Church of Saint Cyr and Sainte Julitte at Ambon!

In the never ending saga of showcasing my region of Brittany to the world here is more from my department 56, Morbihan. A brief memory refresher, Brittany is Bretagne in French, and the local Breton language it is Breizh! The deparment 56 is the only one in France not French, but Breton as the Morbihan means Mor=sea, Bihan=small; therefore in French would be petite mer but in Breton is Morbihan!

And now let me take you to the south of the Morbihan and the nice beach town of Ambon. There are nice beaches but the Church is a must to see when in town.

Ambon  is a town in the Morbihan Dept 56 of Brittany . It is also part of the twelve towns members of the intercommunality Arc Sud Bretagne and a district area of Vannes. It is a seaside resort with four kms of beaches; which are very good indeed, especially those at Cromenac’h and Bétahon. More on the beaches here: https://www.plages.tv/station-balneaire/ambon-56190

However, I will tell you here about the monument ,history and architecture. The Church Saint-Cyr-and-Sainte-Julitte is from the foundations of the 4C and then renovated rebuilt thereafter in the 10C, 12C, 15C and 17C. Here the basement is from the 9C! most is built in the 12C with some 15C and 17C renovations.

Ambon

A bit of history I like

The oldest evocation of the Church of Saint Cyr and Sainte Juilitte dates from 458 in the cartulary of Quimperlé and the parish of the 9C in the cartulary of Redon. In the Middle Ages, Ambon is a very extensive parish which knows its apogee in the 16-17C, especially with its port of Pénerf which is considered the 4th port of Brittany in the middle of the 16C. With the French revolution, an administrative redistricting is operated and the former parish of Ambon loses much of its territory including Damgan with Pénerf which becomes separate towns and Penesclus which passes to be part of Muzillac.

Ambon

The current parish Church of Saint Cyr and Sainte Julitte is a composite church whose origin dates back to pre-Romanesque times. After some excavations done it was found a choir and a transept were updates of a Roman temple of the 3C .The oldest elevation structures, corresponding to the nave, probably date from the end of the 10C. The transept belongs to the Romanesque period, as well as the old choir, which remains the route, highlighted during a previous restoration campaign. The current choir dates from a reconstruction in the 15C, then the ensemble was included in successive additions, mainly in the 17C.

Ambon

It is built on vestiges of an ancient church dating from the 4-5C. The Church of Saint Cyr and Sainte Julitte was built towards the end of the 12C had aisles, as evidenced by the examination of the façade wall and a small window from the south side at the corner of the cross brace. From the Romanesque period the façade with buttresses, the capitals and the windows of the aisles are still there. The basement dates from the 9C. The nave, which has five spans, dates from the end of the 10C or the beginning of the 11C; it is very reworked in its lower parts and communicates with the aisles by large arched arches topped by small bays in the middle of the day bites and resting on square stacks. The transept seems dated from the 13C or 15C;   its vault in half-cradle rests on columns with simple capitals or coarsely carved of chips and foliage, engaged in heavy masonry pillars. A large part, built in the 12C, was reworked in the 15C and 17C. The choir was completely rebuilt in the 15C, with a rectangular flat-bedside plan flanked by two chapels. From 1636 to 1649 , new redevelopments take place. The north Chapel of Notre-Dame du Rosaire was rebuilt in 1636-1637. On the north porch which dates from the 16-17C, two new chapels were added: the Chapel of Notre Dame de la Pitié in 1646-1647 and the Chapel of St. James (St Jacques) in the 18C. An enlargement with the addition of a sacristy is carried out from 1636 to 1649 and ; also reshuffled the lower parts of the nave, the façade, the south wall and the high steeple on the transept. In the19C a new sacristy was attached to the south Chapel. The entire church, with the exception of the square of the transept, is covered with a panelled frame. Inside, there are 18C stalls.

Indeed a marble to see when in the area. This is the rich architectural and historical presence of a  proud region of France, the old Duchy of Brittany. And the unique Morbihan dept 56, with beautiful coastal and inland towns with the beach town of Ambon.

Some webpages to help you plan your trip here are

City of Ambon on religious heritage

Official local tourist office on things to do in Ambon

Official tourist office of dept 56 Morbihan on the Church at Ambon

There you go another gem in my map, and hopefully will be yours too. Of course, remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

 

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