Archive for February 14th, 2020

February 14, 2020

Chateau de Pontivy dit Rohan!

And again a re visit of something that alone is worth the visit to Pontivy in my opinion. There is a lot history here and architecture, even not enough for a couple of posts in my blog. However, each time here is a must to go by it. I will give some additional historical information and new pictures here but there is plenty more in my blog on it.

The Château de Pontivy , called Château des Rohan, was built in the 15C and 16C by the family of Rohan. The castle belongs to the family of Rohan who stayed there irregularly until the end of the 18C. Thereafter, the castle is successively occupied by the sub-prefecture and the courtroom of the civil court of Pontivy (1800-1839); General Bernadotte, commander-in-chief of the Western Army in charge of combating the Chouans (local farmers who fought against the French revolution for the king and region), installed his headquarters (May-June 1801); The Sisters of Kermaria, who created a school and a boarding schools for girls (1841-1884); A Breton museum founded by Jérôme Le Brigand in the late 19C; La Garde Saint-Ivy (sports Club of the city), the Scouts of France, some local families were housed in the west gallery, then severed in several rooms in the 1st half of the 20C with interruption in 1939-1940. During WWII, the Polish troops and then Autonomists Breton (June-September 1940). In 1953, Madame de Rohan rented it to the town of Pontivy by a lease of 99 years for a symbolic French Franc ,assuming all the charges of the owner. The town of Pontivy is then responsible for the maintenance, restoration and valorisation of the castle. Duke Josselin of Rohan agreed to cede his property to the city which became its owner on 16 October 2015. It still has some private rooms ,but most is open to the public.

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The Château Rohan was the place of the declaration of independance that was thwarted in Brittany while the creation of the National Breton Committee by the members of the Nationalist Breton Party in July 1940.

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The castle of Pontivy was built in a quadrangular and irregular way of about 90 meters by 75 meters flank by four towers with a circular angle connected with a courtine of 20 meters high very traditional.  The gross of its walls can reach in some spot to more than 5 meters in order to protect it from the progress of the artillery and canon balls. It is as it looks more of a fortress!

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The tourist office of Morbihan more on the castle in French

The tourist office of Pontivy communité on the castle

Hope it brings you here you won’t regretted, Pontivy and its castle. Lovely walks all around the castle/fortress indeed, and down its walls we have great souvenirs eating at L’Aiglon resto. Do read my previous posts on Pontivy, and I thank you.

And remember, happy travel, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

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February 14, 2020

Basilica Notre Dame de la Joie, Pontivy!

And I bring you to the Basilica Church of Pontivy. Again written before in my blog but will give you a bit more on its history and new pictures today. We only live about 40 minutes from here by car.

The Church or Basilica(since 1959)  of Our Lady of Joy or église  Basilique Notre Dame de la Joie is at Place Bourdonnay-du-Clézio . Built in the style neo gothic flamboyant,the statues of  Notre-Dame de la Joie, sculpture in a trunk of oak wood and of  Notre-Dame de la Délivrance, revered by the pregnant women are two wonderful sights to see inside. We cannot come here without stopping by ;hope you enjoy the post.

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The tourist office of Morbihan on the Basilica in French: Tourist office of Morbihan dept 56 on the Basilica Notre Dame de la Joie in Pontivy

The Notre-Dame-de-la-Joie Basilica (b. Church 1534), is located in the center of the medieval town at Place Bourdonnaye du Clézio, Pontivy. It is the old Saint-Ivy church, started in 1534 and dedicated to Notre-Dame in 1696. The church was consecrated basilica in 1959.  This building, rebuilt in the 16th century in the shape of a Latin cross, with a nave with three vessels and flanked by aisles in the nave, measures in the work 45 meters by 18 approximately.

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Before the 19th century restorations, the building included a nave of four spans, with aisles, a transept and a choir with a flat chevet. The square of the transept alone was arched with warheads. In the XIXth century, the whole church was vaulted and the choir flanked by collaterals extending the aisles. The large arcades in thirds, with several archivolts, penetrate into columns engaged in square pillars. To the west stands a large square tower, bordered by a flamboyant gallery, and surmounted by a polygonal stone turret, amortized in slate, and probably unfinished.

The exterior decoration is flamboyant, and the western portal, divided by a trumeau into two bays, with basket handles, decorated with braces, small columns, pinnacles, and flanked by decorated pilasters, is decorated with foliage of vine leaves finely carved: one sees there the shield with nine twins of Rohan. The windows, whose mullions were redone in the 19C, are surmounted, outside, by gables with crawlers decorated with sticks and cabbages. The stained glass windows date from the 19C. The stained glass window which represents the Assumption of the Virgin dates from 1902. The spire of the church, the aisles of the choir and the vaults of the nave date from 1886.

The altarpiece and the high altar, in carved stone and marble, are from 1782: the front bears the name of Jehovah in Hebrew characters and a marble tabernacle with an ornate door surmounts the high altar. It is on this altar that the federates signed their act of union on January 19, 1790. The altarpiece of the main altar represents Saint Ivy as a bishop, surrounded by Saint Peter, Saint Paul and characters such as the Duke and the Duchess of Rohan who contributed with their donation to rebuild part of the church. The altarpiece of Calvary in the south arm, in carved wood, dates from the 16-17C. The large bronze desk from the 17C is a gift from the Duke of Rohan, the bird’s talons cling to a large bronze sphere which symbolizes the globe. The organs date from 1836: the case, built by Dominique and Aristide Cavaillé-Coll, was redesigned by Debierre in 1878 and by Gobin in 1960.

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The painting entitled “Descent from the Cross” dates from 1635 and was restored in 1974. The figures of Our Lady of Joy, carved from an oak trunk, and of Our Lady of Deliverance venerated by pregnant women are part many statues of the church. It also houses the polychrome wooden statues of Saint Catherine and Saint Barbe. The silver lamp dates from the 17C. It was offered to the community in 1696 in recognition of the intervention of Our Lady of Joy to stop the plague epidemic which raged in the country.
Today a marble plaque, to the right of the high altar, marks the place where the heart of General de Lourmel rests. The large bronze desk, which can still be seen in the choir, is a gift from the Duke of Rohan.

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General tourist info in English at the tourist office of Bretagne here: Tourist office of Brittany on things to see

I hope you enjoy the post and do come to see it is a wonderful Basilica Church of Our Lady of Joy in city center Pontivy.

And remember, happy travel, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

 

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February 14, 2020

St Joseph Imperial Church of Pontivy!

I have written on it before in my blog and upon coming back for a visit to Pontivy of course could not avoid stopping by it again. I will be brief as the history ,architecture of it has been already covered in my previous posts on it.

Imperial Church of St Joseph (église Impériale de Saint Joseph) is done in  néo gothic from 1860, It was built while visiting by Napoléon III . Under an imperial subvention, the crowning Arrow was not finished so square top on the belltower seen today. In our timing it was closed but it is open  every day from 14h to 19h except Tuesdays and dates of events.

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The tourist office of Morbihan in French on the Church! Tourist office of Morbihan on Imperial Church St Joseph

In addition to my previous post here is more detail on the architecture and symbolism of the Emperors here with a bit of description of the Imperial Church of St Joseph of Pontivy.

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The first stone was laid on July 29, 1860 by Princess Bacchochi, cousin of the emperor, residing in Colpo (Morbihan 56) . Construction, started in 1863, was stopped in 1867.

 The Saint Joseph’s Church is built on a Latin cross plan on three levels with  large arcades, triforium and tall windows. It has the choir oriented to the south, contrary to religious architectural standards which require an orientation of the choir to the east. The church is undoubtedly in neo-Gothic style with vaults are on crossed ribs whose thrusts are buttressed outside by a series of flying buttresses, the light penetrates through bays in broken arch, enriched with the outside of gables and pinnacles. All  faithful to one of the wishes expressed by Napoleon III regarding this church.  It was the Parisian Gothic style of the 13C that inspired the Parisian master builder. Carved the dove of the Holy Spirit which decorates the shade of the pulpit to preach and the reliefs of the four evangelists accompanied by their symbol on this church such as those of Saint Mathieu and the angel, Saint Marc and the lion, Saint Luc and the bull, Saint John and the eagle. The organ which is in the choir today dates from the beginning of the 20C was acquired by the intermunicipal union for the tourist development of the canton of Pontivy. This is how the organ is installed in the Saint-Joseph church where it still remains. The coat of arms of Emperor Napoleon III is inlaid on the stained glass window of the eastern arm of the transept, on the keystone of the apse of the choir and under the balustrade of the bell tower outside. The “E” of Empress Eugenie and the “N” of Napoleon III are in the center of the stained glass window on the west arm of the transept and on the pavement of the choir, surmounted by the imperial crown and surrounded by bees, as well as at center of the rose window on the west arm of the transept. The bee symbolizes immortality and resurrection and also creates a link between the Empire and the origins of France. Bees surround the figure of the Emperor and the imperial crown on the pavement of the choir and the figures of the Emperor and Empress in the center of the rose window on the west arm of the transept.

Between 1991 and 1994, contemporary stained glass windows, on the theme of the four elements, were made and color the building with a new breath

Indeed a wonderful monument surrounded by a pretty park garden in city center Pontivy. Hope you enjoy the post as I do.

And remember, happy travel, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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