Archive for May 24th, 2019

May 24, 2019

Locminé,Locoal-Mendon, Mériadec in the Morbihan!

So in my continuing showcase of all beautiful Morbihan, I come to you with another trio of nice towns very near me, that I passed by them every week. And yes, there is always to take photos but some will do for now. There is so much to see and do and photos to take it is overwhelming and sometimes do not know where to go next! Anyway, this is my beautiful Morbihan of my lovely Brittany and showing you some of the towns of Locminé, Locoal-Mendon, and Mériadec!

Locminé in the 6C was founded a monastery by Saint Colomban. In the 7C the Abbey of Saint-Sauveur de Moréac was founded by the disciples of Saint Gildas in Locminé. This Abbey was destroyed by the Normans around 919. In 1008, Félix, a monk of Fleury was called by Duke Geoffroy 1er to reconstruct the Abbey of Saint-Gildas-de-Rhuys and the Abbaye Saint-Sauveur de Locminé. After having definitively settled in Rhuys in 1025, he retained Locminé as a simple Priory. Locminé will remain a Priory of Saint-Gildas-de-Rhuys until 1791.

The Chapelle Notre Dame du Plasker or Chapelle de la Congrégation is in the city center of Locminé, a place of prayer would have existed in its location as early as the 11C. The present Chapel dates from the 16C. During the French revolution, the chapel was transformed into a material depot and served for some time as a deciders temple. In 1804, the municipality brought down the upper part of the bell tower and replaced it with the current  stove.  On the occasion of a marriage, in 1675, the register of catholicity called it Notre-Dame de la Belle-Place (Our Lady of the Beautiful square). Apparently, the square that bordered her at noon had no particular beauty.

Built in the mid 16C, of a rectangular shape church flanked to the north by a square chapel, opening onto the main nave by a large third-point arcade penetrating into committed columns. This Chapel, which supports a small square tower, was to be vaulted as the births of the warheads were seen, but the vault was never finished. The third-point windows have a flamboyant network: above that of the bedside outside, there is a mutilated crest. The Chapel is covered with a roof with a frame whose entrails, with crocodile heads, have been cut. There are some fragments of stained glass from the 16C and a pretty flaming pool. The Altarpiece dates from the 16C.

City of Locmine on the Chapelle

Tourist office of Central Morbihan on the Chapelle

Tourist office of dept 56 Morbihan on the Chapelle

Locmine

Locmine

The  Church of Saint-Sauveur and Saint-Colomban initially from the 16C was a compromise between the ancient granite facades and the modern Church of concrete, carpentry and slate. The facades are that of the old Chapel of Saint-Colomban, from the end of the 15C, to the left and that of the old church, on the right; the City Council had decided, in 1972, to demolish the Church which had become obsolete, nowwith  only the two portals of the west façade. In the old church there was a stained glass window of Saint-Colomban integrated into the new construction: the panels of this stained glass were reassembled in a vertical strip behind the altar.

The Church of Saint Sauveur and Saint Colomban,finished in 1976, however the old church  was used for meetings of corporations of butchers, tanners, carpenters, etc. During the French revolution, the chapel was transformed into a material depot and served for some time as a decider temple. In 1804, the municipality had the upper part of the steeple cut down and replaced it with a stove. When the town was endowed with a fire pump, the municipality found nothing better than the shed for the carriages. Throughout the 19C, and even beyond, the chapel became the meeting place of the Marian Congregation of young Girls. At the beginning of the 19C, the church escaped demolition.

This current Church of Saint Sauveur and Saint Colomban preserves the facades of the old church and the neighboring Chapel of St. Colomban from the 16C. The two churches have the same flamboyant décor with third-point doors with decorated or basket handles inscribed in large curly braces, windows with flamboyant lattice. On the western portal of the Church rises a large square stone steeple with polygonal arrow. Church and Chapel, which communicate with each other through a huge modern arcade, are covered with frames redone in recent times. As the stained glass windows of the chapel are of the 16C, well preserved, depicting various scenes of the life of Saint Colomban. The altarpiece of the high altar, and known as altarpiece of the true Cross, in polychrome wood, dates from the 16C.. The reliquary and the hunting of Saint-Colomban, in wood and white iron, date from 1758.  The Church was made up of two aisles and exhibited various carved motifs such as gargoyles, crests, etc. The Cross presents a crucified Christ with characters at his side, the Virgin on the back, all topped with a small pediment. The cylindrical barrel is plugged into a cubic base. The whole is on a pedestal bearing various names engraved to correspond to a re construction  in the early 19C.

City of Locmine on the Church

Tourist office of Central Morbihan on the Church

Locmine

Locmine

The town of Locoal-Mendon comes from  “loc ” (Hermitage), from  “Gudual “, a Holy hermit of circa 631, and Mendon  from the Gauls  “Mina Dona ” meaning small Fortress. Locoal owes its name to Saint  Gudual. It is a dismemberment of the territory of Plouhinec. Locoal is an island located in the Etel’s seafront, between Saint Helena and Mendon; it is communicated with this second parish by a bridge reminiscent of Saint-Cado, and has under her dependence the Plec peninsula, which is close to the north. The territory of Locoal once belonged to the Priory of Saint-Gudual. A primitive Monastery would have been founded and maintained until the Norman invasion in 919, which completely ruined it.

The origin of Mendon has been attested since the 10C. It is a dismemberment of the territory of Ploemel. The territory of Locoal-Mendon was looted and ravaged in 1592 by the Spaniards who occupied Port-Louis during the Wars of the League. In 1790, the territory of the right bank of Etel became a wholly-fledged town of St. Helena. Locoal was attached to Mendon in 1806 by decision of Napoleon Ire ,and the ensemble was then called Locoal-Mendon. On August 5, 1944, 10 gliders from England landed on the town. They carried 10 jeeps and 30 French paratroopers of the special air service, it was the motorized element of the 2nd parachute fighting Regiment of Commander Pierre Bourgoin. These jeeps participated in the liberation of Morbihan!

The Church of Notre-Dame or Saint-Pierre built from the 15-16C of Mendon, rebuilt at the beginning of the 18C and renovated at the end of the 19C, retaining the bedside wall and the southern porch of the ancient church of the 16C. A former chapel that has become the parish church of Mendon, it includes a nave without aisles, a transept and a flat bedside choir. Built in the 16C, restored in the 17C, it was internally renovated in 1892. The exterior decoration, flamboyant, is particularly rich. To the south is a beautiful square porch, vaulted with warheads, adorned with pinnacles pilasters, curly braces, and foliage of vine leaves, with false gable with creeping also decorated. A stone bench is carved inside and outside the porch. The cushier buttresses of pinnacles are adorned with false architecture and animal motifs. The bell tower, with a stone spire, which rises on the western gable, was completely redone in 1875;  this bell tower rises in a three-story tower connected by angled buttresses of pinnacles with vegetal cross. The Choir dates from 1474. The bedside window is divided into five trilobeous forms surmounted by a network of trilobite flames around a central quatrefoil  15C,  and a tour  in 1893 as well as a scene of the Nativity of the Virgin, with ten characters.

City of Locoal Mendon on heritage

locoal mendon

The village of Meriadec was until 1912 a former Plumergat truce and had a trival chapel. The territory of Plumergat, (which includes Meriadec)  which has an almost triangular configuration, is bounded to the north by Brandivy and Pluvigner, to the west by Brech, to the south by Pluneret, to the east by Plescop and Grand-Champ.

The Church of Saint-Mériadec built in 1913, located in the village of Mériadec (part of town Plumergat) . Today, the western façade is still awaiting its bell tower whose plan had been drawn up , but whose financing was refused by the General Council in 1923. The Altarpiece-Tabernacle  from the 17C, in gilded wood, would come from the old Chapel Sainte Anne d’Auray . The present Church replaces a primitive Chapel. For a very long time, the village of Mériadec formed a truce of Plumergat. The primitive chapel was a rectangular building, quite archaic, finished in 1383, where you could see a few Romanesque arched windows and others in a broken arch. The northern sand pits walls of the choir wore an non translated inscription. A small square steeple covered in slate, stood at the entrance of the choir. To the south was a small square porch, very simple, with stone bench on each side. The chapel was covered with a fairly rustic structure and had been enriched with fine 17C wood altarpieces from the convent of the Carmes of Sainte-Anne.

City of Plumergat on Meriadec heritage

Meriadec

And there you go another trio of nice towns, the list is endless but I keep on trying to see them all!!! Hope you enjoy these rides into the off the beaten paths of my beautiful Morbihan, lovely Brittany, and in my belle France. Enjoy Locminé, Locoal-Mendon, and Mériadec in my Morbihan!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

 

May 24, 2019

Le Roc Saint André, Le Bono, Le Gorvello in the Morbihan!

And just to show the wealth we have here and see the previous posts on my beautiful Morbihan, the beat goes on. In my lovely Brittany the monuments, sights and plain fun are forever.  If Hemingway only would had gone out of Paris… Let me tell you about three quant towns I like and go by then often in my rounds here; these are Le Roc Saint André, Le Bono, and Le Gorvello in the Morbihan of course!

At the origin of the village had a simple Chapel ,the Chapel of Rotz  which becomes in 1608  the Chapel of the Roc  and at the French revolution, Pont du Roc. First erected as a town in 1790 and in parish in 1802 , the town takes in 1951 its current name of Le Roc-Saint-André, and last became, on 1 January 2016, a common delegate of the new town of Val-d’Oust. It merges with the towns of La Chapelle-Caro and Quily within the new municipality of Val-d’Oust. (see other posts).

The Church of Saint André  was rebuilt between 1901 and 1903, replacing that of the 16C too outdated. The steeple is 35 meters high and its style recalls those of Leon in Finistère dept 29. The Church of the trivial, then parish of the Roc is under the term of the Apostle St. André (St Andrews). It has the form of a Latin cross, with unequal arms, which indicates a retouching in the primitive plane. The doors, the arcades of the transepts and the windows are ogive in style. It is noted three paintings by the Breton painter Lhermitais, from the convent of Roga. To the west stands a square, stone, two-bay steeple. On this side, the porch is formed by the extension of the nave, a unique arrangement of its kind. The lateral altars are dedicated to the Blessed Virgin and the sacred Heart.

Le Roc Saint Andre

Le Roc Saint Andre

The Church of Saint André has adopted a Latin cross plan to a single nave. The choir ends with a flat, gable-toothed bedside. The curved arch arches are in coated and painted bricks; used to tighten the space of the nave, they fall back on cylindrical columns or on Interior buttresses, thus relieving the gutter water walls as well. The large bays with flamboyant later, concentrated on the south façade, provide a very high brightness inside the church. To the west, the Cornish-inspired steeple is accosted by a staircase turret and has an arrow in granite masonry.

Le Roc Saint Andre

Le Roc Saint Andre

The cemetery that surrounded it disappeared in 1947, making way for a belvedere on the Canal from Nantes to Brest (the channeled Oust river) and its bridge. A statue of St. Andrew, the patron of the parish, appears on the façade dominating the Canal. There is my favorite brewery in all of Brittany here, Lancelot indeed, cheers ::)

City of Val d’Oust as Le Roc Saint André on heritage

Tourist office of dept 56 Morbihan on Church Saint André

We continue our balade par voiture…, in the wonderful harbor town of Le Bono, very near me, and just wonderful.  It is located at the confluence of the ria of Auray and Bono, 4 km south of the town of Auray and 15 km from Vannes.  Former property of the monks of Saint-Gildas-de-Rhuys, the Domaine du Bono was sold with house, building and land of water passage to the Chevalier Pierre de Montigny,  Lord of Kerisper in 1669. This former fishing village is home to a small port known for its boats called “forbans”. At the beginning of the 20C, there was only a small fishing village around the port, whose uniform houses: the “Pen-TI ” were grouped along a capricious network of narrow and often steep alleyways. The port of Bono is located on the edge of the river. The site is an old cove lined with a rocky chain. The port, which dries at low tide, was built in 1916.

The Church Stella Maris is at the top of  Rue Edouard Herriot, near the roundabout of the Avenue Général de Gaulle ( road D101) at Le Bono, (which goes into Auray and near where my boys finished their  high school) . Started in 1956, it was completed only in 1966 thanks to the donations of the parishioners. Inside, there is an altarpiece in carved and painted wood dating from the late 15C to early 16C.

Finished in 1966, taken ten years to build it. It is stone-sized with a metal structure. Inside, its brick vault gives the choir in a lighted oven of three rosettes a beautiful effect. It adopts a Romanesque style with a nave pierced by triple windows dressed in stained glass with major shades of blue and red. The bottom of the Church in a semicircle is adorned with a fresco in shades of yellow and green. Curiously, a carved wooden tympanum of the Italian Renaissance and an altarpiece carved and painted on a small altar dating from the end of the 15C early 16C,time of king  Louis XII, was discovered. There is also a statue of Notre Dame des Flôts and boats ex-voto (like those shown in webpage https://www.ex-voto-marins.net/pages/lieupage56LeBonoEglise.htm

The city of Le Bono on the Church Stella Maris

Le Bono

Le Bono

Other interesting things to see me think in Le Bono are

The Kernours tumulus, which is of a bent or square  type, was erected around 3000 BC. It is one of the seven known tumulus of this type, which are all found between the estuaries of the Loire and the Blavet rives. It is the only one of the seven to have preserved its mound , which measures 4 meters high and 20 meters in diameter.  Also,  the old suspension bridge of Le Bono is one of the last two works of this type still in service in France; Built between 1838 and 1840, and renovated in 2006. It underwent many periods of closure and repair and has a length of 96 meters, this bridge spans the Bono River near the port of Bono, and allows walkers to reach the nearby Chapel of Saint-Avoye in the town of Pluneret.  In 1969, a new bridge was inaugurated to replace the Le Bono suspension bridge, which was too weak for road traffic. This steel crutches bridge is named in honor of Joseph Le Brix, an Aviator originally from the neighboring town of Baden. It has an apron of 286 meters long for 10 meters wide and a height of 26 meters above the Bono river.

Le Gorvello (or sometimes Gorvello) is a hamlet straddling the towns of Theix-Noyalo and Sulniac. The hamlet is located at the intersection of the departmental roads D7 and D183, equal distance from Theix, Sulniac, Berric, La Trinité-Surzur and Lauzach. It is about 15 km from Vannes. In the 12C, Le Gorvello housed a Chaplaincy, belonging to the Templars, which cared for the poor, the sick and the lepers. At the dissolution of the order of the Templars, in 1312, the parish was passed under the control of the Bishop of Vannes. The Church of St. John the Baptist is built from 1523 to replace the chapel of the Templars.

The Church of St. John the Baptist of Le Gorvello, town of Sulniac. It’s a T-shaped Church, the nave barely detached from the two arms of the transept. At the bedside, large glass canopy with moldings. To the south transept, mulled window ,and in  the north transept, wooded window . The west entrance gable is adorned with a bay in a basket handle with pinnacles, braces and flop work. The gable is crowned by a small campanile with double compartment, frontings, all in granite. On the north façade, the nave bay is adjacent, adorned and protected by a porch made up of a circular granite arch. The buttresses of the bedside and the north transept present a superposition of cylindrical and prismatic parts.

Le Gorvello

The present Church of St John the Baptist replaces the primitive chapel built by the hospital monks in the early 16C. The church has been reworked several times. In 1523, the nave is covered with a frame, which has abundant inscriptions. In 1547, a chapel was added.  In 1560, a porch and a second chapel are added. The Church is open, on its western gable, by a door in a basket-loop, with multiple moldings, under a brace bearing a high jewel. The buttresses that surround it are decorated with flaming pinnacles. The Church houses the statues of St. Mark and St. Isidore, the Patron Saint of the Laborers.

Le Gorvello

Le Gorvello

Tourist office of dept 56 Morbihan on Le Gorvello heritage

Tourist office of area Gulf of Morbihan on town of Sulniac and Le Gorvello

There you go some more interesting trips off the beaten path in my beautiful Morbihan; and is not over yet!! Plenty more to see and do here. For now ,enjoy Le Roc Saint André, Le Bono, and Le Gorvello in the Morbihan of course!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

 

 

 

May 24, 2019

The Abbey of Notre Dame de Langonnet!

So this is a town and an abbey and a church all in one, even a park unique! All this in my beautiful Morbihan, in lovely Brittany. I have to tell you again about the Abbey Notre Dame of Langonnet!

Langonnet is part of the Cornish area of the Morbihan dept 56 and is bordering the Côtes-d’Armor Dept 22. The town  was part of the bishopric of Cornouaille. The language used was Breton Cornish until the linguistic changeover to French which took place in the 1950’s. The Cornish was used in the cantons of Gourin, Faouët, while the rest of the Department spoke the Breton Vannetais (except the eastern end that spoke Gallo). Langonnet is equidistant from Gourin and Faouët at about 9-10 km and is located in the center of a triangle linking the towns of Gourin, Le Faouët and Plouray. The main admin town is  La Trinité-Langonnet , bordering the Gourin-Glomel-Rostrenen road; while the Langonnet Abbey is located on the road to Plouray.

A bit of history I like on Langonnet

In 1136, Duke Conan III of Brittany, at the request of his mother the Duchess Ermengarde, granted the founding charter of Langonnet Abbey. Monks from the Abbey in the Diocese of Blois settled on the edge of the Ellé river near the Roman way Vorgium-Blabia (current Port-Louis). Around 1146, Maurice de Carnoët or Saint Maurice  became the Abbot before becoming the first Abbot of the Abbaye Saint-Maurice de Carnoët en Clohars-Carnoët (see this post). Langonnet Abbey had to suffer from the League War. The monks were forced to leave the premises and the Church was transformed into a stable. When the monks returned in 1598 after three years of absence the Lords of the vicinity had seized most of their land.  The preacher Julien Maunoir preached missions to Langonnet in 1646 and 1666.

The property of Langonnet Abbey is sold at auction as national property in 1791, during the French revolution.  In 1793, the Abbey became a rallying place for the region’s Chouans (fighting back at the French revolution); at the end the Abbey was occupied by Republican troops (revolutionaries) from 1795. Emperor Napoleon I settled there by Decree in 1806, the first public stud farm of Brittany with forty stallions and ten broodmares. The Langonnet stud was moved to Hennebont in 1856-1857 and the Abbey returned to the Missionaries of the Holy Spirit to  rediscovers its religious vocation. Like the other towns of the surrounding townships, Langonnet experienced two waves of emigration to North America the first in the 19C, when one of the first to leave made a wonderful account of his expedition and the second in the 1950’s, when the Consul of Canada made a promotional campaign in this part of Morbihan, and  59 persons from the town departed to Canada and 62 to the United States between 1948 and 1953.

What to see , well lets start with the Church of St Peter and St Paul. The present church was preceded by a monastic establishment founded by the monks of the Abbey of Landévennec. The Church, in its oldest parts, dates back to the 12C. From this primitive Church remains only the eastern part of the nave of Romanesque style.  In the 16C, the entire exterior was redone as well as the collateral, the font Chapel and the eastern part of the Church. The first spans of the nave are also built in the Gothic style. The ossuary and sacristy were erected in the 17C. In 1662, the Church was covered with a new roof structure. The bell tower was hit by Thunder in 1844. It was crowned with a small wooden arrow covered with slate. The square tower is entirely redone between 1846 and 1873 and the steeple that overcomes it. Inside, the furniture is almost entirely crafted in the 19C.

Langonnet

langonnet

However, the best is yet to come. Seeing the panel near the Church of the Abbey we took the plunge on the side road D128 which becomes the D790 to the Abbey entrance about 100 meters from it where the parking area is located. You go in and ride into the abbey property to the parking in the back.  And this is the Abbaye of Notre Dame de Langonnet! Right behind the chapter Chapel passing buildings where the monks live,once out you see to your right the walk path of peace and meditation where you find fountains and trails to prayer; then if turn to the left , you come into the main entrance of the abbey. Push the door right in and walk right into the cloister garden. Around it you will see door one small one with stained glass go ahead and open the door and the light is on the wall by the door as you come in ,turn it on yourself! Once out back in the cloister corridor you come to another door less nice but go ahead and open it too, Inside is the wonderful chapter chapel gorgeous.

langonnet

langonnet

The Notre-Dame of Langonnet Abbey contains an African Museum that it says is quite remarkable with a permanent collection, although raining no time to see this time. It has room or salle I general presentation of museum with the masks; salle II Tools of the kitchen ,home décorations;salle III music instruments;salle IV weapons;salle V African masks We did saw the chapel and the major chapel and grounds of the abbey with a friendly help from the guardian, very nice.

langonnet

The story goes that at the request of his mother, Ermengarde, in 1136, Conan III, Duke of Brittany, grants to Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, great figure of the Cistercian order, land on the banks of the Elle river to built an Abbey. The wars of Religion, mainly the League from 1590 to 1598, were fatal to the Abbey. The expelled monks will only find ruins back in 1598. The Abbey will be rebuilt from 1688 to 1788.

langonnet

langonnet

Following the French Revolution, which marks the end of the presence of the monks in these places, buildings and close dependencies, reserved by the State, are transformed in 1806 in national Stud. In 1858, he transferred to the former Cistercian Abbey of Women in Hennebont.

langonnet

After various transactions, the missionaries of the congregation of the Holy Spirit settled in the Abbey. Nowadays, they still occupy it . Currently the Abbey is as follows: three-body logis Horseshoe shape enclosed by the Church, built around the cloister.

langonnet

langonnet

Massive and modest, the bell tower is typically Cistercian. The Hall or room of the chapter shows an already fine Gothic art, with this elegant arch lowbed based on thin pillars. Its capitals are decorated with clover leaves, acanthus, Ivy or oak. The architecture of the chapter room is always very neat. Each morning, the monks gathered there to read a chapter of the rule of Saint Benedict, commented on by the Father Abbot, who then read the tasks of the day.

langonnet

langonnet

Some webpages to help you plan your trip here and you must are

Official Abbaye de Langonnet

City of Langonnet and its heritage

Tourist office of the Morvan country on Langonnet heritage

There you a wonderful full day in lovely old Langonnet to enjoy these wonders of our world. Do enjoy the Abbey and Church and more in Langonnet, my Morbihan of course!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

%d bloggers like this: