Assamblée Nationale de France!!!

I need to have this in my blog, new text , older pictures of the National Assembly or Assamblée Nationale de France. The lower house of representative of the French government, which I have visited and you can too. Another look into the real French world. Hope you enjoy the post as I.

Not to go much into the political government trivia, just a bit for giving a better understanding of this house in France, which can be visited, The Assamblée Nationale or National Assembly is the French institution which forms, with the Senate, the Parliament of the Fifth Republic (current France). Its role is to debate, propose, amend and vote on laws, and to monitor the action of the Government. Unlike the Senate, it has the power to force the resignation of the government by passing a motion of no confidence. It sits at the Palais Bourbon (yes!!) in Paris. Since 1986, the National Assembly has had 577 members, called deputies, elected by direct universal suffrage by first past the post in two rounds for a period of five years.

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In this building since 1799 has housed all the lower chambers of the French Parliament The President of the National Assembly has a role of directing the debates and organization of the work of the Assembly. He is the fourth person of the State in the order of precedence during the official ceremonies, behind the President of the Republic, the Prime Minister and finally the President of the Senate. The Hôtel de Lassay is a private mansion located on rue de l ‘ University. Current residence of the President of the National Assembly, it adjoins the Palais Bourbon, seat of the lower house of Parliament. The different names given were the “Conseil des Cinq-Cents” instituted by the Constitution of Year III in August 1795, the “Chamber of Deputies of Departments”, the “Chamber of Representatives “, the ” Legislative body “, the ” Chambers of deputies “, etc. That of the National Assembly, chosen in the fervor of 1789, does not reappear, if we except the brief parenthesis of 1848 and that in 1946.

As required by article 33 of the French Constitution, the sessions are in fact public and therefore accessible to every citizen, in public forums and on video. I have been lucky to be here for sessions on two occasions and it was interesting, another way to live the real French life. It is located on the Quai d’Orsay in the 7éme arrondissement of Paris, in the row of the Pont de la Concorde and the Place de la Concorde. It is guarded by the 2nd Infantry Regiment of the Republican Guard. This site is served by the metro stations ,National Assembly (line 12) Concorde (lines 1,8, and 12) and Invalides (lines 8 and 13).

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A bit on the architecture I like

The north side facade is decorated with a bas-relief pediment done from 1838 to 1841 and which represents an allegory of France, surrounded by those of Force and Justice. It remains to this day. The rest of this facade dates entirely from the First Empire (Napoleon I). At the bottom of the stands are four statues of great figures in French history: Sully, L’Hospital, d’Aguesseau and Colbert; On either side of the steps are installed a statue of Minerva and another of Themis ,Still on the sides, are two bas-reliefs ordered in 1837: Prometheus animating the Arts and Public Instruction, In the courtyard of honor is also the sphere of human rights commissioned by the National Assembly in 1989 as part of the commemorations for the bicentenary of the French revolution. It is a monumental sphere of black granite on a white marble plinth, placed on a circular lawn and partially surrounded by a hemicycle punctuated by sealed plaques, in which are inscribed the preamble and the articles of the Declaration of the Rights of man and citizen.

It houses a very precious library (and beautiful), the collection of which was made up of goods confiscated from the emigrant aristocrats (thats revolutions for you) . Among its treasures, the minutes of the trial of Joan of Arc, the manuscripts of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, the collection of terracotta busts of parliamentarians by Honoré Daumier, and the Codex Borbonicus, a codex native to central Mexico. The library was decorated in the 19C by Eugène Delacroix. The painter embodied, in five domes and about twenty pendants, Science, Philosophy, Legislation, Theology and Poetry, represented in warm allegorical scenes in color. The main rooms are the Salle des Pas-Perdus, and the Salle des Quatre-Colonnes. Both are places where journalists traditionally interview deputies. They cross it to get from the meeting rooms to the hemicycle by taking the connecting corridor which adjoins the main courtyard and leads to the library , The Salle des Quatre-Colonnes welcomes in each of its angles statues of Lycurgus , Solon, Cato d’Utique and Brutus; they once adorned the Hall of the Council of Five Hundred, There is, also, the Casimir-Perier room houses statues of General Foy, Mirabeau, Portalis, Tronchet, Bailly and Casimir Perier, The conference room houses a statue of Henri IV, as well as four busts of Lamartine, Dupont de l’Eure, Cavaignac and Ernest Picard.

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A bit of history I like

The house of representative or the National Assembly of France or Assamblée Nationale … Ahh this one is unique , right across from the Place de la Concorde, and sits on the Palace of Bourbon, ooops sacre bleu the site of the Bourbon royals!   The Palais Bourbon is the name commonly given to the building that houses the National Assembly.  The Palais Bourbon was built by Louise-Françoise de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Nantes, the legitimized daughter of king Louis XIV and Madame de Montespan, who had married Louis III of Bourbon-Condé, duke de Bourbonnais and 6th Prince of Condé. The Palais Bourbon and the Hôtel de Lassay were erected simultaneously, from 1722 to 1728, on land acquired by the Duchess of Bourbon in 1720 and which she ceded a part to her lover, the Marquis of Lassay.  Confiscated in 1791,during the French revolution,  the palace “before Bourbon” was nationalised. It houses in 1794 the future École Polytechnique before being assigned to the Council of Five Hundreds by decree in 1795. However, by the time they set up a room for them, the five hundred would not settle there until 1798. The Bourbon Palace will therefore be assigned to the second Chamber of Parliament under the various regimes: Council of the Five Hundred, legislative body, Chamber of Deputies, and National Assembly.  The Palais Bourbon welcomed, from 1798, all the lower chambers of the French parliaments, with the exception of a short period of 1871 to 1879 (period during which it sits in the hall of the wing of the Midi of the Palace of Versailles, following the insurrection of the commune of Paris), then after the Government and Parliament fled to Bordeaux and then to Vichy during WWII in 1940. 

For the anecdote, it was not far from my work area in Paris, where I was able to visit a couple times and listen on debates!! You too can do it just get a reservation , id papers and go for it,its worth the detour. Enjoy the visit!!! This is to reserve online : https://www.billetweb.fr/assister-a-une-seance

And here tells you the order for the day of debates especially the Finance Law working on by the govt right now, in French of course: https://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/dyn/seance-publique

The official National Assembly or house of Reps of France on its historyhttps://www2.assemblee-nationale.fr/decouvrir-l-assemblee/patrimoine

The Paris tourist office on the National Assembly of Francehttps://en.parisinfo.com/paris-museum-monument/71377/Assemblee-Nationale-Palais-Bourbon

There you go folks, a dandy off the beaten path of eternal Paris! Worth the detour, very educational ,historical ,and just gorgeous architecture to see in the  Assamblée Nationale de France, the National Assembly of France, sort of like a House of Representatives (US). Hope you enjoy the post and do come!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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