Archive for May 11th, 2019

May 11, 2019

Other Churches of Finistére!!

In my road warrior trips through my lovely Brittany I have not only visited but especially passed many wonderful monuments.  Still will have time to see them more in depth, but feel a primer would be good to show and remind me to come back to these.

These are Churches that I have encountered driving around the Finistére dept 29 always with another destination in mind, but lovely monuments the same. You might be there first or might give me the impetus to go and see them more up close and personal. Therefore, let me tell you briefly about these wonderful monument of our lives each unique in its own right. This is the story on the monument Other Churches of Finistére dept 29 on the towns of Anzano,Carhaix, Hanvec, La Faou, La Forêt-Fouesnant, Landudec, Plobannalec, Plouhinec (not to be confuse with same name in my Morbihan dept 56), and Trégunc. I hope you will enjoy this brief introduction to them.

The Church of Saint Pierre (Peter) of the Links in Arzano was built in 1641 in the form of a Latin cross, without a side. It replaces another very ancient of the 11-12C and is the subject of important restorations and transformations in 1744 as evidenced by an inscription on the east gable, above the bull-eye that illuminates the high Altar. The bell tower was erected in 1778. It is an octagonal tower, capped in 1896 with a trunnion dome with a gallery in the east and west. On the façade there is a niche that housed a wooden statue of St. Peter. The bell tower has a small bell from 1704 and a larger one, installed in 1883 after construction of the interior structure still visible today.  The placates hosts a granite stele of the iron age (-800 to-700 BC) as well as a Pietà installed on the base, dated from 1761, of a single granite cross.  The church now houses several wooden statues from the 15C  to the 18C, a high Altar from the end of the 17C, and six stained glass windows from 1891. More below:

https://www.paroissesquimperle.fr/%C3%A9glises-chapelles/arzano/

Arzano

The Church of St Trémeur at Carhaix-Plouguer was established around 1371 in place of a Priory founded in the 12C  by the Benedictines of Redon. The belfry has long openings forming the top floor of the square tower. The bell tower is the only vestige of the old church. In the tympanum of the double door, at the base of the bell tower, is the statue of Saint Trémeur. A double blunder crowns the gate and depreciates in a gallery corresponding to the first floor of the bell tower. The entire church was rebuilt between 1881 and 1887 with the exception of the built-in bell-tower which bears the dates of 1529 and 1535.  For the newer part of 1882, a neo-Gothic style was used. The Choir of the church ends with a flat bedside opened by a large open bay culminating about ten meters. More below:

http://www.ville-carhaix.bzh/accueil_carhaix/decouvrir_carhaix/patrimoine

Carhaix

The Church of St. Peter at Hanvec was built from 1875 to 1877. The old porch, of excellent fabrication dating from 1625 has been preserved. The bell tower was completed in 1879. Three-navel Latin cross plan style church; bedside with cut-out sides flanked by two sacristies of rectangular plane. The south porch work on Granite-sized stone as well as the bell tower with open bell-chamber and corbally-made gallery, base of the octagonal arrow with a four-sided gallery with a large work in rubble of schist and granite covered with a light coating. Framing of the bays in kersantite and micro diorite stones. Thérèse, the biggest bell weighting 1100 kg and 1,20 meter in diameter was dating from 1964 was damaged and repair in 2013. Five-span nave illuminated by tall bays, octagonal pillars, broken arches, roofed paneling painted in blue on false vaulted arches of warheads resting on vegetal décor units located between the tall stained galls windows; the floor covered with granite slabs. The retable of the Rosary dates from the 17C. The Church houses the statues of St. Peter, Holy Philomène, Saint Nicodemus, Saint Corentin, Saint Herbot and a Crucifix of the 17C. More below:

http://www.mairie-hanvec.fr/patrimoine.php

hanvec

hanvec

The Church of Saint-Sauveur at La Faou. The Church was founded by the Hospitallers of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem; and was rebuilt in 1544 and 1680, at the end of the Renaissance with a dome bell tower facing the port. Its short nave contrasts with a large double transept. The steeple, very high, dates from 1629, the porch bears the date of 1593 and 1613 and has preserved its wooden statues of the twelve apostles, the bedside  in Beaumanoir style  dates from 1680. The high Altar and the two confessionals date from the 17C as well as the baptismal font,  the baptismal font  with snakes is unique in Brittany by the richness of its sculpture. Many statues decorates the Church including those of our Lady of Mercy, two Virgin mothers, Saint Herbot, Saint Yves, Saint Éloi, St. Barbe, etc. A bit more below not much on the Church thus.

https://www.lefaou.bzh/en/move-well/tourism-infos

La Faou

The Church of Notre Dame d’Izel-Vor (also known as Our Lady of Low Sea) is the parish church of La Forêt-Fouesnant. This church built largely during the 1st half of the 16C is dedicated to Notre-Dame d’Izel-Vor ” .It is of a typical Gothic style in the Cornouaille. The dates carved on the walls are found: 1538 under the porch, 1628 above the Baptistery. The interior of the Church is remarkable for the richness of its furnishings: the baptismal font in granite and wood, the painting of the Rosary, the high altar and its altarpiece, which are from the 17C. Polychrome statues of local Saints complement the décor. Its 15C  Calvary was used as a pulpit to preach the days of heavy attendance; which assumes that the parvis was much more extensive than today. More below:

https://www.foret-fouesnant-tourisme.com/notre-destination/a-decouvrir/

La Forêt-Fouesnant

La Forêt-Fouesnant

The Church of Sainte-Anne-et-Saint-Tudec, at Landudec of neo-Gothic style, rebuilt in 1904, contains only a limited number of vestiges of the old building (porch and bell tower) as well as some interior ornaments, including an Altarpiece of the Rosary of 1701, an Altarpiece of Sainte-Anne, a Pietà, a polychrome statue of Saint Tudec and a high Altar adorned with a remarkable last supper. The church was completely restored from 2002 to 2004. Move below:

http://www.landudec.fr/decouvrir-la-commune/

landudec

landudec

the Church of Saint-Alour built from 1875 to 1879 of the parish of Plobannalec.  The church was consecrated on 11 June 1879. Saint  Alour is the third Bishop of Cornouaille who lived in the 5C. This church replaced a 16C church, some parts of which were even back in the 13C. The church comprises, in addition to the span of the built-in bell tower, a nave of four bays with aisles, a transept and a bedside choir polygonal accosted by two chapels which also open on the transept. The pillars are crowned with rich leafy capitals. Among the corbelets or butts-of-lamp of the arches, you can see, an old priests, a player of Binue, a woman holding a pitcher, a man in prayer, etc. The modern stained glass contains Saint  Alour, Saint Guénolé (Saint Guénolé sends Saint Tudy and Saint Alour to preach religion in the Bigouden country), Saint Alain, Saint Louis and San Sebastian. The Church contains a painting of the Assumption (copy of Murillo! ), a painting of the marriage of Saint Catherine (copy of the Correggio! ), a reliquary of the 15C pediculate with inscription  of “Saint Quido “, and a reliquary of the 16C in vermeil supported by four balusters with statues of the Savior, the Blessed Virgin, St. Sebastian and St. Louis. The closing of the baptismal font dates from the 18C.  The Church houses the statues of Saint Alour 18C, San Sebastian 17C, Saint Peter, Saint Herbot, the Blessed Virgin 18C, and a Pietà 15C. More below

http://www.plobannalec-lesconil.com/patrimoine-rural/

Plobannalec

Plobannalec

the Church of Saint-Winoc at Plouhinec  from the 16-18C, revamped during the 18C, the Church seems to be built on the site of an older church. It is shaped like a Latin cross and dominated by a gallery tower that overlooks an arrow. The tower is on the south face, dates and inscriptions that give the stages of its construction. The church  consists of a nave, five bays with aisle and a paneled frame, then two bays with lateral chapels, a transept and a choir. Flanked by aisles, the Church is bounded by seven arched arches, resting on octagonal pillars without capitals. The stained glass windows of the transept and the collateral were laid in 1993-1994. The high Altar dates from the 18C,  it has an altarpiece with four torsos, superimposed on three floors, the Tabernacle is in dais and the altar is framed by two adorers angels, surmounted by four cherubs. At the top of the Altarpiece there is a statue of the sacred Heart of the 19C. In the niches of the Altar you see Christ, surrounded by St. Peter and St. Paul; to the left of the Altarpiece is the statue of Saint Winoc; to the right of the Altarpiece, you see Notre-Dame de Lorette. In the north transept, there is an Altar from the 18C and several statues frame the altar with the Angel Gabriel, the Virgin of the Annunciation, the Group of Saint Joseph and Jesus Child, the Group of Saint Anne and Mary Child. There is also an 18C Pièta and the reliquary of Saint Winoc. The Altar of the south transept is also from the 18C, and it is topped by a table dated 1652, representing the pain of the Father, with Madeleine. Several statues frame the Altar are St. Roch, St. Blaise, St. Nicholas, St. Sebastian, Christ with links 15C. The pulpit to preach is from the 18C. The organ, which dates from 1935, has eight games. The baptismal font dates from the 16C. The Altar with torsos column altarpiece is from the 18C. At the south altarpiece is a canvas titled “God of Mercy” which dates from 1652. The Church houses the statues of Saint Winoc 17C, the Virgin Mother 17C, Saint Anne, St. Roch, St. Sebastian, St. Augustine, St. Nicholas, Saint Blaise, Saint John the Baptist , a man of Sorrow , an unidentified Saint and a Pietà. More below:

https://www.pointeduraz.com/fr/content/eglise-st-winoc

Plouhinec

Plouhinec

The parish Church of St. Marc at Trégunc construction begins in 1865 the Church is consecrated in 1867. Thereafter, a number of additional works is carried out. The cemetery that juxtaposed the Church is transferred  to route de Pont-Aven. The octagonal sacristy is destroyed, and  the presbytery gardens are purchased by the City/Town Hall in 1960 to build a new one.  The construction follows a perfectly symmetrical Latin cross plane of three naves on an east-west direction.  The Church of St. Marc comprises a nave of five bays, with the transept and chorus, the ensemble reaches the length of 60 meters. The bedside is composed of two sacristies, north and south side. Inside, the floor is covered with granite slabs. More below

https://www.bretagne-cornouaille-ocean.com/embarquez/vos-vacances-en-bretagne/vacances-visites-a-tregunc/

Tregunc

There you go a huge inventory ready to be seen again up close and personal. For now just a showcase of the wonders we have in wonderful Finistére of my lovely Brittany. Hope you enjoy this bit of architectural and  historical brief.

And remember, happy travels , good health, and many cheers to all!!

 

May 11, 2019

Crozon peninsula and St Pierre!

There are many things to see in my beloved Brittany, and we have been to many and there are many more to be seen. However, the coastal region is sublime and always a welcome to visit any time. We love it and will tell you a bit more so you one day can see it and love it too ok.

Let me tell you a bit about the Crozon peninsula and its main city Crozon as well as some of the things to see here. Enjoy it!

We drove all the way on the D791 and D887 from the expressway N165 very easy with good paneling signs.  Here you see the wonderful cliffs at the different points such as Pointe de Pen Hir. One of the most beautiful scenery seen by me here so far can be done from the Pointe de Pen Hir, extending at sea by the Tas de Pois. From this point you  can see the Pointe du Raz  (see previous post) to the Pointe Saint Mathieu , and on nice clear days we can see the islands of Sein, Ouessant and Molène. It is here that at liberation day from WWII, a huge hill was chosen to built a cross of  Lorraine in granite dedicated to the Bretons who fought for a Free France.  The Général De Gaulle came here to open the tower on July 15 , 1951. This was part of the Atlantic wall of WWII and those who fought it are well remembered here.

Crozon

crozon

Crozon is a town of Finistère dept 29 of my beloved Brittany. It is located in the center of the Crozon peninsula, the town occupies the largest part of the peninsula. Among them, the seaside resort of Morgat , in the south, offers a nautical center and Le Fret , in the north, a small port overlooking the harbor of Brest.  The Bay of Morgat is limited by Crozon to the east and the Pointe de Kador  to the west. It once housed the sardine and tuna port of Morgat; with the depletion of fishery resources, the fishing port has become a recreational marina port. The town of Crozon is adjacent to those of Camaret-sur-Mer (see previous posts) in the west, from Roscanvel to the north-west, from Lanvéoc to the north, from Argol and Telgruc-sur-Mer to the east.

crozon

A bit of history I like

The megalithic alignments of Lostmarc’h and Ty-ar-C’huré  or House of the Priest prove a settlement from prehistoric times. Two bronze statuettes representing one horse, the other a  cow, probably of Gallo-Roman origin, were found in 1931 in Saint-Fiacre. A Roman road from Vorganium passed through the Chapel of Lospars in Châteaulin, Dinéault, 2.4 km south of Argol, Crozon and the Causeway of the Anse du Kerloc’h to reach Camaret.  A monetary treasure dating from the 3C was found in Morgat.

in the 12-13C, the County of Crozon was possessed by the family of Leon, before passing to the hands of the family of Rohan because of the marriage in 1349 of Jeanne de Léon (daughter of Hervé VII de Léon), Lady of Crozon and Kéménet-Even , with Jean I, Viscount of Rohan; the family of Rohan was still Lord of Rohan and of Quéménet in 1541. At the beginning of the 16C, the parish of Crozon received, probably from Rome, relics of the ten thousand martyrs (Roman Legionnaires converted to Christianity and crucified under the reign of the emperor Hadrian) and built, in the parish church, a reliquary to keep them and an altarpiece to honor them (see below). The famous preacher Julien Maunoir preached missions to Crozon in 1654, 1666 and 1671.

At the French revolution, the priests were very numerous at Crozon among them, Abbé Raguenès [Raguenez], originally from Crozon, the instrumented  Vicar of Landudec, arrested in the village of Goandour in Crozon, was guillotined in Quimper in 1794. Several other priests from Crozon were either incarcerated or had to hide, or were deported to Spain, etc. Abbé Alain Dumoulin, returning from emigration, was appointed after the Concordat (pardon and reconciliation of State and Church) priest of Crozon, before becoming parish priest of the Cathedral of Quimper. The Bishop of Quimper and Leon, Justice of the peace in Crozon  saved the lives of many priests persecuted for the faith, promoting their escape or hiding them in the homes of his parents or friends.  The expulsion of the Sisters of the Holy Spirit in August 1902 under the congregations Act gave rise to demonstrations in Crozon; a first deportation attempt failed on 7 August 1902.

In WWI ,  450 German citizens and 250 Austrian citizens, transported from the United States by the Dutch ship Nieuw-Amsterdan in order to be incorporated into the armies of their respective countries, were captured by the French ship Savoie and interned for part  in the Fort of Bouguen in Brest, and part  on the forts of Lanvéoc and Crozon (in fact at Ile Longue island). The  WWII military square of the Crozon cemetery houses the graves of 10 dead Commonwealth soldiers in Crozon or at sea in the vicinity and those of two unknown soldiers.

crozon

crozon

crozon

The one things to see here if limited on time.

The parish Church of St. Peter (St Pierre), and its Altarpiece of the ten thousand Martyrs. The current church, begun in 1899 and completed three years later. The church was badly damaged in 1944 during the liberation of  Crozon and restored in 1992, when it underwent new transformations such as the development of the choir and setting up of benches.  Some of the things preserved were the porch dating  from the 16C, the bell tower dating from 1866,done in stone of Kersanton, which replaced the old one that threatened ruin and which could resemble that of Locronan (see this post), the sacristy, built before the French revolution, and which served besides the city/town hall until 1823.

The famous Altarpiece of the Martyrs, this one is a polychrome carved piece dedicated to the remembrance of the ten thousand martyrs of Mount Ararat, Legionnaires executed for their faith under the reign of the Roman emperor Hadrian. Under the altarpiece, probably the former high altar of the Church of St Peter until 1754, with a Tabernacle and two bas-reliefs. These very different formats than the altarpiece represent the flogging and fall of Jesus when he wears the Cross. The Christians of this Legion were allegedly massacred for refusing to sacrifice to the gods. If a date is engraved at the top left as 1624, it would be in fact only a restoration or reorganization of the panels. Considering the importance of devotion and style, the work dates from the early 16C.

Crozon

Crozon

crozon

Built in the late 17C, the pulpit, in oak, is inspired by that of the Cathedral . The panels of the frame represent the episodes of the life of St. Peter such as the miraculous peach, his liberation from the prison under the guidance of an Angel, his Ministry, his crucifixion. The Lampshade is adorned with plumes and topped with an Angel carrying the sword and sounding the trumpet. The trumpet evokes the trumpets of the Apocalypse announcing the fulfillment of the times and the last judgement; and the sword, the word of God that penetrates and judges the hearts. The altarpiece of the Rosary, dates from 1664, honors the Virgin Mary by the form of prayer addressed to her, that of the Rosary. In the Center, the Madonna and Child hands over the Rosary to St. Dominic and the scapular to St. Catherine of Siena. All around  twelve medallions that represent the main events of the Evangelical life of Mary and of Christ, or mysteries. The baptismal font carved in granite, and dated 1742, consists of two elements,  the large tank proper which retained the holy water for baptisms, and attached, a receptacle intended to receive water flowing on the forehead of the child. The organ conceived and realized in the 17C, it was restored in 1857 but severely damaged by the bombing of 1944. Rebuilt in 1992, if only three games are original, the new games were made in a spirit of authenticity from the five other organs still existing in Brittany. Nothing remains of the old stained glass windows. Those of the Choir and transepts, in the chorus, represent the adoration of the Magi, death on the Cross and Pentecost, and in the transepts, the last supper, the miraculous peach, the conversion of Paul and St. Anne.  The stained glass windows  were destroyed by the bombing of 1944. But thanks to the drawings that had been preserved, they were redone identically and relocated around 1950. The stained glass windows of the nave, in glass slabs, were installed in 1981-1982.

Other things to see, need time to see it all!

The megalithic alignments of Lostmarc’h to the west, although the point of Lostmarc’h consists of Ordovician scales based on Sulphur-rich amputates, the alignments are in quartzite sandstone, the blocks having been taken a little further, in the cliffs of the long tip. The megalithic alignments of Ty-ar-C’huré or House of the Priest.  A small limestone field rare in Brittany, exploited from the Gallo-Roman period, for example in Treuzeulom in Argol, allowed the development of lime kilns in the region, with a dozen being identified. Rozan’s was built in 1839 after a public inquiry at the mouth of the Aber river; today, restored and maintained, it is since 1980, the property of the Conservatoire du littoral. The Villa Ker ar Bruck, it is also called the “Eiffel House”, because it is made of metal.

The town of Crozon has many wonderful beaches such as  Aber Beach, Kersiguénou Beach, Goulien Beach, Lostmarc’h Beach, Palue Beach, Morgat Beach, Porzic Beach, Postolonnec Beach, spring Beach, Poul Beach, Trez-Rouz Beach, Kerloc’h. The area is  very picturesque and rugged, and  includes the Cap de La Chèvre, Pointe de Kador, Pointe de Dinan, Pointe de Lostmarc’h, Pointe de Kerdra, Pointe de Kerroux,  Pointe du Dolmen, pointe de Rostudel, Pointe de Saint-Hernot, Pointe des Grottes , Pointe du Menhir, Pointe de Trébéron, Pointe of Tréboul  or Pointe du Guern, and the pointe du Pouldu.

The Saint-Fiacre Chapel and the Saint-Fiacre fountain,  this fountain was transformed into a laundry or washhouse. They are also the Grotte de l’Autel, and the Kador, the Virgin Island, the Cap de la Chévre, the castle of Dinan, the cliffs of Morgat, and the Aber plage or beach. The painters took pleasure in painting this coast, such as Julien Thibaudeau, at the beginning of the 20C, from the pointe de Menhir to Morgat, restoring in depth the beach of Postolonnec, the Aber and the Bay, or Charles-Louis Houdard who painted in 1898 the heights of Crozon.

Very nice natural and monumental complex in one, great views of the Atlantic ocean and great seafood; heavens in my Brittany; my neighbor the Finistére dept 29 and the Crozon peninsula!

Some webpages to help you plan your trip here are

City of Crozon on its heritage

Tourist office of Crozon

Tourist office of dept 29 Finistére on the Crozon peninsula

Tourist office of Brittany on Crozon

There you go another sublime spot to visit in my lovely Brittany and good neighbor Finistére dept 29. Enjoy  the Crozon peninsula as we do!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

 

 

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