Archive for September 29th, 2021

September 29, 2021

The Memorial of the Great War of Sainte Anne d’Auray!

Of course, this is not a tourist site but a travel site it must be for all concern with our freedoms and the effort that some heroes did for us and our future generations. I am always thankful to them. I am lucky to be on the side of areas that remember our fallen for a just cause and have one very near me. So, let me update this older post for you and me and them in my beautiful Morbihan, and lovely Bretagne.

The town is Sainte Anne d’Auray, many posts on it in my blog, the site of one of the Patron Saints of Brittany, mother of Mary and grandmother of Jesus according to the Christian bible. One of the biggest pilgrimage sites in France but has a lot more. I like to tell you a bit more on the Memorial of the Great War or WWI ,also 1870, Indochina, and WWII too.

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The Memorial of the Great War of Sainte Anne d’Auray, built from 1922 to 1932 by the five dioceses of Brittany to keep the memory of the 240 000 Bretons victims of WWI; is a monument of 52 meters high and 12 meters in diameter. Catholic capture of a monument that wanted a Republican commemoration, it was aimed to bring together the names of all the dead Bretons, but only 8 000 are engraved on the wall in the form of horseshoe that encircles the monument, on marble plaques that accompany a path of the Cross.   A huge crowd of about 150 000 people pressed for the blessing of the Memorial in 1932!

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The Memorial of the Great War of Sainte Anne d’Auray with its fence wall and plate the rotunde, which supports the eight arches, is crowned with a sarazinese helmet roof dominated by an opened cross. The dome houses a monolithic altar in pink granite of Ploumanac’h (see post). The gate is framed by two large granite bas-reliefs representing the protective arms of the allegories of victory and peace. The funeral crypt is organized into 5 apsidioles arranged in chapels for the 5 dioceses of Brittany.  With  new  conflicts that  have  grieving  the country since 1932, a mausoleum has been placed in the center of the crypt, dedicated to all the dead of all wars. The symbolic tombs of the sailor and the missing infantryman, are guarded by Saint Michael, a patron Saint of France, and Saint Yves, a patron Saint of Brittany.

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Nearby you can see the cemetery on the D102 road that leads to my current town.  The National Necropolis of Sainte Anne d’Auray is a French military cemetery located just out of town on the road D102 near the Memorial of the Great War. There are graves of fallen soldiers during the war of 1870, WWI, WWII and the Indochina war. There are also many Belgians who felled in France and the land belongs to the people of Belgium. A private memorial webpage: https://www.memorialgenweb.org/diapos.php?dejavu=1&dpt=56&id_source=7527&index=4

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Some additional webpages to help you plan your visit are:

The Sainte Anne d’Auray sanctuary on the Breton Memorialhttp://www.sainteanne-sanctuaire.com/?mode=visite_des_lieux&id_geoloc=179&langue=en

The city of Ste Anne d’Auray on its heritage including the memorialhttps://www.sainte-anne-auray.com/religieux/

The Bay of Quiberon tourist office on contact for Ste Anne d’Auray infohttps://www.baiedequiberon.co.uk/tourist-board-of-Sainte-Anne-dAuray

There you go folks, a wonderful spot for rememberance and on a great city of Bretagne, Sainte Anne d’Auray. Hope you appreciate the post and do stop by for a moment as we do. Respect

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

September 29, 2021

The Laita of Quimperle!

Well as you know, and I have mentioned in previous posts; all great cities have a river! And yes nearby Quimperlé has a river ,call the Laïta! And we have been by it and is beautiful natural habitat right in the middle of the city. Therefore, let me take some older pictures and do new text to give credit to this wonderful dangerous river!

The Laïta is a river estuary formed by the Ellé and the Isole river after their confluence. The name Laïta does not appear for the first time in official writings until 1825, on the cadastre of Quimperlé. In the writings dating from before the French revolution, the river which flows from Quimperlé to the sea still bears the name of Ellé. The origin of the name Laita remains obscure.

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The Laïta is a coastal river subject to the tide which originates in Quimperlé at the point of confluence of the Ellé and the Isole. The river flows in a valley hollowed out by the joint action of the waters of the Ellé and the Isole. The valley was invaded by the sea at the end of the last glaciation following the rise in sea level. Today, it constitutes an estuary or an aber. Laïta winds from Quimperlé in a southerly direction towards the Atlantic Ocean.

Its route partially serves as a natural border between the departments of Finistère (29) and Morbihan (56) . Its right bank is in particular partly occupied by the national forest of Carnoët for over 6 km. The entrance to the ria is made difficult to access because of a moving underwater sandbank and a pulley. Indeed, when the wind blows from the South or the West a bar forms making navigation dangerous. Laïta drains an area of ​​832 km2 at its point of departure in Quimperlé and 917 km2 at its mouth at the port of Pouldu or 922 km2 according to SANDRE (Le Service d’administration nationale des données et référentiels sur l’eau ) or the National Administration Service for Water Data and Repositories.

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Laïta is responsible for frequent and serious flooding in the lower town of Quimperlé, Indeed I saw one that was back in 2013 pretty big one. For an overflow threshold of 3 meters, the floods of 1883, 1925, 1974, 1995 and December 24, 2013 reached 4.50 meters; the most important flood, in December 2000, was marked by a water height of 6 meters. The causes are multiple, the irregularity of the flows of the Ellé and especially of the Isole, the role of tides, the containment of rivers for 300 years, changes in the grove and upstream crops.

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A bit of history associated with the Laïta river!

The banks of the Laïta were already frequented in prehistoric times, as evidenced by the presence of a tumulus in the forest of Carnoët. The more or less legendary Count Conomor, a true Breton Bluebeard, would have taken up residence there in the 6C. The remains of its castle, the Château de Carnoët, are still visible today. In the year 868, the Vikings went up the course of the river and destroyed the city of Quimperlé, called at the time Anaurot. Around 1170, monks from the Cistercian abbey of Langonnet, under the leadership of their abbot Maurice Duault, settled on the banks of the Laïta and founded a monastic establishment there, which would later take the name of Abbey Saint-Maurice de Carnoët.

During WWII, with the arrival of the American troops of General Patton in Brittany, the Nazis fell back on the region of Lorient to constitute a pocket of resistance there. Laïta then served as a western demarcation line for the Lorient pocket. The Nazis did not cross the estuary but did not hesitate to bombard the opposite bank, targeting the Abbey Saint-Maurice de Carnoët , the buildings of which were badly damaged.

In Quimperlé, the Ellé and Isole joint to form the Laïta by the roads D765 (Quai Surcouf) and D783 (Quai Brizeux).  You have great view points along these roads of beautiful natural habitat just in town!  Take a side step to visit the Parc Le Bel-Air and the Prairie Saint Nicolas, and then see the river goes underneath the expressway N165 to thereafter start the borders of Finistére and Morbihan departments of Bretagne! Lovely indeed!

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The Vigicrues webpage on tides and more tech info on the Laïtahttps://www.vigicrues.gouv.fr/niv3-station.php?CdEntVigiCru=8&CdStationHydro=J490201002&GrdSerie=H&ZoomInitial=3

The Quimperlé Terre Océane tourist office on the ria of the Laïtahttps://www.quimperle-terreoceane.com/decouvrez/pays-rias/laita/

The local Lorient South Brittany tourist board on the Laïta : https://www.lorientbretagnesudtourisme.fr/fr/immanquables/guidel/guidel-la-laita-et-ses-rives/

There you go folks, I told you I like nature too, the wild one and with a body of water, sea or river even better, just wonderful for the soul to be here and stroll/walk/jog along this marvel of the Laïta river of Quimperlé. Hope you enjoy the post as I

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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September 29, 2021

The Abbey Church Sainte Croix of Quimperlé!

We have come here often and always glad to be back. I like to update this older post of pretty old Quimperlé, not far from me and always a pleasant visit. I have done several posts on the city but feel some monuments deserves a post of their own. Therefore, let me present to you the Abbey Church of the Holy Cross (Sainte Croix). Hope you enjoy it as I!

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The one you must and I won’t mind seeing again, it alone is worth the trip to Quimperlé is the Abbey Church of the Holy Cross or Eglise Abbatiale de Sainte Croix.  It’s a  jewel and in  splendid conditions. It is here that all started… It the most prestigious monument of the city of  Quimperlé, an abbey founded in the 11C by the Count de Cornouaille, Alain Canhiart following a miraculous cure. This Abbey Church along with the abbey of Lanleff, is the only church in Brittany to have a circular plan copied as the one in the Saint Sepulcre of  Jérusalem.  It forms a Greek cross, and has equally a form of a clover drawn as in the Saint-Sépulcre of Jérusalem. From the 11C it has preserved its interior a wonderful museum of works of arts. The choir of monks is a one of the best realizations of Roman art, the crypt from the 11C is still preserved, a entombment of Christ sculpture in about 1500 ,a retable from the 16C, a  Christ en robe (dressed Christ)  ,and a pulpit from the 17C are ,also, remarkable here!!! A must to see!!!

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The Abbaye Sainte-Croix is in the town of Quimperlé in the Finistère Dept 29 of the lovely region of Bretagne. Founded in 1029 by Saint Gunthiern thanks to a donation from the Count of Cornouaille Alain Canhiart, it is one of the powerful abbeys of Brittany, comprising many dependencies. Its centered plan nave inspired by the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem is a quasi-unique example in Brittany. The Abbey was closed during the French revolution, of course,,. The Church of the Holy Cross is preserved for worship but the Abbey buildings are converted into public buildings such as a courthouse and gendarmerie police barracks. The steeple collapsed in 1862, leading to the destruction of the greater part of the Church. This will be largely rebuilt at the end of the 19C.

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A bit of history I like

The Abbey was the origin of the creation of the city of Quimperlé thanks to the protection that the walls surrounding the Abbey, to the island artificially created of a moat joining the Ellé and Isole rivers, and Papal protection. But the Abbey was the true feudal Lord of the city whose Abbot was both the administrator, the judge and the Seer, assuring the levying of taxes. The Abbey of Sainte-Croix was founded in the year 1029 at the site of a place named Villa Anaurot giving birth to the city of Quimperlé!   The Counts dynasty of the Cornouaille, who became Counts of Nantes in 1054 and having received by marriage the Duchy of Brittany in 1066, increased the richness of the Abbey by numerous donations from Nantes to Locronan, by various privileges such as lordships, rights on the city of Quimperlé, the right of episcopal jurisdiction over all the possessions of the Abbey, etc. , and made it their Necropolis.  The Abbey became parish Church in 1802. It was rebuilt between 1864 and 1868. A steeple-comb 1880 is high above the gable of the façade.  An isolated Bell Tower was erected in 1903. It has the form of a Greek cross, consisting of a central rotunda of 26 meters in diameter, three rounded apses and a nave with a square shape. Its dome by its dimensions is the largest rotunda of France. The central dome rises 19 meters above the ground and is supported by 4 huge pillars. The aisle is covered with a barrel vault. Sainte-Croix is the first fully vaulted Breton Romanesque Church.

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Inside, a jewel !!  As said, the monks ‘ choir, spared during the collapse, is a masterpiece of Romanesque art ,and rare in Brittany. It is vaulted in the cul-de-furnace and 13 meters long.  Inside, the wall of the choir is organized on two levels. The lower part presents a series of blind armatures. At the top, a row of triple-roll full-bar windows with engaged balusters. On the sides of the apse, the windows alternate with double blind single-roll arches resting in the center on a baluster.

The 11C Crypt, located under the monks ‘ choir, is very well preserved and contains two tombs, including that of Saint Gurthiern, the founder of the first Abbey. It consists of a three-nave rectangle ending in apse. The vaulted vaults are based on six columns with carved bases and capitals and twelve balusters engaged on the edge. The two columns of the apse are a bundle of four balusters connected by a central column that stops before the marquee, sparing a void. It is illuminated by seven small windows that brings light outside at the street level.  The Abbey Church of Sainte Croix (Holy Cross) presents a beautiful series of Romanesque carved capitals, notably in the Choir and the Crypt. The capitals of the Crypt and the Interior of the Choir, the oldest, are a declension of very stylized vegetal motifs of Corinth inspiration, located at the bottom of the chapel, the beautiful limestone altarpiece of the 16C is themed the Church Teacher. In the center, Christ in Majesty is surrounded by four angels in adoration. Around it are organized eight Biblical figures, the four evangelists, the twelve apostles and the seven theological and cardinal virtues, in the midst of an extremely worked architectural décor. The burial, in limestone of Saintonge, carved around 1500 is remarkable even if it totally lost its original paintings because it was inadvertently stored in a precarious way in the garden of the Abbey for several decades. It is a group of ten characters of about 2 meters high. It is considered the oldest entombment of Brittany. A beautiful 17C pulpit is also visible.

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Some webpages to help you plan your visit, and you must are:

The city of Quimperlé on its heritagehttps://www.quimperle.bzh/vivre-a-quimperle/culture/collection-municipale/

The Quimperlé Terre Océane tourist office on Quimperléhttps://www.quimperle-terreoceane.com/en/discover/our-towns/quimperle/

The Finistére dept 29 tourist office on Quimperléhttps://www.toutcommenceenfinistere.com/quimperle-cite-histoire-art-creativite

The Bretagne region tourist board on Quimperléhttps://www.tourismebretagne.com/destinations/les-10-destinations/quimper-cornouaille/quimperle/

There you go folks another gem of my lovely Bretagne and my belle France, and quant nice Quimperlé , a must to visit while in the area or just come on over! This is the Church of the Holy Cross you will see today, or Sainte Croix. Hope you enjoy the post as I,

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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