Archive for May 25th, 2019

May 25, 2019

Ploemel, Ploermel, Ploemeur,Ploeren 4P of the Morbihan!

And moving right along my beautiful Morbihan, telling you of many towns off the beaten path. Heck, I can do this for a lifetime, there are so many and all quant, architecturally nice and historically proud. Just my cup of …. well. This time will tell you about the 4P’s! Ploemel, Ploermel, Ploemeur ,and Ploeren. It takes a while to remember the spelling lol!

Ploemel in the heart of a triangle between Auray, La Trinité-sur-Mer and Étel. Ploemel is 137 km from Rennes, 138 km from Nantes and 105 km from Quimper.  Ploemel comes from the Breton “ploe ” (Parish) and “Emel ” or “Meir “, leader of the Breton emigrants who came in the 7C. The wave that brought the Bretons from present day UK. The main lordship was that of Locmaria, formerly owned by the Broérec in the 13C, a younger branch of the ancient Counts of Vannes, and by the family of Trévegat in the 15C. In 1790, Ploemel was erected as a municipality and capital city of the District of Auray, with Erdeven for sole dependence. During the revolutionary torment, the Rector refuses to take the oath and exile himself in Spain. The royalists (Chouans), many in Ploemel, then supplied vigorous supporters to GenGeorges Cadoudal. In 1801, the commune loses its title of Canton capital and is attached to that of Belz.

Saint-André Church (St Andrews) done from 1835-1847. It is a church, shaped like a Latin cross, with semicircular windows. This church replaces a 17C church damaged during the French revolution. The current church was extended to the east by a sacristy. The nave comprises of four bays, with a bell tower-porch which dates only from 1847. The retable-lambris (wooden panels) dates from the 19C and the central painting which represented a Resurrection, done in 1859, was recently replaced itself surmounted by a representation of the eternal Father, and the lateral niches houses statues of St. Andrew and St. Isidore

City of Ploemel on the Church



Ploërmel, is attested for the first time in 835 in the cartulary of Redon.   The city will then be honored until the 16C of the presence of the Dukes of Brittany for its strategic position. In the 16C, it entered the Royal domain. The city has a particularly rich civil and religious architectural heritage. So much cannot fit in one post in my blog, more of this later. Finally, the Church of Saint-Armel is the most emblematic and important monument of Ploërmel. It houses the tomb of the Dukes Jean II and Jean III of Brittany!. The town is crossed by the national road 24 (RN 24) and the national road 166 (RN 166). Both very much use by yours truly!

The Church of Saint-Armel, founded in the 15C, was rebuilt between 1511 and 1602. The north portal, about 1530, presents scenes from the Gospel, and popular scenes. Inside, there is a wooden vault adorned with richly carved sand pits, stained glass including a Tree of Jesse , 1552, ornamentation, the lay of the Dukes Jean II and Jean III and that of Philip of Montauban, Chancellor of Anne of Brittany. Originally the tombs of the two Dukes were placed in the Church of the Carmes. As the Church was destroyed by the League, the two tombs were moved to the Church of the Priory of St. Nicholas in 1591. Resettled in the new Church of the Carmes, they remained there until the French revolution. In 1790, the walls of the tombs were destroyed and the tomb was open. It was the General Council of Morbihan that restored the two tombs, in 1820, which were then deposited on a new and unique tomb placed in the Church of Saint-Armel.

City of Ploermel on heritage

Tourist office of Broceliande on Ploermel heritage



Ploemeur   is a town on the Atlantic coast bordering four cities: Lorient, Larmor-Plage, Guidel and Quéven. Off the coast is the island of Groix, three nautical miles from the mainland. Ploemeur has 17 km of coastline. On this range there are several beautiful beaches, without counting several coves (more on them later posts). Ploemeur comes from the Breton “Plo Meur” (great parish).

Saint Ninnoc is native to the present country of Wales. She landed in Armorique in the 5C on a   stone ship…, among seven other ships, to join a part of her family. Saint Ninnoc received from King Erich, son of Aldrien, the land necessary for its implantation near a pond. There is only the name of the village and the pond of Lannénec as well as the fountain Sainte-Ninnoc, the last vestige of this period. Saint Ninnoc is thus the founding Abbess of the double monastery of Lannénec, in 456 and 458, and of the parish of Ploemeur. One of the monasteries was for men, the other for women. This is the first female monastery in Armorique. Viking raids took place in the 10C, and the monasteries were burned.

The Church of St. Pierre (St Peter) from 1037, renovated in the 13C, 16C, and again in the 18C. It is also, known as the Church of St Peter of the Links . It comprises a nave of seven bays with aisles and a flat bedside choir. Between the nave and the choir, the triumphal arch, redone in third-point in the 16C, is supported by columns from the 11C to capitals decorated with windings, leaves and animals. The columns are the only vestiges of the Romanesque church. The nave rebuilt in the 18C with large arched arches resting on stacks of impositions recalls the Romanesque plan. The choir, behind which the sacristy forms apse outside, was completed in 1729. The bell tower, located on the western porch, was started in 1686. The porch is topped by a curvilinear pediment and bears a crest with hammered arms and a cartridge engraved with a Latin inscription meaning: “enterprise according to the pious wishes of the parishioners on June 1, 1686 “. The south gate is from the 18C. It is worth mentioning the altarpiece and woodwork of the 18C choir and, under the porch, a wooden Christ of Pity, of the 16C. The “Way of the Cross “, artwork by Xavier de Langlais, dates from 1959.

The city of Ploemeur on heritage

Parish of Ploemeur on the Church



The city of Ploeren was a former primitive parish which once enclosed the current territories of Arradon and Ile aux Moines, and is one of the cities of the first beltway of Vannes. It was long before the French revolution when the noble families of Vannes liked to own a farm that had a significant income. Even Nicolas Fouquet, Superintendent of Finance of Louis XIV, was no exception to the rule. This was happening in 1656. It took the French revolution to divide the inhabitants into Chouans (Royal rebels) and Republicans (revolutionaries). Many of local Ploerinois engage with General Georges Cadoudal. They risk having their belongings confiscated or even losing their lives. But what does it matter,the list was long of the farmers made prisoner here. During WWII, two military planes, one ally, the other enemy, crashed on the town: on August 12, 1941, a Messerschmitt Bf 109 E-4 killed its pilot; on May 29, 1943, a B-17, the Concho Clipper serial 42-29838 of the 8th US Army Air Force ,351th bombardment group, 509th bomb Squadron (RQ) collapsed causing 4 fatalities among the crew members.

The Chapelle Notre Dame de Béléan or the chapel of Our Lady of Béléan is located at the village named Béléan, in Ploeren. The original chapel was built by Jean du Garo in gratitude for surviving with his squire, during the seventh crusade preached by Saint Louis in 1248, in order to liberate Palestine. They had been locked up by the Turks in a crate and loaded on a ship. The ruined chapel was restored in the 15C. Today, the Chapel is rectangular in shape, in large and medium size, it measures about 18 by 7 meters. In 2016, the Chapel is still the subject of an important devotion, as evidenced by the numerous candles constantly lit and the book where pilgrims write their requests and thanks. The chapel of Our Lady of Béléan is also called Notre-Dame de Bethléem (Our Lady of Bethlehem).   The furniture and interior décor are very simple. Two large paintings on wood, represent “Jean du Garo” and “Saint Michel d’Auray”. An interior stone bench girt the walls. The stained glass window dates from the 16C. In the bay of the south half-mouthful fragments of stained glass bearing the coats of arms of the Kermeno of Garo are remarkable.

City of Ploeren on heritage



And there you go another dandy group of 4 the 4P’s indeed of my beautiful Morbihan. Hope you are enjoying these tours of the off the beaten path towns of my dept 56! Indeed the towns of Ploemel, Ploemeur, Ploeren, and Ploêrmel , got it.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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