The Palatine Hill of Rome!

A while back after many trips solo to Italy decided to take the family to Rome as a starting point for Italy. It was a long two weeks memorable vacation which we all enjoy and now many souvenirs of that trip. Already with several posts in my blog, let me tell you about something briefly mentioned but needs a post of its own me think. Therefore,let me tell you about the Palatine Hill or Monte Palatino of Rome/Roma.

The Palatine Hill area, great for walking along ancient monuments,It contains the old Emperor residences, arches, temples and thermae. The legend says that Rome had its origins on this hill and, indeed, recent excavations have shown that people were living in the Palatine since 1000 BC. According to Roman tradition, the Palatine was the place where Romulus and Remus were found by the she-wolf that nursed them keeping them alive in the “Cave of the Lupercale”, probably found in recent excavations, and for this reason on this hill was celebrated every year the festival of Lupercalia.

The Palatine Hill or Monte Palatino is one of the seven hills of Rome. It occupies a central position in ancient Rome of which it is one of the oldest parts. It overlooks the Roman Forum (see post) to the north and the Circus Maximus (see post) to the south. Under the Empire, the Palatine is occupied by imposing mansions built for the emperors, which gave rise to the word “palace”. Their ruins still occupy much of the hill today..  The hill takes the form of an irregular quadrilateral about two km in circumference and an altitude of about 50 meters. Originally, the Palatine consisted of two separate peaks: the Germal in the west which rises to 51 meters and the Palatual in the east which rises talso o 51 meters. The Palatine is not entirely isolated since it is connected with the Esquiline by a small hill, the Velia, whose highest point is the Arch of Titus.(see post).

roma palatino area aug13

The Romans piously preserve on the Germal a hut, called “house of Romulus” or “house of Faustulus”, which is still mentioned in the 4C in the inventory of the Curiosum. In the Germal sector, near the site of Livia’s house, three hut bottoms carved into the volcanic tuff of the hill were identified in 1907 and unearthed in 1948. They are dated to the 8C BC. Also nearby are two cisterns from the 7C BC. excavated in the tuff and partially covered with a dome, In the last centuries of the Roman Republic, the Palatine was covered with the residences of the wealthiest patricians and knights ,The emperors of Rome built their palaces one after another on the Palatine Hill, The abandonment of Rome as a habitual residence from Diocletian marks the beginning of the Palatine’s slow decline, even though it officially remains one of the imperial residences, Christianity devotes a few buildings of worship around the edge of the hill while the central part is abandoned, By the 11C, the Palatine was reduced to rubble as aristocratic Roman families vied for control of the city region by region.

The Palatine hill came back to life in the 16C during the Renaissance, wealthy families planted vineyards and ornamental gardens there, The fall of Napoleon in 1870 and the annexation of the Church States to the Kingdom of Italy transferred the ownership of the center of the Palatine to the Italian State.

The Rome tourist office on the Palatine

The Rome tourist office on the district including Palatine

The Archeological park of the Colosseum on the Palatine

There you go folks, another wonderful monument of Rome. The Palatine Hill is a large area but worth the walk indeed. Hope you enjoy the brief introduction and do visit; we will be back!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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2 Comments to “The Palatine Hill of Rome!”

  1. Thanks for another memory nudge.

    Liked by 1 person

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