War memorials of France and USA!

This is one of my old job cities in France, I worked here for 2 years and many  nice memories of the place and friends. Suresnes is in dept 92 Hauts de Seine just west of Paris easy over the Bois de Boulogne.  Been on a hill rolling down to the Seine river makes a picturesque town of quant streets and nice city center which I had enjoyed many times and even visited.

However, the reason for the post is that on this nice city of Suresnes lies two wonderful monuments of things never to be repeated. And it’s up to each and everyone of us to make sure it does not happened again. I will tell you a bit about the American Cemetery and the Memorial to the fighting French in the hill of Mont Valerien in the city of Suresnes! Ah before I forget ,you can easily reach Suresnes from Gare Saint Lazare in Paris, to Mont Valerien station go out and get on the exit Mont Valerien climb the street at the top are the memorial and cemetery.

Once on top you will go to the American Cemetery with souls of WWI and WWII on territory given by France to the USA ; this is a beautiful cemetery and on top has great views of Paris. You can go down to the esplanade to the left of the cemetery and the views to Paris on clear days is great; the best way to see the monuments. At night is sublime and romantic.

Suresnes

suresnes

The American Cemetery at Suresnes is an American military cemetery, located on the slope of Mont Valerién facing Paris. It contains, on an area of ​​more than three hectares, the graves of 1,541 American soldiers who died during WWI and 24 unknown soldiers who died during WWII. In addition, a wall of the lost perpetuates the memory of 974 missing at sea or on the battlefields during WWI. Rosettes were placed in front of the names of former missing persons later found. It is the only American military cemetery in Europe that combines the two WW. The land was granted for free in perpetuity by the French people to the USA.

Suresnes

The cemetery was established in 1917 by the Graves Registration Service of the Army Quartermaster Corps. Unlike the other cemeteries of WWI, located near the battlefields, this one was chosen because of its proximity to Parisian hospitals.  It was inaugurated by President Woodrow Wilson on Memorial Day May 1919, in the presence of General Pershing and Marshal Foch. The American Battle Monuments Commission then builds the chapel and landscaping. This work was completed in 1932 and the administration of the estate was entrusted to the American Battle Monuments Commission in 1934. The part dedicated to WWII was inaugurated at a grand ceremony in 1952, by General George Marshall, then President of the American Battle Monuments Commission. At that time, the loggias adjoining the chapel, as well as memorial rooms decorated with sculptures and engraved inscriptions were made. The stelae of white marble are mostly decorated with a Cross, or a Star of David for Jewish soldiers. On November 11, 2018, on the occasion of the centenary of the armistice of 1918, the American president Donald Trump came to collect himself at the American cemetery of Suresnes

The American Battle Monument Commission on the Suresnes cemetery

The roads of memories of the French govt on the Suresnes cemetery

Cacing the cemetery to the left side you go up to the  Mémorial Nationale dedicated to French veterans a solemn place with a never ending flame of gratitude to all those fallen under the nazism, many here were held and shot dead. It has a nice chapel and on top you can see the old fortress where there is a military fort still operational. if you go on the right side of the American Cemetery the distance will be longer but you see more high views of Paris and a nice walkers sentry on the parc promenade Jacques Baumel.

The Mémorial de la France Combattante or Memorial of the fighting French is a monument of homage to French fighters, resistant and deported which is in the city of Suresnes on the slope of Mont Valérien, at the foot of the fortress of Mont Valerien

Suresnes

The fortress of Mont-Valérien was the site of more than a thousand executions of resistants fighters in WWII such as Honoré d’Estienne d’Orves or 22 members of the Manouchian group. On June 18, 1946, General de Gaulle paid homage to the massacred and shot on November 11, 1946, under the direction of the Minister of Prisoners, deportees and refugees of the Provisional Government, fifteen corps of WWII fighters from France and settlements, including two women buried in a temporary crypt.

Suresnes

The design  was inspired by the symbol of the Unknown Soldier of the Great War (WWI is known in France), and adapted it to the specificities of  WWII. The different categories of combatants (fighters of 1940, FFL, resistant, deportees, prisoners, men of the France of Overseas) are represented by the remains of one of theirs. In 1952, one also places the body of a French soldier from Indochina killed by the Japanese. In 1958, General de Gaulle, returned to power, commissioned the architect of civil buildings and national palaces to build a real monument, inaugurated on June 18, 1960

Suresnes

The esplanade of the monument is over 1,000 m2. A wall 150 meters long, in pink sandstone of the Vosges, is attached to the rampart in millstone of the fortress. In the middle of this wall, a large Lorraine cross 12 meters high marks the entrance to the crypt where the 16 fighters rest. Vault 9 awaits the last companion of the Liberation. The 17 vaults are arranged in an arc of circle, with in the center an urn containing ashes collected in concentration camps, decorated with a metal sculpture representing a flame. On the foot of the cross is engraved the inscription extracted from the Appeal of June 18: “Whatever happened to the flame of resistance it will not be  turn off.  June 18, 1940 Charles De Gaulle”

Suresnes

In front of the cross of Lorraine, a flame springs permanently from a bronze burner. Along the wall, 16 different sculptures, equivalent to the Greek metopic, in bronze, symbolize the different forms of fighting for the Liberation. Built from 2008, an information and reception center has been open since 2009.

Memorial of Mont Valerien in French

Roads of memories French govt on the Mont Valerien memorial

Tourist office of Paris on the French memorial in English

And there you go a place of solemn memory and peaceful surrounding to guard and keep these brave men and women of our mother Earth. I thank them eternally! You go a lot to Paris, you should make a detour and visit Mont Valérien, Suresnes

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

 

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