Archive for May 24th, 2023

May 24, 2023

The eagle of Meaux, Bishop Bossuet !!

Oh this is wonderful unique Gothic in France. I am thrill to tell you it is in my beloved city of Meaux and a place never missed when in town, and we have been there so many times as it is the native town of my dear late wife Martine. I have written posts before on the cathedral per se , but this is new on given credit to a beloved personality of the city the Bishop Bossuet and the  Cathédrale Saint Etienne de Meaux!!! Hope you enjoy the post as I.

The Saint Stephens Cathedral has dimensions of 85 meters on the interior. The height of the North tower: 60 meters, (against 69 for N.D.de Paris). The height under the vault of the nave: 31 meters. The most famous, the Eagle of Meaux Jacques Bénigne Bossuet name bishop of Meaux by king Louis XIV in 1681, The Brilliant eagle of Meaux, according to Voltaire gives sermons that shook the Cathedral on several occasions, During his 22 years of office he criss cross the countryside to speak the gospel to all while given a solid administration in Meaux.  The Bishop Bossuet, the eagle of Meaux and confesseur to king Louis XIV. He lived on what is today the museum from 1682 to 1704 as Bishop of Meaux , A room is dedicated to portraits representing Bossuet.

Meaux Cat St Etienne front may23

 Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet (1627-1704) was the most famous of the bishops of Meaux. Particularly renowned for his eloquence, he preached repeatedly before the king and the court and was even instructed to instruct the Dauphin, son of Louis XIV, for ten years. In 1681, he obtained the Siege of Meaux, which had the advantage of being close enough to Paris and of Versailles to allow it to maintain its ties with the court, while ensuring the direction of his diocese. It was also dubbed the Eagle of Meaux as opposed to Fénelon, the “Swan of Cambrai”, whose style was more suave. The two prelates are fought on the question of “quietism”, a mystical approach to the divinity of which Bossuet obtained the condemnation. He was one of the most ardent proponents of the conversion of Protestants, imposed by the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685. In the context of the administration of his diocese, Bossuet sought to combat anything which, in his view, threatened the greetings from the faithful. He was fiercely hostile to the puppets and the dance that distracted his flock.   Comparing his condemnation with the position of the Church towards the actors like what happened to Molière’s death at the same time.

Meaux Cat St Etienne statue bishop Bossuet may23

After a slow and painful agony, Bossuet dies in a house currently located at 46 Rue Bossuet in Paris on April 12, 1704 of the formation of kidney stone disease. The funeral services were done at the Church of Saint Roch in Paris.  The Cathedral of Meaux houses the tomb of Bossuet, located near the high altar, as well as two monuments in white marble erected in memory of the famous bishop. The most imposing of these sculptures, installed in 1911 in the north side of the nave, at the top of a pedestal flanked by four characters: Henriette de France, for which Bossuet did the funeral prayers of the Dauphin of which he was the Bossuet teacher , Louise de La Valliere, mistress of Louis XIV who entered the convent of Carmel on the advice of Bossuet and Turenne; converted by Bossuet . On the reverse is also carved a bust in medallion, with the inscription Rocroi ;   showing the event of the Prince of Condé who won the Battle of Rocroi in 1643 under the influence of Bossuet.

Meaux Cat St Etienne tomb bishop Bossuet eagle of Meaux may23

Jacques-Bénigne BOSSUET men of the Church, predicator, and writer; bishop of  Meaux  from 1682-1704.  He participated in the writing of the  Déclaration des Quatre Articles (1682) about the liberties of the Church and author of  Sermons sur la mort(1662), Oraisons funèbres(1669, 1670, 1683, 1685 and 1687, the most famous of speeches about death), Histoire des variations des Églises protestantes (1688), and Discours sur l’histoire universelle (1681) , and Politique tirée de l’Écriture sainte (posthumously in 1709).

The city of Meaux on the museum Bossuethttps://www.ville-meaux.fr/ma-ville-et-actualites/culture/musees/musee-bossuet

The Seine et Marne dept 77 archives on Bossuethttps://archives.seine-et-marne.fr/fr/jacques-benigne-bossuet-1627-1704

The Diocese of Meaux on the Cathedralhttps://www.catho77.fr/le-diocese-de-meaux/la-cathedrale-de-meaux/

There you go folks, again,more of the wonderful Cathedral Saint Etienne of Meaux ; the beautiful cathedral is a marvel of France and a must visit.  The Bishop Bossuet is an integral part of the history of the city , France and at least Europe. Again, hope you enjoy the post as I

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all !!!

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May 24, 2023

Curiosities of Meaux !!!

And on my ever lasting road warrior trips ,took the road again to come back to my dear Seine et Marne to see again my sentimental Meaux.  The city of Meaux is located in the Seine et Marne department 77 in the Île-de-France region of my belle France, This is a historical City full of wonderful architecture, and always worth the visit. I was visiting sites in the department, and of course needed to stop by and see family there, another excuse and great time by all, I will give you here some curiosities of Meaux !!! Hope you enjoy the post as I.

Meaux is a wonderful town on the banks of the Marne river not far from Paris nor Disneyland.It really has many things to see, some historical sites of recent vintage of WWI and WWII and of course many more around in the area, Worth to be base here inexpensive and see all that is available including Disneyland Paris ! Let me give some sights in town already mentioned in several posts but always worth it, me think.

The Vieux Châpitre or Old Chapter has kept its authenticity. It was there that the canons meted out justice. It can only be entered by guided tour. The palace, the bishop’s residence, became a museum in 1908. You can access the lower rooms, the chapel, the bishop’s bedroom and the reception room. The 19C parquet floor shines and creaks under our feet, the windows offer a view of the Bossuet garden bordered by lime trees, it was designed by Le Nôtre.

Meaux vieux chapitre entr may23

Meaux vieux chapitre stairs may23

The Bossuet Museum dedicated to the end of Mannerism , There is the story of Bishop Bossuet, and that of the city of Meaux and the St Stephens’ Cathedral very nice and worth going in, The Musée Bossuet opened in 1908  in the episcopal palace; today we can see an  aquarelle by Delacroix , and a portrait by  Courbet, A room is dedicated to portraits representing Bossuet.  The museum is concentrated with paintings from the 17C to the 19C, and has on display between 1000 and 1500 works. There was a big event planned and renovations going on at the time I stopped by.

Meaux mus Bossuet renov event may23

The Rue du Faubourg Saint Nicolas extends to the east of the city, along the great eponymous artery, formerly known as the route d’Allemagne (road of Germany). It is circumscribed by the avenues of  Maréchal Foch, du Maréchal Joffre, de la République, du président Salvador Allende,and the streets of rue des Béguines and rue des Cordeliers , and of course rue Noëfort . My dear late wife Martine took to the bakery here and came thereafter, I still do each time in town to bring sweets and bread to the family still around the city. The bakery is Le Fournil du Faubourg  at 52 rue du Faubourg Saint Nicolas or the other closer as this time Boulangerie Saint-Nicolas, at 154 rue du Faubourg Saint Nicolas,who took over from the former Maison Aucuit,

Meaux boulangerie Saint Nicolas front may23

Of course, I had to passed by the house at 36 rue Noefort, the house where I met and later visit many times with my hugely nice dear late wife Martine. This is a must to stop in the city, as the patio house out back still is land passed on to the family now own by a sister, They had finished with the renovations ,and could see the out patio house where we first exchange her passion gardening,

Meaux 36 rue noefort MF home ours always may23

Meaux 36 rue noefort patio garden house may23

There you go folks, another dandy ride in my road warrior mode,again, And another visit to my first city of France, this is sentimental Meaux, always wonderful to be here, Always so much to see in my belle France.  This is my curiosities of Meaux !! Again ,hope you enjoy the post as I

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all !!!

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