Molina de Aragon and its fortress!

So here will tell you about a passing wonderful little town and its even better fortress or castle in my beloved Spain. I go around these towns a lot on my roundtrips between France and Spain, and sometimes wish I could have spent more times in them. Time oblige! Let me tell you a bit on the town of Molina de Aragon and its wonderful fortress.

Molina de Aragón is a town in the province of  Guadalajara in the autonomous region of Castilla La Mancha . Bordered to the north by the town of Rueda de la Sierra, to the northeast with Tortuera and Embid, to the east with Campillo de Dueñas and the Yunta, to the southeast with Castellar de la Muela, to the south with Prados Redondo, to the southwest with Castilnuevo, to the west with Corduente , and northwest with Rillo de Gallo . It’s hilly winding road area bear in mind.

A bit of history I like

During the reconquest it was taken by the Aragonese king Alfonso I the Battler (Batallador)  in 1128. Around 1139, the lands were taken again by Manrique de Lara, and the zone was constituted in independent lordship, in favor of this later, that granted to the town of Molina  in 1142. king Enrique II of Castila donated Molina to his Lieutenant Bertrand du Guesclin (famous knight of France), although the people, in the context of the war between Castilla and Aragon, rebelled and decided to put it under the sovereignty of Aragon in the year 1366, culminating the process three years later with the acceptance on the part of the Aragonese king. He finally returned to Castilian hands in 1375, to be given the lordship in the marriage of Leonor ,Infanta of Aragon in her marriage to the Infante Juan de Castilla. During the Spanish war of Independence(vs Napoleon), the behavior of resistance of the inhabitants to the Napoleonic troops, motivated that these, in retaliation, burned the villa. In recognition, the Spanish courts granted the city with the title of “very noble and very loyal city”.

And for the main item in my opinion even if need previous call to see it is the fortress or castle of Molina de Aragon.

The Castillo de Molina de Aragón castle, also called Fortaleza de Molina de los Caballeros fortress, is in a state of consolidated ruin, and it is possible to visit it on request.

Molina de Aragon

The origin of this fortress goes back to an Alcazar that raised the Andalusians on an old Celtiberian castrum between the 10C and 11C, and in which they placed their residence the Kings that governed this Taifa (moors kingdom or territory). Until it was definitively snatched from the Andalusians  by king Alfonso I of Aragon in the year 1129, which ordered to rebuild it, giving it its current aspect of a Romanesque castle, and which gave it to the Lara family. From this fortress, the Lara’s ruled in the territory and  town of Molina until the end of the 13C. Then, it became the lordship of the kings of Castilla, marrying Doña Maria Lara with king Sancho IV of Castilla. Finally, the fifth lady, Doña Blanca de Molina, finished giving it  the size and the current aspect of today.

It is the largest castle of those that are currently in Guadalajara province. Located on a hillside that dominates the valley, it has an outer wall, with numerous defense towers, which surrounds the perimeter and protects the fortress itself. The inner castle came to have eight towers, of which are preserved remains of two and four other in good condition. These towers are communicated by an agave battlement.  The main entrance has a half-point arch with a tower on either side. The fortress has two enclosures: the exterior or large proportions, 80×40 meters, defended by various battlements and the interior, where the castle is raised with six towers, four in good condition or restored.  The exterior enclosure has five access doors: The north-Traicion gate (betrayal), the Caballos (horses) to the south, the Campo (field) to the east and the Puertas (doors) of the clock tower and Puerta de Hogalobos gate to the west. In addition to these ,there are others on the wall that surrounded the medieval city, such as Medinaceli, Baños, Valencia and the Puente (bridge).  The access to the exterior enclosure of the fortress is carried out by the door of the clock tower and to the interior, after crossing the Patio de Armas (Arms courtyard), by the door located in the tower of Veladores (lookout sailors)  on the south-west side of the interior enclosure; Next to it are aligned the central tower or of the arms and the tower of the Homenaje (homage)  or Doña Blanca. On the north wall is the Cubiertas (covered) or Caballeros (knights) tower.

Some webpages to help you plan your trip here are

City of Molina de Aragon on the castle

Tourist office of Castilla La Mancha on the Castle

There you go another dandy in my beloved Spain and wonderful personal region of Castilla La Mancha, in country Spain from its foundations. Enjoy Molina de Aragon even if passing by, the area and the thrill of driving in mountain barren areas is good indeed.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

 

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One Comment to “Molina de Aragon and its fortress!”

  1. I honestly don’t think I will live long enough to see all these amazing places. What fascinating history! If walls could talk… Thanks for sharing. 👍❤

    Liked by 1 person

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