Archive for September 3rd, 2019

September 3, 2019

Parish Church San Jéronimo el Real , Madrid!

And I am back at you with my Madrid, bear with me as coming back from a recent trip there I have a ton of new pictures, sometimes never taken before but now with the blog lol!

One building that needs to be seen there is the Royal Parish Church of Saint Jerome or the Parroquia Iglésia de San Jeronimo el Real right next to the Prado museum! notice it! Well I have and been in it but seldom took as many pictures than on this trip, memories forever in my beloved Madrid.

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The old monastery of San Jerónimo el Real, popularly known as “Los Jerónimos”, was one of the most important monasteries in Madrid, originally governed by the Order of San Jerónimo. Next to it there was the so-called Royal Quarter, then expanded as Palace of Buen Retiro in the time of Felipe IV. The church currently remains, converted into a parish Church of San Jeronimo (St. Jerome), and a Renaissance cloister. Church and convent were closely linked to the life of the Court and the Spanish monarchy. The temple was a frequent scene of funerals, oaths of heirs, weddings and royal proclamations, the last of these being that of King Juan Carlos I.

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This is the only gothic building in Madrid. It is a late Gothic with Renaissance influences and reminiscences of Madrid architecture, which can be seen in its facade in which stone and brick are mixed. Inside you will see its Elizabethan Gothic choir, which you will recognize because it is supported by a carpanel arch. The Jerónimos have undergone several modifications since their original construction in 1502, the church we see today is mostly from the 19C, when the facade and the twin towers that frame the main chapel were rebuilt. However, the Gothic style has been preserved and can be seen in the towers, in the buttresses and in the buttresses finished off pinnacles, among others. On each side we find five chapels, which were the object of the restoration that took place in the 19C. And its great staircase is even more recent, as it was built at the beginning of the 20C. This interior shows us something dark, especially in the area of ​​the main altar. Its greatest artistic attraction is in the decoration of the aforementioned central nave.

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It is found right next to the Prado museum the best way to walk to it is from the Paseo del Prado up to Calle Moreto 4. Metro lines Atocha, Antón Martín, line 1 and Banco de España line 2.

A bit of history I like

Although king Enrique IV of Castilla had previously ordered to build another monastery of Jeronimos on the banks of the Manzanares River in 1463, and shortly thereafter, in 1470 he had given the congregation of privileges and privilege to collect taxes, it is something later, at the end of the 15C, when the Catholic Monarchs ordered the construction in Madrid of a monastery of Jeronimos monks that would serve as a room for the Royal Family during their stays in the town. This Monasterio de San Jeronimo El Real (Royal monastery of St Jerome) was made in late Gothic style with Renaissance influences.

In 1510 Fernando I, the Catholic  has meetings of the Cortes in the temple and in 1528,the courts of Castile convened in Madrid in the monastery of San Jeronimo by Carlos I, Felipe de Habsburg Prince of Asturias was declared there, and was sworn as heir and successor of the kingdoms of Castile, a tradition that will remain until that of Isabel II, in 1833.  The monastery and the annexed palace lived its time of greatest splendor during the reign of Felipe IV, which made the complex the center of courtly life. In the temple the oath took place as heir to the kingdoms of Castile of the ill-fated Prince Baltasar Carlos of Austria.

During the Napoleonic invasion of 1808 (known here as the War of Independence of Spain), the monastery and the Palace of Buen Retiro were severely damaged by the invading army. As a result of this and in an effort to maintain what was left, Fernando VII turns the monastery into an artillery barracks.Years later, under queen Isabel II, the restoration of the church is ordered and the result of which are the towers of its heading, which flank the apse. The palatial complex of Buen Retiro was worse off: it suffered such damage that it was demolished, with the exception of the Casón del Buen Retiro and the Salon de Reinos (kingdom hall).

In San Jerónimo the marriage bond was celebrated between King Alfonso XIII and Victoria Eugenia de Battenberg on May 31, 1906. On November 27, 1975, Cardinal Vicente Enrique y Tarancón presided over the votive Mass of the Holy Spirit, at the beginning of the reign by king Juan Carlos I. In the early 20C, and as a result of the agreement to transfer the cloister of the monastery to the Prado Museum, the church was completely restored, both internally and externally.

When considering the necessary extension of the neighboring Prado Museum, the Ministry of Culture rejected several options and chose as the most feasible and least traumatic to extend the spaces of the gallery to the Jerónimos. The site of the cloister was recovered, which was connected to the main body of the museum underground. Once the work was finished, the cloister maintains its inner courtyard, with its original arches and columns, and recovers its outer volume in the form of a cube, to which it owes its popular name. Red brick was used for the facades, so that they sang better with the surrounding buildings. Inside, the most innovative element is a skylight that crosses the building, from the cloister to the underground floors dedicated to exhibitions. The bronze doors that connect the cloister building with the Calle Ruiz de Alarcón street have also received praise. In all a wonderful parish Church!

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This is one that needs to be seen yet so close and intertwined with the Prado museum often overlook by visitors, it can be even call an off the beaten path site in my Madrid, but a must to see I repeat! San Jéronimo el Real be there!

Some webpages to help you plan your trip here are

Offiical Parroquia San Jeronimo el Real Madrid

Tourist office of Madrid on San Jeronimo

Tourist office of Comunidad de Madrid on San Jeronimo

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

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September 3, 2019

Cason del Buen Retiro and Salon de Reinos ,Madrid of course!

And continuing with my great fun time spent in my beloved Madrid recently, let me bring you to something often overlook by visitors, of what I call off the beaten path even if they are in a very popular spot!

This is all part of the Prado museum of Spain and the world! Let me tell you a bit of history on the Cason del Buen Retiro and the Salon de Reinos. Anecdote I used to hang out around the Cason as in those days you can meet girls there after school coming off the bigger Retiro park lol!

The Casón del Buen Retiro is one of only two buildings that survive the destruction of the Buen Retiro Palace, from which it takes its name. Built in 1637, it is initially thought of as a dance hall of the Court of Felipe   IV. This was part of the Retiro park then.

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From 1971, it depends on the Prado Museum and has more than 3,000 paintings, including Picasso’s Guernica before it was transferred to the Reina Sofía museum in 1992. After years of work, the building is transformed into center of studies in 2009, while collections of paintings of the 19C are relocated to the main Prado museum after its enlargement

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A bit of history I like

Originally it was not an independent building, but an intersection or segment in a significant succession of buildings. The other surviving building of the Buen Retiro palace is the Salon de Reinos or hall of realms, which for decades was the headquarters of the Army Museum, until its move to the Prado Museum.

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The painter Luca Giordano participated in the decoration of the Casón. He painted Allegory to the Golden Fleece on the vault of the building. It is practically the only original element that remains, although in reality this panel was largely restored by two painters of the 19C. It was added two new facades,in neoclassical style.

The building was operated as a royal cabinet for topographic studies as early as 1831. Previously, it was the seat of the royal cabinet of machines. During the 20C,the Casón or hut, so called because of its sorry appearance then was used for different purposes. In 1971 it was ceded to the Prado Museum to house the collection of paintings of the 19C. These paintings had belonged to the Spanish Museum of Modern Art, created in 1894.   it was decided in 1971 to return the paintings of the 19C to the Prado and to leave the remaining ones of the 20C in a new building built at the university campus: the Spanish Museum of Contemporary Art (MEAC) which was transformed in 1988 into the National Museum of Reina Sofia and moved in 1992 to its current site.

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The Casón del Buen Retiro received in 1981 the Picasso legacy, of which most important work was Guernica. Along with him, other significant legacies were exhibited, such as that of Arthur Doug Cooper or Piler Juncosa, widow of Joan Miró. They were then moved to the Reina Sofia Museum. Under the auspices of public art collections, the artists who were born after Picasso would go to Reina Sofia museum, and those born before they would stay in the Prado.

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The final use of the building is to host the Center of Studies of the Museum called the Prado school, following the model of the School of the Louvre. It devotes itself to the study of works of art and to the training of art expert. This is where the documentation, archive, library and conservation departments of the Prado Museum are located. It owns books on painting, drawing and iconography, sculpture and the decorative arts, from the Middle Ages to the 19C. There are exhibition catalogs; also a large old fund, largely made up of acquisitions of the Cervella and Madrazo libraries.

Prado museum on the Cason del Buen Retiro

The Salon of Realms or Salon de Reinos or Grande is a museum in the heart of Madrid. The building is the main body of the Buen Retiro palace built between 1630 and 1635, and houses the royal collections of paintings now preserved in the Prado Museum. The salon owes its name to the shields of the 24 kingdoms that are painted and represent the territories under the control of the Spanish monarchy in the time of Felipe IV . Today, the building is also known as the Army Museum, which was housed there until it was moved to the Alcázar of Toledo. With the Casón del Buen Retiro, the Salon of Realms is the only remaining architectural vestige of the old palace.

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Initially it was designed as a royal entertainment venue, but when it was decided to transform the Buen Retiro into a real palace it was added a ceremonial function, as for the Throne Room. The Salon never gave up its festive function, it is used for shows and evenings, exploiting its circular balcony which allowed to observe the celebrations from above. As the throne room it was to impress the ambassadors and distinguished members of the European foreign courts who are welcomed at the palace

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The Salon of Realms and the Fiestas ( better known as the Casón del Buen Retiro ), were the only rooms that resisted the intense bombing and attacks by the French during the Napoleonic invasion, between 1808 and 1814. The appearance of the building was profoundly modified by the transformations of the 20C once the Spanish War of Independence ended. For a long time, the building houses the Army Museum. At the beginning of the 21C it was moved this museum to the Alcázar of Toledo, and made the Salon of Realms or Salon de Reinos of the Prado Museum dependent, like the Casón del Buen Retiro. The option finally chosen was to used it with its annexes for the temporary exhibitions.

Prado museum on the Salon de Reinos

There you go two wonderful buildings you should seek out when in Madrid and time away from the main Prado museum , if possible! This is wonderful Madrid a lot more than tapas and cañas I said!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

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