The Churches of Vianden!

Ok so have written about the wonderful Vianden, Luxembourg in my blog on several occasions. However, these have been mostly directed at the castle and lifts. I need to tell you about the wonderful monuments in the city , hugely historical and even architecturally nice. This post will be on the Churches of Vianden.

The city of Vianden is located east of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, on the western edge of the German border. The city is crossed by the Our river, a tributary of the Sûre. The name of Vianden would derive from the Gallic word vien which means rocky.   Already in the year 1256, Vianden is cited as a city, but it is only since the franchise letter of 1308 that Vianden legally carries the title of city by franchise letter.

The quant Church of Saint Nicolas.  Can’t missed it once entering town. After the creation of the parish of Vianden on the right bank of the Our river around the middle of the 13C, the Templars of Roth built a chapel for the inhabitants of the left bank attached to their parish. In 1545, a cemetery was built to the left of the church. Following a fire, the sanctuary was rebuilt in 1724. In 1907, the exterior was renovated in a neo-Gothic style. The altarpiece of the choir with the statue of St Nicolas dates from 1768. The holy bishop is venerated as patron of merchants and boatmen. The stone statue of St John Nepomucen, canonized in 1729, comes from the Our bridge where it has been replaced by a copy. This saint is regarded as protective against the dangers of water and as a model of the confession.



Yet no much mention so could be said off the beaten path in Vianden. The city of Vianden has a page on the Churches and Chapels and mention the Church of St Nicolas here: City of Vianden on Churches and Chapels see St Nicolas


On the Church of the Trinitarians there is more yet more seclusive. In 1248, Count Henri 1er of Vianden donated to the “Order of the Most Holy Trinity for the Redemption of Captives” a hospice located at the foot of his castle. Henri I of Vianden did this to thank the order for having bought his father from the Saracens; it contains the supposed skull of Yolande de Vianden, the daughter of Henri I of Vianden and the tombstone of Henri de Nassau, bastard of a count of Nassau. The Trinitarians founded a convent there with a church also frequented by the faithful living in the surroundings. This situation provokes dissatisfaction with the Templars of Roth, owners of the parish church located on the left bank of the Our. The sanctuary of the Trinitarians quickly obtains the same rights for the inhabitants of Vianden established on the right bank.


In 1498, a fire destroyed the Church of the Trinitarians, which was rebuilt, undoubtedly with 13C cut stone, which explains the archaic aspect of the church with two naves of equal height. In 1644, the religious choir that extends the southern nave was replaced by a new, more spacious construction. The grandstand and the organ were added on the same side in 1693. When the Order of the Trinitarians was abolished in 1783, the church continued to serve as a parish.

Two funerary monuments recall the memory of the counts of Vianden. The recumbent figure of Marie de Spanheim c1400, and the epitaph of Henri de Nassau c.1589. The stone altarpiece in the north nave dates from the beginning of the 17C and comes from a workshop in Trier. The side altars were erected in 1729. In 1758, the monumental altarpiece of the apse. The last restoration dates from 1991. The pulpit dates back to 1630 and comes from the Jesuit church in Luxembourg (current cathedral). The stalls of 1769 are decorated with musical instruments and refer to the praise of God practiced in this place for centuries by the Trinitarians. The stained glass windows in the nave were made after WWII.

City of Vianden on the Church of the Trinitarians in French: City of Vianden on the Church of the Trinitarians

Tourist office of Luxembourg on the Church of the Trinitarians in Vianden in English: Tourist office of Luxembourg on the Church of the Trinitarians

There you a nice town to visit beautiful natural country, great castle (see post) and nice looking monuments , and of course Victor Hugo was here (see post. Enjoy Vianden!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!


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