Saint Malo and its Château!

And here we come to the wonderful intra muros center of it in Saint Malo. Again written before, but these are new photos of this wonderful place.

Still trying to figure out this new editor that was force on us , it is terrible! Some of the usual buttons cannot be found! WordPress did it for them!

The Château de Saint-Malo, which now houses the city/town hall, was built by the Dukes of Bretagne, its dungeon currently houses the Museum of History of the city and the Malouin country. Integrated in the northern part of the enclosure by the Porte Saint-Thomas, it separates-of the Porte Saint-Vincent-by an interruption, the latter corresponding to the old moat which isolated it from the rest of the city.

The Château de Saint-Malo is a building built between the 15Cand the 18C. Saint-Malo, which had been ceded by the Duke of Brittany to the King of France in 1395, was returned in 1415 by the King of France Charles VI to Duke John V of Brittany, his own son-in-law. Shortly after, in 1424, he began construction of the future castle by building the Grand Donjon on the isthmus which at that time was the only crossing point between the walled city and the mainland. The Grand Donjon is based on a portion of the original 14Cenclosure of Saint-Malo, namely the Petit Donjon and the western curtain wall. However, the castle has the particularity of being detached from the ramparts. The Grand Donjon is a tall structure with a horseshoe-shaped plan. The result is an original silhouette with its large gable facing the city, its high roof which partially covers a crenellated rampart on machicolations and its two watchtowers.

In 1475, the Duke of Brittany François II had the La Générale tower built, which was lower than the Grand Donjon, but more massive. His daughter Anne, future queen of France, had the Quic-en-Groigne tower built from 1498 to 1501, so named because it was built against the wishes of the Saint-Malo residents. The Duchess Anne of Brittany engraved the inscription “who will be so grumpy, for that is my pleasure”. Two other towers, the Tour des Dames and the Tour des Moulins, were built in the years that followed. These are large bastions opened by rare mouths of fire thus ensuring an effective defense to the artillery.

In 1590, the castle was stormed by the inhabitants of Saint-Malo who wanted to prevent the governor from handing over the city to the supporters of the Protestant king Henri IV. The governor was killed during the riot. In the 17C the bastion of Galerius in the shape of a ship’s prow completed the defenses. Under the reign of Louis XIV, Vauban had modified, from 1690, the curtain walls and the upper parts of the towers to allow the installation of artillery pieces. Two buildings, serving as barracks, are built along the north and east wings.

In 1765, Louis XV had the Attorney General of the Parliament of Brittany, La Chalotais, locked up in the castle. During the French revolution, the curtain connecting the Quic-en-Groigne and La Générale towers were removed. In 1792, the castle was again stormed by the local Malouins. In the 19C, the castle became a barracks. This state lasted until 1921. On that date, the town of Saint Malo bought part of the buildings to install the museum in 1927. When Saint-Malo was liberated in 1944, the castle was heavily damaged and was subsequently restored. The inner courtyard of the castle is bordered on the north and east by barracks which date from the beginning of the 18C. In the east building, the Mayor’s Office is adorned with carved woodwork from the end of the 17C, coming from a former shipowner hotel in the city destroyed in 1944. Behind this building is the Cour de la Galère. This name was given to the triangular pointed bastion which was added to the castle in the 16C which was reinforced by Vauban due to its analogy with a ship’s prow.

Today, the old barracks have been fitted out and house the services of the city/town hall of Saint-Malo, while the Générale tower and the Grand Donjon house the Museum of the History of the City and the Malouin Country, retracing 500 years of French naval exploits. The museum is house on three levels with the tour générale on three levels and the chapel of the castle of Saint Malo. Under renovation to open a new museum of mariners history is been build on the silos of the quai de Terre-Neuve,at the end of the bassin Duguay-Trouin by 2022.

The Museum occupies the Grand Donjon on three levels, the Tour du Général  on three levels and the Chapel of the Château de Saint-Malo. Its collections retain more than 8 000 pieces concerning the history of the city of Saint-Malo, the local ethnography, the memories of the captains in the long course around Cap-Horn (in the Solidor Tower). The halls include paintings, models, objects by theme such as the Roman period to the voyage of Jacques Cartier; the peak of the port in the 17-18C; 19C personalities, such as Chateaubriand, Lammenais, Surcouf etc; fishing in Newfoundland; the way of life of the Malouins in the 17-18C; works by artists from the 19-20C. The Chapel contains, among others, liturgical objects and portraits of clerics. At the top of the Grand Donjon, in the watchtowers, the visitor can see a beautiful view panoramic of the  outskirts of the close town and the harbor.


The city of Saint Malo on the museum:

Follow up on its construction at the city of Saint Malo here in French:

I hope you enjoy the tour and sorry if something is not right as trying hard to get use to the new wordpress editor which sucks!

Enjoy the Castle of Saint Malo as we did and remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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2 Comments to “Saint Malo and its Château!”

  1. If you don’t like the new WordPress editor you could install the “Classic Editor” plugin. I’m using it, and it works fine for me.

    Liked by 1 person

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