Archive for October 31st, 2021

October 31, 2021

Church St. Clement of Nantes!

Let me take you to the wonderful city of Nantes. Needless to say you must put it in your to do list when visiting my belle France, another jewel south of me in the Loire Atlantique dept 44 of the Pays de la Loire region (former Bretagne,,,). I like to showcase this time the nice Church St Clément of Nantes, Worth a detour in the city of dukes of Brittany. Hope you enjoy it as I.

The Church St. Clément was built in the 19C. The priestly Fraternity of St. Peter celebrates offices according to the Tridentine Rite. It began as the Chapel of the Hospice Saint-Clément in the 5C,probably circa 490, a Chapel serving a hospice of charity is erected, about 200 meters from the location of the present Church. At that time, the Church is located outside the city walls, between the current rue de Sully and Rue Geoffroy-Drouet. The sponsor of the chapel, Bishop Gérimius, is buried there in 498.

The first Church St. Clément  was erected in 1227, dedicated to St. Clément, 4th Pope and Bishop of Rome (Clément I) , patron Saint of the bargemen, and built at the corner of the current rue Maréchal-Joffre and Rue Guibourg-de-Luzinais. The Church facing west-east , and occupies the location of the present forecourt, and encroaches two meters on the  current  rue  Maréchal-Joffre. During the construction of the 19C Church, the old Church was still standing; it was only destroyed during the construction of the façade of the new Church, except for the north wall which was used as a work area limits. The old southern nave was located at the level of the steeple of the present Church.

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The new rectangular Church Saint Clément, consists of a single nave, before two aisles are added, all dominated by a pointed steeple covered with slates, and containing three bells. In front of the entrance, a canopy shelter allows to shelter before the opening of the doors.  At the time of the French revolution, in 1791, the Church was closed to worship and sold as a national property under the name of Liberty and Demosthenes. In 1803, the Masses resumed, the Church then welcomed Abbé Duproz, his first priest under the Concordat laws.

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The Church St Clément Gothic works were started for nine years, assigned to the parish of Saint-Clément in 1838. The first stone was blessed  on the new Church in 1841 and the first completed parts were the three naves, the transept, as well as the bedside, oriented north-west/southeast, located between rue Lorette-de-la-Refoulais and Rue Guibourg-de-Luzinais. In 1851, the work resumes, and lasted for six years. Starting from 1854, the installation of the vault on the central nave and the aisles is initiated. The realization of doors and stained glass in 1857 beautified the Church Saint Clément.

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In 1860, the renovation of the façade was initiated with the spire completed in 1868, and surmounted in 1875 by a Holy Cross in 1874. First equipped with a harmonium, the Church Saint Clément received a Cavaillon-Coll organ in 1867. A newer organ in 1892 with a revolutionary instrument, equipped with an electric transmission system this innovation allows the organ to be installed in two buffets, located in two lateral arches. The instrument is restored, in 1978, and again in 2012.

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Some webpages to help you plan your trip here are:

The metro Nantes webpage on its heritage/church: https://patrimonia.nantes.fr/home/decouvrir/le-patrimoine-autour-de-vous.html

The Nantes tourist office on things to seehttps://www.nantes-tourisme.com/en/visit

The parish of Nantes on St Clément Churchhttps://nantes.annuaire-eglise.net/#groupe?id=304

There you go folks, another jewel in my belle France ,and one usually side stepped when visiting this wonderful city of Nantes for many still in old Brittany!  Hope you enjoy the post and think of the Church Saint Clément next time in town!

And remember,happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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October 31, 2021

The House museum of Jules Verne in Amiens!

And cruising right along on my belle France, coming to another wonderful town , really on the off the beaten path that should not be. This is Amiens in the Somme dept 80 of the Hauts de France region, Let me update this post on another jewel of our territory. I come to you with Jules Verne !!! worth the detour indeed.  I have passed several times and even stop for lunch here, and then we came in and voilà we were impressed by the nice city of Amiens and came back a few times to marvel of its offerings. One of them that we like a lot is the House museum of Jules Verne ! Hope you enjoy the post as I!

The House museum of Jules Verne, now houses a museum that evokes the life, work and public action of the writer, who composed most of his works of more than 30 novels here. Built from 1845 to 1854 for the local public notary Jean-Baptiste-Gustave Riquier, like the other houses of the district, the “House at the Tower” as it was known was built in red bricks, coated in pink on the street and with clear joints on the courtyard. The lintels, cornices and window supports are of limestone. The first floor of the house was reserved for the living rooms, which were accessed by the spiral staircase of the tower.

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Jules Verne lived 34 years ,from 1871 to 1905 in Amiens. He lived as a tenant for 18 years, from1882 to 1900 in the Maison à la Tour at 2 rue Charles-Dubois. The house was completely renovated in 2006, is one of the most beautiful writers’ houses open to the public in Europe. The writer’s office was located on the second floor at the corner of the building. In 1882, Jules Verne and his wife, Honorine, settled in this House. They are tenants until 1900. Jules Verne is 54 years old, he is at the top of his glory.

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From the ground floor to the attic, the house evokes through 700 books and objects The personality, the sources of inspiration and the memories of Jules Verne. It contains the authentic atmosphere of a particular hotel in Amiens with its 19C furniture. On four floors, visitors can discover its history and that of its inhabitants, but also the history of the characters born here in the imaginary of a writer whose work still reads today on the whole planet. A real place of memory, the house in the tower allows to plunge into the intimacy and richness of the famous author of “Extraordinary Travels”.

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Guided tours in costumes by characters from the work and the life of Jules Verne, family games around the novels of the writer on Sundays, literary evenings and meetings with artists, poets and writers, storytelling shows, theme lectures, the House of Jules Verne in Amiens offers you to enter, as well as in the nine rooms of the house, by so many doors in the literary life of our time.

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In 1980, the city of Amiens buys and opens the house to the public, which is then managed by the Jules Verne documentation Center and hosts the association’s Fund. The Jules-Verne international Center,  then developed Jules Verne ‘s house from 2000 to 2010. Since 2011, the house of Jules Verne is administered by the libraries network of Amiens Métropole.

There is another house where the Verne’s lived here, It is located at 44, boulevard Jules-Verne (formerly boulevard Longueville), is less known to the general public. It was nevertheless there that Jules and Honorine Verne settled in 1873 after two years on Boulevard Guyencourt. A 285 m2 house bought by the mutualist wealth management consultancy group Le Conservateur. Where now it is an office building.

Some webpages to help you plan your trip are:

The city of Amiens on the househttps://www.amiens.fr/Vivre-a-Amiens/Culture-Patrimoine/Etablissements-culturels/Maison-de-Jules-Verne/Visiter-la-Maison-de-Jules-Verne/Le-parcours-de-visite

The Amiens tourist office on the househttps://www.visit-somme.com/amiens-and-other-tales/jules-verne-somme

The Centre International de Jules Verne all about him : http://www.jules-verne.net/index.php/la-maison-de-jules-verne

The Maison d’Ecrivains or Writer’s house on Jules Vernehttp://maisons-ecrivains.fr/2008/04/17/jules-verne-amiens/

The Somme dept 80 tourist board on the househttps://www.somme-tourisme.com/maison-de-jules-verne/amiens/pcupic0800010614

There you go folks, I hope you like the tour, Amiens  is a nice city to walk too, and plenty more to see. I have written as usual already in a general sense on the city and now Jules Verne is on the must see list here.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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October 31, 2021

Galerie des Glaces, Château de Versailles !!!

Let me update this older post to show you again my presentation of my beloved dearest Versailles ; where I spent 9 glorious years of my life. Always memorable our jogging walking in the garden, I have written on it in several posts in parts, but I think it deserves a post of its own. What do you think? Anyway, let me tell you a bit more on the Galeries des Glaces or Gallery of Mirrors of the Palace/museum of Versailles.

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The Gallery of Mirrors is a large baroque-style gallery which is one of the emblematic pieces of the Château de Versailles. Conceived and built from 1678 to 1684 by the architect Jules Hardouin-Mansart, it was then intended to illustrate the power of the absolute monarch Louis XIV and to dazzle its visitors, by its ornamentation, by its rich iconography and by its original dimensions of 73 meters long, 10.50 meters wide, and covered with 357 mirrors, or 21 mirrors at each of its 17 arches facing 17 windows. Located on the first floor of the central body of the palace, it faces, the gardens of the palace, of which it gives a great perspective.

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Several galleries were able to serve as models: that of the Château de Clagny of  Madame de Montespan (favorite of Louis XIV) in Clagny-Glatigny (today one of the districts of the City of Versailles) work began at the site of a terrace ( whose remains can still be seen in the attic above the vaults) overlooking the west facade of the castle of Louis XIII which connected the two wings housing the large apartments to that built to the north and south of it in order to wrap it around it , As a result of the construction of this gallery, no façade of the old castle will give to the park or the garden.

The painter and decorator Charles Le Brun began the decoration in 1680. The gallery was inaugurated in 1684. The Gallery of Mirrors is located in the alignment of the green carpet, between the halls of War and Peace, (see posts) the latter giving respectively access to the Grand apartments of the king and Queen. The mirrors were made at the glass manufacturer La Glacerie south of Cherbourg. The 17 arched windows give rise to as many arcades adorned with mirrors held by chopsticks and chiseled bronze cabochons. The arcades are surmounted alternately by a head of Apollo and the remains of the lion of Nemea. The ceiling is decorated with nearly 1 000 m2 of paintings from the atelier of Charles Le Brun illustrating the achievements of the reign of Louis XIV, staging the king himself in 30 large compositions. The furniture and numerous statues that originally decorated it were dispersed at the French revolution unfortunately.

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The capitals of the marble pilasters of Rance on white marble background are adorned with a fleur de Lys and Gallic roosters. The Golden Bronze trophies, which adorn the piers in Campan’s green marble, were chiselled. The eight busts of Roman emperors, in marble and porphyry, accompanied eight statues, including seven ancients, representing Bacchus, Venus (Venus of Arles and Troas), Urany, Hermes, Nemesis and Diane of Versailles. The latter, moved to the Louvre in 1798, was replaced by a Diane sculpted for the gardens of the Château de Marly until the restoration of the Gallery of Mirrors of 2004-2007 where she is in turn replaced by a casting of the Diane de Versailles in restored marble.

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During the reign of Louis XIV, the gallery is essentially a place of passage, the King preferring to receive the guests of prestige in the lounges of the Grand apartments. However, several hearings were granted, including the one at the Doge of Genoa in 1685, the ambassadors of Siam in 1686 and those of the Shah of Persia in 1715. Louis XV also received the ambassador of King Mahmud I of Turkey in 1742. Anecdotally, the gallery saw the arrest of the great chaplain of France the imprudent Cardinal Rohan in 1785, before his incarceration in the Bastille (epilogue of the Affair of the Queen’s necklace).

The Gallery of Mirrors was also part of major festivities such as the marriage of the future dolphin Louis XVI with Marie-Antoinette of Austria in 1770, a ball given by Napoleon III in honor of Queen Victoria on August 25, 1855;   reception by General de Gaulle of President John Fitzgerald Kennedy and his wife, that given in the honor of the last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi by Valéry Giscard d’Estaing in 1974 or the invitation of representatives of the “G7” by President François Mitterrand from 4-6 June 1982.

It is symbolically in the Gallery of Mirrors, in reference to the wars and annexations led by Louis XIV in Germany that illustrate the painted decorations (notably the passage of the Rhine, 1672), which proclaimed the creation of the German Empire after the French defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870. The accession to the new imperial throne of his first emperor, William I, took place on January 18, 1871, before the assembly of the German princes and the Chancellor Otto von Bismarck, a true political architect of the Empire.  In this spirit of revenge, it was in the Gallery of Mirrors that was signed between the Allies and representatives of the young German democracy, the Treaty of Versailles ending WWI, and redrawing the borders of Europe and the colonies,on June 28, 1919. It was the humiliation of the “diktat of Versailles”, which was one of Adolf Hitler’s political tools for his rise to power against the Democrats of the Weimar Republic, and the rearming of Nazi Germany to crush France in 1940.

The Gallery of Mirrors has undergone many restorations. It was abandoned shortly after the French revolution, rapidly degrading. king Louis XVIII reconditioned it from 1814-1815. The mirrors are polished and retinnted in 1820. The paints are cleaned and restored between 1825 and 1832, then once again between 1949 and 1952. In 1980, the gallery was refurnished. A new program of restoration was done between July 2004 and 2012. 70% of the mirrors are from the period, 30% poorly restored in the 19C have been replaced by old mirrors.

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The palace of Versailles on the Gallery of Mirrorshttps://en.chateauversailles.fr/discover/estate/palace/hall-mirrors

The Versailles gallery of mirrors private webpage on the description of the mirrors in the Gallery of Mirrorshttp://www.galeriedesglaces-versailles.fr/html/11/collection/galerie.html

There you go folks,its a lot more than a glass gallery; it is the history of the modern world done here at the galeries des glaces in the Château de Versailles,  glorious Versailles, wonderful Yvelines dept 78 of the Ïle de France region of my belle France. Enjoy the awesome beauty of the most beautiful palace/museum in the world! yes !!! And its equally wonderful Galerie des Glaces !!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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