Archive for April 25th, 2022

April 25, 2022

Some news from France, CCCLXIIII

And its time as time flies to tell you my latest rants about some news from France. An eventful post in my blog that I have enjoyed together with you for the last 12 years now!! And I thank you. This is election time in my belle France so lots of news and blah blah on TV but life goes on for us world travelers!! Hope you enjoy the post as I.

The first figures for the participation rate in the second round of the presidential election in France, were announced today Sunday, April 24, 2022 at noon, by the Ministry of the Interior. 26.41% of voters voted at midday, with rates ranging from 15.37% to 34.46% depending on the department. The highest participation rate is currently reached in Gers with 34.46%, followed by Jura (34.38%) and Ain (33.92%). Conversely, voters did not come to the polls this morning in Seine-Saint-Denis, where the turnout was only 15.37%. This 2nd round turnout is almost two points lower than that of the second round of the 2017 presidential election. It then reached 28.23%. The Second round of the presidential election: the turnout stands at 63.23% at 17h (5 p.m.), According to Le Parisien , Today in France, and France Télévisions sponsored Ipsos / Sopra Steria poll , the final abstention rate in the second round of the presidential election would stand at 28% at 20h (8 p.m.) The abstention record for a second round dates from 1969 with 31.1%. It is the lowest in the last five presidential elections. In my former Yvelines 78 ,the participation at 17h was 57.70%, indicates the préfecture. This is down five points from the same time in 2017 (63.34%), a steeper drop than the national average (63.23% ). Abtention is a sign of no qualify contenders they are both bad, so either you take the best of the bad or don’t vote at all : I took the first option, At the Champ-de-Mars, the calm mix with anxiaty with the supporters of Emmanuel Macron et Marine Le Pen has planned to parade by bus in the event of victory. The bus or buses will converge on the Armenonville pavilion, in the Bois de Boulogne. Well Macron won with 58% first President re elected in the V Republic but Le Pen received the highest vote ever at 42%. So we still in democracy with two strong parties of Center (mix left and right cabinet) , and Extreme Right. The municipal congressionnel elections will be in June 12 and 19 2022.

The Place de Catalunya, right next to Montparnasse train station (14éme) says farewell to the “du Creuset-du-Temps” fountain which had been enthroned, flat but leaning, since 1985 right in the middle! The city destroyed cobblestone by cobblestone the work of art, signed by the Polish sculptor Shamaï Haber, to the great displeasure of the artist’s family. The work was at a standstill, the water had not flowed for almost ten years. the place of Catalonia, roundabout which serves in a star , the boulevard Pasteur, the avenue of the Commandant Mouchotte, and the rue Jean-Zay and rue du Château, was deprived of water, vast, useless and of a great sadness ; shame to the city new order ! . The roundabout, bordered on the west side by large buildings designed by Ricardo Bofill, “Stalinist” for some, “Greco-classical” for others, is beginning its transformation. restricted traffic areas, wide sidewalks, greening, installing planters, etc. In the process, the small segment of rue du Château, on the square side, will become pedestrian. Delivery is scheduled for the first half of 2024. Goodbye Paris! At least as long as the current mayor is there ! More of what is coming to Paris on the city webpage :

Go Thursday, and until further notice, every Thursday following, from 10h to noon, at the Pantheon (see post). On March 26, 1851, the front page of the daily National, like almost all press titles, echoed an extraordinary and public scientific experiment: that of the pendulum of Léon Foucault, a renowned physicist and astronomer. At the Panthéon of Paris to be seen and worth the detour even from the Jardin du Luxembourg !(see post) Enjoy it as I ! webpage :

The Galerie Glénat moves to Boulogne-Billancourt. Farewell Paris, hello Boulogne! Fans of the ninth art now have an appointment in the Hauts-de-Seine (92) to discover the works exhibited by the publisher. First author in the spotlight: François Ravard and his drawings and watercolors between escape and poetry. The Glénat gallery left this week its offices on rue de Picardie, opposite the Carreau du Temple in the 3éme arrondissement of Paris, which it has occupied since its creation ten years ago. Direction Boulogne-Billancourt and the ground floor of the glass building, headquarters of the editions… Glénat. Located near the recently renovated Albert-Kahn museum, the transparent building overlooking the Seine, designed by Jean-Michel Wilmotte, offers 150 m2 of airy and bright exhibitions. With always the same objective as underlined by its initiators: “to promote the current international graphic scene through exhibitions, inside and outside the walls”. But also tell the story of the comic strip and offer original pieces to collectors from all over the world. The Glénat gallery today represents 135 authors and has a fund of 3,600 works for sale. Galerie Glénat, 24, avenue du Maréchal de Lattre de Tassigny in Boulogne-Billancourt. Metro line 10 Boulogne Pont de Saint-Cloud. Webpage :

At my sentimental Meaux, (77) You can find out how the Bossuet museum was hidden in the Château de Coupvray during the Nazis Occupation, At La ferme du château de Coupvray is organizing an exhibition until Saturday April 28 on the 450 works of art from the Bossuet museum which have been hidden from the Nazis. Paintings from the Italian Renaissance, post-impressionist paintings, 20C furniture.etc. at the exhibition “The Bossuet museum hides in the Château de Coupvray” the forty works presented have a priori nothing to do with each other . On loan from the Bossuet de Meaux museum, if they are gathered in the farm of the Château de Coupvray until Saturday April 28, it is because they were hidden in the monument during WWII. Between April 1943 and November 1945, it housed 450 paintings, statues and sculptures to preserve them from the Nazis. The Exhibition “The Bossuet museum hides at the Château de Coupvray” until Saturday April 30 at the farm of the Château de Coupvray, road D2 of Coupvray. Free admission, every day from 10h to noon and from 14h to 19h Free. The city of Coupvray on the castle :

At the Museum of the Great War (WWI) in Meaux, an unprecedented dive into the trenches, “real cities of fighters”, The museum is hosting an exhibition dedicated to the trenches until August 15 2022. Forget everything you know or think you know about the trenches of the 14-18 war. Pending the opening to the public in 2024 of a life-size open-air trench in the adjoining park, an exhibition is dedicated to them at the Museum of the Great War, in Meaux (Seine-et-Marne 77 ). First, although symbols of the First World War, they were not born with this conflict. “We rediscovered them during the 14-18 war but it was already used… in ancient Greece! The armies of Louis XIV dug trenches to seize the city of Arras (Pas-de-Calais). Then the trenches reappeared during the Crimean War, between 1853 and 1856. The 250 objects presented in this exhibition, coming for the most part from the immense collection of the Meldois museum (Celtic name for Meaux) ,rich with a collection of 70,000 objects to provide a better understanding of the reality of the trenches. Military manuals of the time explain how to dig his hole. Because initially, the trench is just a simple shelter dug by a soldier to protect himself from enemy fire. Then these holes are connected together. Then these trenches constituted real networks which extended over 750 km, from the Vosges to the North Sea. But the interlacings also developed over several kilometers behind the front. On average, they are 3 meters deep. But they can go down to 50 meters. It’s not easy to get around without getting lost. Panels with the names of the axes are affixed. Two examples of these panels, made of wood, are shown to the public. Each soldier goes to the front with a short spade that requires digging on his knees. Other objects, constituting the craftsmanship of the trenches, such as lamps made from grenades or pieces of shells by the soldiers to light up there, are also part of the exhibition. “Trench” until August 15 2022 at the Musée de la Grand Guerre or Museum of the Great War, rue Lazare-Ponticelli in Meaux. Open every day (except Tuesday) from 9h30 to 18h. Free every first Sunday of the month. A great museum, see post, and sentimental town if you read my blog, Webpage :

30 years of Disneyland Paris (actually Seine et Marne dept 77 see post),150 drones light up the sky in a truly magical show, A new six-minute light show projected on Sleeping Beauty’s castle. The anniversary number is lit up in the sky by 150 luminous drones. Impressive. We will be there in late September 2022 just saying lol!!! webpage :

The largest solar power plant in Île-de-France installed in the Disneyland Paris visitor car park,(we will see it) Of the 82,000 photovoltaic panels planned, the first phase of the Disneyland Paris solar power plant is now operational. In the form of shade structures covering the visitor parking spaces, it will eventually supply 17% of the energy needs of the amusement park, i.e. the equivalent of the annual consumption of 17,400 inhabitants. The construction, which started in the fall of 2020, will end next year,(2023) the largest solar power plant in Île-de-France and one of the largest in Europe. The signs will cover 11,200 parking spaces over 20 hectares. An area equivalent to 27 football fields. This is not the first eco-responsible initiative of Disneyland Paris. Since 2013, it has had its own wastewater treatment plant which treats wastewater from toilets, sinks or kitchens coming from the Disneyland Paris park, Walt Disney Studios and the Disneyland Hotel. Recycled water is used to clean walkways, water green spaces, and fill fountains and ornamental ponds. All of the Paris Nature Villages (2021 visited) are heated by a geothermal power plant installed on site. It covers a total of 18% of the heat needs of the amusement park. Finally since 2019, plastic straws and bags have been replaced by paper equivalents and bags made from 80% recycled plastic.

The filming of The Three Musketeers (one of my all time favorite) invades Moret-sur-Loing et Orvanne!(77) The film crews of this French blockbuster featuring Romain Duris, François Civil and Eva Green, among others, settled down this past Thursday near the bridge and the dungeon. The gaze of the Seine-et-Marnais will be sharper than that of other spectators when they dive into The Three Musketeers, adapted once again to the cinema from the novel by Alexandre Dumas. After the castle of Fontainebleau and the cathedral of Meaux, it is now the turn of Moret-sur-Loing to appear in the cast of this tricolor blockbuster in two episodes, signed Martin Bourboulon and filmed at the same time. They will hit the big screen on April 5 and December 13 , 2023 respectively. The medieval city has often had the honors of Jean-Paul Rappeneau who came to film Les Mariés de l’An II, Cyrano de Bergerac and J’accuse. It was this time the choice of Martin Bourboulon, to whom we owe Eiffel. The director has managed a cast that should attract French film lovers: François Civil as d’Artagnan, Vincent Cassel as Athos, Romain Duris as Aramis and Pio Marmaï as Porthos. already to install huge outdoor projectors to illuminate the interior of the dungeon. This 12C building serves as a setting for scenes in which we will find Eva Green as Milady. We look forward to see it, we have seeing it in Spanish, English ,and French, one film we taugh our boys one for all and all for one!! proudly we stand together. The city of Moret sur Loing et Orvanne on the circulation due to the movie :

In the Oise (60), a sublime chapel dormant in the attic of a school for more than 160 years, Only accessible by a hatch located under the roof of a neighboring building, this local heritage treasure located above a class from the Pierre-Sauvage elementary school in Compiègne, is only known to a few initiates. In a few weeks, the curious will be able to discover it… on video. To access it, you have to go through the neighboring building, reach the attic and go down through a cramped hatch, without forgetting, therefore, to have brought a ladder. It is only when a double white door is pushed that the sleeping chapel is revealed to lucky visitors ! How can it took 160 yrs to see this !! There is history here which I like, It was a former convent of the Minimes, then School of the Brothers of the Christian Schools, current Pierre Sauvage Elementary School , In part of the former convent of the Minimes, sold during the French revolution, the city installed the Brothers of Christian Doctrine in 1792. After leaving the premises, they returned there in 1818 and transformed certain parts of the buildings. The church having been sold in 1791, the brothers set up a chapel on the first floor, designed as a 17C Baroque oratory, with Italianate decorations. The chapel contains the coat of arms of the archpriest of Saint-James of Compiègne, It would be grand to see it !! A private site with more info :

Machu Picchu, two words where a dream gallops. The image of a citadel perched so high that it touches the sky and the gods, so well built that it is one with the mountain, so distant that it was forgotten for centuries until its rediscovered in 1911. Two words so strong that they immediately conjure up in our minds the ghost of the Inca and their golden but fallen empire. So fascinating that the designers of “Machu Picchu and the Treasures of Peru” could not help but ensure them a place of choice in the title of their exhibition which takes up residence in Paris at the Cité de l’architecture et du patrimoine, after a first stage in Boca Raton (Florida). Yes it would be very educational indeed to attend, The Paris tourist office on it ;

There you go folks, another dandy round of news of my belle France , of course, chosen by me; there are many others. We are marching on to Summers and eating out in our veranda porch every day now , grand! Hope you enjoy the post as I

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

April 25, 2022

Pauillac, the ultimate wine experience !!!

On my road warrior travels in my belle France, let me take you to my citadel! Needless to say written several posts on the wines of the Médoc (not just Bordeaux but more specific area). If read my previous posts than you know i love wines.

Pauillac is it for me. Needless to say I have tasted wines from many regions of the world and visited them, and also of France. However, do not know how to explain it, Pauillac is it. Period. I like to tell you a bit more on the town and relation to the wine and things to see in general. Hopefully, you too will get on the red boat of Pauillac !

Pauillac is located in the Gironde dept 33 in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. The town is located on the left bank of the Gironde estuary (river) in the Médoc, 50 km north of Bordeaux. The traces of Pauillac go back to the prehistory, but it was in the 18C, with the expansion of the trade in vineyards and fishing, that the city took the look that we know today.

The vineyard of Pauillac Grand Cru of the vineyard of the Médoc stretches on nearly 1 100 hectares.The town has no less than 37 wine domains including 18 Grands crus classés en 1855. My favorite bottles in black.These are: Premiers crus: Château Lafite Rothschild, Château Latour, and Château Mouton Rothschild (my fav and direct see sep post).  Second crus: Château Pichon-Longueville, and Château Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande. Fourth cru ; Château Duhart-Milon. Fifth crus: Château Pontet-CanetChâteau Batailley, Château Haut-Batailley, Château Grand-Puy-LacosteChâteau Grand-Puy Ducasse, Château Lynch-Bages, Château Lynch-Moussas, Château d’ArmailhacChâteau Haut-Bages Libéral, Château Pédesclaux, Château Clerc Milon, and Château Croizet-Bages.


The official vineyard territory goes on in the left bank of the Gironde river. It extends over the towns of Pauillac and encroaches on those of Cissac-Médoc, Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Julien-Beychevelle and Saint-Sauveur . The grape varieties recommended for the appellation are Cabernet Franc , Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot , Carménère and Petit Verdot.

The Pauillac is a red wine of ageing values. It presents a dark purple color, almost black with purplish shades when it is young. After a few years, even decades for the best, their tint softens towards the ruby with amber shades. The nose of a Pauillac is a highly concentrated and complex wine. Scents of red fruits such as blackcurrant, blackberry, plum.etc. Spicy such as vanilla, pepper, menthol, liquorice etc. , and woody such as cedar, grilled, toasted.etc. dominate. At the taste, the wine proves very robust. The ubiquitousness of tannins requires perfect maturity. If this were not the case, the mouth would be dried up and the bitterness would cover the aromas. With age, the tannins soften while supporting the aromatic power of the wine for a long time. The wine is balanced,  powerful and robust, it is also fine and delicate at the aromatic level.

In 1777, the Marquis de La Fayette sailed out of Pauillac on the shores of the Gironde to join the Americas, to rescue the American people during the American War of Independence. A bronze stele representing his ship La Victoire (victory)   is also erected on the edge of the city harbor on the esplanade de La Fayette. On the stele can be read in translation: “From here on March 25, 1777, embarked Marie Joseph Paul Yves Gilbert Motier, Marquis de La Fayette, with the hope of joining the Americas”. He did ! My son wanted to be funny and the grin,,,


Things to see, other than wine tastings/buying, of course!

The parish Church of St. Martin at place Maréchal Foch, its western façade is surmounted by an immense pediment. The Château Mouton Rothschild and its museum that exhibits wine-related objects from all civilizations. Chateau Pichon Longueville Countess de Lalande; the Orangerie of the castle is home to a remarkable private collection of old glasses and glasses from Venice, Bohemia and French and English glasses from the 17C to 19C. This collection comprises more than 700 pieces assembled by May-Éliane de Lencquesaing. The cave of Artigues, built by Anne-Françoise Averous in 1897 as a miniature replica of the Grotto of Lourdes, and overlooked by the statue of the Virgin. To allow the pilgrims to drink the water of Lourdes, she exchanged, with the chaplain of Lourdes, a cask of her wine from Château de Haut-Bages against a keg filled with water of Lourdes. And do not forget if little on time to stop by the Maison du Tourisme et du Vin de Pauillac a gift store, wine boutique with all the properties of the region at same prices.

The city of Pauillac on its heritage

The Gironde dept 33 on the Médoc area :

The Bordeaux tourist office on the Médoc :

The Médoc wines tourist info on Pauillac :

There you go folks, a dandy of Pauillac !! You know the best piece of land wine wise in the world ! Hope you enjoy the short instroduction to this wonderful town;and do come to visit it, even if not into wines, many sites of historical value, boat rides from the Gironde to the mainland even ferries, and of course the beaches! Enjoy it as we did,do and will again.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

April 25, 2022

The Wines of Bordeaux, France, simply the best!!!

Oh yes been around visit plenty, study diplomas and wine travels all over the world, And again, Bordeaux is the star that all search, imitate, copy methods, look after but still trailing. I am a wine aficionado ,and need to update these older posts into one with new text and updated links. For the record, I am certified diploma from ICEX the Commercial office of Spain abroad and SOPEXA, Food and Wines from France; as well as working for a large wines store chain in charge of the ordering and inventory of the store; the  ABC chain in Florida. Later on ,in France worked for a multinational with a wine distribution division with branches in other countries too including USA. I have my own cellar now at different time say average 75 bottles as said before I enjoy drinking them not storing them! Of course, this will be on my black and white series, no pictures.

And why Bordeaux well after tasting wines from the world over and on the most known wine areas of our world, including all of France. I come to the conclusion that the best are from Bordeaux; I am not alone, it’s the world most recognizable quality wines ever. I do not want to get into something technical or winelogy talk but rather a primer to tell you about this wonderful region, which by the way has one of the best beaches in France where my family vacationed many summers (see posts). Bordeaux is it.  UNESCO calls on France as the World Heritage Intangible site on Gastronomy and Wines for a reason. The first way back in 2010 !

The Bordeaux wine world is divided into sections based on quality, historical trends and efforts by the winegrowers to showcase their particular area. These designation tells pretty much the price and quality of the bottles in a general sense. The main thing here is to look for historical performance of the producers/winemakers rather than just the terroir, For the record the classification is as follows:

Crus Artisans  Small artisan producers of the Médoc; Crus Bourgeois  For producers in the Médoc based on quality assessment of regional character ; Crus Classés de Graves  A classification of producers in Graves from 1953 (amended in 1959); Crus Classés de Saint-Émilion  A classification of top quality producers in Saint-Émilion that is revisited now again this year 2022 if all goes well. Crus Classés de 1855  A 5-tier classification of producers in Médoc and Graves (and sweet wines from Sauternes and Barsac) from 1855. One producer moved up a tier in 1973 (Mouton-Rothschild).

The Gironde estuary cuts through the center of the region creating two banks: a left bank and a right bank. It is a winery’s location on either bank that determines the proportion of Merlot to Cabernet inside each wine. If the winery is located on the Left Bank, (rive gauche) ,the blend created will have more Cabernet Sauvignon than Merlot. If the winery is instead located on the Right Bank of the river (rive droite), the wine will have more Merlot in the blend than Cabernet Sauvignon. Left Bank blends tend to be higher in tannins, alcohol and acidity. They are powerful, rich wines that are said to age a bit better than wines from the Right Bank. This is also the bank that made the region famous. Right bank blends tend to be softer, less tannic and lower in alcohol and acidity. Because Merlot is the dominant grape, they are much more juicy and usually ready to be drunk much earlier than Left Bank Bordeaux, and they’re often less expensive.

Some have it in a more simple designation base on general geography and subzones such as Bordeaux & Bordeaux Supérieur ; Le Médoc ; Blaye & Sauternais ; Le Libournais ; and L’Entre-deux-Mers.

The Entre-Deux-Mers form the AOC wine-growing zone the more extensive of Francer with a size of about  7000 hectares,and a production of about 335 000 hectoliters.  Some of the known areas are the  Côtes de Bordeaux,  Cadillac, Loupiac, Sainte-Croix-du-Mont, Sainte-Foy-Bordeaux,and Bordeaux-Haut-Benauge. Most use the appellation name of  Bordeaux and Bordeaux Supérieur.  The Graves region is located south of the Médoc on the left bank of the Gironde river between the city of Bordeaux and Langon in about 60 kms, The main areas are the Graves, Graves Supérieurs (only for sweet or moelleux wines) ,and Pessac-Léognan. At Pessac-Léognan created in 1987, there is the only and one Château Haut-Brion the only one here designated as First Grand Cru in 1855 classification, The Médoc  is located in the left bank of the Gironde river and extends over 60 kms north to south and 10 kms wide, It has several appellations of great renown and my favorite of all such as Haut Médoc, Médoc, Saint-Estèphe, Pauillac, Saint Julien, Listrac-Médoc, Moulis-en-médoc ,and Margaux as the main ones, The Right Bank (rive droite) region, on the right bank of the Gironde and Dordogne river north of the Bordeaux area. It encompasses the sub regions of Bourg and Blayes, on the middle of the Libourne with Saint-Emilion, Pomerol, Fronsac, and Castillon. The area of the Sauternais or Sauternes is located about 50 kms southwest of Bordeaux on the left bank of the Garonne river.  The vineyards of Barsac and Sauternes are in this area. The appellation encompasses five towns such as Sauternes, Fargues, Preignac, Bommes ,and Barsac.  Well noted Barsac has its own appellation and on certain years it can choose it or Sauternes.

The varierities of grapes use are many and are as follows  for the Red : Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Malbec, Petit Verdot, and Carménére. For the whites they are  Sauvignon Blanc, Sémillon, Muscadelle, Merlot blanc, Ugni Blanc, Colombard , and Sauvignon gris.

The red wines come from these designations: Haut-Médoc, Listrac-Médoc, Margaux, Médoc, Moulis, Pauillac, Saint-Estèphe, Saint-Julien, Graves , Pessac-Léognan , Bordeaux Supérieur, Blaye, Blaye – Côtes de Bordeaux, Bourg & Côtes de Bourg , Côtes de Bordeaux, Côtes de Bourg , Canon Fronsac, Castillon – Côtes de Bordeaux, Francs – Côtes de Bordeaux Fronsac, Lalande-De-Pomerol, Lussac-Saint-Émilion, Montagne Saint-Émilion, Pomerol, Puisseguin Saint-Émilion, Saint-Émilion, Saint-Émilion Grand Cru, Saint Georges Saint-Émilion, Cadillac Côtes de Bordeaux, Graves de Vayres , and Sainte-Foy-Bordeaux .

The white wines comes from these designations: Bordeaux , Blaye – Côtes de Bordeaux , Bourg & Côtes de Bourg , Côtes de Blaye , Francs – Côtes de Bordeaux , Bordeaux Haut-Benauge,  Côtes de Bordeaux Saint-Macaire , Entre-Deux-Mers, Entre-Deux-Mers Haut-Bénauge, Graves de Vayres, Sainte-Foy-Bordeaux. As well as the sweet designations that are not my cup of tea but Sauternes, comes to mind.

A brief history of the Classification of 1855 Bordeaux :

In 1855, on orders of emperor Napoléon III on the occasion of the Universal Exposition of Paris that he asked for a classification of the crus of Médoc. 61 properties divided in 5 levels were created; a club one of the world’s closed and private company that has never has been put to doubts, except in 1973 when Mouton-Rothschild moves up from 2nd to Premier cru classé. The classification provides an excellent tool for promotion that rarely if ever is challenge. Even thus, Bordeaux stay a land ready for recherche and advice.  There are many many vineyards that took the example of Bordeaux to improve their quality, including hiring consultants from Bordeaux such as  Michel Rolland, Stéphane Derenoncourt, Hubert de Boüard or Eric Boissenot.  They have gone to the USA, Chile, Argentina, South Africa, Greece, Lebanon, even India and China to export the know how of the Bordelais wines.  And of course, many countries in Europe ! Bordeaux, is this incredible machine capable thanks to its  120.000 hectares of vineyards propose the whole of the wine markets a quality wine in all the brands levels and price. As long as the actors of the Bordeaux wine scene keep producing crus capable of attract consumers to it, Bordeaux will remain the reference in the World.

A while back, the Le Figaro newspaper, starting from a large data base, the journalists could determine designation by designation (appellations) which are the chateaux the most attractive, and most desire of the public. Le Figaro brought along all experts in internet communication including winemakers and other professionals.  They came up with these 3 points;

  1. Bordeaux is very well into the digital revolution.
  2. The image of the vineyard and properties on the web is conforming to what the professionals had in the middle of the 19C.
  3. The young generation of property owners mix well with centuries of tradition and an excellent e-reputation.

The Bordelais  is the most hierarchical vineyard in the world; the dynamic of its price, the critics notes, and the judgment of the professionals help to build solidify or weaken their status. The external problems and emerging values could allows us to understand what can happen even in Bordeaux; the price is only and indicator of the status of the property but with only a commercial look. We have gone from an horizontal dialogue (between consumers) to a culture of participation where the public is the co creator of content and choice. The reputation can be issue from the place of production made more accessable, welcoming, open, hospible and beautiful and not just by architectural spectacles. Bordeaux in the last years has had its revolution bringing to the market a huge quantiy of affordable wines , many times under 10€.  However, there still a job to do in selling the brands of a  Côtes de Castillon,  Côtes de Bourg, or Bordeaux supérieurs; a new model is needed on distribution and marketing.

The library or god of wine book, mostly for the pros, but I do have a copy is Marc-Henry Lemay, Bordeaux et ses vins Editions Ferret 1995, 15th edition! purchase in 1999 for 150 USDollars. It has a prologue by Montesquieu. This book tells you all the wine houses in Bordeaux since their foundation ! History of grapes, wines making methods you name it is here, The book was purchase at Pierre Books, Aventura, Fl USA who were Francophone Belgians friends Pierre and Vivienne ; unfortunately it has been years the store has closed and we lost contact with them.

The official wines of Bordeaux :

The old Union des Maisons de Bordeaux ,today Bordeaux Négoce, have 300+  négociants members that distribute 2/3 of the wines of Bordeaux so, therefore  80%  of the territory shipping to 170 countries of our world . This is their pro webpage :

The Bordeaux tourist office on the wine regions:

The 1855 Classification of Bordeaux :

There you go folks, a wonderful world to be in and taste! We love it!! And over the years we have come to love it more as we keep comparing with the world. Hope you enjoy it and do come by Bordeaux to enjoy best the wines of France!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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