Archive for May 10th, 2019

May 10, 2019

Gouézec and the Trois Fontaines!

Ok so we are staying in the Finistére dept 29 of my lovely Brittany; this time taking you to another off the beaten path of my region. So much to see, I repeat apologizing.. This is an area of great natural historical architectural beauty where a car is king and maybe why still in off the beaten path category. However, it is worth the detour. We love it.

Let me tell you a bit about the quant nice town of Gouézec to start.

The town of  Gouézec is located in the Finistère Dept 29 of the region of Brittany. It is on the left bank of  the Aulne river; and extends  to the Trois Fontaines brook, a tributary of the Aulne, which separates it from Edern,Briec and Lothey, rivers and to the east is bounded by the brook of Pont ar Ch’laon, another tributary of the Aulne, which separates it from Saint-Thois. The territory includes a piece of the western part of the Montagne Noirs ( black mountains), one of the highlights, the Roche du Feu (Karreg an Tan in Breton), 279 meters high; as the Aulne flows at 28 meters above sea level in Pont-Coblant, this induces a large elevation, of about 250 meters, between the highest point and the lowest point of the town (the town itself is around 90 meters above sea level, on the north slope of the Roche du Feu) , rather strong slopes and valleys, both that of Aulne, and those of its tributaries, both those already mentioned and that of the Kerguelen brook, called in its downstream part of Rozvéguen brook, which flows completely into the town.

A bit of history I like

A Roman route from Morlaix to Civitas Aquilonia (today Quimper) passed through Pleyben, the Chapel of the Three Fountains in Gouézec and the Penity en Briec, where it joined the one from Vorgium (today Carhaix).

In 1902, the Municipal Council of Gouézec voted unanimously to protest against the closure of the congrégation schools and the population of Gouézec strongly opposed the anti-clerical measures of the Government of Émile Combes and the application of the law on congregations.  Due to their attitude during these events, the Mayor, Henri-Alexandre de Legge, was dismissed, and father Caër, vicar at Gouézec, was suspended from his duties. The population of Gouézec was at that time very attached to its nuns

The Countess Cecilia Rita Monteiro de Barros, wife of Henri Louis de Legge (son of Henri de Legge), built the Château de Kerriou in 1904 and lived there during the interwar period. Yves Fitamant, author of a book “Kerriou, history of a seigneury”, speaks of “a construction of all beauty that has received an admirable decoration”. The estate was sold in 1935 after the death of the Countess. It was later occupied by the Nazi marine in 1940 and the FFI (interior French Forces) thereafter , and now in private hands not open to the public.

The must see in Gouézec,  the Chapelle Notre-Dame des Trois-Fontaines

The Chapel  was built in granite and covered in slate, the chapel consists of a nave, an aisle, a transept and a polygonal apse. The western façade, opened by a 16C gate, is topped by a steeple of the 18C. The nave is flanked, in the south, by a gable porch of the 16C, of oblong plane. The stained glass windows are from the 16C decorating some of the windows  of the transept and the apse. The Calvary dates from 1554 and presents three crosses and a group of characters of which there is only one thief and St. Magdalene. The fountain consists of a warhead arch partially covering a source. A statuette of the Virgin is placed in the background.

The Chapelle Notre Dame des Trois-Fontaines or Chapel of Our Lady of the Three Fountains was built from the 16C  to the 18C, former property of the Abbey of Coat Malouen. The chapel comprises a nave with a low north side of five bays, a transept separated from the nave by a diaphragm arch and a polygonal heart with multiple knots. The bell tower, finished in an octagonal dome, is depreciated in a lantern and  accosted north of a staircase turret and was rebuilt at the end of the 17C or at the beginning of the 18C. The carved wooden grandstand dates from 1671. Mural painting dates from the 18C. The canopy of the Transfiguration dates from the 16C,  it also sees the remains of stained glass dedicated to the passion and the life of the Blessed Virgin. Among the statues are those of the Virgin Mother, Saint Herbot, Saint Diboan, Saint Hervé, Saint Michael, San Sebastian, Santa Barbara, St. Mark and a Pietà. To be noted also in the paving, the weapons of Guyon de Quellenec and his wife Jeanne de Rostrenen. Near the chapel lies the three fountains that  gave it the name.

Official site Religious Heritage on the Chapel of the Three Fountains

Gouezec

Gouezec

Other things to see

St. Peter’s Church, 16C. Done in a Latin cross-shaped building with a slightly overflowing choir, it includes, in addition to the span of the built-in bell tower, a nave with six-span aisles terminated by a right bedside. Two wing chapels form false transept to the right of the last span. The sacristy dates from 1724. The Choir dates from 1899. The bell tower with two galleries dates from 1747. The pulpit dates from the 18C.

La Roche du Feu (Karreg an Tan in Breton or rock of fire in English) on the heights of Gouézec, at 281 meters, this magnificent site offers an extraordinary viewpoint on the Valley of the Aulne, the Monts D’arrée ,and the Bay of Douarnenez. During the Norman invasions and to warn off the arrival of the Vikings, a lookout (alerted by another fire lit at the top of the Menez-Hom) lit a fire that could see the whole region of the Châteaulin basin

Tourist office of Finistére dept 29 on the Rock of Fire

The old port of Pont-Coblant, between Pleyben and Gouézec, has developed a nautical base and a campsite (located on the Pleyben side). The former Office of the underground quarry of Parc-ar-Pont, transformed into a chapel of Sainte-Barbe in 1951, which was enlarged in 1957 was decommissioned in the year 2000. It now serves as a venue for exhibitions.

The Chapel of Notre-Dame-de-Tréguron 16-17C, of the seigneurial foundation was rebuilt in large part in the 17C. La Chapelle Notre-Dame-de-Trois-Fontaines (16-18C), former property of the Abbey of Coat Malouen. Several other chapels, cavalries and fountains.

Some webpages to help you plan your trip here are

Tourist office region of Pleyben on things to see in Gouézec

Tourist office of region of Aulne Porzay on Gouézec

And there you go another dandy in the Finistére 29 of my lovely Brittany. Off the beaten path and nice places to go by car and then walk the town awesome. Gouézec is just before entering the magical National Regional park of the Armorique! Just past Quimper on the N165 expressway and get off on the road D785 and then the D41 you will pass the Trois Fontaines before getting to the town, it is in a forest!!. Enjoy it

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!

 

 

May 10, 2019

Thumette and Ste Barbe of Nevez!

And I am staying in the Finistére dept 29 of my beloved Brittany. Lots of things to see here never ending all wonderful historically and architecturally, love it. I have driven the whole lenght and width of Brittany but still a lot to go lol! Let me continue tell you about the gems here in the off the beaten path trail.

This time let me give you some more of the Church of St Thumette and the Chapelle of Sainte Barbe! in nice little Nevez!

Névez is a town in the pays de L’Aven, in the Finistère Department 29  in lower Cornwall, region of Brittany. The town of Névez is limited to the north by the town of Pont-Aven, (see previous posts) to the east by the right bank of the ria de L’Aven which separates it from the town of Riec-sur-Bélon (see previous posts), to the south by the Atlantic Ocean over a length of about seven kilometers and to the west by the town of Trégunc . Névez means “new” in Breton. The parish is mentioned for the first time in an act dating from 1078..

An anecdote of the history of the town tell us that on July 15, 1795, the English attempted to land 2000 Chouans (rebels against the French revolution) on the beach of Raguénez in Névez to operate a diversion and take the Republican army (loyal revolutionaries)  in reverse. In fact, a few days earlier, the Englishmen had attempted imprudently to land Breton emigrants on the Quiberon peninsula (see previous posts), but they had found the army of General Hoche (native of Versailles) who were driving them off the road. The Chouans were received by the fire fueled by the artillery of the Fort of Raguénez and pushed back to the sea for the first time. The English however had not given up their project and the Chouans were landed a little further in the Cove of Rospico. Believing that it was the Englishmen who wanted to put everything to fire and blood the inhabitants of Névez had abandoned their homes and fled. The alleged Englishmen were very polite. They only asked for food in the houses and then quickly headed to Pont-Aven.  A few days later, 1700 Republican soldiers settled in Keranglas. All the space between the village and the sea was covered with tents to accommodate them. But they arrived too late. The Chouans had already left the scene and regained the Morbihan (dept 56)..

The first constructions in standing stone or orthostates would go back to the 17C (an act of house sale speaks of 1695), but they would have developed especially in the 19C in Trégunc and Névez, serving as walls to many houses, others  standing stones being erected in the closing of plots or properties; their origin would be due to the need to rid the fields of the many rocky chaos that crowded them, especially on the edges of the Aven river. A sight to see a wonderful architectural find.

Some things to see here with time are the port and the beach of port Manec’h, the ascent of the Aven river with the Henan and the port of Kerdruc ; the beach of Tahiti and the island of Raguénez, the beach of Rospico and the gardens of Rospico , the castle of the Henan ,15-16C. The castle of Poulguin 16C.  And the before mentioned  houses or Men Zao (“standing stones “).

Tourist office of Cornouaille Ocean on the standing houses of Nevez

City of Nevez on heritage

And for the stars of the post here they are

The Church of Sainte-Thumette, rebuilt in 1900 ,initially from the 16C. Sainte Thumette is one of the companions of Saint Ursula. It is a Latin cross-shaped church that includes a nave of five bays with aisles, a transept and a choir. The bell tower is semi-recessed. The church houses the statues of St. John the Baptist, St. James, St. Thumette, St. Diboan and Saint Cornély.

Nevez

The old Parish Church of Névez, Ste Thumette was low and obscure,a monument of flamboyant style from the 16C. It was under the word of St. Thumette. Between 1894 and 1900 a new church was built at the site of the former, condemned because of its dismal state.

Nevez

It has three-nave layout; cut-out bedside flanked by two square-plan sacristies to the north and south.The bell tower in-work, chamber of bells pierced by eight bays in clear-Lines, unbuilt arrow. Big work in granite rubble partially coated with cement. Granite-sized stone for door and berry framing and corner chains. Nave with five spans, brick vault painted in white with crossed ogive illuminated by tall stained windows; resting on committed balusters. Broken arch arches resting on Corinthian capitals worn by columns.  The floor covered with cement.

The Chapel of Sainte-Barbe (Santa Barbara) with its bell tower of the 15C. It is a Tau-shaped church of the late 15C. The altarpiece dates from the 17C. The stained glass represents the Annunciation. The chapel houses the statues of Sainte Barbe, Saint Cornély, Saint Herbot, St. Anne and the Virgin, St. Margaret, Saint Fiacre, St. Catherine and two adorers Angels.

Nevez

The Sainte-Barbe Chapel, located in the city center, is in the form of a cross and measures 22 to 23 meters in length over 6 meters wide to the nave and 20 meters to the transept. Its west gable is topped by a pretty Gothic steeple, whose four studs are formed by round, diamond-tipped balusters, cut off from a ring with which the pull that supports the bells is made. The arrow, widely opened at the base, is accosted by four Gothic pinnacles

Nevez

To the left of the Altar you can see a great Sainte Barbe with her tower; on the right, Saint Anne holding the Blessed Virgin. At the north transept appear the statues of St. Francis of Assisi, St. Ambrose and St. Catherine of Alexandria trampling a character that symbolizes the philosophers of which she had triumphed. At the south transept are Sainte Marguerite, a monstrous Dragon, Saint Cornély who comes from the old parish church, and Saint Herbot.

The Chapelle Sainte Barbe served, before the 19C, as a parish church, before the construction of the current church on the square. Since that time, the chapel has served to worship in an episodic manner. It was at the center of a placister today dented by the rising houses in the 19- 20C. The wood paneling cradle is painte

There you go another gem in the off the beaten paths of the Finistére in my lovely Brittany. Enjoy Nevez small yet packs a punch with Thumette et Ste Barbe!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

May 10, 2019

Church of Saint Démet at Plozévet!

Ok so now not the usual Church or monument or even town, I move you down to the off the beaten path category. I love these places in my lovely Brittany. I take you now to the town of Plozévet in the Finistére dept 29 of Brittany!

And again briefly mentioned in previous posts, I like to tell you more of my Brittany, the 3rd most visited region in France, being the No 1 visited country in the world!  Therefore, let me tell you a bit more on the Church of  Saint Démet!

Wait a minute, you know Plozévet  ? ok so let me tell you a bit on it ok

Plozévet is located in the Finistère Department 29 of Brittany, halfway between Quimper and Pointe du Raz,(see previous posts)  in the country of Bigouden. Plozévet is part, together with nine other towns of the community of towns  of the high country of Bigouden.

In town or around ,they have found and catalog in Plozévet between 1882 and 1888 four menhirs stones, the Menhir de kervinou, high of 1.5 meters, is implanted in the field but visible from the road to Menez Queldrec to Menez Kerlaeron; the menhir fendu (split) , also said of the two twins, menhir trapu, and the menhir de Lestrouguy , two dolmens, a megalithic open-air chamber, several  tumulus, 68 objects in and within them such as daggers, armband of archer, pottery, vases, etc, not to mention the.fluted stele with 25 well-eroded splines  remains visible near the location of the missing covered driveway of the Penker and two others, located at the entrance of the Brénizénec mill yard, are not in their original location. The meaning of these splines remains unknown. A Roman road departed from Pont l’Abbé  to the Pointe du Raz passing through Plonéour, Tréogat, Pouldreuzic and Plozévet. They are also, several chapels.

Before the French revolution, Plozévet had an exceptional case in the region, neither castle nor Lord; the monarchical regime was present there by the rector,  was the only authority present, both religious and political. This is the probable source of the ocal  anticlericalism. Plozévet accepted a priest swearer to the new Constitution in 1791, which is exceptional in the region.  On 14 January 1797, the 74-gun Droit de l’Homme vessel, which participated in the French revolution wars (first coalition), was stranded on a sandbank on the town of Plozévet. The sinking of the Droits de l’Homme was the conclusion of a naval battle between a French line ship and two British frigates off the coast of Brittany during the wars of the French revolution.

A bit more on the town: City of Plozevet on heritage

Now,the feature monument in Plozévet, the Church of Saint Démet.

Parish Church of Saint-Démet at Place de l’église corner of rue d’Audienne is in form of a Latin cross, dedicated to Saint Démet. It is topped by a Gothic bell tower. The west façade is from the beginning of the 15C while the column line comes from an earlier church probably dating back to the 13C. The lower door to the west and the porch to the south are both ogive  gothic style. The nave with its low-side dates from the very end of the 16C and is separated from the transept by a diaphragm arch. The Church of Saint Démet  has elements of different eras,  it has a rectangular Choir, a transept and a nave lined with a aisle. A diaphragm arch separates the nave with five arches of the transept, the nave being the oldest part 12C. The rest of the church, minus the bell tower, dates from the early 16C. The large porch is covered with an arch of stone warheads. The bell tower was rebuilt around 1793, but it retains its Gothic spire. The sacristy,dates from 1701.

Plozevet

Plozevet

The Church of Saint Démet ceiling are vaulted in wood under a frame of 1750. The high Altar and the transept are from the 18C. The ancient baptismal font shows a depiction of death  and a demon mask. There are many statues adoring this Church of St Démet such as  Saint Démet as Bishop, an ancient Pietà 15C, Saint Alar, late 16C. Saint John ,the Baptist, Saint Mathurin, Saint Corentin, Saint Michael,  and Saint Charles,with  several Virgins to the Child including one from the 17C, and another Pietà in front of the Altar of the right transept.  Note that the stained glass of the bay of the Choir representing a passion done in 1957 is a very colorful work . The stained glass windows of the transept, with a lozenge motif, date from the mid-19C.

Plozevet

A quant lovely little town of the Finistére breton and a nice stop along the coast of the department. Lovely territory of course a car is king, but worth it if interested to know the real country of France.

More on the area tourist office on the Church : Tourist office of the Bigouden country on the Church of St Démet

There you go a nice tour indeed, hope you enjoy it as we do ,in Bigouden country of Plozévet. And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!

 

 

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