The Tour Charlemagne of Tours !

The department of which the city of Tours is located is call Indre et Loire dept 37. This is in the Centre Val de Loire region of my belle France, I have written several posts on Tours in my blog but feel that need to update this older post for the off the beaten path monument it is and new text/links , The Tour Charlemagne of Tours needs more attention by all, and I hope you enjoy the post to come see it.

Therefore, let me tell you a bit more on the Tour Charlemagne tower .  The  tour Charlemagne is a remnant of an old basilica dedicated to Saint Martin of Tours (see post) and located at  rue des Halles, in the historic center of the city. Its name comes from the tomb of Luitgarde d’Alémanie, fourth wife of Charlemagne, who died in 800 during the emperor’s stay in Tours. Tradition reports that the emperor had it buried under or near the tower, but opinions are very divided as to the exact location of the tomb, never formally identified.

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A bit of history, shorten it as it is long but I like

No source can be affirmative on the chronology and the exact dating of the construction of the tower. However, it took place shortly after the construction of the transept of the Basilica of Saint Martin de Tours, (see post) because paintings on the walls of the latter were hidden by the masonry of the Charlemagne tower, but a certain unity of style prohibits too long delay between the two events. In the second half of the 11C and shortly after the completion of the basilica in its original state, a tower-porch was built, capping the end of the north arm of the transept with reinforcement of the vaults of the latter, having to bear the weight of the tower. The tower rested, on the tribunes of the first span of the transept, reinforced for the occasio. The tower then consisted of two semicircular vaulted floors, typical of Romanesque art, the second floor acting as a belfry. The external absidiole of one of the arms of the transept was integrated into the tower in the form of a sacristy and surmounted on the first floor of a chapel of the same plan. At the beginning of the 14C, a new floor was added to the tower, but this time it was the Gothic style that was used with broken arch windows. The Romanesque windows of the lower floors were walled, to reinforce the solidity. An arrow, present in the 17C, crowned the tower which, in this configuration, reached a height of 56 meters. In the 15C, the hall of the belfry on the third floor (4th US) was shared in its height by a Gothic vault; it was sheltering two bells.

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In 1790, many religious buildings were declared national properties during the French revolution. The Charlemagne tower was not demolished because a restoration project of the tower was set up in 1805 to recall that a new Charlemagne (Napoleon I) had just been crowned emperor on December 2, 1804 ,the  project will not be realized, but the Charlemagne tower was preserved due to this initiative.  The tower eventually hosted a factory of lead (1813); a carpentry settled in its ground floor and was the victim of a fire (1826); an artesian well of 107 meters deep was dug at its foot (1831); a water tower was installed on its first floor (1860 to 1885), an overload of 218 tons; finally, she survived an earthquake (1927) ; while the tramways of Tours shook it at each of their passages. Fragilized, the Charlemagne tower partially collapsed in 1928. In its southern half, from top to bottom, fell down in the neighboring streets without causing casualties . The part that remained standing was abutted with scaffolding to avoid further damage.

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A company, created in 1931, ” les Amis de le tour Charlemagne “, or the Friends of the Charlemagne tower, bought the monument at a symbolic price ,and as a precautionary measure, consolidated the remaining part with a concrete inner frame. During , WWII, the tower was fortunately spared by the bombings and fires that ravaged the northern part of Tours in 1940. In 1972, the Charlemagne tower  was offered to the town of Tours. More recent developments have been made to allow the public access to the “Luitgarde Arch” located on the ground floor of the tower on the occasion of the European Heritage Days since September 2013 ; a project provided for full access to the monument, which was done on the occasion of the European Heritage Days 2016. And we were there !!

A bit on the Architecture I  like

The floor dimensions of the Charlemagne tower are approximately 25 × 15 meters. In its current configuration, after restoration, its summit platform culminates at 48 meters. The tower is Romanesque style for its lower floors, Gothic for its top floor. The lower two floors of the tower are accessible from a spiral staircase in a turret outside the transept, on a corner of the tower. The top floor is accessed via an internal spiral staircase. The tower had Romanesque frescoes dated 12C. Discovered during the restoration work on some pillars but especially in the apsidiole transformed into sacristy, they were deposited and restored; they are now kept at the Saint-Martin museum (see post) in Tours. Because of the successive embankments around the basilica, the original floor of the Charlemagne tower is now down about 2 meters from the surrounding streets.

The city of Tours on the Tour Charlemagnehttps://www.tours.fr/TPL_CODE/TPL_PATRIMOINE/PAR_TPL_IDENTIFIANT/5/1-accueil.htm

The city of Tours reservation for visits to the Tour Charlemagnehttps://www.tours.fr/services-infos-pratiques/759-visites-de-la-tour-charlemagne.htm

The Loire valley Touraine tourist office on Tourshttps://www.touraineloirevalley.co.uk/discover/the-finest-cities/visit-tours-loire-valley-france/

There you go folks, another gem in the beautiful valley of the kings or Centre Val de Loire region of my belle France, A wonderful city indeed that of Tours plenty to see, as shown of this unique building ,the Tour Charlemagne, We love to visit it. Hope you enjoy it too

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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