Hemingway and Paris!!!

Once in a long while I dare write about an important historical figure me think. Some of the folks I followed in my life not necessarily the end but the living part. This is the case of Ernest Hemingway, a personage known to me since was able to read! I follow him from Havana, to Madrid, Key West and then Paris , a real traveler indeed! This would be as a literary leyend he was, black and white series no pictures. Hope hope you enjoy it as I.

I take this inspiration to tell you a bit on my side on this great figure of the literary world, a giant amongst giants of the read. Let me give some of his way which have been mine too and the relation of Hemingway and Paris!!!

Here is my story on the great Ernest Hemingway who landed for the first time in Paris on December 22, 1921, he was at the time a reporter for the Toronto Star. Under the guidance of Sherwood Anderson, the author moved to Paris with his wife Hadley to improve his style and meet the great English-speaking writers who were very numerous in the French capital. He stayed for a few months in a hotel in the 6éme arrondissement. Hotel d’Angleterre at 44 rue Jacob, In all ,Ernest Hemingway lived in Paris from 1921 to 1928 and returned there several times thereafter, read on,,,

The Hemingways lived in this small two-room apartment in rue Cardinal Lemoine from 1922 to 1923. On the ground floor of the building, a musette ball enlivens this working-class district a stone’s throw from the Place de la Contrescarpe. It is in this apartment that Hemingway writes, among other things, the short story My Old man and the famous Paris is a movable feast, a posthumous novel that recounts these Roaring Twenties in Paris. The apartment was at 74 rue du Cardinal Lemoine 5éme arrondissement or district of Paris.

One of the pleasant spots of his and I have a post on it was the Shakespeare and Company library , Ernest Hemingway pushes the door of this bookstore specializing in English-language books, always following the recommendations of Sherwood Anderson. Shakespeare and Company was created by Sylvia Beach, American bookseller and publisher, at 8 rue Dupuytren in 1919, the store quickly became the point of reference for all English and American writers living in Paris. Here Hemingway borrows and buys many books, he discovers Tolstoy, Dostoyevsky, Eliot, Joyce, but also Flaubert, Stendhal and Henry James. At the time, the Shakespeare & Company bookstore was located at 12 rue de l’Odéon,from 1921 to 1941 but today it is in the heart of the Latin Quarter. Shakespeare and Company. 37 rue de la Bûcherie 5éme arrondissement, This bookstore was frequented by all members of the Lost Generation, but also by French-speaking authors such as Paul Valéry or André Gide . And for good reason, you can buy or, for the less well off, borrow most of the English-speaking books banned in England and the United States. You can also sit there for a few hours to read … or write! If it no longer has much to do with that of the pre-war years, it remains the greatest ambassador of English literature in Paris.

Adrienne Monnier, partner of Sylvia Beach, opened a bookstore at 7 rue de l’Odéon in 1915 «La maison des amis des livres» or The house of the books of the friends. The store also acts as a lending library and the manager regularly organizes public reading sessions there. Today ,the house of the friends of the books no longer exists, but you can still walk in front of it, and imagine the cultural dynamism of the time. La Maison des amis des livres was at 7 rue de l’Odéon, 6éme arrondissement).

From their early days in Paris, the Hemingways often went out for their meals in inexpensive places. Chez Lipp for a potato salad and beer or at Pré-aux-Clercs where the menu was twelve francs and the bottle of wine was sixty cents. Brasserie Lipp, 151 boulevard Saint-Germain and The Pré-aux-Clercs at 30 rue Bonaparte both 6éme arrondissement. He and his friends from the Lost Generation will frequent the Montparnasse and Saint-Germain-des-Prés neighborhoods. They will meet regularly, to remake the world overnight, at the Dôme, at the Closerie des Lilas, at the Coupole de Montparnasse, as wel as at Deux-Magots near Saint-Germain.

In the evening, like the intellectual flower of his compatriots, Hemingway favors the atmosphere of the cafes at the crossroads of boulevards Raspail and Montparnasse. The young writer has his habits at the Dôme, 109, boulevard du Montparnasse 14éme arrondissement, and at the Select, where he meets Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, Robert Desnos, Picasso … At 27, Hemingway’s rigor at La Closerie des lilas is finally paying off. His first novel, The Sun Also Rises (1926), is a success. A beginning for the future great writer, crowned by the Pulitzer Prize in 1953, thanks to his book The Old Man and the Sea, (finished in Havana Cuba) and who received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954

The jardin du Luxembourg is in Paris is a movable feast or Paris est une fête in French, he used to regularly cross the Luco (Luxembourg by locals) to go to Montparnasse, which became the epicenter of Parisian nightlife in the 1920s. At the Hippodrome d’Auteuil racecourse, he regularly frequents it, and left for the day with Hadley, a picnic, and good tips on horses to follow. He bets a lot, as he used to do in the United States.

It is again Sherwood Anderson who is at the origin of Hemingway’s meeting with Gertrude Stein. American poet, writer, playwright and feminist, she taught the American novelist automatic writing. Gertrude Stein is today known for having played an important role in the development and dissemination of literature and modern art. She was the one who defined these young artists as a “Lost Generation” because of the customs of war. Gertrude Stein’s apartment was at 27 rue de Fleurus 5éme arrondissement.

A mentor from her early days, Miss Stein lectured Hemingway. She taught him automatic writing and urged him to stop journalism in 1924 to devote himself to literature. To be in tune with this decisive turning point, head for the bohemian Montparnasse! (see posts) Hemingway then moved with his family to 113, rue Notre-Dame-des-Champs 6éme arrondissement.In 1924, he moved to this neighborhood,in an apartment without electricity but large enough to live there with Hadley and their son John. He established his headquarters at La Closerie, where he spent hours writing. In 1925, he gave birth there in just six weeks of one of his masterpieces, “The Sun Also Rises”.

Some of the anecdotes I like were : On the right bank, you cannot miss Harry’s Bar, the center of Parisian nightlife in the 1920s and the place where the famous Bloody Mary was created. The members of the Lost Generation like to meet in the most American of Parisian bars. It is rumored, however, that the Bloody Mary was created for Hemingway after he asked the bartender for a cocktail that he wouldn’t drink alcohol. Indeed, every time he came home, his wife would give him soap if he smelled of alcohol. Legends abound around the great American writer!

Also, at the Falstaff 42, rue du Montparnasse, this bar was the scene, in July 1929, of a boxing match between Hemingway and a Canadian friend, Morley Callaghan. Ernest had been boxing since he was 10 years old, but that night he took a bust in an improvised ring, with Scott Fitzgerald as referee. The author of “Gatsby”, drunk as often, forgot to ring the end of the round. Drunk by the rain of blows but above all annoyed, Hemingway was convinced that Fitzgerald had done it on purpose to better humiliate him !

An even more incredible anecdote tells us that he who was an ambulance driver during the Great War (WWI), then a correspondent during the Spanish Civil War, resumed his work as a war journalist when American troops decided to land on the coast of Normandy in June 1944. Attached to the 22nd Infantry Regiment of the 4th American Division as a civilian, he is one of the privileged witnesses of the landing of June 6, then of the Allied advances towards the interior of France. In mid-August, the future Nobel Prize for Literature is in Rambouillet alongside American (Gen Patton was there 3rd Army see post) and French troops. Playing on his influence, he managed to meet there General Leclerc, commander of the 2nd French armored division which would march on Paris a few days later. It was August 25, the last day of the Battle of Paris when most of the military Nazis who were still alive have left Paris or been taken prisoner, so Hemingway arrived at Place Vendôme. Accompanied by a small group of Rambolitan resistance fighters, he bursts into the palace, submachine gun in hand and determined to put an end to the Nazis who have seized his favorite hotel. “I’m coming to free the Ritz!” he writes as he tumbles into the building. But the French flag is already flying on the roof of the palace and the Nazis are far away. “Of course, Mr. Hemingway, but please leave your weapon in front of the door”, replied Claude Azello, the director of the palace. After placing his gun in his Jeep, Hemingway returns to the counter of his favorite bar to string together 51 glasses of Dry Martini !!, his favorite beverage. If the author of The Old Man and the Sea did not really liberate the Ritz, his unusual adventure still earned him a beautiful slate and a funny story to tell! Yes !!

And of course, he has a street in Paris, that I know of, the Rue Ernest-Hemingway is in the 15éme arrondissement or district of Paris, It begins at 64, rue Leblanc and ends at 49, boulevard du Général-Martial-Valin. Not far from the Pont du Garigliano on the Seine river and Metro Balard line 8 or Tramway 3A.

There you folks, a bit of Americana in the city of lights, the most beautiful city in the world, and these figures have a lot to do with that title. Hope you enjoy the post as I. Thanks for reading me since November 2010!!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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