Biblioteca Nacional de España, Madrid !

And now let me update a wonderful place in my beloved Madrid. This one know since early teen when lived in the city and my school would take me here! always the school lol! It was interesting them only, as time went on the importance grew and came back with my dear late wife Martine and the boys and later with the boys too. Let me tell you a bit more on the Biblioteca Nacional de España,  or the National Library of Spain in Madrid.

Another highlight building visited many times and even played at Plaza Colon since youth is the Biblioteca Nacional de España or National Library of Spain ,right on Paseo de Recoletos just below the Plaza Colon.

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To read the books here you need a batch and authorization but there is plenty of areas where you can have a guided tour. The Exhibition Rooms and the Library Museum, where various exhibitions and cultural activities are held, are open to all.

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The library was founded by King Felipe V of Spain in 1712 as the Biblioteca Pública de Palacio or Palace Public Library. All publications done in Spain needed to deposit a copy here first. In 1836, the library’s status as Crown property was revoked and ownership was transferred to the Ministry of Governance (Ministerio de la Gobernación). At the same time, it was renamed the Biblioteca Nacional.

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The collections started with the king Felipe IV and V, and continue with requisition of others losers in the wars of succession and other private donations by nobles. By 1761, the library starts printing books and manuscripts as well. It continues to add books by taken over the closed out convents and private collections due to wars or disputes, and the Court of Cadiz in 1814.

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The library due to wars and conflicts changes place several times. First, in  1809,under the occupation of Joseph Bonaparte it is located at the Convent of the Order of Trinitarians in calle Atocha. By 1819, it changes place again,  and is located a the Council where the sessions of the admiralty are held to avoid reclamation of rights by the Trinitarians after the return to power of king Fernando VII. Again, in 1826 it moved again to the old residence of the Marquis of Alcañices during the 19C , in what it is today the Calle Arrieta.

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In 1866 the Queen Isabel II throws the first stone to the building Archieves Palace, library and museum at the Paseo de Recoletos site. The building is finally done in 1892, and it is open to the public in 1896.  By the law of 1901, the library takes charge of all libraries in Spain. By 1930, a national council is created to handle all matters of libraries in Spain.  During the Spanish Civil War, the library is closed and the precious cargo is taken to the Serranos Tower in the province of Valencia.

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Advances and laws thereafter, the library suffered minimum if no damaged from the Spanish Civil War. By a Royal decree in 1985, all the different services and institution linked to publishing were integrated in the National Library , and the BNE  (Spanish National Library in Spanish form) is declare the superior library institution of the State and chief of the Spanish system of libraries! In 1996, the internet is open to the BNE! And since 1982, there is an additional site in Alcalà de Henares.

Just behind the Library is the Calle Serrano a chic fashion street that takes you to the Puerta de Alcalà gate, and crossing the street to the parque del buen Retiro park. Up street on Alcalà you can see the statue of Espartadero and onwards to my old living area in Calle de Alcalà!

There are several rooms in the National Library including a open Museum which we took advantage this time.

The Tourist office of Madrid on the library museum in English: https://www.esmadrid.com/en/tourist-information/museo-de-la-biblioteca-nacional

The tourist office of Madrid on the National Libraryhttps://www.esmadrid.com/en/tourist-information/national-library

The official Biblioteca Nacional webpage on the museum in Spanish: http://www.bne.es/en/MuseoBibliotecaNacional/ConoceMuseo/index.html

Practical information on the National Library in English: http://www.bne.es/en/Servicios/InformacionPractica/

Enjoy the learning place of Spain, the National Library or Biblioteca Nacional de España (BNE) a wonderful place indeed for the whole family and especially those really interested in Spain! Hope you enjoy as we do.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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2 Comments to “Biblioteca Nacional de España, Madrid !”

  1. Muy buen articulo, amigo mio y buenas fotos igual. Madrid es una ciudad con mucha energia y movimiento, pero Valencia es un encanto mediterraneo…
    Un saludo valenciano y un abrazo,
    F.

    Liked by 1 person

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