Archive for February 27th, 2023

February 27, 2023

Saint Vincent Ferrier of Vannes !!

So much to see and do in my wonderful Vannes of my lovely Morbihan and beautiful Bretagne. However, some things holds you and make you reflect even on the bounties of been able to enjoy what I see around me and appreciated. Then, it hits you a person , a men who came from my dear Spain, and so revered here with the Bretons. I need to update the post on him, and hope you enjoy the post as I

Please bear with me as I write to you about Saint Vincent Ferrier , or Vicente Ferrer as known in Spain!  Saint Vincent Ferrier spread the word of God to the Bretons from March 3 1418 to April 5 1419. And the impact was huge to this day, Vincent Ferrier (Sp. Vicente Ferrer) was a priest of the Dominican order, born on 23 January 1350 near Valencia (Crown of Aragon) and died on 5 April 1419 in Vannes (Morbihan,Brittany), which remained famous for his public preaching. Some of his relics are revered at St. Peter’s Cathedral in Vannes. He is the patron saint of the Valencian Community in Spain.  Vincent is the fourth child of a man born of the Aragonese nobility, Guillem Ferrer, from Palamos and Constança Miquel. It was named after Saint Vincent of Zaragoza, the patron of his hometown, Valencia. In 1379, he was ordained a priest in Barcelona. Initially, he taught theology in Barcelona and then at the University of Lleida, where he obtained a doctorate in theology.


He was close to Pedro de Luna, then Cardinal and future Pope Benedict XIII, Vincent Ferrier  first joined the papacy of Avignon, rejecting the legitimacy of  Roman Pope Urbain VI  in his treatise de Moderno Ecclesiae Schismate. He later became a confessor of Benedict XIII, now antipope and emblematic figure of resistance in Rome. But for the sake of Union of the Church, he eventually resigned himself to abandoning the cause of Benedict to recognize the Roman Pope. His official waiver took place in 1416, at a time when the Council of Constance was working to end the Schism.  A tireless preacher and evangeliser of Europe for twenty years, from 1399 to his death, he travels to Spain, Italy, Switzerland, and even went to Scotland. He is often accompanied by an impressive amount of disciples, to the point that he must essentially preach in large outdoor spaces in order to be heard from the crowd. We lend him the gift of languages, given his ability to communicate with so many different peoples.  He was successively a Professor of Philosophy, eighteen years old! Professor of Science, Professor of Theology. His authority was necessary. His lights were used in the throes trials of the application of Canon law and Civil law. His decisions had the force of law. Chapters and bishops, parish priests and religious, neighboring and rival cities referred to him as arbiter of their disputes. He travels sometimes on foot, sometimes on the back of mule. He goes from Avignon to Valencia, bids farewell to his homeland, travels all the provinces of Spain, crosses the Pyrenees to San Sebastian, visits all our Midi region, passes to Italy, evangelises Switzerland, the center of France, goes back to Belgium, returns to the Franche-Comté, tilts towards Bordeaux and finally heads to Brittany!



To appreciate the results obtained by Saint Vincent Ferrier during his 20 years of apostolate, we must know what Europe was in the 15C. Everywhere, war. The Turks were to settle definitively in the eastern provinces. It was the time of the great pity of the Kingdom of France. Three quarters of the territory were at the mercy of the English troops, who had accumulated in their passage the material ruins. The black plague had made incredible havoc.  In France, the very Christian country, the practices of paganism had been re-enacted. The sign of the Cross was ignored by many. There was still a lot of misery, but they did not always respond to a need for faith; they were often erected to ward off a bad spell at the crossroads of roads. God spoke so clearly through the lips of the preacher brother that one only recognized an attitude in front of him, that of the penitent who implores forgiveness.  One of the most difficult works that a missionary can encounter is the conversion of Jews and Muslims. Everyone knew their hatred of the Christian name. Their obstinacy is explained: on the first weighs the responsibility of the Deicide, and the paradise of Muhammad is too easy for the latter to decide to follow the hard path that leads to heaven. The Moorish Kings of Granada also wanted to hear the voice of the famous missionary. They picked him up. Saint Vincent went to their call.  It is to him that we owe the intense Christian vitality that distinguishes us even today. But do not believe that we were the only beneficiaries of his zeal. It is the whole of Europe that should come to its Tomb, for it owes its life. He tore it from paganism. Where his action was more particularly felt, in Spain, Italy, France, the storm raised by Luther came crashing powerless. Faith crumbled: under the fire of his inspired verb, she resumed the solidity of granite.


As Adviser of Pope Benedict XIII in the throes questions that the Schism is born. When Spain finally feels the need to get out of the political crisis that threatens its existence, it chooses nine delegates who will have to settle the succession to the throne. After a month of laborious studies, these men, the most illustrious of the Kingdom, doubted themselves. But as soon as master Vincent expressed his opinion, they rank as the one who is required. And he came to Brittany ,finally!  Twice already the Duke Jean V of Brittany had prayed to Saint Vincent to come and evangelise his States. A final letter from the Duke, written at the beginning of November 1417, exposed the dismal situation of religion among the Breton populations. For the third time, A designated person by the duke Jean Bernier began his journey to meet with Vincent in Tours, in the last days of December, and was happy enough to triumph over all the resistance. On February 8, 1418, Saint Vincent arrives in Nantes. He stayed there for nearly two weeks, and went on to Vannes where the Duke was standing with his court. He preaches in Fégréac, La Roche-Bernard, Redon, Muzillac, Questembert, and on Friday, March 4, he is in Theix.  The Apostle is at Theix on March 30th again. On the 31st of the evening, he travels to the Abbey of Prayers, near Muzillac. He arrives in Guérande on 8 April. He preached through the peninsula, and on 14 April he was found in Saint-Gildas-des-Bois, where after talking about perseverance in good works, he healed a demonic that was brought, solidly garrotted, to the parish church. He then went back to Rennes, and the capital of Brittany made him a triumphal reception. On April 20-22, he preached on Place St. Anne in front of a huge crowd. All the houses that began to populate this square opened their windows to the impatient listeners, and saw up their roofs to cover themselves with the most impatient. For about ten days he travelled around the area. Fougéres, Vitré, Montfort heard him. Then he returned to Rennes on 2 May 1418. The Apostle pursues his mission by the north coast of Brittany. The canonization trial mentions Quintin, Châtelaudren, Guingamp, La Roche-Derrien. It is certain that he visited Tréguier, Lannion, Morlaix, Saint-Pol de Léon. Lesneven kept a long time in a silver reliquary the cap of Monsieur Saint Vincent Ferrier. From Quimper,   Apostle Vincent headed east, passed through Concarneau, Quimperlé, Hennebont, then ascends inward and evangelized Guémené, Pontivy, La Chèze, La Trinité-Porhoët, Josselin, and Ploërmel. He went to Redon a second time, and went down again to Nantes.


In the early days of 1419, Saint Vincent slowly moved to Vannes, where his prodigious career was to be completed. Alas! Vannes was no longer to hear the voice that had awakened the souls of a deadly lethargy. The sick would no longer surrender in the Cour Dreulin, their foreheads would no longer bend under his blessing hand. The thaumaturgy Apostle, the soberer of material and moral life, slept without hope back in the miraculously furrow. On 25 March 1419, Saint Vincent was seized with a violent fever. Soon the Holy missionary entered into agony. He clasped his hands, looked up at the sky, held his crucifix one last time, and on Wednesday of the week of passion, 5th day of April, in the year 1419, the glorious confessor and friend of God, brother Vincent Ferrier, native of Valencia, religious of the order of Preachers Brothers, returned to God the spirit, in the city of Vannes, in the hotel of one of the bourgeois of the city. On Friday, April 7, the funeral, took place in great solemnity. The Tomb had been dug between the Choir and the high Altar on the north side, opposite the Pulpit. Saint Vincent had promised his good people of Brittany never to forget him. He kept his word beautifully, and his tomb was the living source from which bursts of dazzling wonders sprained. They are always there much at least in St Peter’s Cathedral, the relics that proved to our ancestors the incomparable power of Saint Vincent. Several centuries have passed. The time had only taken on our hearts where he threw oblivion. The dust of these bones kept his immortal power: we could test it, if we had faith. France is not forgotten his missions, it travels all the south before being called in Brittany in 1418 by Jean V, Duke of Brittany.  After the many miracles recorded on his tomb attributed to him, the Duke  Jean V of Brittany asked that the Dominican be canonized. Pope Calixte III proclaimed his canonization on 29 June 1455. The Pope designates the Breton prelate Alain de Coëtivy to lift the relics of the Tomb; the ceremony took place in Vannes on April 5, 1456. He’s celebrated on April 5th still. A nice story me think.


The official Cathédrale St Pierre on Saint Vincent Ferrier

The heritage archives of the Morbihan on Saint Vincent Ferrier :

There you go folks, a loving story belive or not, this is feld very much here and on his day the Cathedral is full, many go there in between as I, Travelers as far as Valencia come here too , all over Europe can be found in the cathedral any day even in winter to see Saint Vincent Ferrier of Valencia ,Spain. Hope you have enjoy the post as I.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all !!!

February 27, 2023

Getting around Paris !!!

This is a subject of many questions over the years by visitors unknown ,closed friends and family members. Paris been a nice city has a huge choice of local transports that can be confusing to many. However, as I tell my contacts/friends/family coming from big cities , getting public transports in Paris should not be a problem. I first learned the ropes in the NJ/NY area and as the saying goes , if you can do it there you can do it anywhere, period. Paris metro area is as the saying goes ,a piece of cake !

I have several posts on transports in Paris on all modes. However, as things evolved especially prices ooops I like to provide new updated information on general transport options in Paris and around, This will be in my black and white series, no pictures, Of course, if not found here or confuse again, ask me. Hope you enjoy the post as I,

First, know that on weekdays, the metros run from approximately 5h30 to 01h15, On Friday and Saturday evenings, as well as on holiday eves, they run until around 02h15, The RER runs daily from approximately 5h30 to 01h20. The vast bus network allows you to travel in Paris and in Île-de-France region. When the metros no longer run, you can take advantage of the Noctilien network. These night buses run from around 00h30 to 5h30 In Paris, the bus lines are numbered from 20 to 199, Bus lines from 20 to 99 are the lines operated in inner Paris, and in the inner suburbs arch of towns just outside Paris. Bus lines 100 to 199 are the lines operated in the Paris suburbs ,a bit more further away. Some, like the 102, 109, 111, 132 or the 169 nevertheless penetrate a little into inner Paris.

The Noctilien network is built around five major transfer stations: Châtelet, Montparnasse, Gare de l’Est, Gare Saint Lazare, and Gare de Lyon, All RER stations are served by the Noctilien network. The noctilien line N01 and noctilien line N02 lines allow you to go around Paris by connecting the major stations (Gare de l’Est, Gare de Lyon, Gare d’Austerlitz, Gare Montparnasse and Gare Saint-Lazare): the Noctilien line N01 in the clockwise, the noctilien line N02 in the opposite direction,

The Roissybus, which connects Paris at the Opéra Garnier to Roissy Charles-de-Gaulle airport (CDG), runs from approximately 5h15 to 00h30. Count a departure approximately every 15 to 20 minutes for a journey of approximately 60 to 75 minutes. The Orlybus, which connects Paris at Denfert-Rochereau to Orly airport (ORY), runs from 5h35 to around midnight. Count a departure approximately every 8 to 15 minutes for a journey of approximately 30 to 40 minutes. The Orlyval, which connects Anthony station (RER Aéroport Charles de Gaulle – Mitry-Claye – Robinson – Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuse) and Orly airport (ORY), runs from 6h to 23h35. Count a departure approximately every 4 to 7 minutes for a journey of approximately 8 minutes.

There is a network of more than 170 certified lockers less than 5 minutes from a metro station and everywhere in Paris. Drop off your bags and luggage in a locker and for the duration of your choice. A concierge transports your luggage from one point to another, from where you want to the place of your choice (home, hotel, relay point, etc.). Book and pay online at Nannybag:

The Roissybus has connection by air-conditioned bus between Paris Opéra Garnier and Charles-de-Gaulle airport (all terminals are served). Free WiFi on board. Departure point: 11, rue Scribe 9éme right behind the Opéra, Times: 5h15 – 00h30 to CDG / 6h- 00h30 to Paris, price 13.70€

The regional express train connection between RER B stations and Roissy Charles-de-Gaulle airport (CDG). Departure point: RER B station T2, Times: 4h53 – 00h15 (Gare du Nord) / 5h26 – 00h11 (Chatelet-Les Halles) / 5h18 – 00h03 Denfert-Rochereau to CDG) / 4h50 – 23h50 to Paris Price 10,30€

The Bus 350 to Gare de l’Est has bus connection between Paris Gare de l’Est and Roissy Charles-de-Gaulle airport. Departure point: Between 7 and 9 rue du 8 mai 1945 10éme, Times: 5h33 – 21h30 to CDG / 6h05 – 22h30 to Paris Price 2€, The Bus 351 to Nation has bus connection between Paris-Nation and Charles de Gaulle airport (CDG). Departure point: 2, avenue du Trône 12éme, Times: 5h35 – 20h20 to CDG / 7h- 21h37 to Paris Price 2€

The Orlybus at Denfert-Rochereau has connection by air-conditioned buses between Place Denfert-Rochereau and Orly airport (ORY). Free WiFi on board. Departure point: Place Denfert-Rochereau 14éme, Times: 5h35 – 00h00 to Orly / 6h – 00h30 to Paris, Price 9.50€, The Orlyval to Antony rapid connection by automatic metro between Antony RER B station and Orly airport (ORY). Departure point: RER B – Antony, Times: 6h – 23h35, Price 9.50€

The tramway line T7 at Villejuif-Louis Aragon, Tram connection between Villejuif-Louis Aragon (Metro line 7) and Orly airport (ORY). Departure point: Station Villejuif-Louis Aragon (Metro line 7) Times: 5h30– 00h30 Price 1.90€ The Bus 183 at Porte de Choisy,has bus connection between Porte de Choisy and Orly airport (ORY). Departure point: Porte de Choisy, Times: 5h35 – 23h54 to Orly / 6h to 00h20 to Paris, Price 2€,

GO C Paris Shuttle with bus connection between Paris and Orly airport via RER C, Departure point: Pont de Rungis Orly Airport, Times: 4h43 – 23h13 to Orly / 4h48 – 23h22 to Paris Price 6.35€.

There is a Shuttle to Porte Maillot direct connection, without any stop between Paris-Beauvais airport and the Pershing car park in Paris at Porte Maillot. Departure point: Parking Pershing at Porte Maillot / between terminals T1 and T2, Timetable: 20 minutes after the arrival of each flight to Paris / 3 hours before each flight, except Air Moldova to Beauvais, Price 18€ or R/T 35€.

A bit on the trains station in and around Paris,

Gare d’Austerlitz ,85 quai d’Austerlitz 13éme It is served by the following Metro lines: M5, M10, RER C and L’Open tour, Noctilien night bus lines N01, N02, N31, N131, N133, possible transfer Gare de Lyon and Montparnasse station,

Gare de Lyon ,Place Louis Armand 12éme It is served by the following metro lines: M1, M14, RER A, RER D, L’Open Tour, Noctilien night bus lines: N31, N32, N33, N34, N35, N130, N131, N132, N113, N134 Possible transfer to Lyon, Montparnasse, Bercy, and Austerlitz stations

Gare de Bercy ,Boulevard de Bercy 12éme, It is served by the following metro lines: M6, M14 and L’Open Tour ,and Noctilien night bus lines N32, N35 Possible transfer to Gare de Lyon

Gare de l’Est ,78 boulevard de Strasbourg 10éme It is served by the following metro lines: M4, M5, M7 and the Open Tour ,and Noctilien night bus lines N41, N42, N43, N44, N45, N140, N141, N142 , N143, N144, N145, Possible transfer to Gare du Nord

Gare du Nord ,Place Napoléon 10éme,It is served by the following metro lines: M4, M5, RER B, RER D, L’Open Tour, and the Noctilien night bus lines: N01, N02, N14, N43, N44, N140, N143 , Possible transfer to Gare de l’Est,

Gare Montparnasse ,11 rue de l’Arrivée 15éme, It is served by the following metro lines: M4, M6, M12, M13, L’Open Tour ,Noctilien night bus lines: N61, N62, N63 , Possible transfer to Gares de Lyon and Austerlitz,

Gare Saint-Lazare ,Esplanade de la Gare Saint-Lazare It is served by the following metro lines: M3, M12, M13, M14, L’OpenTour and Noctilien night bus lines: N51, N52, N53, N150, N151, N152, N153, and N154,

The Gare Marne-la-Vallée Chessy ,Place des passengers du vent, 77000 Chessy Seine et Marne ,Access Marne-la-Vallée station: RER A and Noctilien 130 and 141 Possible transfer Gare de Lyon by Joining the RER A towards Marne-la-Vallée Chessy then stop at the Marne-la-Vallée Chessy train station.

The gare Massy TGV station, 7 Avenue Carnot, 91300 Massy Essonne, Access Massy TGV station by the RER B and Noctilien 122 Possible transfer Gare du Nord by joining the RER B towards Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuses then stop at Massy Palaiseau station. Possible transfer Gare d’Austerlitz by taking the RER C towards Massy-Palaiseau then stop at the Massy-Palaiseau station.

Some general advise to keep in mind when traveling in the Paris transports above or below ground, Keep your ticket throughout your trip until you exit , A gate is provided to allow the passage of bulky luggage and strollers. Validate your ticket before using it. Don’t lose sight of your personal belongings, Don’t trust street vendors: buy your tickets at ticket offices or vending machines, Report any abandoned items , Remember that the entire transport network is completely non-smoking , If you have lost anything , contact a customer advisor on 32 46 local call, Emergencies police or medical call 112,

More for the visitors you have heard of the Paris Visite pass that allows you to travel on the metro, RER, Transilien, bus and tram lines (except Jetbus, Allobus, Roissy CDG, tourist circuits and Air France networks), on the Orlyval line and on the Montmartre funicular , Paris Visite can be valid for 1, 2, 3 or 5 consecutive days, for a price ranging from 13.55€ to 74.30€ (half price for children). zones 1 to 3 for the center inner Paris and the nearest cities and zones 4 to 5 for more distant places, such as Versailles or Disneyland Paris, for example. All Paris metro stations are accessible with a ticket including only zones 1 and 2, although some are geographically located in zone 3: you can therefore, for example, go by metro to La Défense Grande Arche (zone 3) with a t+ ticket. On the other hand, if you take the RER or the bus, you will need a ticket mentioning your destination. The t + ticket allows you to take public transport in Paris and to make a journey on the metro lines, the RER lines in zone 1, the Île-de-France bus lines (except Orlybus and Roissybus), the lines tramway and the Montmartre funicular. It is not valid on RER and SNCF Transilien trains outside Paris.

There is WiFi in the stations , but also in the Orlybus and Roissybus,You have it on the Metro at Gare de Lyon (Quai line 1 towards La Défense), Gare du Nord (Line 4- SNCF / line 4 interchange zone at the counters), CDG Etoile (exchange room exit rue Carnot), St Lazare (exchange room), Porte Maillot (at the counter level), Chaussée d’Antin (at the counter level), Gallieni (Eurolines access area), François Mitterrand Library (Reception room), St Denis University (Reception room) ,At the RER at La Défense (Exchange hall, Quai RER A Direction Paris, Mezzanine (1), Mezzanine (2)) ,Auber (Exchange hall), Cité U (At the counters), Marne la Vallée Chessy (At the counters ), Noisy Le Grand (Reception room near the bus station) and Val de Fontenay (Reception room),

There has been a vast improvement on mobility impaired accessibility that has made 57 RER stations accessible on lines A and B, installation of elevators/lifts, development of widened passages at the level of control lines, training of staff in accompanying people with reduced mobility. These stations can be identified by the pictogram on the line maps. A new service that allows you to find live the status of elevators, escalators and moving walkways in stations on lines 4 and 14,

There you go folks, a general overview of transport options in the Paris metro area. Hope it helps you travel smoothly thru and in Paris in your future travels to the most beautiful City in the world, and the most visited country in the world my belle France.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all !!!

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February 27, 2023

The Esplanade Gaston-Monnerville of Paris !

So here I am looking at my blog and found me an older post that would like to update for the memories’s sake. In an area of Paris dear to me of many wonderful times walking and driving by it as well as getting off on the bus 82 (see post) ,Paris is eternal indeedIn my walks around Paris I come to many places and some remains in my mind as nice. Well Paris has so many nice places but in the nice category there is some who are well beyond nice. This is one garden park promenade esplanade as you wish ,that is very nice indeed. I like to tell you about the Esplanade Gaston-Monnerville of Paris.

The Esplanade Gaston-Monnerville is, since 2006, an esplanade and a green space located in the 6éme arrondissement or district of Paris. It is located between the rue Auguste-Comte and the jardin des Grands-Explorateurs Marco-Polo et Cavalier de la Salle, This Parisian street was named after Gaston Monnerville, a notable French politician of the 20C.  Following a request from the Association of Friends of Gaston Monnerville, the Conseil de Paris inaugurated on September 5, 2006 the renaming of the old jardin Cavelier-La Salle garden, in his honnor.  The bust in his homage, erected on the Esplanade in 2011,  has his bust  on the place André-Honnorat, and his plaque on  Avenue Raymond-Poincaré, in the 16éme arrondissement, where he died. It is located exactly at 7, place André Honnorat between the gates of the Luxembourg Garden and the beginning of the garden of the great explorers in the center of the Avenue de l’Observatoire. The avenue de l’Observatoire is occupied throughout its central part by a series of gardens, of which the Esplanade Gaston-Monnerville and the Luxembourg garden.  On this esplanade are installed 3 ping-pong tables, a playground for children and a fitness area.


A bit of history I like this one from the City of Paris tell us that the avenue de l’Observatoire occupied the entire central part by a series of gardens, including this esplanade. The garden occupies part of the enclosure of the Chartreux which formed a triangle between the boulevard Saint-Michel, the rue de Vaugirard and Rue d’Assas. When it closed in 1790. At the time of the French revolution, their order had 77 convents in France and 95 in the rest of Christendom. Who was the esplanade called before; well  it was named after René-Robert  Cavalier de la Salle born in Rouen,  Normandy, in 1643 and died murdered in 1687 near Navasota, southwest of the French colony of Louisiana, in the present American state of Texas.  As a traveller, he travelled through the Great Lakes region of the current United States and Canada, then the Mississippi River, and discovered the territories between the St. Lawrence Valley and the Mississippi Delta. Why the change do not know, politics I guess.

The avenue de l’Observatoire is occupied over its entire central part by a series of gardens, including this esplanade. The garden occupies part of the enclosure of the Chartreux which formed a triangle between the boulevard Saint-Michel, the rue de Vaugirard and Rue d’Assas. when it closed in 1790. At the time of the revolution, their order had 77 convents in France and 95 in the rest of Christendom. In the center, vast lawns with flowerbeds are punctuated by two marble groups: “La Nuit” by Charles Gumery and “Le Crépuscule” by Gustave Crauk. You then arrive at the Marco-Polo garden, which extends it. One of its alleys, to the east of the garden, has been paying homage since 2016 to Denise Vernay ,a resistant. Another aisle pays tribute since 2019 to Nicole Fontaine , President of the European Parliament from 1999 to 2002.

Between the jardin des grands explorateurs (garden of the great explorers) and the Luxembourg garden , this treed esplanade makes the junction between the two. You can bring your children to play in the dedicated playgrounds or come and sit down with friends in the grass for a small impromptu picnic. Lovely Paris!


You can reach this garden on the RER B stop Luxembourg ,and Métro line 12 stop Notre Dame des Champs or my nostalgic bus line 82 stop Guynemer-Vavin, Believe or not , I have found free parking on the Rue Auguste Comté just ahead,

The city of Paris on the Esplanade Gaston Monnerville

There you go folks, a dandy green in the heart of Paris good for the whole family and we love it !The Esplanade Gaston Monnerville is another of Paris’s jewels. Again, hope you enjoy the simplicity and beauty of Paris , worth the meaning of my eternal Paris.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to al! !!! 

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