Archive for October 30th, 2022

October 30, 2022

The Saint Nicolas Church of Châteaubriant !!

I am on my road warrior mode again, going to see my Bretagne old and new. This time went over into the old Brittany of the Loire Atlantique dept 44 in the new region of Pays de la Loire. I heard about this town and passed by it, never in, until now. Always amazing finds in my belle France. The town is about 55 km from Rennes, 70 km from Nantes,  73 km from Angers , and 151 km from my house. Let me tell you a bit about the Saint Nicolas Church of Châteaubriant !!

Chateaubriant ch Saint Nicolas front belltower oct22

The town of Châteaubriant is located in the department 44 of Loire-Atlantique, in the Pays de la Loire region, It developed around its castle which was the scene of battles linked to the clash between Brittany and France.  

Chateaubriant ch Saint Nicolas side oct22

Chateaubriant ch Saint Nicolas back oct22

The Saint-Nicolas Church, located in the historic center of the city. The primitive chapel, initially placed under the name of Notre-Dame, was built by Geoffroy IV Baron de Châteaubriant, on the spot where the cattle market was held until 1763, from May to October. , a text attests to its existence in 1263. Threatening to fall into ruin, it was demolished in 1518, leaving only the choir of the old chapel. The place of worship will be immediately rebuilt more spacious , Around 1530, only the nave of the building will have been raised ,and in 1543, the Notre-Dame Chapel still had no framework. It was not until 1551 that the last works were undertaken by Baron Anne de Montmorency. The dedication of the new place of worship took place ten years later, on November 5, 1561 , At the end of the 19C, the church, which had become the seat of the parish in 1801, was completely rebuilt.

Chateaubriant ch Saint Nicolas nave to altar oct22

Chateaubriant ch Saint Nicolas altar oct22

This new Saint Nicolas Church had its blessing of the first stone on April 25, 1875, The choir, the sacristies, the transept and five bays were only built at the time of the consecration, on February 1, 1881. The foundations of the bell tower and of the bay which remained was started in June 1892 The tower and the spire were completed in August 1894 , The church which consists of a large nave and two side aisles of six bays, a transept, and a choir of three bays without ambulatory.

Chateaubriant ch Saint Nicolas altar to back oct22

The Saint-Nicolas Church consists of a large nave and two side aisles of six bays, a transept, and a choir of three bays without an ambulatory. The neo-Gothic style church is built on the site of the old seigniorial chapel which, since the 12C, served as a parish church. The belltower comprise five bells: the enormous St Nicolas drone which weighs 4,027 kg, the Anna weighs 1,552 kg, the Marie weighs 1,067 kg, the Joséphine-Jeanne weighs 726 kg and the Henriette-Victorienne weighs 450 Kg, The height of the bell tower of the Saint-Nicolas Church is 65 meters. The church measures 65 meters in length, the length of the transept is 26,5 meters, and the width of the naves 17,50 meters.

Chateaubriant ch Saint Nicolas chapel baptismal font oct22

The oil on canvas entitled “legend of Saint-Isidore”, work by José Leonardo, dates from the 17C. The statue of the Virgin and Child dates from the 17C. The stained glass windows are filled with figures of holy personages. In the transept are the tombs of the priests who built the church: – on the Gospel side, that of Abbé Mahé, priest from 1858 to 1890, who built the choir, the transept and part of the nave, – on the side of the Epistle, that of the abbot Langevin, priest from 1890 to 1896 who had the bell tower erected. The painting representing “The Agony of Christ in the Garden of Olives” , a work of Dubouloz,in 1840, was donated to the parish by the Duke of Aumale.

Chateaubriant ch Saint Nicolas chapel sacred heart oct22

Between the baluster of the high altar and that of the Virgin is a closed bench on the armrest of which are engraved the arms of said lord , the Prince of Condé. In the chapel of the Virgin is another old bench on the armrest of which are the arms of Chasteaubriant. Under the dome which separates the nave from the chancel is a tombstone on which is a raised escutcheon which bears the arms referred to in the large painting of the main altar.

Chateaubriant ch Saint Nicolas chapel sainte anne oct22

Chateaubriant ch Saint Nicolas chapel resurrection entr left oct22

The local Châteaubriant Derval tourist office on Châteaubriant and part church: http://www.tourisme-chateaubriant.fr/en/discover-the-region/historical-heritage/the-medieval-city-of-chateaubriant/ 

The City of Châteaubriant and its history: https://www.mairie-chateaubriant.fr/histoire/

There you go folks, a dandy of a town, this one is to be back eventually worth it. We were on our road warrior mode so just saw couple monuments and went on to other towns, see posts. The square around this church is full of shops and restos which we had our lunch , see post. Hope you enjoy this post on the Saint Nicolas Church of Châteaubriant as I.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all !!!

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October 30, 2022

The Saint Jean de Béré Church of Châteaubriant !!

I am on my road warrior mode again, going to see my Bretagne old and new. This time went over into the old Brittany of the Loire Atlantique dept 44 in the new region of Pays de la Loire. I heard about this town and passed by it, never in, until now. Always amazing finds in my belle France. The town is about 55 km from Rennes, 70 km from Nantes, and 73 km from Angers ,Let me tell you a bit about the Saint Jean de Béré Church of Châteaubriant !! 

The town of Châteaubriant is located in the department 44 of Loire-Atlantique, in the Pays de la Loire region, It developed around its castle which was the scene of battles linked to the clash between Brittany and France. The town is about 55 km from Rennes, 70 km from Nantes, and 73 km from Angers.

Dating from the 11C, the Saint Jean de Béré Church is one of the oldest Romanesque churches in the Loire Atlantique,. It is full of small treasures and artistic and architectural wonders, including its many statues, some of which date back to the 15C.

Chateaubriant ch Saint Jean de Bére side front oct22

Chateaubriant ch Saint Jean de Bére altar oct22

The church is located outside the historic center, near the remains of the priory of the Faubourg de Béré. At the very beginning of the 11C, Brient, a Breton lord, founded the priory of Saint-Sauveur de Béré, at the top of a hill overlooking the Chère river, a small tributary river of the Vilaine. The priory depends on the abbey of Marmoutier. Around the priory quickly forms a small village, The parish Church of Saint-Jean-Baptiste de Béré (official name) was built between the years 1060-1080 next to the priory on which it depends and close to a church of Saint-Pierre which disappeared during the Middle Ages, The parish of Béré is one of the most old in the Loire-Atlantique dept 44. It is possible that an older church, possibly dating from Carolingian times, preceded the church of the eleventh century. From this period dates the vast nave, covered with an imposing oak frame.

Chateaubriant ch Saint Jean de Bére nave to altar oct22

In the 12C the transept and the choir were added and in 1222 the two parishes of Béré, Saint-Pierre and Saint-Jean-Baptiste, merged. Shortly after, the old Saint-Pierre church was destroyed, At the end of the 15C or at the very beginning of the 16C, a porch was built in front of the door leading to the south side of the nave. This porch was used to house the meetings of the church council, an assembly of clerics and lay people responsible for raising the funds needed to maintain the church.

A little later, in 1538, the wall surmounting the south door was pierced to make way for a large bay window and around 1664, the church was endowed with its three large Baroque altarpieces. At the end of the 17C, the church experienced other work campaigns, such as in 1678, when the sacristy was erected, or in 1682, when the north chapel, known as the Ecce Homo, was built. The installation of the altarpiece in the choir at the end of the 17C or at the beginning of the following century led to the shuttering of the openings in the apse.

Chateaubriant ch Saint Jean de Bére chapel resurrection right side oct22

During the French revolution, the church did not experience any significant damage, but, abandoned, it was not until 1839 that it was returned to worship. From 1889, the church experienced its last major construction campaign, first replacing the old wooden spire, which had been damaged by the great storm of 1705, with a freestone bell tower surmounted by a polygonal spire. , built a false dome under the new bell tower and raised the gables of the transept. Finally, the sacristy rebuilt, which was to the south of the nave, and had another built on the north side. A new gallery that goes around the apse connects the two new spaces. The paintings of the church were carried out at the end of the works. Recent restorations have brought to light fragments of Romanesque painted decoration.

Chateaubriant ch Saint Jean de Bére chapel virgin et child oct22

On the north side of the nave is the Chapel of the Ecce Homo, built in the 17C, It forms a regular rectangle, covered in a false vault. It now houses the baptismal font, the tombstone of Dean Blais, the relic cupboard representing Saint Victorien, the church bell and the reproduction of an old document concerning the donation of the Béré site by Brient and Innogwen to the monks of Marmoutier. The nave is decorated by two altars preceding the transept. On the north side, the altar dedicated to Saint Blaise also includes a statue of Saint George slaying the dragon and a statue of Saint Victorien. On the south side, the altar of Saint Louis also includes the statues of Saint Augustine and Saint Charles.

Chateaubriant ch Saint Jean de Bére chapel baptismal font oct22

The local Châteaubriant-Derval tourist office on the churchhttp://www.tourisme-chateaubriant.fr/decouvrir-la-region/le-patrimoine-historique/leglise-saint-jean-baptiste-de-bere-chateaubriant/

The city of Châteaubriant on its heritagehttps://www.mairie-chateaubriant.fr/patrimoine/

There you go folks, a dandy of a town, this one is to be back eventually worth it. We were on our road warrior mode so just saw couple monuments and went on to other towns, see posts. Hope you enjoy this post on the Saint Jean de Baptist Church of Châteaubriant as I.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all !!!

Tags: ,
October 30, 2022

Curiosities of Châteaubriant !!

I am on my road warrior mode again, going to see my Bretagne old and new. This time went over into the old Brittany of the Loire Atlantique dept 44 in the new region of Pays de la Loire. I heard about this town and passed by it, never in, until now. Always amazing finds in my belle France. Let me tell you a bit about the curiosities of Châteaubriant !!

The town of Châteaubriant developed around its castle which was the scene of battles linked to the clash between Brittany and France. The town is about 55 km from Rennes, 70 km from Nantes, and 73 km from Angers

The town of Châteaubriant is served by several departmental roads the RD 163 which connects Rennes to Candé and by this last town, the RD 963 serves Angers; the RD 178 allows to reach Nantes to the south. This same road extends northeast towards Vitré; and the RD 771 which connects Laval to Nozay and the dual carriageway RN 137 linking Rennes to Nantes. Châteaubriant train station is located on the Nantes-Orléans line

The old town of Châteaubriant with its steep streets and its houses and old buildings, marked by local history, The heart of the medieval town is delimited by the old ramparts, which surrounded the town until 1860. The Maison d’ Ange, the Hôtel de la Houssaye, the Porte Neuve, the Sophie Trébuchet passage, the Four Banal tower… The Porte-Neuve, or Saint Nicolas dates from the 14C, rebuilt in the 16C, is the only one still standing, but portions of the walls and several towers are well preserved. It served as a prison until 1789 ,it took you to the place Saint Nicolas. The bridge was done in the 13-14C taken down in 1488 and then housing done in 1747 and 1751 as today.

Chateaubriant porte saint nicolas ou neuve et pont oct22

Chateaubriant porte saint nicolas ou neuve oct22

As we were by the main church (see post) it was time to eat for lunch and by luck of my trade pick a dandy one next to the Porte Neuve, this is the La Croisette and had the fix menu plat + dessert and a bottle of Les Galuches of Chinon, nice all for less than 16 euros per person!!We will be back !

Chateaubriant La Croisette resto front oct22

Chateaubriant La Croisette resto ardoise front oct22

Chateaubriant La Croisette resto Chinon les Galushes red oct22

On October 22, 1941, at the Sablière quarry, 27 hostages from the Choisel camp were shot in reprisal for the execution, two days earlier, of a nazis officer by a young resistance fighter in Nantes. Here too is the Museum of the Resistance , near the Carrière des Fusillés.

The halle,or covered market built in 1900, a few meters from the location of the old wooden halle, regularly hosts exhibitions under its metal frame. The city/town hall was built around 1850. The building was originally intended to serve only as a market hall, in order to replace the wooden one. Finally, a prison, then a fire shed were installed and finally offices for the city hall. The ground floor was also converted into offices after another hall was built in 1900

The medieval and Renaissance castle of Châteaubriant, being in a strategic place, the city was subjected to battles and invasions, The 16C was marked by the actions of Jean de Laval, governor of Brittany from 1531 to 1542, who had the Renaissance wings of the castle built for his wife Françoise de Foix. Jean de Laval bequeaths his barony to Anne de Montmorency. The Renaissance barons successively welcomed Francis I, Henry II and Charles IX. During the 17C, the castle came under the control of the Bourbon-Condé family until the French revolution., Acquired by the General Council of Loire-Atlantique in 1853, the castle buildings then housed the sub-prefecture (until 2012), the Public Treasury and the magistrates’ court (until 2009). I had no time to see the castle which is in ruins but will be back, nice town.

The town of Châteaubriant takes its name from Brient, the lord who founded the castle in the 11C. Brient being the Breton brient which means high man , noble, In the 6C the region suffered the Breton invasion, then was integrated into the Breton kingdom. Feudal Brittany was divided into “tierns”, held by small lords. there is no written record of those from the Béré region, The Briant family, which founded Châteaubriant and then raised it to the rank of barony, died out in the 14C and was immediately replaced by the Dinan family, which succeeded the Laval family The history of Châteaubriant begins at the beginning of the 11C when Brient (ally of the Count of Rennes) builds a fortress on a mound at the confluence of the Chère and the Rollard, this was part of the Marches de Bretagne border responsible for defending Brittany facing the kingdom of France , During the French revolution, Châteaubriant became the capital of the district in 1790, and was the scene, especially from 1793, of violent clashes between Republicans and Royalists , It was at this time that Joseph Léopold Sigisbert Hugo met Sophie Trébuchet, exiled from Nantes, since the reign of terror, in the city with her aunt Françoise Trébuchet. They had one son: Victor Hugo ! Sophie Trébuchet’s house still exists, located near the Maison de l’Ange which housed the Tourist Office today.

The City of Châteaubriant and its heritage: https://www.mairie-chateaubriant.fr/listes/presentation-de-la-ville/

The local Châteaubriant Derval tourist office on Châteaubrianthttp://www.tourisme-chateaubriant.fr/en/discover-the-region/historical-heritage/the-medieval-city-of-chateaubriant/

There you go folks, a dandy of a town, this one is to be back eventually worth it. We were on our road warrior mode so just saw couple monuments and went on to other towns, see posts. Hope you enjoy this post on the curiosities of Châteaubriant as I.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all !!!

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