Archive for February 1st, 2021

February 1, 2021

Pointe du Conguel and more at Quiberon!

And here, went out saw my world needed to visit my fav place to see it up close and personal again. True with most businesses closed the trip was blant riding around in the car but just to see this area was thrilling for us. Quiberon is it!! plenty for fun, and of course, many posts on it in my blog, search them. Hope you enjoy this tour and the new pictures!!

In case not reading before, this is the Presqu’île de Quiberon , a peninsula stretching out into the Atlantic ocean and the city of Quiberon sits at the end tip. Of course, in my beautiful Morbihan dept 56 of my lovely Bretagne, and in my belle France!

And of course, we had to go by the beaches, even if a winter day and with the virus they were empty. We love the area and always come here with the family since first moving in to the area back in 2011. Quiberon has been our favorite ever since. I like to tell you a bit more on the Pointe du Conguel and the Grande plage!!

Pointe du Conguel is located at the tip of the bay of Quiberon; all the way last on the presqu’île de Quiberon or peninsula. It is part of the town of  Quiberon.  Pointe du Conguel is a peninsula about 1 kilometer long and 200 meters wide. It is placed under the protection of the Conservatoire du Littoral. A path allows you to go around this natural site.

quiberon plage conguel jan21

The Pointe du Conguel is originally an island, formed by rocks linked together by accumulated sand. This island is connected to the mainland by a tombolo 300 meters long. Two islets extend the point: Toul Bihan, accessible on foot at high tides, and Toul Bras, where Gallic burials were discovered. Further offshore is the Teignouse lighthouse, which marks the passage de la Teignouse, near which the Courbet France class battleship sank on 22 August 1922 at 3h15 (am) , gutted by a rock; the wreck is located 0.5 mile to the southeast of the Teignouse lighthouse.

quiberon plage aerodrome conguel by camping jan21

The best part here is the views over the end of the land and into the Atlantic ocean! Also, the beaches are fine sand and beautiful in Summers! We love it, see my other many posts on Quiberon and especially on this area of the Pointe du Conguel or tip of Conguel.

quiberon conguel and house sea jan21

The more visible area because it is where visitors arrive and more crowded but with restos, hotels , bars and a great beach promenade as well as the best beach in the area, the Grande plage! I have many post on the beach too so will just leave the latest pictures. I had a good view of the Château Turpault far on 1st pic!!!

quiberon conguel to grand plage and chateau turpault jan21

quiberon grand plage closeup jan21

The conservatoire du Littoral on the pointe du Conguel in French:

My fav beach webpage, plages tv on the beaches around the Pointe du Conguel:

My fav beach webpage, plages tv on the Grande Plage

The Bay of Quiberon tourist board on things to see in Quiberon

Again, so much to see here and enjoy with the whole family, couples, singles, others, the works. I have so much written in my blog I am afraid to repeat so will leave like this and the new pictures. Hope you enjoy the Quiberon posts as I did writing it and thanks for reading me!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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February 1, 2021

Quiberon: Chapelle Saint Julien!!!

And here, went out saw my world needed to visit my fav place to see it up close and personal again. True with most businesses closed the trip was blant riding around in the car but just to see this area was thrilling for us. Quiberon is it!! plenty for fun, and of course, many posts on it in my blog, search them. Hope you enjoy this tour and the new pictures!!

In case not reading before, this is the Presqu’île de Quiberon , a peninsula stretching out into the Atlantic ocean and the city of Quiberon sits at the end tip. Of course, in my beautiful Morbihan dept 56 of my lovely Bretagne, and in my belle France!

And yes even if came here upteens times there is always something missing in my neck of the woods beautiful Morbihan and my fav Quiberon peninsula. As said, took a more scenic ride this time into some residential areas and found me a nice cutie chapel. I like to tell you a bit about the Chapelle Saint Julien of Quiberon!

The Saint-Julien Chapel is located rue des Goélettes in the village of Saint-Julien. Its origins date back to the 15C. In 1722, it was rebuilt. But the English squadron of the English Admiral Lestok looted and sacked it in 1746. It was rebuilt in its current appearance in 1859.


It served as a parish church throughout the time that Notre Dame de Locmaria Church (see post) in city center was being repaired, around 1900. Later, it has been noted that in 1910 it was abandoned and served as a warehouse for fishermen from the town.

It was threatened with destruction but the villagers restored it in 1928. It is rectangular, surmounted by a stone steeple. Inside you can see classical statues and a large wooden sculpture of Saint Anne. The stained glass windows represent the Crucifixion (1934), the Nativity (1993) and the Miraculous Fishing above the door (2009). A last modern stained glass window in shades of blue embellishes this place.

quiberon chapelle st julien nave altar jan21

The Morbihan dept 56 tourist board on the Chapelle St Julien in French:

The city of Quiberon on its religious heritage including the Chapelle St Julien in French:

So, there you go folks a nice little church call a chapel , many many around Bretagne and hope you enjoy it as I did finally find it or rather passing by it.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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February 1, 2021

Curiosities of Quiberon!!!

And here, went out saw my world needed to visit my fav place to see it up close and personal again. True with most businesses closed the trip was blant riding around in the car but just to see this area was thrilling for us. Quiberon is it!! plenty for fun, and of course, many posts on it in my blog, search them. Hope you enjoy this tour and the new pictures!!

In case not reading before, this is the Presqu’île de Quiberon , a peninsula stretching out into the Atlantic ocean and the city of Quiberon sits at the end tip. Of course, in my beautiful Morbihan dept 56 of my lovely Bretagne, and in my belle France!

I took a more scenic route this time going just past the marvelous Port Harliguen and just past the aérodrome airfield of Quiberon just before reaching the Pointe du Conguel.  So, this aérodrome is use for light planes, tourist tours, helicopters, and parachutes. The field goes back to 1917  but the aérodrome started out in 1955. As an anecdote; in the 1960s, Louison Bobet, triple winner of the Tour de France and world champion in cycling, decided to create a modern thalassotherapy center in Quiberon. In the early 1970s, he created his own airline, named Thalass Air, to transport spa visitors between Paris-Le Bourget airport and Quiberon aérodrome. This ceased by 1979. The thalassotherapy is now the Sofitel complex right on bd Louison Bobet. Mr Bobet died in 1983 in Biarritz.

The Bay of Quiberon tourist board on the aérodrome of Quiberon:

quiberon aerodrome front jan21

Right, almost next to the above is a four stars camping Le Conguel . 10 meters from the beach, Le Conguel camping is really nice modern facilities but living so close we have not tested it yet, we will thus once possible. From here you can discover the treasures of Morbihan! webpage:

quiberon camping conguel jan21

Then, facing the sea, you have a wonderful Kasino with a K and not a C as it is a private group of 6 kasinos, and not part of the other big group. The one here is very cosy, nice friendly and with gorgeous views of the Atlantic ocean. You have the usual electronic games, boule, slot machines, and black jack. For lately, retire gamer, the best is the restaurant and bar again great friendly service and the views are to kill for it. The webpage of this kasino of Quiberon:

quiberon kasino side to grand plage jan21

And just for the memories, we found out that one of our favorite restaurant near the Grande Plage or big beach, la Cabana resto has closed, probably due to the virus. The new place not tasted yet is the Voglia Italian Restaurant which now sits empty. I have a couple entries in my blog just updated on this sad news.

There is a train station here lol! TER Bretagne and runs in Summer with the usual Tire Bouchon from Auray, very popular. The rest of the time there is bus line 1 from Auray to do the trick. It is a picturesque building and it was my first introduction to the city parking along side of it. This time took the picture from the back tracks! The TER Bretagne webpage:

quiberon gare back tracks jan21

The Bay of Quiberon tourist board on things to see in Quiberon

So, there you go folks, a nice new ride into my old hangout. Looking for 2021 to be better for all of us, and we can get back into our love for travels. For now, I will escavanger nearby for places to show you of my beautiful Morbihan department 56 of Bretagne. Enjoy the Quiberon as we do always!!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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February 1, 2021

Some news from France, CCCXXIIII

And here I go again, bearing with the hard travel times. I can go to many places still as the EU has plenty of sightseeing, however, once on site, there are many places closed so why bothered to travel far now. I am staying in my lovely Bretagne which as we have it, rains every day now! Not bad better than snowing lol!! Let me tell you the latest from my belle France. Sit back and enjoy as I do!

Going through the toll booth on the highways will cost a little more. Tariffs must increase by 0.44% on average across all the operating companies of the French motorway network. Why ? This is because the very strict contracts between the highway/motorway companies and the State provide for an automatic increase in tariffs every year on February 1, depending in particular on inflation and the work undertaken on the network. The rate change cannot be less than 70% of inflation, according to a 1995 decree. So there you have ,take those A/E roads and pay more folks. I planned ahead and use the free roads like N/D label. Why pay more taxes!

And of course, taxis are going up too! Today! This is the rundown.

For this year, the minimum fare for a trip remains set at 7.30€ for all taxis, in Paris as in the rest of the country. Prices also remain capped at 4.18€ for pick-up, 1.12€ for the kilometer traveled and at 37.46€ for the hourly price for the waiting period in the event of a reservation by the customer. For Parisian taxis, the supplements for booking are also unchanged: 4€ to order a driver immediately, 7€ to order him at a given time and day. It should also be noted that for all Parisian taxi trips, only a “passenger” supplement of 4€ can be applied from a fifth person transported.

The flat rates established for direct trips by Parisian taxis between Paris and Roissy-Charles-de-Gaulle and Orly airports (in both directions) are identical to those applied in 2020:
53€ between Paris – Charles-de-Gaulle airport and Paris right bank;
58€ between Paris – Charles-de-Gaulle airport and Paris left bank;
37 between Paris-Orly airport and Paris right bank;
32 between Paris-Orly airport and Paris left bank.
There are also fixed prices for races in connection with our neighbors down under at Nice Côte d’Azur airport: 85€ between Nice Côte d’Azur airport and Cannes (compared to € 80 in 2020);
95 between Nice Côte d’Azur airport and Monaco (compared to € 90 in 2020); 32 between Nice Côte d’Azur airport and Nice-center; 72€ between Nice Côte d’Azur airport and Cap d’Antibes. Finally, for trips to Toulouse Blagnac airport, these flat rates vary between € 15 and € 45 (depending on the area of ​​the city).

Now finally, this is good me think. Riding a scooter or motorbike between two lines of cars is not permitted by the Highway Code. This practice had nevertheless been allowed on an experimental basis since February 2016 in Île-de-France and in three departments of Rhône, Bouches-du-Rhône and Gironde. One way to determine if it is relevant to legalize this possibility considered dangerous. The experiment ends on February 1. In the meantime, traffic between two lines will therefore again be punishable everywhere by the loss of three points on the license and a € 135 fine. Actually, the cutting between lanes was done all over France! Hopefully, the fines will be more strictly followed this time.

And as a cheap alternative but not the same and cries to open are heard all over in France! For the theaters cinemas etc that is. France Télévisions is launching an ephemeral channel from this month of February, to support culture particularly penalized by the Covid-19 crisis. It will be broadcast until the cultural venues reopen. Called Culturebox, in reference to the name of the site bringing together the cultural content of France Télévisions, this free channel will be accessible on “all screens, in particular on the TNT package”. It is recovering channel 19, left vacant since the shutdown of France Ô last September. Will see it

And it goes to show Paris has everything, even Danish! Will the Danes of Paris be able to return to rue Lord-Byron (8éme arrondissement), a stone’s throw from Place de l’Étoile and the Champs-Élysées? Behind the discreet white facade of the Frederikskirken Church and the adjoining cultural and social center, at 17 Rue Lord Byron, the pandemic has frozen, as everywhere, the main gathering place of a small community of more than 5,000 people. Hence the idea of appealing to donors, more broadly than the Danes of Paris, through a pot open on the dedicated GoFundMe platform, specializing in the financing of solidarity projects. Ok so help is coming, only 5K huh, met some in Paris but not realised they were this much lol!

And more scare on the crisis, as yesterday Sunday, calm returned to the slab of the business district, the first signs of the closure of the Cnit and Quatre-Temps shopping centers. A shopping center, whose closure as for all shopping centers of more than 20,000 m2 was announced Friday evening by the Prime Minister, Jean Castex, after a defense council. At the Cnit, only the Monoprix store and the Nespresso store remain open, while at the Quatre Temps, the authorization to raise the iron curtain concerns the Auchan, Paul, Leonidas, Jeff de Bruges brands as well as the pharmacy. The National Council of Shopping Centers (CNCC) explains, in a press release, that it does not understand these closures of major centers. They recalls that of the 835 shopping centers in France, half have an area greater than 20,000 m2 and notes that “none has been recognized as having formed a cluster since the start of the health crisis”. Of course, again the government does not know what is doing!

Great success for the morning illuminations of Thoiry as I mentioned in previous some news from France post. Forced by the health crisis to innovate, the zoological park provides an excellent assessment of the mornings organized over the last two weekends. The 7h30 illuminations has worked. More here!

Thiverval-Grignon, the 310 hectare estate on which the castle is located is for sale. Among these projects: that of an agronomic research site combining tourism and innovation. Nice piece to preserve in my dear Yvelines dept 78. The city of Thiversal-Grignon on pictures includes the castle:

The last station of the extension of Métro line 14 between Saint-Lazare and Mairie de Saint-Ouen opened to the public this past Thursday morning. The Porte de Clichy station marks the last stage of the northern extension of line 14. In correspondence with Line 13, this new station, located in the 17éme arrondissement of Paris, serves the new Tribunal de Paris with direct access to its forecourt.

And if your time in Paris is limited and wants to go deeper into seeing my eternal Paris, then take a look at these tours. Paris a Dream offers real gourmet walks through the city, in three districts and as many atmospheres: Saint Germain des Prés (Paris 6éme), Belleville (Paris 20éme) and finally SoPI (for South Pigalle). It’ll make you want to devour the road. Alos, My Urban Experience offers unusual tours with local guides. Original anecdotes, great historical tale, little secrets etched in stone forever… Paris is a giant escape game open to all! Their webpages to follow

And if as I did not told you in my posts , the Le Routard guides are telling you for my dear Morbihan breton!

You can hit the road and be guided by Le Routard. Discovering the megaliths of Morbihan
From the bay of Quiberon to the country of Brocéliande via the Gulf of Morbihan, is the kingdom of megaliths, menhirs and dolmens. A unique concentration that encourages taking the road for a few days, starting with Carnac, the largest site of this type in the world, with 3,000 menhirs erected 4,500 years before our era. We then take the direction of Locmariaquer, the site of the Grand Menhir broken and the cairn of the Table des Marchand. Many stops are obviously possible before reaching Le Crouesty, to discover the Petit Mont cairn, which is 41 m high. After a double hook through Rochefort-en-Terre then Malestroit, two “small towns of character”, the route ends in Monteneuf, where 440 stones raised in purple schist are spread over more than 10 hectares. During the flowering heather period, the evening light on the menhirs is magical. Awesome indeed, need to come and see it ok

And here down to my fav Gironde and Bordeaux area with a visit to Pessac . From the garden city of Le Corbusier to the Belle Epoque villas via the very experimental university campus. Taste great Bordeaux wines while admiring architectural masterpieces … Behind the promise of this little paradise, a town, Pessac, the domaine of Pape Clément is the most famous of this local stroll considered one of the oldest local properties with harvest since 1252, the vineyard bears the name of one of its most illustrious owners, Bertrand de Got, who became the Pope Clement V in 1305! City of Pessac and its tourist trails:

The Center Pompidou Paris will close for four years from 2023 to 2027. The pipes must be renovated, the “caterpillar” escalators restored, the building removed asbestos and modernized, the ventilation systems must be completely redone. So hopefull, you can see it before the changes virus permitted cross our fingers!

Originally scheduled for May 11 to 22, 2021, the organizers of the 74th edition of the Cannes International Film Festival have already announced its postponement; it will be held now from Tuesday July 6 to Saturday July 17, 2021 due to the health crisis. There you go again in 2021 our lives have to adjust oh well.

And I have been saying this for years , away from the official propaganda and now more and more publications are showing my way; this is the latest found. The prestigious Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Series deduced that the key to a happy marriage may lie … in its drinking ! For the trouble, 2,767 couples married for an average of 33 years were interviewed and for researchers the answer is clear and flawless: “couples who drink have a less negative marriage life over time.” Both can drink with it, moderation to be happy but conversely, tensions or problems can appear if only one of the two drinks. So glad to read this as when met my dear late wife Martine she did not drank and later did with me and had a wonderful marriage life cut short by the lousy cancer at 28 years! So therefore, drink together share and be happy!!

And again something closer to me with aunt and cousin-sister in Mérida, Mexico! Coyo Taco, shock tacos ; the taco chain has arrived in France. The Parisian branch keeps its Mexican promises. This chain of tacos, imported from Miami, FL USA is known to have made Barack Obama, Serena Williams and Michael Jordan salivate. The first received a standing ovation in 2018 at the Wynwood (Miami) neighborhood restaurant. The second sang Cardi B during a memorable karaoke session in Palm Beach, while the third just had a good night out with friends in one place, immortalized by the tabloids. Opened in 2020, at rue Réaumur, the Parisian branch has not been able to raise the temperature among French celebrities. But the tacos, quesadillas and burritos are there. The taco called “camaron” (shrimp) is devoured without delay. The flexibility of the wheat pancake shelters the freshness of marinated Yucatán-style shrimp!!, that is, with lime and chopped herbs. Coyo Taco, 128, rue Réaumur, Paris 2éme. Open every day. Webpage LeFooding on Coyo Taco:

Their official webpage not yet with the Paris address is here:

And some directions in Paris my dear readers, many tells me going out of the Paris is metro can be confusing c’mon,nothing of the sort, just ask me. In the meantime, here are a couple of popular metro stops as examples.

You take metro line 1 to Charles de Gaulle – Étoile stop. Here you have connections to RER A St-Germain or Cergy or Poissy / Boissy or MLV Chessy. Then metro line 1 La Défense / Château de Vincennes, metro line 2 Porte Dauphine / Nation and metro line 6 Charles de Gaulle Étoile / Nation. However, where you go up to seek your destination well, follow the sortie or exit numbers! At No 1 Champs-Élysées Arc de Triomphe, no 2 Avenue de Friedland, no 3 Avenue Hoche, No 4 Avenue de Wagram no 5 Avenue Carnot, no 6 Avenue de la Grande Armée, No 7 Rue de Presbourg, no 8 Avenue Foch, and no 9 Rue Beaujon.

And more for you, the other popular Concorde stop on Metro line 1. This was my station for several years if wanted to take it…Even thus I walked from Gare Saint Lazare most of the time! Metro line 1 La Défense / Château de Vincennes ; connections to metro line 8 Balard / Créteil – Pointe du Lac, and metro line 12 Aubervilliers Front Populaire / Mairie d’Issy. When you wanted to go up street levels you have the sorties or exits as such No 1 Jeu de Paume Jardin des Tuileries, No 2 Rue de Rivolin (mine), no 3 Rue Saint-Florentin, No 4 Musée de l’Orangerie Jardin des Tuileries, No 5 Rue Cambon, no 6 Rue Royale, and no 7 Avenue Gabriel
Any other ? let me know ok.

And last but not least as the saying goes, how to read on France in English!

If you want to be inform in France in English or want to compare sources and news these two English language newspapers can help

The Local has version in several countries they are base in Sweden, this is their page in France:

The older English language newspaper started by British expats in the Dordogne which I follow since in Paris talking with British expats there is the Connexion France, and they are base here but registered in Monaco, webpage:

And even older base in Paris since 1998 (first read by me in 2000) is FUSAC, webpage;

Of course ,there are others but these you can get in paper form, the others are online web base. Hope it helps

And that is all for now, in these times of  limited travel and lots of hassle put out more by incompentent governments. Patience is a virtue! Even that is running out in some parts of our world.

February 1, 2021

The Chateau de Versailles, interiors !!!

A wonderful subject for me as lived in the city of Versailles by the Notre Dame Church for 9 years before moving on to the Morbihan breton and there so far 9 years too. Versailles will always be in our hearts, it was our first owned home in France! And of course, even if there is more than a castle in Versailles, need to tell you one of my first posts on the Château de Versailles, an overview of its interiors now in my black and white series. See my many posts on several of the spots below. Hope you enjoy as I do.

Hi ,I am in Versailles. What a better subject to tell you about France. My beloved city of Versailles, well it’s a lot more than a castle but 98% folks come here for it. This time will tell you about the interiors. It is indeed huge and beautiful so bear with me ; it’s going to be long!!! The Château de Versailles, interiors!!!

As a result of his official apartment, king Louis XIV had made for his personal use ,a suite of rooms looking over the cour de Marbre and the cour Royale. He exhibited his collections of work of arts and his paintings.  These spaces are not available for free visit, but almost every day at 10h a guided tour allows you to discover them (inquire in castle for the exact dates and times as they may change). King  Louis XV had done a new bedroom in 1738, smaller and exposed to the south, so easier to heat. He died there on May 10, 1774 at 13h. Constructed on the eve of the French revolution, the  Cabinet de Garde-Robe or wardrobe is one of the few large-scale developments undertaken by Louis XVI in the private apartment.

The cabinet de la Pendule (pendulum) of king Louis XV as he was very interested in science and especially in astronomy. One can see on the floor the route of the meridian of Versailles, materialized by a brass wand. The extraordinary pendulum, which gave its name to the play, was presented to the Academy of Sciences, then to the king at Choisy Castle, before being installed here in 1754. The clock shows the time, the day of the week, the month, the year and the quarter of the moon. In the Crystal globe, you can see the planets operating their revolution around the sun.

The Cabinet des Chiens or dog’s is the name of this room and the scenery of its cornice remind that king Louis XV made his favourite dogs sleep there. The woodwork comes from the old billiard room of king Louis XIV, transformed by Louis XV into a bedroom. 

The salle à manger  des retours de chasses or dining room returning from hunting  replaced in 1750 a small apartment of  baths. Once or twice a week, Louis XV gave supper to the Lords and the ladies who had accompanied him to the hunt, and it was a very sought-after favor to be admitted to these suppers. 

The cabinet intérieur du roi or the King’s interior cabinet this “corner cabinet”, as it was commonly called, enjoys a double exhibition on the cour de Marbre  and cour Royale.  King Louis XV was glad to be there and it was from this balcony that he attended, tears in his eyes, the departure of the funeral convoy carrying Madame de Pompadour, a winter evening of 1764.

The cabinet des dépeches or Cabinet of despatches occupies the location of the Oval lounge that king Louis XIV had made in 1692. It is adorned with Corinthian pilasters and four niches with bronze bands, including the famous Les Chenes de l’Algarde ( taken to the Louvre), this lounge gave access to the right to the  Petite Galerie or small gallery and left  the Cabinet de Coquilles or  shells  cabinet. Here king  Louis XIV kept his manuscripts and his most precious books, as well as some twenty paintings including the rustic Concert of Titian (in  Louvre). In 1754, the shells cabinet disappeared to make way for the king’s recess and the Oval lounge was replaced by a back cabinet and a chair cabinet.

La chambre de la Vaisselle d’or or the room of the golden dishes ,it is the former interior cabinet of Madame Adelaide, the apartment which she occupied on the first floor of the castle between 1752 and 1769, had been laid out on the site of the Petite Galerie and the Escalier des Ambassadeurs Madame Adelaide had at the time of this service two of the greatest playwrights of the 18C;  Goldoni, who taught her Italian, and Beaumarchais who was her harp teacher. Later, king Louis XV, who took his coffee here, exhibited his golden dishes. Louis XVI placed the extraordinary cabinet in ebony and mahogany, covered with porcelain plates decorated with bird feathers and butterfly wings. On the chimney, is arranged a beautiful bust of king Louis XV child . The two porcelain plates of Sèvres, representing the toilet of the Sultan and the Sultan giving orders to the odalisques  were ordered by king Louis XVI for his interior cabinets.

The chambre de la cassette  or cassette room were the baths of King’s;  one of the last works commissioned by king Louis XV. The style of the woodwork, which reproduces engravings evoking the aquatic pleasures in medallions lined with reeds and narcissus, with effects of dull gold, gold burnished (shiny) and green gold, attests to a new taste. 

The Bibliothéque or Library of king Louis XVI, was designed by the architect Gabriel shortly before the death of Louis XV in 1774, was both the first order of the young Louis XVI and the last intervention of the architect at Versailles. Already benefiting from several libraries in the upper floors, the king hastened however the work of this vast room which has the advantage of being on the ground floor with his apartment. 

The Salle à manger des porcelains or the porcelain dining room  was created under king Louis XV in 1769 for its hunting return suppers. It occupies the location of two rooms of the former apartment of Madame Adelaide, one of which, overlooking the courtyard, was its large cabinet where, in all likelihood, the young Mozart appeared before the royal family in early 1764. The play was mainly used by Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette.

The salon des jeux or  Games’s room of king Louis XVI originally, there was the Cabinet des Curiosités or curiosities of king Louis XIV . After several intermediate states, it was used by king Louis XVI as a games room. After the meal in the dining room, the diners went there for coffee and to play. The king would gladly sit at a table in backgammon, while his brothers played one in the billiards in the next room, the other in the whist.

Behind the Grand Appartement  or large apartment, the Queen had small rooms reserved for her private use and serving her maids. Marie Leszczynska withdrew to read, paint, meditate or receive her most intimate visits. Marie‑Antoinette extended the estate by arranging new rooms on the upper floor (like a billiard parlor) and went so far as to build up a real small summer apartment on the ground floor, overlooking the cour de Marbre, featuring bedroom, Library and bathroom.  The Cabinet Doré or  gilded cabinet created for Marie Leszczynska in 1735, this room has been modified several times by Marie-Antoinette. Its current aspect dates from the last Transformation in 1784.

The Cabinet de la Méridienne or meridian  has a peculiar form of this boudoir, with its cut panels, allowed the Queen’s service to move from the Grand chamber  to the other cabinets without disturbing the sovereign who, at mid-day, came to rest, hence her name  Méridienne. It was in 1781, after Marie Antoinette had finally given birth to an heir, that the room received its definitive woodwork, whose motifs, were also prolonged in bronze to be applied on the window-doors. The allegorical vocabulary used ,celebrates the young prince (the Dauphin), the royal couple (the eagle of Jupiter symbolizing the king and the Peacock of Juno, the Queen) and conjugal love (garlands of roses, bow and arrows).

The Bibliothèque or library of Marie-Antoinette was transferred to Paris after the French revolution and is now largely preserved at the Bibliothèque nationale de France. This room was arranged for the Queen between 1779 and 1781 in high glazed cabinets all around; Inside these, an ingenious rack system allows easy adjustment of the height of the shelves. The Queen also owned a library in the Petit Trianon, whose books are now predominantly preserved at the Bibliothèque municipale de Versailles.

The cabinet du Billard or billiards cabinet on the second floor. One of them, whose silk were returned and the sofas delivered , served as a billiards room. The other rooms, with a very sober decor, are now home to a part of the museum’s collections relating to Marie-Antoinette. The salon d’Hercule had a decoration that  began in 1712. It is located at the site of the old chapel, destroyed in 1710 and represents the Apotheosis of Hercules. On the wall of the bottom is exposed a huge canvas of Veronese offered by the Republic of Venice to King Louis XIV in 1664, the Repas chez Simon. The layout of the room was completed in 1736, but the inauguration took place only in 1739, by a “bal Paré” given on the occasion of the marriage of the eldest daughter of king Louis XV with the Infant of Spain. The Salon of Hercules served as a setting for exceptional “big cutlery” (in 1769 for the marriage of the Duke of Chartres, or in 1782 for the birth of the Dauphin).

The Opéra Royale or Royal Opera of the Château de Versailles is an opera house built under king Louis XV at the end of the north wing of the castle; the construction was begun in 1768 under the order of the king by anticipation of the marriages of his children, the construction lasted two years and the opera was inaugurated on May 16 1770 during the marriage of king Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette of Austria.

The Chapelle Royale or royal Chapel was completed at the end of the reign of king Louis XIV, in 1710. It is the fifth – and last – chapels that have succeeded each other in the castle since Louis XIII. The first architect died in 1708 without seeing the end of the work that was completed by his brother-in-law. The ceiling of the vault, is consecrated to the Holy Trinity: in the center, God the Father in His glory, in the apse the Resurrection and, above the Royal Tribune, the Descent of the Holy. The king only descended for the great religious feasts in which he had, for the ceremonies of the Order of the Holy Spirit, for the baptisms and for the marriages of the children of France who were celebrated there from 1710 to 1789.

The Galerie des Glaces or hall of mirrors replaces a large open terrace on the garden. The work begins in 1678 to finish in 1684.  After the victory over the three arrayed powers, represented at Salon de la Guerre , the gallery exalts the political, economic and artistic successes of France throughout its 73 meters. Political successes are shown such as the glorious history of king Louis XIV during the first 18 years of his personal government, from 1661 to the peace of Nijmegen. By their dimensions and by their number , the 357 mirrors that adorn the 17 arcades facing the windows attest that the new French mirrors manufacturing factory is able to delight in Venice the monopoly of mirrors, then objects of great luxury. Artistic success: The marble pilasters of Rance adorn themselves with gilded bronze capitals of a new model called “The French Order”. It presents National emblems: A flower of lys surmounted by the royal sun between two Gallic Roosters. The Galerie des Glaces was used daily as a place of passage, waiting and meetings, frequented by the courtiers and the visitors ‘ audience. It served only exceptionally as a framework for ceremonies, when the sovereigns wanted to give the greatest sparkle to entertainment offered on the occasion of princely weddings or diplomatic receptions. The throne was then installed on a stage at the end of the gallery, on the side of the Salon de la Paix or Peace room whose arcade was closed. The staging of power has seldom reached such a degree of ostentatiousness. Thus the Doge of Genoa in 1685, the Ambassadors of Siam 1686, Persia (1715) and the Ottoman Empire (1742), had to cross the entire gallery, under the eyes of the court massaged on each side on bleachers to reach the king. It was also here that the Treaty of Versailles, which ended the Great War or WWI, was signed on 28 June 1919. Since then, the Presidents of the Republic continue on occasions to receive the official hosts of France.

The Salon de la Guerre is built from 1678. The decoration, completed in 1686, exalts the military victories that culminated in the peace of Nijmegen. The walls are clad with marble panels adorned with six trophies and arms falls in gilded bronze. The wall on the side of the salon of Apollo is occupied by a bas-relief oval stucco representing king Louis XIV on horseback treading at his feet his enemies. This masterpiece is surmounted by two famous gilded and supported by two chained captives. Below, in the bas-relief obscuring the opening of a false chimney, Clio, Muse of the history, set for posterity the achievements of the king. The dome ceiling represents in the center of France armed, sitting on a cloud and surrounded by victories. A portrait of king Louis XIV adorns his shield. In the covings are represented his three defeated enemies: Germany on his knees, with an eagle; Threatening Spain, with a roaring lion and Holland overthrown on another lion. The fourth arch represents Belloe, the goddess of War, in fury between rebellion and discord.

The Salon de la Paix or Peace room presents the same decor of marble panels and trophies of gilded and chiselled bronze arms as the Salon de la Guerre that is symmetrical. However, the brown adorned  cupola and the covings of the blessings of the peace given by France to Europe. At the end of the reign of king Louis XIV, this living room was separated from the gallery by a movable bulkhead and considered to be part of the Queen’s apartment, from which it was the last room after the chamber. It was there that under Louis XV, Marie Leszczynska gave every Sunday concerts of profane or religious music which played an important role in the musical life of Versailles, and that, in the following reign, Marie-Antoinette held her game. When necessary, the partition separating the room from the gallery was dismantled and the living room was again part of the large apartment.

In the19C, Versailles knew a new destiny and became a museum of the history of France, dedicated “to all the glories of France”, according to the will of Louis-Philippe, who became king of the French in 1830. The collections, mainly composed of paintings and sculptures, are enriched until the beginning of the 20C.

The Salles des Croisades or halls of the Crusades created, in 1837, of these five rooms installed in the north wing fully fits into the vogue of the Middle Ages that developed under the reign of Louis-Philippe. In the largest of the halls, king Louis-Philippe placed the Cedar Gate from the hospital of the order of Saint-Jean-de-Jerusalem of Rhodes and offered to him by Sultan Mahmoud II.

The salles d’Afrique, de Crimée et d’Italie or halls of Africa, Crimea and Italy designate a set of seven rooms on the first floor of the north wing. The first three, to which a monumental staircase allows access, were consecrated, by the will of Louis-Philippe, to the illustration of the conquest of Algeria between 1830 and 1847. The hall called Constantine shows the siege and the taking of the city in October 1837. On both sides of this room, two other pieces are dedicated to the capture of the Smala of Abdelkader  in 1843  shown a canvas of 20 meters long and 5 meters high, the other to the French successes in Morocco , preceding to the Tangier Treaty of 1844. Napoleon III took over the extension of this ensemble to celebrate his own military triumphs in the Crimea (taken from Sevastopol, 1855) and in Italy (Victory of Solferino, 1859). Finally, the Third Republic concludes this monumental collection by the evocation of the War of 1870  with the  Charge of Reichshoffen, 1887. These halls now serve as a place for the presentation of temporary exhibitions and are rarely visible in their entirety.

The salles de l’Empire or halls of the Empire in the ground floor of the Midi Wing, under the Gallery of battles, is occupied by a set of thirteen halls that date from the first developments undertaken by Louis-Philippe in Versailles to illustrate the military campaigns of the Directoire , the consulate and the Empire. The  attiques du nord et du midi or attics of north and south offer today long threads where is exposed most of the collections of paintings of the museum, according to a chronological  order which leads from the French revolution to the celebration of the Treaty of Versailles of 1919 at the end of the north wing.

The appartement des Mesdames or Ladies’s apartments occupy the north of the central body. They were transformed into museum halls by Louis-Philippe and later restored in their state of princely apartments.  Mesdames de France or the Ladies of France, as the daughters of king Louis XV were called, settled there from 1752. But only two of them, Adelaide and Victoire, lived them until the French revolution. The first antichamber of Madame Victoire is the former cabinet of the Baths of Louis XIV. Interior Cabinet of the Comte de Toulouse from 1692 to 1724, from the Countess of Toulouse from 1724 to 1750 and finally from Madame Adelaide from 1752 to 1753. Room of Madame Sophie from 1755 to 1767, she then becomes the first chamber of this princess, then in 1769 that of Madame Victoire.  The second room of Madame Victoire is the old chamber of the baths, whose floor and walls were clad in marble.  At the bottom, in an alcove framed with marble columns, was placed a bed of rest. Which was then the Chamber of the Count of Toulouse, then of the Countess of Toulouse, then of Madame Adelaide and finally of Madame Victoire when she shared this Apartment with her sisters Sophie and Louise. In 1767, the alcove was abolished and the room became the second antichamber of Madame Victoire’s new apartment.

The Grand Cabinet of Madame Victoire;  originally, the room was the octagonal cabinet of the apartment of the Baths of Louis XIV, one of the most original creations of the Sun King. The room of Madame Victoire this was the ionic antichamber of the apartment of the baths, so named because of the twelve marble columns that decorated it. Second Chamber of the Count of Toulouse, then of the Countess of Toulouse, then of Madame Adelaide and finally of the young ladies, she became in 1767 the room of Madame Sophie and in 1769 that of Madame Victoire. Madame Victoire’s interior cabinet it was the Doric vestibule of the apartment of the baths, separated in three bays by two rows of marble columns of Rance, which still remain behind the woodwork. This vestibule was compartmentalized from 1724 to form two antechambers for the comte and the Countess of Toulouse; This princess’s room was in turn divided in 1767 to form this small living room and the next library.

The Library of Madame Victoire  house a few books related to the arms of ladies, from their library of Versailles or that of Bellevue Castle, a box containing a collection of maps of geography that belonged to Madame Elisabeth, niece of the ladies, (sister of Louis XVI) elements of a porcelain coffee service of Sèvres with Chinese decor, delivered in 1775 for Madame Adelaide, and a table-bell in Ruddy to the figure and the arms of Madame Victoire.

The interior cabinet of Madame Adelaide this was the bedroom of the legitimized son of Louis XIV and of Madame de Montespan, the Count of Toulouse, from 1724 to 1737, then the Duke of Penthièvre, son of the latter, from 1737 to 1744, and the Duchess of Penthièvre from 1744 to 1750. It then became the Chamber of the Marquise de Pompadour, who died there on 15 April 1764. It was planned to become the Chamber of Marie-Josephus of Saxony after her widowhood in 1765, but the Dauphine died in 1767, without having been able to settle there. However, after her death, she was exposed here on a parade bed. Madame Victoire’s room from 1767 to 1769, and finally from Madame Adelaide from 1769 to 1789. 

The Grand Cabinet de Madame Adelaide was Madame de Pompadour who gave this room its present form, and the chimney of Sérancolin was laid for her. The organ installed in the niche is deemed to have been made for a member of the Royal family but its identification remains uncertain. He was placed in this room to evoke the great attraction of the children of Louis XV for the music: ladies and their brother the Dauphin played in fact more than several instruments.

The salle des Hoquetons or  called “hoquetons”, because of their tunic, the guards of the Provost of the hotel, who were charged with the internal police of the castle. This room, where they were usually held, received in 1672 a sham decor depicting trophies of arms and statues in feigned niches.

The Galerie des Batailles or gallery of Battles is the most important element of the historical galleries created in the Château de Versailles by king Louis-Philippe. It occupies almost the entire level of the south wing of the castle and is devoted to the illustration, in about thirty paintings, of nearly fifteen centuries of French military success, from Clovis to Napoleon. The gallery of battles is the most extensive part of the castle (120 meters long, 13 meters wide). It occupies almost all of the first floor of the Midi wing. Conceived and made from 1833, it is inaugurated solemnly in 1837 and then marks the highlight of the visit of the Museum of the history of France. Yes indeed, here lies Yorktown !!!

The apartment of the Marquise de Pompadour is located in the attic of the central body, above the salons of Mars, Mercury and Apollo. It was first inhabited, in 1743-1744, by the Duchess of Châteauroux and her sister the Duchess of Lauraguais. After the death of Madame de Châteauroux, king Louis XV gave it to Madame de Pompadour, who occupied it from September 1745 to May 1751. The king could go there discreetly, by way of his inner cabinets. 

The apartment of the Countess of Barry’s last favorite of king Louis XV,  settled in this very large apartment in 1769. The king had, a few years before, excluded these rooms from his personal use to house his daughter-in-law, Marie-Josephus of Saxony, widow since 1765. The latter disappeared two years later and the vacant accommodation was awarded to Madame du Barry. The apartment, which takes up both the cour de Marbre and the cour des Cerfs or deer’s yard, is sumptuous.

King Louis XIV revamped his interior apartment several times. The major transformation took place in 1701, when the sovereign’s Chamber is installed at its current location in the center of the façade to the cour de Marbre. Beyond these halls, whose access is strictly hierarchical and regulated by the rank and etiquette ; all the following parts constitute the private domain of the sovereign to which, in principle, no one can have access if he is not invited.

The Salle des Guards or guard’s  room  marks, as in all the royal residences, the entrance of the apartment. His décor is voluntarily sober. It constantly welcomes the bodyguards who take turns every twenty-four hours to ensure the protection of the sovereign.

The antichambre du grand-couvert or antichamber of the grand-covered was the room where king Louis XIV was accustomed to supper in public from 1690, after the death of the Queen and that of the Dauphine. It is adorned with a series of eleven battles, and a twelfth painting depicting the Battle of Arbèles.

The Salon de l’Oeil-de-Boeuf or  the ox-eye second room of the royal apartment.  The Salon de l’oeil-de-Boeuf is a strategic point of the royal apartment: to the north, it leads to the king’s chamber; In the West, high mirrors doors open directly to the Galerie des Glaces and allow courtiers to enter or leave the king; On the south wall, to the right of the window, a door leads directly to the Queen, while a staircase, opening on the east wall, leads to the Dauphin’s apartment, located on the ground floor.

The Chambre du Roi or King’s room . Louis XIV transferred his room to the vast living room of nearly 90 sq meters in 1701 , located in the center of the east façade of the castle.  The most important and symbolic piece of the royal apartment, the room serves at several moments of the day: the King holds the ceremonies of “Sunrise” and “bedtime”, dines at his “little cover” and can receive some courtiers or ambassadors. It was in this Chamber that Louis XIV died, on 1 September 1715, after 72 yrs of rule.  The sumptuous decor of gold and silver brocade on the crimson background of the room is embellished with paintings, chosen by Louis XIV himself: four paintings depicting the evangelists and the denarii of Caesar, ; Agar and the angel ; Above-the-door, Saint John the Baptist  Mary Magdalene . On the chimneys, are placed a bust of Louis XIV  a pendulum-barometer as well as four candelabras that belonged to the count of Provence, brother of Louis XVI (later king Louis XVIII).

The Cabinet du Conseil or Cabinet of the Council adjoining the King’s Chamber, opened on the Galerie des Glaces ,took its present form in 1755, under king Louis XV. It is  decorated with decorative motifs illustrating the subjects addressed by the King in his council: war, Justice … The decoration also includes a rock-style pendulum (1754), a bust of Alexander the Great in Porphyry and two vases of Mars and Minerva, in porcelain of Sèvres and bronze,  (1787). The piece also served as a framework for official presentations, a step necessary to be admitted to the court. Mme Du Barry, among many others, made her reverence in 1769. Overlooking the parterre du midi , the Queen’s large apartment is symmetrical to the king’s large apartment . But, unlike the ruler who, from the reign of Louis XIV, left his large apartment, the Queen continued to occupy hers, which explains why the decor was altered several times during the 18C. 

The Queen’s Chamber it was there again that the deliveries were held in public: Nineteen “children of France” were born there. The decor retains the memory of the three queens who occupied the room: the compartmentalization of the ceiling goes back to the Queen Marie-Thérèse, but the paintings in grey were made for Marie Leszczinska. All these elements were preserved from the time of Marie Antoinette. During the invasion of the castle by the rioters (French revolution)  in 1789, Marie-Antoinette managed to escape them through the small left door of the alcove opening onto a corridor giving access to the Queen’s inner cabinets, a dozen small rooms reserved for her privacy and service.

The Salon de Nobles or nobles’ room is the antechamber under Queen Marie-Thérèse, it was in this room that Mary Leszczinska granted her solemn hearings, seated under a dais. She also held her circle, as we called this time of conversation settled with the ladies of the court. Marie Antoinette had the decoration remade entirely, preserving only the paintings of the ceiling, and for her, the walls of Damascus green apple bordered with a large gold braid. 

The antechamber du grand couvert or  antichamber of the grand cover  was where the public meals were held, the sumptuous ritual of which attracted many people. Only members of the royal family could sit at the table and, in front of them, seated, the duchesses, princesses or holders of high rank having the privilege of the stool, then, standing, the other ladies and persons who, by their rank or with The bailiffs ‘ authorization had come in. 

The Salle des Gardes or guard’s room was outside of the Queen’s Staircase, also known as “marble Staircase”, was penetrated into the Queen’s large apartment by this guards’ room, where, day and night, twelve bodyguards performed their service with the sovereign. In Versailles, only the king, Queen and Dolphin could have a personal guard consisting of soldiers belonging to these elite units, the four companies of the King’s bodyguards.

The next large hall, now known as the Salle  du Sacre or sacred room was also affected. It  used to serve as a bodyguard room. The salle des Gardes de la Reine or the Queen’s guards room is the only room where the décor of the 17C has been preserved.

Well I told it was going to be long, I believe my longest post yet. However, all worth it, hope it helps understand my beloved Versailles, the castle is just a part. And behold, you can print this post and take it with you to the palace, and I am sure will help undertand the history and architecture of it a lot better me think. Hope you enjoy the post as I

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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