Le Quesnoy ,the north of France !

I updated and now I am updating again and splitting the towns to have it in separate posts. It was a memorable post from visiting nearby family in the Nord dept 59 of my belle France. We took advantage of visiting older brother of my wife and decided to do short road warrior trips along the Belgian border. We came upon picturesque  Le Quesnoy .The pictures are a mix of old and older even before coming to live in France! Hope you enjoy it as I.

le quesnoy city center jun02

I take you closer to family and times expent there for years since 1990. On this particular road warrior trip, I like to take you to visit the nice city along the Franco-Belgian border, that is Le Quesnoy in the department 59 of the Nord, in the region of Hauts de FranceWe were nearby by so why not do a run and see something new, this time in the Nord to see Le Quesnoy,  with it fortified ramparts, they are 12 km of walls in line around a fortified wall intact of 3,5 km in circle with an ingenious systems of wells. Le Quesnoy,  has kept intact its characteristic ramparts which show the evolution of the art of defence of the 17C (the so-called Spanish era) at the beginning of the 20C passing by the famous Vauban who changed its appearance. Belgium is 10 km away!   A belltower or Beffroi of 48 carillons, and a Hôtel de Ville city govt building from 1700.

le quesnoy fortification MF et PF jun02

Le Quesnoy hotel de ville belfry

Le Quesnoy Porte Farroulx ramparts wall

 A bit of history I like

The city was under Hainaut, Burgundian, and Spanish occupation and or control .Before the end of the Fronde in 1654, the city is taken by the Royal French Army of Turenne. The city that had never been French became it for the great pleasure of the court. The young king Louis XIV receives the city as a gift of his coronation!

The border town undergoes a siege by the Austrian army of Cobourg and falls in 1793 it was retaken in 1794 by the troops of Schérer after a severe siege under a downpour rain.The news of the capture of the city is transmitted in a few hours by the telegraph Chappe, a world premiere, to the Committee of Parisian Public Salvation which welcomes it.

The city was taken in 1914 by the German troops suffered a severe occupation during four years, that after a difficult approach by the Valley of the Ecaillon, the city was liberated in 1918 by a New Zealand Division. In 1923, the New Zealand monument was inaugurated. The Mayor Daniel Vincent welcomes Marshal Joffre, Lord Milner (one of the English signatories to the Treaty of Versailles) and Sir Allen, representative of New Zealand. The communal cemetery of the Quesnoy and its extension host 189 war graves of the Commonwealth War Graves Soldier’s Commission who died in November 1918, of which 49 are New Zealanders. Le Quesnoy is forever linked to the city of Cambridge in New Zealand. A vivid nice memorial for all to see and not forget. 

le quesnoy mem new zealand wwI PF jun02

In WWII, once defeated the Algerian Tirailleurs Battalion, which defended Jolimetz with a few tanks in support after the Nazis’ breakthrough through the defences of the Sambre, the 5th Panzer stood in front of the ramparts of the Quesnoy on 18 May 1940 towards the end of the afternoon. The Nazis of the 5th Panzer, who are preparing a new attack with tanks and heavy artillery, propose to the defenders to give their surrender, which they accept in the afternoon. By September 1st 1944 the local resistance put up a fight all over the city, forcing the nazis to retreat into Belgium so liberated the city of Le Quesnoy !

The City of Le Quesnoy on its heritage: http://www.lequesnoy.fr/vivre-a-le-quesnoy/lhistoire-de-la-ville/

The local towns and villages of the Avesnois on Le Quesnoy heritage : https://villesetvillagesdelavesnois.org/lequesnoy/le_quesnoy.html

The Mormal country tourist office on Le Quesnoyhttps://www.tourisme-paysdemormal.fr/visiter-quesnoy.html

There you go folks, hope it helps come over to this wonderful northern region of the Nord, unique and different but still my belle France. Le Quesnoy is one of those town that are full of history and architecture but seldom gets recognition by the visitors. Hope it helps you discovered them.

And remember, happy travel, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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