Archive for March 9th, 2022

March 9, 2022

The tunnels of Monrepos and Nueno!!

My road warrior instincts need to tell you about some road experiences, well pretty much let you know the trips taken between my two combo of France and Spain over the years, There have been huge improvement in road travel when the times I started of dirt road following snow cap mountains to cross the border with custom houses. Many memories and posts like this bring them back the good and the sad of those not anymore around me but always remembered,

I like to update refresh this post on the tunnels of Monrepos and Nueno as have many road mountain pass posts in my blog, which you are welcome to take a look ,especially if thinking of making the trek , and unbelivable thrill indeed, I have been driving these lands since the 70’s and myself at the wheel since 1990, again, the progress has been huge! Many of these crossing were done in dirt road and over very steep mountain passes! Today we have the tunnels! Hurray!!! Let me tell you about a couple of them, and hope you enjoy the post as I.

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The tunnels of the Monrepós are a set of seven road tunnels located in Spain on the Col du Monrepós in the Pyrenean mountain chain. They are located on the axis of the A-23 (European Axis E-7 (Pau-Zaragoza)) between the towns of Huesca and Sabiñánigo.  There are two tunnels in operation on the N-330 and four others under construction on the A-23 section of the road. The total length of the six tunnels that will remain in service is 7 743 meters, which will make this set of tunnels one of the most important in Spain.

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The tunnels of upper Aragon are two consecutive single-tube tunnels of three lanes with a length of 1 449 meters and 609 meters (5th and 10th longest road tunnels of Aragon). Designed and built in the early 1990’s, these tunnels allow improved access to the Pyrénées compared to the old road. They represent a gain of 100 meters in altitude, avoiding many problems in winter, as well as a distance gain of 3.2 km and the passage of a narrow and winding road to a wide road with three lanes (two normal lanes and one lane for slow vehicles).  The option chosen is to use part of the existing roadway of the current N-330 and to construct a new, more or less parallel road, which will cross the pass through a network of viaducts and four new tunnels. The tunnel is currently under construction, located at the top of  Monrepós and will be a twin tunnel of the Monrepós  tunnel (or upper-Aragon). It will measure 1 500 metres (4th longest road tunnel in Aragon) and be a two-lane mono-tube tunnel. The route is integrated into the Haut-Arguis (upper) section of Monrepós on the A-23 highway. The future tunnel of Caldearenas will be located in the top of Montrepós. (also under construction) ,Its first section will be a twin tunnel from that of Monrepós 2 (or upper-Aragon 2), while the following are used to gain 2.6 km of descent from the top of the pass towards the city of Jaca. With a length of 2 885 meters, it will be the longest of all the tunnels of the Monrepós, the 2nd longest road tunnel of Aragon and the 15th of Spain. Like the other tunnels on the A-23, it will be mono-tube double-track. The predicted maximum slope is 3%. A 2 km parallel evacuation gallery is also provided. The route is integrated into the top section of Monrepós-Caldearenas on the A-23 highway. technical info on Monrepos tunnels on the Altimetrias network in Spanish : https://www.altimetrias.net/aspbk/verPuerto.asp?id=358

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The tunnel of Nueno  is located at the banks of the Isuela river ,between the towns of Arguis and Nueno,on the beginning of the descend to the port. The banks of the Isuela river is a very tight and delicate for the environment therefore this is a alternative route to the N-330 highway, in occasions with parallel lanes and sometimes independent of each.  The tunnel in the banks of the Isuela river has 494 meters and it is a mono tuve doublé lane of one way.  It is integrated to the section of the highway A-23 “Nueno-Congosto del Isuela”, that has 5 km and opened in 2015.  On this section there are ,also, 3 viaducts of 315, 202 ,and 140 meters respectively.

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There is a huge construction project going on as i write that will create 8 tunnels for a total of 8 km and raise 12 viaducts ! Even if takes several years for the road to reach Jaca. The  20,6 km reaching  Sabiñánigo  are offering the union of the sections Lanave-Jabarrella and Jabarrella-Sabiñánigo south. The tunnel of Caldearenas on the A23 the 2nd longest in Aragon with its 2997 meters is done. The works are located in the section  Alto de Monrepós-Caldearenas, that is part of the system of tunnels of  Monrepós, connecting the towns of Huesca and Sabiñánigo, relieving most traffic ; this has help improve the flow of traffic here.

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The Spanish highway A-23 (my main road to from France) also call the Autovía Mudéjar is a communication axis between the Mediterranean coast and the Valencian community as well as central Pyrénees. It cuts thru the towns of Teruel, Zaragoza, and Huesca . It ,also, extends the French national road  RN 134 between  Pau and Oloron-Sainte-Marie . The A-23 follows the route of the national roads N-234 between Sagundo and Daroca and later the N-330 between Retascón and the tunnel of Somport. The A-23 arrives to Zaragoza by the south to connects with the beltway Z-40.  Which are our usual trip to from France/Spain. The last sections are still in construction that will take you directly to Jaca where it will connect with the highway A-21 coming from Pamplona and the town of Canfranc  by the tunnel of Somport.

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The Transports Ministry of Spain on the trajects along the A-23 highway :  https://www.mitma.gob.es/carreteras/nuevos-tramos-en-servicio/autovoa_mudejar_a-23

Michelin tunnel Monrepos map  : Carte MICHELIN Puerto de Monrepós – plan Puerto de Monrepós – ViaMichelin

Michelin tunnel Nueno map : https://www.viamichelin.fr/web/Cartes-plans/Carte_plan-Nueno-22193-Huesca-Espagne

There you go folksn, a lovely run over the mighty and beautiful Pyrénées ,love it!!  The thrill of freedom on the road effortless, It is my contribution to road travel between France and Spain. Again ,hope you enjoy the post on the tunnels of Monrepos and Nueno !!!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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March 9, 2022

Camaret-sur-Mer !!!

And get us closer to the ocean and the cliff at the point of Finistére dept 29 in my lovely Bretagne, and my belle France. This was an adventure to find the confines of Brittany on the road warrior that we are. So welcome to Camaret-sur-Mer, an idyllic place worth to live there after retirement and just do nothing but admire the natural beauty of the place; away from it all in peace. Poetic thoughts but endurables. I am updating this older post that was sort of an introduction to Camaret sur Mer. See my other posts on it, Hope you enjoy it as I.

Camaret-sur-Mer is located 80 km from Brest and 65 km from Quimper and is located in the far west of the peninsula of CrozonIt is 169 km from my house! Surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, more precisely the sea of Iroise, at the entrance to the gully of Brest. Camaret, half of which is made up of protected natural areas, is part of the regional Natural Park of Armorique and is now located in the heart of the marine Nature Park of Iroise.  The coastline is very curvy, we have the Bay of Camaret with the advance of the pointe Sainte-Barbe follows the peninsula of Roscanvel; to the Pointe or tip of the Grand Gouin beyond the Corréjou beach; Further , beyond the beach of Porzh Naye, the tip of the Toulinguet; the cove of Pen Hat extended by the Pointe de Pen-Hir and the Tas des Pois, then by the beach of Veryac’h; the Pointe de la Tavelle and the Pointe de Portzen extended by the Anse de Dinan, which empties into the Kerloc’h Brook which separates the town of Camaret from that of Crozon.

Advancing towards the Pointe de Pen-Hir and the Tas des Pois, we encounter a succession of cliffs all as impressive as each other by their huge chunks of rocks that fall in peak into the ocean.  One arrives at the imposing promontory supporting the immense Cross of Lorraine in blue granite, inaugurated by General de Gaulle  in 1951, the scenery is grandiose. A natural cliff-side platform, called the Salle Verte (green room), is covered with marine turf. But you have to be very careful because the inclined and fast plane that drives it is very dangerous. Below is the beach of Véryac’h, which means limestone or maerl sand beach. It draws a semi-circle that ends right by the Tas des Pois and left by a succession of cliffs with brown and yellow tones. You have several beaches such as Corréjou Beach, Pen-Hat beach, Veryac’h Beach, Lam Saoz Beach, Kerloc’h Beach, Trez-Rouz beach, Notinau Beach (very nice). On the West Coast, you have several nice lookouts such as the pointe du Grand Gouin, pointe du Toulinguet, pointe de Pen-Hir, pointe de la Tavelle, and pointe de Portzen. Also, you have pointe Sainte-Barbe, and pointe du Pouldu. These tips lookouts pointes delimit the bottoms in softer rocks such as the Anse de Porzh Naye and Anse de Pen Hat in the phyllite of Dournanez in the heart of the Mort Anglaise (English-death)  anticline of -the Toulinguet (affected by the slip of the Kerforne fault), and schist of  Anse de Camaret.

A bit longer history but I like it

For Camaret, the Roman surveillance camp was located at the site of the present village of Kerloc’h, between the marshes of Crozon and the Pointe de Dinan. Then it was the fall of the Roman Empire and the freedoms found. The Armorique, delineated geographically by the Atlantic Ocean and the monts d’Arrée, incorporated a new political system and takes the name of Cornouaille.  The young Lord Riok, Crown Prince of the Elorn, converted to the new Christian faith. The history of Camaret is linked to the legend of Saint Riok. In the 4C, an authentic Saint lived in Camaret as a hermit, removed in one of the many caves of the Pointe du Toulinguet. He was the patron of the Church of Camaret, but his name never appeared on the list of Roman canonization. After the Council of Trent, he had to officially give up his place to a recognized Saint: Saint Rémy. On the death of his mother, Riok leaves the Leon region , and comes to the end of the world to seek refuge in a cave. He lived a few years in this religious monastery. Since his death, God has done so many miracles to his tomb that Saint Budoc, third Archbishop of Dol, Metropolitan of Armorique Brittany by having been duly informed, declared him Holy, about the year 633.

One of Camaret’s main activities at that time was a fishery. Camaret develops both as a fishing and trading port, but also, at the end of the Middle Ages, serves as a port of call for coasters of the French coastline and for the long hauls that came from Spain and Portugal.  Camaret was, like other fishing ports of the Atlantic coast, from the 17C to the 19C was sardine port. The sardine fishery was at the heart of the economic life of the town of Camaret until the great Crisis of 1903-1904. The port of Camaret, located at the front of the gully of Brest , was also a release port and shelter for other town’s fishermen or commercial boats. Starting from 1963, the lobster fishery begins along the Brazilian coast, resulting in a diplomatic crisis between France and Brazil (the “War of the Lobster”),which caused the extention of its territorial waters to 200 nautical miles to protect its fishermen. At the end of the 1960’s, lobster fishing began a slow decline, due in particular to the various fishing bans in their exclusive economic zones decided by the governments having authority (Morocco, Mauritania), and then collapsed completely by the end of the 1980’s. The peninsula of Crozon has been, from the 19C to the middle of the 20C, the region of the know-how of shipbuilding. From these shipyards, it came out of magnificent boats, some of which still continue fishing, and others, rebuilt in the same way, roam the maritime festivals. Since 1867, Camaret has a lifeguard boat rescue station from the SNSM (=société nationale de sauvetage en mer) or National Marine Rescue Company. Three marinas have been set up such as Styvel, Notic, and Vauban, all with 750 places of which 450 places afloat on pontoons.  In August 1801, American engineer Robert Fulton  experimented with his propeller submarine, the Nautilus,  in Camaret Bay to convince  Napoleon Bonaparte of the future of underwater navigation. The Nautilus tried to place a mine on an English ship, then in the Camaret Harbor. The test might have been conclusive, if the frigate had accidentally sailed at the time the submarine was slowly approaching the vessel!

Vauban took care of the defence of the Anse de Camaret, which commands the entrance to the gully of Brest, having the Vauban tower built on the furrows of Camaret, and batteries in the vicinity at the Grand Gouin, at Pointe Sainte-Barbe ( renamed  Mort Anglaise or English death thereafter), at the Pointe de Toulinguet, in Kerbonn and all along the Roscanvel Peninsula.  During the Hundred Years ‘ War, which brought England and France to battles in the 13-14C, an English squadron came to the port of Camaret for a truce, the Duchess Jeanne de Navarre, widow of the Duke of Brittany, Jean IV de Montfort. On January 13, 1403, she embarked for England to marry King Henry IV of Lancaster, and thus became sovereign of the United Kingdom. The Bretons and the court of France saw a betrayal there. In 1404, an English fleet attempted to attack Camaret on the beach of Trez-Rouz. The Camarétois, with their leader Olivier de Clisson, second constable of France, and more than 700 soldiers, engaged the fight. The enemy would have prevail, when the young Duke of Brittany, Jean V, then 15 years of age, appeared accompanied by 2 500 soldiers. The British were repelled to the sea and Camaret as well as Brittany were saved. In 1434, a new landing was attempted by the British fleet. The third constable of France, the Earl of Richemont (son of Jean IV de Montfort and of Jeanne de Navarre), who later became Duke Artur III of Brittany fought the assailant with his army of knights, supported by the local people. Once again, Brittany was saved thanks to Camaret. 

Starting in the decade of the 1880’s, Camaret gradually became a popular resort for a number of Parisian intellectuals and artists during the summer season, most of them frequenting the two hotels of the port, the Hotel de la Marine, held by Nathalie Dorso, and the Hotel de France. Eugene Boudin was the first of them, soon followed by Charles Cottt, Gustave Toudouze, André Antoine (founder of the Théâtre Antoine, then director of the Odeon Theatre, who stayed for a time in the Vauban Tower), Maxime Maufra, Henri Rivière, Laurent Tailhade (from 1901), Saint-Pol-Roux, etc. Some even eventually built a house in front of the beach of Pen-Had like Saint-Pol-Roux (Le Manoir de Cœcilian) and Andre Antoine.

At the end of 1916, in order to combat German submarines, a seaplane base was installed in Camaret near the lifeguard boat place. The Poyer  entered service in January 5, 1917, the first seaplanes coming from the La Pallice, depending on the Brest aerospace Center, which also includes a base of airship located in Guipavas and a base of Captive balloons located in Brest-Laninon. This seaplane base was very active, with its 32 seaplane showing in 21 fights against German submarines. The monument to the dead of Camaret bears the names of 106 soldiers who died for France during WWI.  The Nazis built numerous blockhouses along the  coastline, within the framework of the Atlantic Wall, the most important being the Kerbonn battery located between the tip of Pen-Hir and the tip of the Toulinguet, now transformed into The Battle of the Atlantic Memorial Museum, but also at the tip of the Grand Gouin.

Things to see ,me think, are :

In the midst of the war of the League of Augsburg,Vauban took care to arrange the defence of the Anse de Camaret which commands the entrance to the gully of Brest, by arranging according to his plans, in addition to the Vauban tower on the furrows of Camaret, batteries in the vicinity at Grand Gouin, at Pointe Sainte-Barbe , at the pointe or tip of the Toulinguet, in Kerbonn and all along the Roscanvel Peninsula.  It effectively repels the British and Dutch landing attempt at the Battle of Trez-Rouz. Since that date, the cliffs to the east of the furrows are called “the English death” or Mort Anglaise ,and the surrounding dunes were turned into a cemetery to bury the dead English and Dutch sailors. Vauban tower ( a must yes) on the harbor of Camaret has a coastal defence tower with a low battery built on a master plan of Vauban. It is locally named the tour Vauban. Vauban named it the tour Dorée or golden tower. This polygonal tower is defensively reduced with a ditch, a drawbridge and a perimeter wall. Projected from 1683, the tower is drawn in 1689 by Vauban. The construction starts in 1693 and ends in 1696.

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Kerbonn’s battery, (a must yes) the site of Kerbonn lies between the Pointe de Penhir and the Pointe de Toulinguet. It is part of the defence system of the gully of Brest. The first military fortifications on the site of Kerbonn are dated 1889-1891. The fort of Kerbonn is a coastal battery , whose role was to fight the ships in the Bay of Brest. Between 1942 and 1944, the Nazis built bunkers on the site. It consists mainly of 4 fire bunkers for canon of 164 mm French, 6 passive shelters, 1 firing station and 3 tanks for defence gun against Aircraft (DCA).  One of the Nazi bunkers is now home to the Battle of the Atlantic Memorial. Toulinguet’s battery on the Pointe de Toulinguet is located a second category semaphore lighthouse for the National Navy. The Grand Gouin battery is the most important coastal defence of the Crozon Peninsula. It consisted of four 220-mm batteries, each with four bunkers, as well as a fire tracker and several pieces against aircraft.

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The Monument to the Bretons of Free France, known as the Croix de Pen-Hir is a memorial to the Bretons of Free France, inaugurated on July 15, 1951 by General de Gaulle. It is intended to bear witness to the sacrifice of free French Bretons, who notably founded Sao Breiz in Great Britain during WWII. It was built from 1949 to 1951. On the back of the Cross is an inscription in Breton: “Kentoc’h mervel eget em zaotra”, meaning “Rather death than defilement”, the motto of Bretagne attributed to Alain Barbetorte. On the west face of the Croix de Pen-Hir, at its foot, there is also the inscription “Free man, always will cherish you in the sea”, by Charles Baudelaire.

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The megalithic alignment of Lagatjar  (nice to see) no longer include only 65 menhirs. We will have to wait 1928 for the Lagatjar alignment to be restored. The alignment of Lagatjar is made up of three rows of menhirs. The set draws a line oriented N -E and S-W, from where, at right angles, two parallel lines are left. This orientation suggests an astronomical character. The Lighthouse of Toulinguet on the Pointe de Toulinguet is located.

In 1903, Saint-Pol-Roux buys a fishing house overlooking the beach of Pen-Had and transforms it into an exotic manor with eight turrets, the Manoir de Boultous. On the death of his son Coecilian (killed near Verdun) in 1914, he renamed it “Manoir de Coecilian” (to be seen). During the inter-war period, he received many writers and artists.  In June 1940, the manor was invested by Nazi soldiers, his daughter Divine was raped and the mansion delivered to the looting and burned down. In August 1944, the manor was bombarded by Allied aviation. There are now only ruins. The port of Camaret (yes nice to walk around) along the sea to reach the furrow, the Quai Toudouze, the main wharf of the port, crosses the center of Camaret. Construction starts in 1842. It has a length of 350 meters and a width of 30 meters and has four cales. In 1895, it is enlarged. At the end of the last, it is the quay of the Styvel with its launch block built after 1926. On the parvis, a cemetery of fishing boats sheltered up to 10  often ceded for a symbolic euro to the town. Many of them have been removed due to their degradation and those who remain have had their hull pierced so that it does not float during high tides of whitewater. Opposite is the marina. In 1963, a new dike was built to house the pontoons reserved for yachting. After having borrowed the furrow that leads to the Vauban tower and the ND Chapel of Rocamadour, you can reach the harbor’s captaincy. We notice the mole with the Green Lighthouse at its end. The construction of the latter began in 1842 to end in 1857. The Notre-Dame-de-Rocamadour Chapel, (see post) a must) located on the furrow, is very nice and a must to visit. Saint-Rémi’s  Church, (yes nice to see) consecrated in 1931, succeeds a smaller church of the 18C. Formerly named because of their form in Breton Pézeaux or pile of hay before being renamed in the middle of the 19C a Tas de Pois, these five rocks  offer an unforgettable panorama of the Pointe de Penhir  (a must to see) on the Sea of Iroise. The Pointe de Penhir is also an ornithological reserve.(yes very much a must and beautiful views of the sea if it can be windy at times).

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Some webpages to help you plan your trip are:

The city of Camaret sur Mer on its history : https://www.camaret-sur-mer.fr/fr/decouvrir-camaret/histoire

The Crozon peninsula tourist office on Camaret sur Mer: https://www.crozon-tourisme.bzh/recherche-avancee?w=camaret

The Finistére dept 29 tourist office on Camaret: https://www.sensation-bretagne.com/patrimoine-culturel/ville/camaret-sur-mer/

Vauban’s sites webpage on Camaret: http://www.sites-vauban.org/Camaret-sur-Mer,776

A road of victory on the significance of the tour Vauban tower : https://www.cheminsdememoire.gouv.fr/en/camaret-sur-mer-vauban-tower

There you go folks, another dandy in my lovely Bretagne, You should go to the end of the world in Finistére and see Camaret sur Mer; great area full of life and the sea ,good for the soul anytime.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

March 9, 2022

Mont d’Arrée, the inner Brittany!

I have gone or rather drove the Mont d’Arrée, the inner Brittany. This is hills and forest and monuments of the creation of the region of Brittany or rather first Armorique, then the Duchy, and then the region of France. This is as old as it can get here and a strong symbol. We passed by here with our car and stop along the way for sights and a bit of walking as in winter is harsh and in summer is death valley à la Breton if you know what I mean.  The sights thought are huge and beautiful if you like pure nature, then this is it. Let me describe it in my best way possible this vast mountain of the Mont d’Arrée!

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The Monts D’Arrée (Menez Are in Breton) are an ancient mountainous massif of western Brittany forming part of the Armorican massif. Their landscape is very close to those of Ireland and Wales, with its rocks emerging from the vegetation consisting mainly of heathland, which is typical of the Argoat. The Monts D’Arrée are located in the Department 29 of Finistère, mainly on the towns of Berrien, Botmeur, Brennilis, Brasparts, Commana, Huelgoat, La Feuillée, the Cloister-Saint-Thégonnec, Loqueffret, Plounéour-Ménez, Saint-Rivoal and Sizun. The Monts D’Arrée are part of the regional natural park of Armorique created in 1969. The country of Central-West Brittany (COB) or Kreiz Breizh in Breton, on the three departments of Finistère (29), Côtes-d’Armor (22), and Morbihan (56), aims to federate, beyond the departmental administrative divisions, the efforts for the development of this “country”. It has 108 towns, of which 37 in Finistère, all of 3143 km2 with 1140 km2 in Finistère.

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The leveling drop is about 60 degrees from the Roc’h Trevezel, high of only 384 meters above sea level, and its neighbors the Roc’h ar Feunteun  371 meters, the Roc’h Ruz, and Roc’h Trédudon 383 meters protrude on the ridge, forming a striking relief, Some parts are very green because of the Borage and meadows that cover it because of its more modest altitude, although it is actually little wooded on the side of Commana and Plounéour-Ménez.  In the form of a high crescent, a line of massive heights, with rounded summits such as the plateaus of Toussaines, Menez Kador or Tuchenn Kador, long considered the highest point of Brittany at 384 meters; further south, isolated, balloon-shaped, Mont Saint-Michel de Brasparts, altitude roughly equal to that of Toussaines, but much more powerful in appearance, by its isolation. A symbol in Brittany, from the foot of Mont Saint-Michel, we find the marshes of Saint-Michel, the marshes of hell, a vast depression barely dug, flat surface rather than a basin, closed to the west by the mountains of Toussaines and Saint-Michel.  It is the natural water craddle of the  Finistère, birthing of many coastal rivers such as the Aulne, Elorn, La Penzé,  Queffleut  , Douron, Ellez , etc. take their source. The water is here unpolluted, which explains the presence of Commana and La Feuillée water bottling plants, the capture drawing water at the foot of the north slope of the Roc’h Trevezel for the first, and on the network of water of La Feuillée for the second.

We did try to stop by the museum or Ecomusée Monts d’Arrée just off Commana direction Sizun The museum webpage :  http://www.ecomusee-monts-arree.fr/

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A bit condense history I like !

The first traces of settlement of the Monts D’Arrée are attested by the numerous megaliths, erected from the 5C BC such as the  menhirs of Berrien, the Cloister-Saint-Thégonnec, Coatmocun in Huelgoat, Kerelcun and  La Feuillée or the alignment call the “stone wedding” in Brasparts; walkways covered with Commana and Brennilis. In the Gaulish era, the Osisms built an oppidum in the Huelgoat, the camp of Arthus, whose remains still exist today. The Roman conquest will develop the region of Carhaix, without leaving important traces in the Monts D’Arrée.

The arrival of the Bretons from the island of Britain (present-day Great Britain) and Ireland is illustrated in the region of the Mont d’Arrée by the coming in 554 of Saint-Joua in Brasparts (where he died), the fight in 555 between the armies of Comonor Coount of Poher and Tudal, Prince of Dumnonia (seconded by the King of the Franks, Childebert) in Relecq  near Plounéour-Ménez, at the foot of the Mont d’Arrée. The Abbey of Relec in Plounéour-Ménez would have been founded there for this reason in 560 by a disciple of Pol Aurélien, although the history holds 1132 as the date of the founding of the Abbey of the Cistercian order. In the 8C, Saint Herbot, from the island of Britain, settled in the region of Berrien, healing the sick and the animals;  the peasants continued recently to offer him cribs of cow tails in the Chapel of Saint-Herbot located in the town of Plonévez-du-Faou.

The revolt of the stamped paper, also known as “Bonnet Rouge”  in 1675, revolt against fiscal and lordship oppression, raised the countryside around Carhaix and Quimper. A powerful movement of Christianization of the region was organized in the 17-18C under the impetus of Michel Le Nobletz (who called Huelgoat ,Citadel of the devil), then of father Julien Maunoir, Jesuit, who preached for example in 1679 to Locmaria-Berrien and the Huelgoat. Men rose in arms during the French revolution from August 1792 men rose against it at Scrignac, Berrien, Plourac’h, etc. by the numbers, but only a few  armed with rifles. The resistance movement in the Monts D’Arrée during WWII  began in October 1942 (Memorial of the “first resistant village of France” in Trédudon-Le-Moine). The tradition of the Festoù-Noz lasts, one dances among other things the gavotte of the mountains, the practice of the Gouren (Breton wrestling) remains frequent. The tourism development of the region of the Monts D’Arrée was very quickly;  from the second half of the 19C;  Huelgoat, nicknamed “the Fontainebleau Breton” attracts tourists housed in the Hotel de France, opened in 1906 or at the Hotel d’Angleterre, opened in 1908. Writers and artists stayed there as Paul Sérusier or Gustave Flaubert; Victor Segalen died in 1919 in the Huelgoat forest.

The Monts d’Arrée tourist officehttps://www.montsdarreetourisme.bzh/infos-pratiques/

The Finistére dept 29 tourist office on the Monts d’Arréehttp://www.finisterebrittany.com/arree-mountains-and-montagnes-noires

The National Regional Park of the Armorique on the Monts d’Arréehttps://www.pnr-armorique.fr/destination-parc/nos-ambiances/montagnes/monts-darree/

There you go folks, a natural heavens on the territory of my lovely Bretagne and a symbol to all Bretons. You too can come and see historical spots along its way ad gaze of the natural beauty of the Monts d’Arréé.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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