Surzur, Séné, Theix-Noyalo,St Armel , my Morbihan!

Ok back to my beloved Morbihan dept 56 of my lovely region of Brittany in my belle France! I put together four towns all within easy reach especially with a car and all with near the beaches or on them. The remarkable architecture and history in them is what I am after thus. Let me tell you a bit more on Surzur, Séné, Theix-Noyalo, and St Armel in my Morbihan.

Surzur seems to have come from the Latin Sartor or Sartorius. Surzur is a former primitive parish which once encomwent the territories of the La Trinité  , the Héro and the small parish of Noyalo. The parish of Surzur depended on the temporal fief of the Bishop of Vannes. In the middle ages, the territory of Surzur had several small Lordships. In 1790, Surzur loses Noyalo, the Le Hézo and the Trinity-Surzur. Surzur is the capital of the canton from 1790 to 1801. Surzur, in Breton Surhur, is bounded to the north by Theix, to the west by Noyalo and Saint-Armel, to the south by the Anse de Pénerff, the Tour-du-Parc and Sarzeau, and to the east by Ambon. The town is  located 16 km from Vannes.

General Count Henri du Fresne de Virel, a Châtelain in Surzur at the Château du Grégo, is a hero of the resistance. Born in 1897, he was decorated with the Croix de Guerre 1914-1918 and that of 1939-1945. He undertook in 1940 to the ORA under the orders of General Frére. Tortured in August 1944, he died on 5 March 1945 and was buried in Surzur cemetery. A section of the road D 183 bears his name. Xavier de Langlais , owner-and restorer in 1962-of the Kohanno Kozh Manor, was a painter, Church decorator, writer, Breton and regionalist. He is best known today for the technique of oil painting, which is still authoritative today in this field. If he is buried in Sarzeau, he lived in Surzur and realized in the Church of Saint Symphorien several paintings including a stained glass in honor of General Count Henri du Fresne de Virel. A square of the town bears his name.

The Church of Saint-Symphorien ,11-12C, redesigned in the 16C on the sacristy,and 19C the stained glass windows, doors, stands and paneling, and in the 20C. It is in the shape of a Latin cross. It comprises a nave of four bays with aisles, a transept and a flat bedside choir flanked by a chapel in the south. The nave and the square of the transept are Romanesque: the nave communicates with the aisles by large arched arches laid on cylindrical piles. Above the large arcades are small semicircular windows. The triumphal arched arch is carried by columns committed to capitals decorated with stylized foliage, oven and volutes. The choir and the cross-braces, redone in the 16C, have again been retouched since. The southern Chapel of the Choir presents a beautiful flamboyant decoration. The western gate, consisting of a simple arched arch between two high flat buttresses, is from the 12C. The Romanesque tower which stood on the square was demolished at the end of the 19C and replaced by a large Romanesque-style bell tower that rises on a porch at the southern entrance of the south cross brace. The bell tower,  dates from 1904-1905. The altarpiece of the bedside, dates from 1751: it sees Saint Symphorien, Saint Isidore and the Virgin in the central niche. The painting depicting the Virgin of the Harvest and located in the lateral Chapel of the Rosary closed by a grid of 1821 dates from 1937. The lateral chapels are under the vocations of the Sacred Heart, the Holy Virgin and St. Anne. One of them, located on the north side, belonged to the Lord of Grégo.

City of Surzur on the Church

surzur

The Chapel of St. Helena , 17C, located in the village of Brarun, town of Surzur. Its façade is pierced by a door in a semicircular, dating from the 17C, and surmounted by a stone steeple. It was restored between 1992 and 1995. The stained glass windows evoke the Gothic era with the use of elements of the 15C.  The Chapel houses the statues of Saint Helena, the Virgin, Saint Margaret, St Teresa and Saint Mathurin.

City of Surzur on its Chapels

Official tourist office of the Gulf of Morbihan on Surzur

surzur

surzur

Theix is a former primitive parish to which the parishes of Treffléan should be added with its truce of Bizole and Saint-Nolff , except the detached part of Elven. In the middle ages, several Lordships occupy the territory of Theix, the main of which are Le Plessis-Josso, Salarun and Bonervaud. The existence of a place-called  Graz-Iliz bears the trace of a primitive Church whose owner is unknown to us. Theix enters, as Surzur, in the temporal fief of the Bishop of Vannes and stays there until the French revolution. Theix is crossed by the road  N165 from Vannes to Nantes, is bounded to the north by Treffléan and Saint-Nolff, to the west by Vannes and Séné, to the south by Noyalo and Surzur, to the east by the Gorvello and Sulniac. Recently Theix has merged with the another small towns Noyalo and now officially Theix-Noyalo.

The Church of St. Cecilia b.1850-1855, replaces an older church Romanesque or Gothic, which is restored in the 17-18C. The Interior fittings date from 1880-1900. The painting titled “Décollation de Sainte Catherine”, dates from the 17C. The furniture like the  pulpit, the altarpieces of the lateral altars and several statues including that of St. Cecilia dates from the 19C. The statue of St. Cecilia was placed, in 1895, in the niche of the tower. The parish church of Theix, dedicated to St. Cecilia and demolished in 1852, was of Romanesque style: which made it go back to the 12C at least, and perhaps even the 11C.  The chapel of the left wing had been rebuilt in 1700, and was under the term of Saint Isidore. The new Church, blessed in 1855, has the form of a Latin cross; its arched windows were later stocked with painted stained glass. The lateral altars are dedicated to the Sacred Heart and the Rosary. At the bottom of the nave stands a square tower, in beautiful size stones, surmounted by a polygonal arrow.

theix-noyalo

theix-noyalo

The Chapel of Notre-Dame La Blanche b. 1536, built by the Lords of Salarun and restored in the 18C, in 1878, in 1911 and in 1982. It seems that this Chapel rebuilt in 1536 replaced an old chapel built in the village in 1239 by Silvestre de Salarun. The pits of the frame are carved and carry a long inscription from the 16C giving the names of the various people who contributed to the construction of the Chapel. Orientation , includes a nave, a transept with one arm to the north, and a flat bedside choir. The basement of the south wall is all that remains of primitive construction. Many animal figures, sticks, a cherub and a Virgin Mary are still in place on the gable of the bedside. The sacristy is added in 1730. The ensemble is Flamboyant in style: a pretty door to the south is stamped with the mutilated coat of arms of the Salarun . The southern gate is carved with a hug with flowers and cherubs and dates from the 16C. The altarpiece of the high altar, preceded by a grid of communion in iron of the 19C, dates from 1698. The altarpiece in stone and black marble, accumulates on two levels, garlands, pots on fire, drops of flowers and modillions. In the Center is a painting of the coronation of the Virgin as the triumph of Mary, the lateral niches are home to a Virgin and Child and an unidentified Saint. A 17C homo ecce is located at the top of the altarpiece. On either side, two medallions were hammered. The Virgin of Pity or Pietà, in polychrome stone, dates from the 16C.

City of Theix-Noyalo on its heritage

Official tourist office of the Gulf of Morbihan on Theix-Noyalo things to see

theix-noyalo

theix-noyalo

The Church of Saint-Patern is located in the heart of the town of Séné. It is in the form of a Latin cross,  measuring  45 meters in length for a width of 30 meters at transept. Preceded by the bell tower, the nave develops into three bays. On the wings of the transept are grafted two apsidioles or small chapels on the south side and the heart, flanked by two sacristies, ends with a polygonal bedside.  The Church of Saint-Patern presents under its domes adorned with stained glass windows, one of which restores the episode of the miraculous fishing, two models. The first is a very nice three-mast boats from the beginning of the 19C under great bulwark, the Guardian Aangel boat.  The second ex-voto is a Sinagot, a boat from the Gulf of Morbihan, offering a black hull with a red-winged tapered line, registered in Vannes, the Saint-Louis.  This boat of Séné, of type Querrien, is the latest evolution dating from the 1920’s. There are very few votive models of this kind, if not two others, older, preserved in Sainte-Anne d’Auray. A stained glass window under a dome of the Church restores the scene of the miraculous fishing  with Jesus and his disciples.

City of Séné on things to see

Official Tourist office of the Gulf of Morbihan on things to see at Séné

sene

The Church of Saint-Armel at the small town of Saint Armel ,very near Séné, dates from 1666, but retains the 15C nave of the previous church. The Church was destroyed in 1855 , and  its immediately rebuilt until 1859. The Church is a banal form that has replaced the old Chapelle de la Confrérie (Brotherhood Chapel). The square and pseudo-Romanesque tower has three floors and a bell tower surrounded by a guard. The Church houses a statue of the Virgin and the Child, in cardboard molded pulp, dated from the beginning of the 19C.

City of Saint Armel on the Parish Church info

Official Tourist office of the Gulf of Morbihan on St Armel things to see

saint Armel

There you go another gems of my beautiful Morbihan, so many villages, towns to see; we are working on it!!! Hope you enjoy the tour of Surzur, Theix-Noyalo, Séné, and St Armel in my Morbihan.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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