Maurice castle: https://www.tourisme-landerneau-daoulas.fr/sortir-bouger/activites-culturelles-et-patrimoine/patrimoine-culturel/le-chateau-de-roch-morvan-un-site-fortifie-tout-en-hauteur-6941

There you go folks, another dandy in my lovely Bretagne. This is medieval nice views and historical, worth the detour to the Château de La Roche Maurice. Hope you enjoy the post as I.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!

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