Archive for January 31st, 2020

January 31, 2020

Sephardic and Councilor museums of Toledo!

So bringing you back to another of my favorite cities of my beloved Spain. And many times visited with family nearby over the years, and of course, never enough written on it or pictures! I do have several posts on the city of Toledo, Castilla La Mancha , Spain. I will try to tell you in my next posts the arts and museums of Toledo, but first a bit about the city’s location, good by train and already a post on that over the years the car is my second home.

Toledo is about 71 km (about 44 miles) from Madrid. From Toledo part the N-400, which connects this city with Cuenca by Ocaña and Tarancón.  There is now an excellent  A-40 Autovia or highway of Castilla-La Mancha, that unites Avila with Maqueda (where it links with the Extremadura highway), Toledo, Ocaña (where it joins the highway of Andalusia), Tarancón (where it connects with the highway of Levante, Valencia), Cuenca and Teruel. A former national road 401 Madrid-Toledo-Ciudad Real was transformed at the end of the decade of 1980 in the current A-42.

The general tourist office information is here:

Tourist office of Toledo: https://turismo.toledo.es/

Tourist office of Castilla La Mancha on Toledo: http://en.www.turismocastillalamancha.es/patrimonio/toledo/

And continuing in my lovely Toledo and with family not far for yeeears of visits it never get me tired of visiting Toledo, for now its a must when in Spain. In the off the beaten paths and not so beaten let me continue with the wonderful museums of the Sephardic Jews and the Councilors of Toledo.

The Museo Sefardí or Sephardic Museum occupies the old Convent of Knights of Calatrava, annex to the Synagogue of the Transit, and it shows historical, religious aspects and of the customs of the Jewish past in Spain, as well as of the Sephardim, the descendants of the Jews who lived in the Iberian peninsula until 1492. In 19642, it was decided that the Synagogue of the Transit or synagogue of Samuel ha-Leví be the seat of the Sephardic museum, which aims to preserve the legacy of the Hispanic-Jewish and Sephardic culture so that it is integrated as essential part of the Spanish Historical Heritage, a task that it performs until today.

toledo

 

The first room shows the history, geography and culture of the Jewish people in the Ancient Near East, where, according to biblical writings, traditions that last in their daily lives originated. Archaeological objects dated between 2000 BC are shown. and the first century A.D. as well as a wide variety of cultural objects related to what it is and what it means to be Jewish, your beliefs and customs. It highlights a Torah, the sacred book of Judaism, formed by the Pentateuch and other liturgical objects.

In the northern courtyard, as a necropolis, some of the tombstones of Jewish characters from various parts of Spain are exposed. In the east courtyard the archaeological remains of some possible public baths of the old Jewish quarter of Toledo and the floor of the old hejal (main wall) of the synagogue are preserved.

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The women’s gallery, a special room for liturgical monitoring by the female gender that has the synagogue. As in other cultures, Judaism does not allow women to follow the liturgy from the prayer hall. In this space, which preserves part of its original plasterwork decoration, showcases related to the daily life of the Sephardim are shown: their birth, education, main parties, death, etc.

Tourist office of Toledo: Tourist office of Toledo on the Museo Sefardi

Ministry of Culture and Sports of SpainMinistry of Culture and Sports of Spain on the Museo Sefardi

The Museo de los Concilios or Councilor museum and the Visigoth culture, located in the Church of San Román, has Romanesque paintings from the 13C and an important collection, original and replicas, of goldsmith Visigoth, along with other archaeological finds dated between the 6C to 8C. The Visigothic Council and Culture Museum was created in 1969 as a subsidiary of the Santa Cruz Museum. Having its headquarters in the Church of San Román, it is also known as the San Román Museum. The museum opened in 1971.

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The museum in the Church of San Román of which the church origins,are only partial data, could be traced back to the Visigothic period, since a crypt identified as an apse was discovered under the main chapel in 1968 built at that time, although some hypotheses attributed to Roman times by the vaults that support the staircase of the tower. Later it was perhaps used as a mosque since until 1572 Islamic sepulchral lauds were preserved in it. Documentary it is cited as a Latin parish for the first time in the early   12C, in 1125, although the current parish corresponds to the church consecrated in 1221. The tradition places in this church the proclamation of Alfonso VIII as heir of Castile in 1161 by the mayor of Toledo Esteban Illán, buried in one of the chapels.

toledo

 The structure is simple: it has a basilica plan with three naves, the tallest and widest central, separated by horseshoe-shaped arches with alternate segments framed in alfiz. They are supported on columns of Roman shaft attached to brick pillars, on which twelve capitals of different sizes are located, of which five are Visigoths, six Mozarabic 9-10C, and one of Byzantine tradition.

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The materials that are exhibited in the Museum of the Visigothic Councils and Culture, and that testify to the importance of the Visigothic court of Toledo from the last third of the 6C, come from the funds of the Museum of Santa Cruz, (see this post)  coming from excavations taken to out in the province of Toledo (Vega Baja, Bayuela Castle, Carpio de Tajo, etc.). All the exhibited pieces are the only vestige that are conserve of what were the civil and religious constructions of the city in Visigothic time, since no original construction is still standing. Museography distributes the archaeological pieces in different thematic blocks that help us understand the general characteristics of the Visigothic culture and its material expressions. 

It was essential to dedicate a section in the Councilor museum , understood as assemblies of bishops and nobles presided over by the king, continuing the Roman synodal tradition. Although the celebration of the Councils of Toledo begins already under Roman rule, it will be with the consolidation of the Visigothic state when they receive a real boost. In this sense it is necessary to highlight the celebration of the Third Council, in 589, in which King Recaredo formalized his conversion and that of the Godo people to Catholicism, abandoning Arianism. As of this moment the integration of the Hispanic-Romans in the Visigothic state took place!

Tourist office of Toledo: Tourist office of Toledo on the Museo de los Concilios

And there you go something unique in my lovely Toledo, both must to see. The museums are great but they are in historical architecturally stunning buildings they are awesome, not to mention the goodies inside. Hope you have enjoyed the Sefardi and Concilios museums of Toledo

And remember, happy travel, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

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January 31, 2020

San Clemente and Santa Cruz, events and museum of Toledo!!

So bringing you back to another of my favorite cities of my beloved Spain. And many times visited with family nearby over the years, and of course, never enough written on it or pictures! I do have several posts on the city of Toledo, Castilla La Mancha , Spain. I will try to tell you in my next posts the arts and museums of Toledo, but first a bit about the city’s location, good by train and already a post on that over the years the car is my second home.

Toledo is about 71 km (about 44 miles) from Madrid. From Toledo part the N-400, which connects this city with Cuenca by Ocaña and Tarancón.  There is now an excellent  A-40 Autovia or highway of Castilla-La Mancha, that unites Avila with Maqueda (where it links with the Extremadura highway), Toledo, Ocaña (where it joins the highway of Andalusia), Tarancón (where it connects with the highway of Levante, Valencia), Cuenca and Teruel. A former national road 401 Madrid-Toledo-Ciudad Real was transformed at the end of the decade of 1980 in the current A-42.

The general tourist office information is here:

Tourist office of Toledo: https://turismo.toledo.es/

Tourist office of Castilla La Mancha on Toledo: http://en.www.turismocastillalamancha.es/patrimonio/toledo/

Ok so it sounds like religious and indeed they are in those old buildings but they are , also, cultural center of San Clemente (St Clement) and Santa Cruz museum (Holy Cross) and I like to tell you a bit more on them from my lovely Toledo and beloved Spain.

The Museo Santa Cruz Museum takes its name from the building that serves as its headquarters, the old Hospital of Santa Cruz, founded by Cardinal Pedro González de Mendoza as a general hospital and for the reception of exposed children. The building was built in the first decades of the 16C, after the death of its founder, and constitutes one of the architectural masterpieces of the Spanish Renaissance. It has a Greek cross plan with two floors, a large central cruise open to both floors and a total of eight bays, plus another room above the hall, all covered with wooden roofs. It also has two cloistered courtyards arranged between its arms. Its magnificent cover, dedicated to the devotion of the Holy Cross, the main cloister and the splendid staircase of Covarrubias, in the main courtyard, justify by itself the visit to this Museum.

Toledo

toledo

Tourist office of ToledoTourist office of Toledo on Santa Cruz museum

The San Clemente Cultural Center dependent on the Provincial Council of Toledo is located in the Plaza de Padilla, in the historic center of the city , and is part of the Imperial Monastery of San Clemente.

toledo

Two courtyards appear as organizing elements of the set. The main one is of enormous dimensions and can be considered as the true heart of the convent. It consists of two overlapping floors, with semicircular arches and in the upper architraves. The supports are carved stone columns. The second patio is simpler. The floor below has semicircular arches and the upper architrave with stone columns and brick walls. But what stands out above all is the enormous beauty of the Plateresque cover. In the 12C this convent already existed but in the 16C various modifications are made

In an important part of the Convent of San Clemente, the Cultural Center is installed, where the Library, the Restoration Unit and the Exhibition Center of the Provincial Council of Toledo are located. This Center regularly hosts exhibitions of the works of artists born or resident in our province, although other authors also participate in these exhibitions, less frequently. Sometimes they are already established artists and other young people who begin their artistic career and thus have the opportunity to bring their work to Toledo and many visitors that the city receives in consequence.

toledo

Deputy council of Toledo: Deputy council of Toledo on the San Clemente center

Cultural site on San ClementeTouristic guide of Toledo on the San Clemente center

There you go again some wonderful places to see and visit in my lovely Toledo, beloved Spain, never short of off the beaten path things to see and Toledo has a bookful!! Enjoy it

And remember, happy travel, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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January 31, 2020

A hospital and a fortress, museums of Toledo, Spain!!

So bringing you back to another of my favorite cities of my beloved Spain. And many times visited with family nearby over the years, and of course, never enough written on it or pictures! I do have several posts on the city of Toledo, Castilla La Mancha , Spain. I will try to tell you in my next posts the arts and museums of Toledo, but first a bit about the city’s location, good by train and already a post on that over the years the car is my second home.

Toledo is about 71 km (about 44 miles) from Madrid. From Toledo part the N-400, which connects this city with Cuenca by Ocaña and Tarancón.  There is now an excellent  A-40 Autovia or highway of Castilla-La Mancha, that unites Avila with Maqueda (where it links with the Extremadura highway), Toledo, Ocaña (where it joins the highway of Andalusia), Tarancón (where it connects with the highway of Levante, Valencia), Cuenca and Teruel. A former national road 401 Madrid-Toledo-Ciudad Real was transformed at the end of the decade of 1980 in the current A-42.

The general tourist office information is here:

Tourist office of Toledo: https://turismo.toledo.es/

Tourist office of Castilla La Mancha on Toledo: http://en.www.turismocastillalamancha.es/patrimonio/toledo/

Let me give you a bit more on the Alcazar and the Tavera hospital of Toledo! enjoy it so much in my lovely Toledo and beloved Spain!

At the Alcazar rebuilt in the 20C with traces going back to the 16C, and now housing since 2010 the Museo del Ejercito or Army Museum, another must to see in town.

Toledo

The Army Museum of Spain, is the result of the merger of various military museums created throughout the 19C and early 20C. Its founding nucleus is constituted by that of Artillery and Engineers.

Toledo

In 1803, at the request of Godoy (prime minister of Spain), the Royal Military Museum was created in Madrid, the most remote antecedent of the current Army Museum. It is one of the oldest Spanish museums and responds to the interest in Europe of the time for the conservation and dissemination of objects related to military history. Organically it depends on the Institute of Military History and Culture of the Army. The main areas here which is vast to cover on this post are the Old Tercios (army third battalions of Spain), the Royal Room ,Archaeological Remains, the Puerta de   Covarrubias gate , the Courtyard of Carlos V , and my favorite the history of artillery.

Official Army museumOfficial Army museum in English

Tourist office of ToledoTourist office of Toledo on the Army museum

The Hospital of San Juan Bautista is one of the most beautiful and representative monuments of the Spanish Renaissance that, in addition, exhibits, in a palatial atmosphere, an extraordinary pictorial, sculptural and movable collection of the Golden Age and the only hospital pharmacy of that time preserved entirely.

The first completely classic building in Castilla, also known as Tavera or Outskirts Hospital, because it is located outside the city, in front of the Bisagra gate, was born in the 16C with a double function: hospital for “the headdresses of different diseases ”and pantheon of its founder, Cardinal Juan Pardo Tavera. Its construction opens, in 1540, the program of architectural and urban renewal that the circle of humanists who surrounded the Emperor Carlos V projected to adapt the image of Toledo to his role as Imperial Capital.   This building began to be built in 1541.

Toledo

The museum exhibits, in addition to an important collection of Flemish furniture and tapestries from the 16-17C, the aforementioned art gallery that gathers works by El Greco, Luca Giordano, Zurbarán, Tintoretto, Pantoja de la Cruz, Carreño de Miranda, Sánchez Coello, etc. In the museum there is a large archive of documents and numerous artistic works of great value are preserved: paintings by El Greco, Ribera, Tintoretto, Luca Giordano, Tiziano, Snyders and Jacopo Bassano, among others. They stand out one of the few portraits painted by Zurbarán and a copy of Carlos V on horseback in Mühlberg, of Tiziano (Prado Museum), painted by Sánchez Coello. Equally exceptional is the sculpture of the Risen Christ, by El Greco. In addition, it houses the building of the old pharmacy of the hospital. The unique spatial richness of the Tavera Hospital is evidenced in its courtyards, in the long bays of the old infirmary, church, sacristy, crypt allowing us to enjoy the beauty of the works of art that it treasures as the Sepulcher of Cardinal Tavera, work of Alonso de Berruguete, or the altarpiece of the Church, iconographic project of El Greco.

Toledo

The Tavera Hospital building also houses the Historical Archive of the Nobility, a center under the Ministry of Culture and Sports (Government of Spain). In 1988, the State signed an agreement with the Ducal House of Medinaceli, owner of the building, whereby a part of it was ceded to house the Nobility Section of the National Historical Archive, which began operating in 1993 in its new offices, through the transfer of various noble funds that were guarded in the National Historical Archive. Since 2017, this center has been called the Historical Archive of the Nobility. It houses 270 noble archives, whose consultation is free and free, from Monday to Friday from 8h30 to 14h30. You can also visit their exhibitions. More on the nobility part here in Spanish: Minister of Culture and sports of Spain on the national nobility archive in Toledo

Tourist office of ToledoTourist office of Toledo on Tavera Hospital

Tourist office of Castilla La Mancha on Tavera hospital and museum: Tourist office of Castilla La Mancha on Tavera hospital museum

There you a proper combination of army museum and hospital museum in lovely Toledo and my beloved Spain, hope you enjoy it

And remember, happy travel, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

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