A look back of history, a Palace in the Tuileries!

Hello world, welcome to my eternal Paris. I have done brief tones in previous posts that I am heavily involved in many monuments and institutions in France as a donor, volunteer, and just plain romantic of history and architecture in my belle France. These for most , remains private. However, there is one dear to me an almost impossible dream that I like to share in my blog fully. I will be talking about the Palais des Tuileries.

To be as short as possible, many years ago upon coming to France and already French interested in its history and architecture, found out about a group led by the late Alain Boumie, an renown architect was leading a group to rebuilt the Palais de Tuileries. I became an enthusiantic member and participated in several meetings especially one in the Institut de France, salon Victor Hugo where I met Princess Napoleon, the wife of Louis, the ascendant as Napoleon V if the third empire was to come back…..And Count Walewski ( Alexandre Florian Józef Walewski born in Warsaw, died in Strasbourg) ) natural son of Napoleon I , descendant of the original minister and senator under Napoleon III.

The short of it again, cutting, M Baumie passed away and the project was stop due to succession/Inherance issues with his family. After about  a year the project took off again under the leadership of  Michel Carmona, directeur de l’Institut d’urbanisme et d’aménagement de la Sorbonne,(university professeur in architecture and history), and Stéphane Millet, (very well reknown architect and Président du Comité pour la reconstruction des Tuileries. The organism created to build the palace. Their webpage still on here: Official Tuileries org reconstruction of the Palais des Tuileries

And this is where I came in, name Treasurer of the Tuileries org and encourage the improvement and updating of the webpage as well as contact with business leaders in France and abroad.  Many including I ,are trying to build it again to the identical in a private effort of gigantic proportion, still a long way from doing. Unfortunately, I moved to Bretagne and efforts were too much to continue as Treasurer. I am still involved in this gigantic project of about 350M € cost estimation. We have a lease with Jacques Chirac when mayor of Paris for 99 years to build it as long as it does not incur cost to the city of Paris or the ïle de France region nor the State. The battle continues with hopes…

This is a youtube video that will tell you in images the splendor of this palace and its place in history as is was. Enjoy it

I have an artist rendition of what it was the Palais des Tuileries when join with the Louvre, that is why it is call a Fortress, needs to be completely surrounded, yet today it is not right…see the Carrousel du Louvre into the Jardin des Tuileries…see the front of it beautiful it was!!!

paris

The story goes that it was Catherine de Médicis in 1564 that had built a palace on the site of the tuilerie ( an old roofstile factory that made them for the fortress of the Louvre). During 3 centuries the Palais des Tuileries  knew of its inmense parties, the revolutionary conflicts, wars, the arrival of the Empire (Napoleon), etc. On May 23 1871 the revolts of the commune or city folks of Paris ,after the disastrous Franco-Prussian war of 1870;  set fire to this wonderful palace that eventually was demolish by the city of Paris in 1883.

A bit of history I like

King Henry IV, son-in-law of Catherine de Medici, was a great builder. He extended the Louvre by the Grande Galerie or the gallery along the Seine river. This project, called the “Grand Design”, aims to bring together the two palaces: the Louvre and the Tuileries.

The Great Gallery ends in the West with a large pavilion, which will later be known as the Pavillon de Flore. To join the Louvre palace to that of the Tuileries, it only remains to connect this large pavilion to the central pavilion of Bullant, which is done from 1608 to 1610. To finalize the symmetry of the Tuileries Palace, it still remains to extend it to the north. Under Louis XIV, Louis Le Vau was responsible between 1659 and 1666 for completing the composition, and the palace was enlarged and finished by the Pavillon de Marsan, at the north end, matching the Pavillon de Flore to the south.

In 1664 king Louis XIV made some changes and renovate the palace to his taste like corinthians columns of marble. He decorates the hallways that joined the Tuileries Palace to the Louvre (today pavillon marsans and pavillon de Flore).  He stops the parties and meetings here as he prefered first his birthplace at St Germain en Laye and later Versailles. king Louis XVI lived at Versailles, when the revolts started and they went to get him, the king comes back to occupied the palace on October 1789, by the February 1790, the  jardin des Tuileries is the center of revolts again due to the departure of the aunts of the king.  During the month of April that follows another group of revolts stops the king Louis XVI to go to Saint Cloud (Domaine). On June 20 1792, the people invades the Palais des Tuileries and put their red caps (bonnet rouges) on the king’s head.  The defenders of the king were beheaded.  The palace is now comes to be call  Palais-National or National Palace. At the place of the theater known as the Salle des Machines or machines room, they change it renovates it and rename it the Salle de la Convention. On this salle or room that we enter by the terrace des Feuillants, on January 29 ,1793,  is where Louis XVI is judge guilty and sentece to death in his presence. The great party of the supreme council is held at the gardens in 1794.

Napoleon I ,also lived in the Palais des Tuileries. The family of Bourbons lived here too (including king Louis XVIII) after the restauration of the monarchy. Then again, on July 29 1830 the people attack the palace and after the royal troops were defeated the king Charles X (younger brother of Louis XVI) goes into exile.  The branch cadet who stays in the palace ends up as the senior branch of the house of Bourbons.  Again, on the war of 1848 the king of the French Louis Philippe and queen Marie-Amélile runs from the Palace des Tuileries towards Honfleur where a boat will take them to England in exile by a boat that was anchored at Le Havre.

After this , it was try to use the palace as a hospital ,then as a fine arts museum without success.  In 1852, the Tuileries Palace comes back ,the President of the Republic  Louis-Napoleon (Napoleon III) give a dance in the Salles des Maréchaux still holding the traces of the last revolution.  In March of the same year, the palace open the session of the Senate and Representatives at the same room or salle.  The President and the member of parliament swear allegiance to the new constitution here at the Palais des Tuileries.  Louis-Napoleon does renovation again ,and he puts the four busts of Racine, Voltaire, Corneille, and Moliére.

Burnt down under the Commune uprisings of 1871, the Tuileries Palace, although repairable, was finally razed in 1883 by order of the Third Republic of France not interested in old royal places. Only the Pavillon de Flore and the Pavillon de Marsan have been preserved. They are located at the western ends of the Louvre palace/Museum. The Pavillon de Marsans houses today the musée des arts décoratifs. The Pavillon de Flore is link to the Louvre by the Aile (wing) de Flore. It is what you see looking from the Seine river. Today is a copy of the original demolished by Napoleon III, with the new one done in 1864 . It is decorated with sculptures such as the Triomphe de Flore and is occupy today by the Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France (French Museums Research and Restoration Center) as well as living quarters for employees of the musée du Louvre and partially the école du Louvre.

You see and the story goes, as I had told you here , it is impossible to find in a small space something to majestic of souvenirs and history. We ,all who love this place will prove to the observing readers on the same terrain, to collect the most rich emotions and historical anecdotes and to start with their most smallest of misteries of the Parisien life, their dreams and hopes.  In the Senate in 1882, Jules Ferry, the Minister of Education, and Fine Arts swear to have it rebuilt to its identical form or similar  in the  name of the government ; lets hope other governement listen and read, and it can become a reality. It is a magical place, full of history of France and Europe.

The stones were purchase by the ambassador of Russia ,and sent them to Corsica  where a new family castle was built in Alata, the Chateau de la Pointe done by the Pozzo di Borgo family today. Many vestiges of the Tuileries Palace have been re-used.built from stones from the Tuileries; the pediment of the central pavilion raised in the square Georges Cain; other more modest vestiges scattered in the Tuileries Garden,(foundations of it closer to the Carrousel du Louvre),  the Luxembourg Garden, the Trocadero Gardens, and the National School of Fine Arts.

Hope you enjoy the story and do think about the hidden marvels of my belle France. An ever lasting love story me and France. See you soon around here…!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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5 Comments to “A look back of history, a Palace in the Tuileries!”

  1. OK, I must visit this Palace.

    Liked by 1 person

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