Archive for May 2nd, 2020

May 2, 2020

Castelnau de Montmiral !

So let’s keep it Tarn and Occitanie shall we, a beautiful deep countryside of my belle France. Very dear to me if have been reading my blog so will let you do the search. Today I like to dwell a bit more on a fortified town or bastide of the region, call Castelnau de Montmiral .

Castelnau de Montmiral one of the most beautiful villages of France as saying a lot. A town between Albi and Montauban. This Bastide Albigensian was founded in 1222 by Raymond VII, Count of Toulouse, who gave the Bastide the same franchises as Cordes sur Ciel  and Gaillac.  Its primitive name is Castellum Novum montis Mirabilis which means something like the new castle of mount admirable. The diminutive of Montmiral was commonly used in official acts, including in the 19C in the civil status of the village. This diminutive is still used today by its inhabitants.

At the end of the 14C, the Bastide was part of the domains of Count Bernard VII of Armagnac in 1470, king Louis XI took the estates of the Count of Armagnac. Georges II de la Trémoille, sire of Craon, Governor of Tours, councillor and first Chamberlain of Louis XI, obtained from the King the lordship of Castelnau-de-Montmiral, Villeneuve and Milhavet. After 1479, Louis I of Amboise, Bishop of Albi, obtained permission from the king to acquire the lordship. Charles I of Armagnac was reinstated in his lordship in 1484. He settled in Castelnau, where he died in 1497. The lordship then enters the realm of the Royal crown. King Louis XIII, returning from the siege of Saint-Antonin, passed in Castelnau-de-Montmiral on June 24, 1622, housed in Tonnac. It is also the place of residence of the famous Privat family.

Some other things to see here are the Place des Arcades with his pillory.  The Notre Dame de l’Assumption Church which the bell dates from 1554. gates such as those of  Garrics,and  Toulze. The numerous stone and half-timbered houses. The Ramparts. The Castle of  Guet destroyed in 1819 which is found on the coat of arms of the village. The Cross Reliquary called Montmiral, executed in 1341 by a goldsmith of Albi and completed by a goldsmith of Toulouse after various efforts.  Several small castles are located in the village such as those of Corduriès, Fézembat, Mazières, and Mayragues. Several underground refuge, and the   Forest of Grésigne.

However, we were on our road warrior rides in the area and went around the old ramparts of Castelnau de Montmirail by the D964 coming from Gaillac went into the bastide on ave du 8 mai 1945 to the old castle now a big mansion like place with a great lookout into the valley of Castelnau and took a break. One nice old town to be back to for sure, like i said so much to see it can get overwhelming at times.

castelnau de montmirail

The proud onlookers to valley of Castelnau are my twin sons

castelnau de montmirail

side mansion and garden of old castle ruins

The tourist office of the Tarn on Castelnau de Montmirail in English: Tourist office of the Tarn on Castelnau de Montmirail

The most beautiful villages of France on Castelnau de Montmirail in French: Les plus beaux villages de France on Castelnau de Montmirail

The Catholic diocese of Albi on the Church Notre Dame de l’Assomption in French: Catholic diocese of Albi on Notre Dame Assomption Church

We had no time to see the above church but brochure info tells me it is very beautiful, one more reason to be back away from Albi next time. Another missed was the Château de Mayragues more info in English here: Bastides vineyards and the castle of mayragues

Hope it helps you realise what I missed and the wonderful things to see here, a whole new trip is in order as soon as possible. My belle France is an endless supply of beautiful monuments to see ; enjoy it at Castelnau de Montmirail!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!

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May 2, 2020

St Benoit Cathedral at Castres!

And many have heard of Castres in my beloved Tarn dept 81 in the region of Occitanie. The thing most people come here is for the Goya museum which I have touch in previous post. However, Castres is a lot more as far as architecture and history. I like to tell you a bit more on it.

Another nice monument here is the St Benoit Cathedral or St Benedict. Right by the museum and city hall back at it on your way to city center.

The Saint-Benoît Cathedral is one of the mother churches of the Archdiocese of Albi, Castres and Lavaur and is the largest church in the city of Castres. It was raised to the rank of cathedral in 1317 before taking the title of parish church in 1801, the diocese of Castres, deleted at the time of the French revolution, not being restored by the Concordat. It is located at 2 Rue de l’Hôtel de ville

Castres

The St Benoit Cathedral as built on the site of a 9C Benedictine abbey of which only the bell tower remains; Saint-Benoît Cathedral has experienced many misfortunes. First destroyed by the Huguenots during the Wars of Religion, it was rebuilt in 1664 to 1682 , and separated from the bell tower by a street!   It forms with the old bishopric and its gardens a remarkable ensemble. The nave, paved with red sandstone, impresses with its vast volume

Castres

It was again built from the 11C, Saint-Benoît Cathedral retains only its bell tower from this period. Vestige of Romanesque style, this bell tower dominates this astonishing architecture which was largely modified over the centuries. Indeed, itself was greatly altered in the 17C. Thus, the cathedral presents a very successful Baroque architectural language. The cathedral has a narrow nave with four spans bordered by six chapels and two vestibules, as well as a choir decorated with gilded wood trophies and framed by four marble statues from the 17C, originating from the Charterhouse of Saïx.   The bell tower is still separate from the body of the cathedral today, and was attached to the Episcopal palace of Castres during its construction now City Hall. .

This St Benoit Cathedral received its ornamentation at the beginning of the 19C in particular from elements saved during the destruction of the charterhouse of Beauvoir. Let us cite in particular 9 paintings on the theme of the Eucharist, the splendid altarpiece of the Master marble altar in the shape of a tomb, as well as the large statues on the wall framing the choir The tribune of the Puget organ was built in the late 1860s finally, the small needle painting.

Lovely to stop by easy walking as we parked our car at the République underground next to the theater/museum. Hope you enjoy the post

castres

My family in front of parking

The tourist office of Castres on its heritage in French : Tourist office of Castres Mazamet on heritage

The diocese of Albi on St Benoit Cathedral in French: Catholic diocese on St Benoit Cathedral

And there you go out of so much to see around there is always something architecturally and historically magical in my belle France! Enjoy Castres!and St Benoit Cathedral!!

And remember happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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May 2, 2020

Palais de la Berbie, Albi!!

Oh seldom a name implies much, but when it does it is worldly huge and this is the case of the Palais de la Berbie or Berbie palace in gorgeous Albi, dept 81 of the Tarn in the Occitanie region of my belle France. Of course, the Berbie palace by itself may not mean much to many.

However, when I tell you this is the main Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec museum than I am talking heavy hitters in the world of paintings. Lots of would be painters but there is only a handful masters that rose to heavens on earth while painting etc. He is one of them , one my favorites and we have been here several times. Let me tell you a bit more on the Berbie Palace and the museum of Toulouse-Lautrec.

albi

The absolute must see in Albi is the Palais de la Berbie and its gardens one of the episcopal city built after the crusade against the Albigeois(cathars). The name of Berbie comes from the Occitan language meaning bishop. In the 13C the bishop Bernard de Castanet an important person in the construction of the complex had built a donjon tower of 50 meters four towers and walls all around the palace with courts and exterior ramparts until the Tarn river. This is the origin of the fortress that was change over the centuries in residence , by 1905 the palace is property of the Tarn Department and the mayor puts the museum of Albi. Later it becomes after the death of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec in 1922 the museum on his honor with donations of his work from his mother. Now, also, the tourist office of Albi.

albi

A bit on the Berbie palace briefly.  The Palais de la Berbie or Berbie Palace is a former episcopal palace. Built during the second half of the 13C, under the episcopate of three successive bishops, its construction took around fifty years to become a fortress under Bernard II de Combret and Bernard III of Castanet, faced with the hostility of the Albigensian population, both economically and religiously, with the Cathars. The Berbie Palace owes its name to a deformation of the Occitan bisbia, from the Latin episcopia, meaning “bishopric”. The castle is presented as a fairground brick fortress. The walls are reinforced by semi-cylindrical buttresses supporting in height arches masking the machicolations. This type of architecture, curious in the south where it is one of the only examples, was popularised in the west of France by the house Plantagenêt. When the painter Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, born in Albi in 1864, died in 1901 at the Château Malromé in Saint-André-du-Bois, his parents wished to offer their collection to a museum. In 1905, the law separating churches and the state dispossessed the archbishopric of Albi from the episcopal residence and allowed the opening of a museum. In 1922, the painter’s parents donated their collection to expand the museum. In addition to the Albigensian painter, a part evokes the history of the Berbie palace and more generally of the episcopal city of Albi.

albi

Following the museum brochure and the map with id letters of the Episcopilean center I will describe the building and museum here. The Palais de la Berbie on the Toulouse-Lautrec museum of Albi.

albi

The wing of Amboise and gallery of Daillon du Lude (id. F and G) It is in this part of the palace that the visit to the museum begins. The entrance to the museum is through glass doors, the central of which includes the Toulouse-Lautrec signature, the letters HTL intertwined. On the ground floor are the museum shop, the ticket office and the access gate, in vaulted rooms dating from the time of construction to the Renaissance. On the first floor is the gallery of Daillon du Lude giving on the yard. It houses the history of the palace. The wing of Amboise, overlooking the city, shows the small lounge of Daillon du Lude and the so-called room of the Cross. On the second floor, works by contemporary and later artists at Toulouse-Lautrec are on display.

The wing of the Suffragants (E) The ground floor, where the entrance turnstiles give, exhibits drawings and paintings from the youth of Toulouse-Lautrec. In this part is the access to the auditorium created under the main courtyard. On the first floor, works by Toulouse-Lautrec concerning his vision of Parisian nights and his late period are exhibited. On the second floor, works by contemporaries of the Albigensian painter are visible.

The Sainte-Catherine tower (D) and Saint-Michel tower (C) The whole forms a massive keep which sometimes takes the name of Mage tower, in other words the Major tower .The appearance of the two towers is similar, but the thickness of the walls of the Sainte-Catherine tower reveals the defensive destination, while the Saint-Michel tower results from an arrangement of the old palace, bisbia vielha in Occitan language. The Sainte-Catherine tower is the keep of the palace. The result is two very opposite façades. Seen from the south, the adjoining Saint-Michel tower gives a massive and austere appearance. To the north, the preserved part opens onto the gardens with classic style windows. A terrace rests on a vault against the corner turrets. It is accessible by two large patio doors. At the level of the roof exceeds the southern part on which are seen the traces of the old Gothic vaults of the upper rooms demolished at the very beginning of the 17C. On the ground floor of the museum, the mage tower presents portraits made by Toulouse-Lautrec and paintings of brothels. On the first floor, a medieval palatial room is presented with a living room of Cardinal Bernis arranged in a corner turret. The second floor is not accessible to the public. The Saint-Michel tower houses a chapel dedicated to the eponymous Archangel.

The Courtine de Durand de Beaucaire (I et J) The curtain wall of Durand de Beaucaire becomes a real bulwark with the work of his successors. It has a door framed with turrets carrying a machicolation. It is fitted out as a pleasure gallery by Hyacinthe Serroni. Windows are open on the south facade to light the rooms. A pontoon is built to reach the cathedral; it will be demolished at the end of the 19C or at the beginning of the 20C. It includes on the first floor the Serroni gallery presenting the history of the episcopal city.

The Annexed wings (id. R, S, T, U and V) .The rampart which surrounded the place d’Armes was partly arranged by the prelates in the upper part, during the creation of the terraces and gardens. The Amboise tower (V) or the octagon tower (T) or both, could take the place of an older tower. A portal was roughly cut in the curtain of Bernard de Castanet (U), without pageantry or framing, at the time of Cardinal de Choiseul-Stainville. It faced the recently opened street at the Place des Remparts, leading to the old bridge. This part cannot be visited on the ground floor or freely accessible from the gardens for the arcaded gallery of the curtain wall (S). On the first floor, this part, named Stainville wing in honor of the Archbishop, houses advertising posters from Toulouse-Lautrec.

The Octagon tower (T) and that of d’Amboise (V) are occupied by drawings and lithographs. The Amboise gallery (U) can be visited for its beauty, without exhibition; it is a painted ceiling in the overturned boat hull. The Courtines around the garden (id. K, L, M, N, O, P and G) The tour de l’éperon à bec or beak spur tower (L) could have been taken from an old tower of the former ramparts; it would then perhaps have served as a barbican before the construction of the curtain walls of Bernard de Castanet. It was reduced in height during works during or after the wars of religion. The lowering could be intended for the reception of artillery pieces. Bernard de Castanet built the towers of the river, Dionysus and the library with ramparts forming a crab claw with curtain walls, protecting access to the river. The curtain parallel to the Tarn river is more recent, closing the polygon and allowing by filling the volume behind the ramparts to create a place of weapon become the garden.

Some webpages to help you plan your trip here and it is a must are

The lettering is a guide from a map at the Epicopal city of Albi webpage above here is the text and map in pdf file in French : Cité Episcopale of Albi map guide with lettering and history

The same webpage as above but with the history of the Berbie palace in English: Cité Episcopale of Albi on the Berbie Palace

The city of Albi on the Berbie Palace in French: City of Albi on the Berbie palace

The tourist office of Albi on the Berbie palace in English: Tourist office of Albi on the Berbie palace

There you go now I feel better and you are all set to come on to Albi; see the beautiful Palais de la Berbie and the awesome Toulouse-Lautrec museum; worth the trip alone. Hope you enjoy the post and thank you for reading it.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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