Mont Valerien of Suresnes and France !!!

I like to update this older post for me and you on historical Mount Valérien in Suresnes, Hauts de Seine dept 92 of the Ïle de France region of my belle France. Hope you appreciate it as I

This is one of my old job cities in France, I worked here for 2 years and many  nice memories of the place and friends. Suresnes is just west of Paris easy over the Bois de Boulogne.  Been on a hill rolling down to the Seine river makes a picturesque town of quant streets and nice city center which I had enjoyed many times and even visited.

However, the reason for the post is that on this nice city of Suresnes lies the wonderful monument to the fallen of France of things never to be repeated. And it’s up to each and everyone of us to make sure it does not happened again. I will tell you a bit about the hill of Mont Valerien in the city of Suresnes! Ah before I forget ,you can easily reach Suresnes from Gare Saint Lazare in Paris, to Mont Valerien station go out and get on the exit Mont Valerien climb the street at the top is the memorial.

You turn to the left side you go up to the  Mémorial Nationale dedicated to French veterans a solemn place with a never ending flame of gratitude to all those fallen under the nazism, many here were held and shot dead. It has a nice chapel and on top you can see the old fortress where there is a military fort still operational. if you go on the right side, the distance will be longer but you see more high views of Paris and a nice walkers sentry on the parc promenade Jacques Baumel. The Mémorial de la France Combattante or Memorial of the fighting French is a monument of homage to French fighters, resistant and deported which is in the city of Suresnes on the slope of Mont Valérien, at the foot of the fortress of Mont Valérien.

suresnes-mem-fallen-and-fortress-jun15

The Fortress of Mont-Valérien, one of the 16 forts built around Paris, a five-sided polygon, was built from 1840 to 1846. Its visit allows, through the “Souvenir Trail”, to follow the path of those who were to be shot, passing by the chapel, its graffiti, ultimate witnesses of history and the clearing. One of the highest points in the Ile-de-France region with its 161 meters, Mont-Valérien marks the landscape. It would have been formed, according to legend, by soil brought back from the city of Saint-Denis by Saint Maurice in the 3C. Its religious vocation is therefore very strong: it will be a place of hermitism and pilgrimages around his Calvary for nine centuries.

The fortress of Mont-Valérien was the site of more than a thousand executions of resistants fighters in WWII such as Honoré d’Estienne d’Orves or 22 members of the Manouchian group. On June 18, 1946, General de Gaulle paid homage to the massacred shot on November 11, 1946, under the direction of the Minister of Prisoners, deportees and refugees of the Provisional Government, fifteen corps of WWII fighters from France and settlements, including two women buried in a temporary crypt.

The design  was inspired by the symbol of the Unknown Soldier of the Great War (WWI is known in France), and adapted it to the specificities of  WWII. The different categories of combatants (fighters of 1940, FFL, resistant, deportees, prisoners, men of the France of Overseas) are represented by the remains of one of theirs. In 1952, one also places the body of a French soldier from Indochina killed by the Japanese. In 1958, General de Gaulle, returned to power, commissioned the architect of civil buildings and national palaces to build a real monument, inaugurated on June 18, 1960.

SAMSUNG CAMERA PICTURES

The esplanade of the monument is over 1,000 m2. A wall 150 meters long, in pink sandstone of the Vosges, is attached to the rampart in millstone of the fortress. In the middle of this wall, a large Lorraine cross 12 meters high marks the entrance to the crypt where the 16 fighters rest. Vault 9 awaits the last companion of the Liberation, which recently (oct 2021) rest in peace with the presence of President Macron. The 17 vaults are arranged in an arc of circle, with in the center an urn containing ashes collected in concentration camps, decorated with a metal sculpture representing a flame. On the foot of the cross is engraved the inscription extracted from the Appeal of June 18: “Whatever happened to the flame of resistance it will not be  turn off.  June 18, 1940 Charles De Gaulle”

SAMSUNG CAMERA PICTURES

In front of the cross of Lorraine, a flame springs permanently from a bronze burner. Along the wall, 16 different sculptures, equivalent to the Greek metopic, in bronze, symbolize the different forms of fighting for the Liberation. Built from 2008, an information and reception center has been open since 2009.

The Memorial of Mont Valérien of Suresneshttp://www.mont-valerien.fr/

The Suresnes tourist office on the Mont Valérien memorialhttps://www.suresnes-tourisme.com/mont-valerien.html

Chemins de Memoire or roads of memory on the Mont Valérien memorialhttps://www.cheminsdememoire.gouv.fr/fr/le-mont-valerien-haut-lieu-de-la-memoire-nationale

There you go folks, a place of solemn memory and peaceful surrounding to guard and keep these brave men and women of our mother Earth. I thank them eternally! You go a lot to Paris, you should make a detour and visit Mont Valérien, Suresnes.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

Tags: ,

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this: