Archive for July 21st, 2021

July 21, 2021

Other churches of Valencia!!!

And here my update of this older post showing some of the religious monuments we saw while walking the pavement of nice Valencia, Spain. I have several posts on the city but rather than make several small ones I put together these churches in one post. Hope you enjoy the other churches of Valencia!!!

And why not come down the Mediterranean coast to a lovely town often overlook for the bigger two others but worth a detour indeed.  I have come since teens years as my aunt used to lived just south of it at El Saler. Then visited with the family and always nice souvenirs of our visits.  I have written several posts on it before but feel deserves to tell you about the other Churches architecture and historical jewels of Valencia, capital of Comunitat Valenciana in my beloved Spain.  Therefore, let me tell you a bit more on some of the other wonderful other Churches of Valencia.

The Church of San Juan de la Cruz, formerly Parish Church of San Andrés, located in Calle Poeta Querol N º 6 in the city of Valencia, was one of the first to be founded after the conquest of Jaime I of Aragon, on an old mosque. Its current configuration date, however, between 1602 and 1615 .  It is a single-nave church with chapels between the buttresses and polygonal headboard. In its facade the decorative elements are concentrated especially on the door, while the rest is a smooth brick wall on a stone plinth topped by a balustrade with balls. At the sides were opened two small chapels one of whose acropolis is still visible today. The cover is already from the end of the 17C and is notable for the use of spiral columns and side corbels on which two female figures seem to slide. The upper Aedicule was presided over by a statue of St. Andrew of which today only the traces of its cross with its characteristic shape of blade remain.  The highlight is, however, the rococo decoration of the interior, done in the second half of the 18C. Made in stucco, but worked with exceptional quality, the reloaded full forms of angels, fabrics and vegetation seem to climb the walls.

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The city of Valencia on the churchhttps://www.valencia.es/-/infociudad-iglesia-de-san-juan-de-la-cruz

The Valencia tourist office on the main sights to seehttps://www.visitvalencia.com/que-hacer-valencia/cultura-valenciana/monumentos-en-valencia

The Church of San Martín Obispo and San Antonio Abad, located in Calle San Vicente 11 martyr of the city of Valencia , was built in the 14C with reforms of the later centuries 15-16-17C being its styles Gothic Valencian and Baroque , retracing its antiquity to the time of the conquest of the city of Valencia by the troops of Jaime I, the Conqueror. It would not be until the year 1902, when the temple was definitively consecrated with the complete dedication of San Martín Obispo and San Antonio Abad. Its current design, with subsequent extensions and reconstructions, corresponds to the works of 1372 to 1401, in which it was used for the enlargement of the temple the space occupied by an old building,   graciously given to the parish by the General Council of the City in 1372. The Gothic construction presents a type of longitudinal plant, of a single nave, without cruising, with the peculiarity of its irregularity, in trapezoidal form, because only the wall of the gospel parallels the axis of the temple, being at an angle the western and southern one that it was adapted the layout of the streets that border them, especially to the west, Calle San Vicente, whose antiquity exceeds that of the church, being an old Roman way on the side where the parish building appears.

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The official webpage of the St Martin Church: https://sanmartinvalencia.es/

The Valencia tourist office on things to see: https://www.visitvalencia.com/que-ver-valencia/que-visitar-en-valencia

The Church of Santa Catalina the Martyr is one of the Gothic temples of the city of Valencia. It was erected in the Cathedral district, in the current Plaza Lope de Vega, on a previous mosque. In the 13C it acquired the rank of parish. It consists of three naves, with lateral buttresses, between which the chapels were installed, and girolas. Its baroque tower is very emblematic. In the 16C the Church was covered with classicist decoration to the Renaissance taste. After a awesome fire suffered in 1548, it was partially rebuilt. In 1785, following the prevailing fashion, it was given a baroque look.  The belfry was built between 1688 and 1705 . Masterpiece of the Valencian Baroque, is of hexagonal plant and its elevation is divided into four floors separated by mouldings, plus the body of bells and the upper crown. In its origin it was called Bells Salomonic by the helical columns that adorn that high part. It also stands out for the highlights as pilasters that adorn its angles and the decoration of its windows, where the decorative style of the ephemeral Baroque was moved with mastery. It reaches 56 meters high. The bells melted in London in 1729 and later, in 1914, the clock was added. During the restoration carried out in 2012, when going to repair the clock they realized that the machinery was relatively modern and had no value, so it was decided to remove it and replace the old bell that had been removed in 1902.  In 1936 the Church Santa Catalina the Martyr was assaulted by Republican militiamen and burned, demolished it completely. In the 1950’s works of Repristina were carried out, to give back its original gothic physiognomy, for which it was stripped to the walls of the remains of baroque and neoclassical decoration. It is a temple of Eucharistic reparation for more than 50 years, ruled by the Brotherhood of Diocesan operative priests. It has a nice museum inside.

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The city of Valencia on the churchhttps://www.valencia.es/-/infociudad-iglesia-de-santa-catalina

The Valencia tourist office on the churchhttps://www.visitvalencia.com/que-hacer-valencia/cultura-valenciana/monumentos-en-valencia/iglesia-torre-santa-catalina

The parish Church of San Nicolás de Bari and San Pedro martyr is a parish church located in Calle Caballeros No. 35, in the historical center, specifically between the neighborhoods of La Seu, El Carme and El Mercat. It is one of the best examples of coexistence of a 15C Gothic Church with a spectacular 17C baroque decor. After its restoration in 2016 it is popularly known as the Valencian Sistine Chapel. It has its usual worship schedule and also a timetable for sightseeing or cultural visits. The temple is located next to the Calle Caballeros, which was the old Decumano of the Valentia Edetanorum founded by the Romans in the year 138 BC, and in the vicinity of the Plaza de San Nicolás have been found funerary remains belonging to an ancient Roman temple. Then it was briefly a temple Paleocristian- Visigoth until the arrival of the Muslims in the 8C, when in its place a mosque was erected towards the east, towards Mecca. With the conquest of Valencia by King Jaime I of Aragon in 1238 this ancient mosque was consecrated as a Christian parish and donated to the Order of preachers or Dominicans, who baptized it in honor of St. Nicholas of Bari. Years later the same order added another titular Saint to the parish, St. Pedro el Martyr, who was the first martyr of the Dominican Order.  It was in the 15C when the temple was rebuilt and expanded acquiring its current physiognomy of the Valencian Gothic with a single nave, polygonal apse and six bays, in which there are so many vaults of simple crossing and six chapels to each side located between the buttresses of the nave’s pointed arches. Another gothic element that is preserved is the outer cover at the foot of the temple, built in the second half of the 15C, with archivolts in pointed arches, with a Baroque relief added later in the tympanum and with a meat dish carved in the key alluding to a miracle of St. Nicholas of Bari. On this cover there is a large neo-góthic rosette inspired by the star of David, which was an extension of the original Gothic rosette that had in the same place but smaller dimensions.

To the right of this cover is the only Chapel outside the temple, closed with a gate and call of the Christ of the Fossar, since in this place was the old parish cemetery before its 15C Gothic enlargement.   The taste for Baroque decoration opens its way inside the Christian temples within the atmosphere of the Reformation and the idea of modernizing the Gothic. For this reason at the end of the 17C, between 1690 and 1693, the Baroque recovered the interior with engravings, stuccoes and reliefs that were rather sculptures, like the plaster putti sculpted on each pilaster. It was, also the work of the arches of half point on the chapels that hide the original gothic pointed arches. The south facade, which falls to the pedestrian Plaza de San Nicolás, is all neo-Gothic style due to the urban renovation of the Plaza de San Nicolás promoted by the city/town hall in the 19C.

To the left of its cover is a ceramic panel of 1957 in memory of the premonition that the Dominican Valencian San Vicente Ferrer ( and came preaching in my current area of Morbihan and is buried in the Cathedral St Peter in Vannes! ) did to a young Alfonso de Borja, predicting that someday the young man would be named Pope, as it happened years later as Pope Callixtus III (He was also responsible for the retrial of Joan of Arc  that saw her vindicated) . Visits are only accessed by the door located in Calle Caballeros, No 35, which leads to a hallway through which access to the interior of the temple as cultural or tourist visits are not allowed on Mondays or during the worship hours. They can be made from Tuesday to Friday from 10h30 to 19h30, Saturdays from 10h30 to 18h30   and Sundays from 13h to 20h. The timetables may undergo modifications for specific liturgical celebrations, so it is recommended to consult the agenda of the Church.

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The official parish of San Nicolas on the churchhttps://www.sannicolasvalencia.com/

The Valencia tourist office on the churchhttps://www.visitvalencia.com/en/what-to-do-valencia/valencian-culture/monuments-in-valencia/iglesia-san-nicolas-bari-san-pedro-martir-valencia

The Church of Santo Tomás and San Felipe Neri is located in the Plaza of San Vicente Ferrer and is a temple built in the 18C in Baroque style. This Church is also called the congregation’s Church, because it was part of the convent house erected by the congregation of the Oratory of San Felipe Neri on the former parish of St. Thomas. After the disentitlement the rest of the convent complex was demolished and only the temple remained. The Church was built between 1727 and 1736 , and was inspired by Baroque models of Rome, recognizable especially in the broad façade. Constructed of red brick with elements of stone , it follows the form of the Roman Church of the Gesu and consists of two bodies: a wider inferior one crowned by a entablature and with a lowered arch on the door, and another more narrow upper , which corresponds only to the central nave, is topped by a triangular pediment and has two large volutes on its sides. Pilasters, corbels and statues compose a very classical image that is completed with the bell tower and its curious eighteenth sundial. If we enter, we will observe a Latin cross style temple, with a short nave covered with a barrel vault with lunettes between side chapels crowned by small domes. It also has a large transept on which stands a large dome and contains rich pictorial backgrounds.

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The city of Valencia on the churchhttps://www.valencia.es/-/infociudad-iglesia-parroquial-de-santo-tom%C3%81s-ap%C3%93stol-y-san-felipe-neri

Also, the regional comunitat de Valenciana tourist office: https://www.comunitatvalenciana.com/en/home

There you go folks, a small tour of some of the nice monument churches of Valencia a very nice city to walk as well, beautiful architecture is all around and history to boot. We always have come here by car, the most scenic route. Therefore, hope you have enjoyed the Other Churches of Valencia.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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July 21, 2021

Constantin’s Basilica of Trier!

This is another memorable town of many family vacations to Trier, the oldest town in Germany they claim. It is too much to tell the good times we had here over the years and highly recommend those coming to Germany to visit Trier. We love it!! In our wandering ways in town we came upon this imposing building and came in for a peek. Hope you enjoy the Constantin’s Basilica of Trier: it is awesome!

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This is Trier or we French call it Tréves. I have written several posts on the city’s sightseeing but in general pose, and I decided there are some that needs a post all of their own.  This is the case of the Constantin’s Basilica a wonderful impressive building part of the Protestant community in Catholic Trier.  This is an impressive building basilica and a must to visit while in town. We were walking looking for it, and then all of a sudden there it was huge solid, from another era like telling us behold I am strong but good come inside, and we did each time in town.

The Basilica of Constantine of Trier, originally an aula or covered gallery in Roman style, houses the reconstruction of the largest room that came to us from antiquity. The interior space of the building is 67 meters(220 feet) long, 27.20 (90 feet) meters wide and high of 33 meters (108 feet). The building was redesigned several times before it was rediscovered in the 19C to its original appearance. In 1856, it was consecrated to Protestantism and made since the Protestant church in use.   This depth is magnified by an optical illusion; both the windows of the apse as well as the niches underneath become progressively smaller towards the middle, thus enhancing the impression of length. Since the middle of the 19C, it has been used as the first and oldest Protestant church in Catholic Trier with a splendid organ answered by a seven-second echo.

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The Aula, built between the 3C and 4C, served as the throne room for Emperor Constantine. It was dressed internally with marble siding, with niches containing marble effigies. The floor and the walls were heated. It is impossible to accurately date the construction of the basilica. What is certain is that it was built with the stones of older buildings, and that it was not an isolated building, but that at the time of the Late Antiquity it was part of the enclosure of the Imperial Palace: The remains of the buildings were brought to light in the 1980’s and are now visible. The bricks were covered with a plaster. Some traces of this original plaster as well as some ancient features have been preserved at the height of the bays. The heating of the room was ensured by a system of hypocaust consisting of a double floor fed by five boilers, with heat ducts evacuating the hot air in the thickness of the walls.  Later the walls were converted into a strong castle. Then the complex served as a princely residence for the Archbishop of Trier. The apse was converted into a tower house, flanked by turrets at the junction with the facade, and the walls carved with niches. This aspect prevailed until around the year 1600. On the initiative of the Prussian king Frederick William IV, the basilica was restored to its original Roman architecture, the building burned entirely in 1944. The post-war reconstruction was done voluntarily with great caution. During the reconstruction, only the apparent siding bricks were used for the interior walls, reconstructed with a historical concern in the 19C.

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The Trier tourist office on the Basilica: https://www.trier-info.de/en/places-of-interest/the-basilica

The protestant parish of Trier on the Basilica in German: https://ekkt.ekir.de/index.php?id=2493

The Rhineland Pfalz tourist office on the Basilica of Trier: https://www.rlp-tourismus.com/fr/excursion/infosystem/Konstantin-Basilika-UNESCO-Welterbe_Trier-Sta/infosystem.html

There you go folks,, another historical wonder in wonderful Trier, Germany ,and not far from France. Go see it.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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July 21, 2021

Church St Alphonse of Luxembourg ville!

Ahh this is an anecdote of our another visit to Luxembourg Ville/city… We love to visit here over the years. In our walking rounds we passed by this church several times and finally we pay a visit. A nice church and great memories of hurry up to go eat lunch afterward! Nice family anecdotes of always!! Let me update this pretty Church St Alphonse of Luxembourg ville for you and I.

We have come here many times can’t count them , making the trip even for lunch from our beloved Versailles! And we have continue to stop by from our lovely Bretagne. It is a small country but full of charm, history and good things to see. Some of them unique!  Of course, I am talking about  Luxembourg. The city by the same name is awesome we fell in love with it in 1990 and it has not stop; do not know why, don’t ask me why it is just that magical when we set in at the Place d’Armes. I like to tell you a bit more on some of the off the beaten paths of it such as the Church St Alphonse!

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First of all, the Church Saint Alphonse embraces the English speaking community there and Mass is held in English. It has a wonderful organ with great music concerts as well. It is located in a nice area at Rue Beaumont, corner with rue des Capucins, by the Place du Théatre. 

The Church Saint-Alphonse is interesting from an external point of view. Inside, a great sobriety reigns… Nevertheless, the impressive height of the nave is worth the peek! Note in passing the monumental organ as well as the various sculptures at the bottom of the right aisle. Saint Alphonse is easily remarkable for its great size, its lacrosse and his gesture of blessing with his left hand. He is accompanied by several saints: Clément, Gérard, Neumann and Onders. The stained-glass windows adorning the collateral, embedded in trefoil arches, are distinguished by their vivid colour. Finally, coming out on your left, do not miss to admire the icon of the Madonna with the child of Byzantine inspiration.

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The official webpage of the Church St Alphonse in English: https://catholic.lu/history/

The city of Luxembourg on other religious monuments: https://www.luxembourg-city.com/en/things-to-do/sights/churches-and-cemeteries

The Luxembourg tourist office on Luxembourg ville/city: https://www.visitluxembourg.com/en/where-to-go/luxembourg-the-capital-city

It is a nice area to walk and we love to do that, wonderful architecture, quant shops and restos, and always something unique to see like this Church Saint Alphonse and the English speaking community of Luxembourg Ville. Hope you enjoy it as I.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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