L’église de la Trinité de Brélévenez,Lannion!

And why not continue a bit up north in my beloved Bretagne and stay on nice Lannion in the Côtes d’Armor dept 22. As said, need to give credit to these places that I have almost forgotten in my blog , so therefore time to remedy this omission. Let me tell you a bit more on the Church of the Trinity at Brélévenez, Lannion. or église de la Trinité de Brélévenez.

You go down a steep road , and you can get to the Church of the Trinity in Brélénevez. There is a stair with 142 steps downward that we did not took. This is a Roman style Church done at the end of the 12C to early 13C with rénovations to the 14C. There is a mise au tombeau from the 18C , portraits and statues of Saint Gilles and Saint Loup with a retable in marbre white and black in the altar.

However, let me give you a bit more on its architecture and history ok.

The Church of the Trinity of Brélévenez is located in the former village of Brélévenez, which has become a district of Lannion since 1961, The church is a remarkable witness to the architecture of transition between Romanesque and Gothic art. The Church of the Trinity is built on top of the Crec’h Tanet hill or fire hill overlooking the city. It is about 50 meters above sea level. It is reached from the city center by a staircase of 142 steps, bordered by houses on one side. It seems to have been built from the end of the 12C on 11C substructures. Construction began with the choir and the crypt, then continued with the nave. No archive background shedding light on the stages of construction and modifications of the church, the dates are based solely on stylistic analysis.

Lannion

In the 13C, two side chapels forming a false transept were added to the long volume of the church. In the 14C, due to its dominant position, the church was fortified by Olivier V, Constable of Clisson, during the War of  Succession of Brittany . Jean IV, Duke of Brittany, brought in Philippe Le Hardi, Duke of Burgundy in order to obtain the demilitarization of the church to return it to worship . The fortifications built by Olivier de Clisson were dismantled, leading to the recovery of the walls of the nave. During the same period, the side aisles were taken over and the side chapels enlarged. The bell tower was built in the 15C. The choir was altered in the 17C to place the imposing Baroque altarpiece commissioned in 1660 by Count Pierre de Laval and his wife in the 18C. The chapel of Mont Carmel was built at the junction of the nave and the northern chapel. The sacristy was rebuilt in 1845 on the site of an older one, obstructing Romanesque windows .In the middle of the 19C, the staircase which connects the church to the lower town was rebuilt, weakened by the extraction of shale.

Lannion

The large church is over 50 meters long. It has a Latin cross plan ending in an ambulatory choir with a single axial chapel. The two side chapels, built from the 13C, form a false transept ;without correspondence with the central, continuous volume, built from the end of the 12C. The north chapel is more important than the south chapel, creating an asymmetry. The most remarkable exterior part is the beautiful chevet from late 12C of pink granite, still Romanesque in its design with its buttresses formed by columns engaged with sculpted capitals, its modillions where heads can be distinguished despite the pronounced wear and its tall narrow semicircular windows. The south porch, in pink granite, also dates from the end of the 12C. The south side, reinforced with masonry buttresses, is pierced with Gothic windows with fillings. The south transept of green shale is pierced by a beautiful flamboyant window, moved from the north chapel during the construction of the sacristy in 1845.  The church is dominated to the west by a bell tower-porch in pink granite from the 15C . At the top, the recessed bell chamber is surmounted by an openwork octagonal arrow. Each of the two levels is surrounded by an open balustrade of three-lobed arcades.

The long nave of 11 travers spans wide including that of the bell tower, leads directly to the choir, without transept. Covered with painted paneling resting on sculpted sand pits, the long volume opens onto the aisles by broken arches resting on large round stacks. The crypt contains a remarkable polychrome Entombment from the 18C whose life-size figures are carved out of limestone. The church has five altarpieces. The back of the choir is occupied by a huge Baroque altarpiece which obscures the roundabout. Dating from 1660, it is built in tufa and adorned with black marble columns. Four other Baroque altarpieces from the 17C adorn the side chapels. In the south chapel, the Weavers’ Altarpiece frames a painting representing Pentecost. In the north chapel, an altarpiece dedicated to Saint Gilles and Saint Loup and the altarpiece of the brotherhood of the Trépassés, decorated with skulls. In the Chapel of Mont Carmel is a stucco altarpiece depicting the Virgin giving the scapular to Saint Dominic and Saint Catherine of Siena.

The Church of the Trinity ,also houses three classified sculptures: Christ of the Links, 16C, Virgin and Child with Saint John the Baptist, 16C. Above the door of the sacristy, a beautiful 15C bas-relief depicts the Virgin as an orante surrounded by six Apostles, with traces of polychromy. The large rectangular font included in the wall to the left of the front door is an old 13C grain measure engraved with an inscription in Latin and reused. In the Chapel of Mont Carmel, the vase of the 15C baptismal font, decorated with the heads of angels and hammered escutcheons, was purchased from the parish of Plestin-les-Grèves in the 19C. The pulpit and the lectern date from the 18C. The organ case is a work by organ builder Jules Heyer, a pupil of Aristide Cavaillé-Coll, made in 1862. It replaced the 17C organ destroyed during the French revolution. It was restored and extended in 1980 by Jean Renaud, from Nantes.

Some webpages in French but helps describe this beautiful monument even more are

L’association Sauvegarde du patrimoine Religieux En Vie (SPREV)  or the Association for the Safeguarding of Living Religious Heritage. SPREV on the Church of the Trinity in Brélévenez

The Paroisse de la Bonne Nouvelle Lannion Pleumeur-Bodou or Parish of the Good News Lannion Pleumeur-Bodou.  Parish of Lannion Pleumeur Bodou on Church of the Trinity of Brélévenez

And now I feel better to have in my blog this wonderful monument fully explain best I can. Hoping you enjoy visiting the Church of the Trinity at Brélévenez in Lannion.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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