The Museo Nacional de Antropologia of Madrid!!

And behold, found me a picture of a great institution in Madrid which have passed by many times and seen once several years back. This should be visited more as it is next to Atocha trains station. I had briefly mentioned it but really needs a post of its own. Therefore, here is my rendition of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia or the National Anthropology Museum of Madrid!!


The Museo Nacional de Antropologia or National Museum of Anthropology with headquarters in Madrid, at Calle Alfonso XII no 68. It is the first anthropological museum created in Spain, and is dedicated to offering a global vision of the different cultures that exist on the planet, with collections that cover all five continents. It was inaugurated on April 29, 1875 by King Alfonso XII, with the official name of “Museo Anatomico” or Anatomical Museum (as indicated in Latin by the commemorative tombstone, preserved in the lobby), although it would popularly be known as the Anthropological Museum, for be the title that appeared on the access door,

It has its origins in the initiative of the doctor from Valseca de Boones, Province of Segovia, Pedro González de Velasco, who wanted to create a museum to house his various collections. After his death, the State bought the building from his widow in 1887 and the collections, to which many others were later added, the result of expeditions, trips, donations, purchases, etc. After the founder’s death, the building became assigned to the National Museum of Natural Sciences (MNCN) , which installed its Anthropology, Ethnography and Prehistory Section. This section had been created on October 1, 1883 with pieces of this nature that were in the MNCN, coming from scientific trips and expeditions at the end of the 19C, especially from the Scientific Commission of the Pacific. In 1910, it was split from the National Museum of Natural Sciences, constituting with it an independent museum that kept its name, the National Museum of Anthropology, Ethnography and Prehistory, The National Museum of Anthropology, which was renamed in 1940 National Museum of Ethnology. In addition, the funds it had on archeology and prehistory were disposed of, which were transferred to the National Archaeological Museum (see post) . That name was maintained until 1993, when it recovered the old name of the National Museum of Anthropology, which merged the National Museum of Ethnology and the National Museum of the Spanish People under that name, although both institutions continued to function independently with two different venues. This situation continued until 2004 when the Costume Museum was created. Ethnological Heritage Research Center (CIPE), to which the collections of the Museo del Pueblo Español were assigned and thus the two institutions were separated, creating two independent museums.

The building was designed and built between 1873 and 1875. It currently has three floors, the ground floor dedicated to physical anthropology, Asia (Philippines and Eastern religions) and temporary exhibitions, the first to Africa and the second to America. In total, they comprise more than 21,000 collections, whose breakdown by sections is, in alphabetical order: Africa: 3,800; America: 2600; physical anthropology: 4600; Asia: 1700; Europe: 2600; Philippines and Oceania: 4,500; and prehistory: 1600 (deposited in the National Museum and Research Center of Altamira). Of these, 1,100 pieces are permanently exhibited. In addition there are more than 7000 documentary collections.

The official National Anthropology Museum:

The Madrid tourist office on the Anthropology Museum

There you go folks, another dandy of my dear Madrid that you should not missed. The area is in prime tourist area, however, the museum can be say it is on the off the beaten path. You need to see the Museo Nacional de Antropologia of Madrid!!!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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