Roma, arch Titus and Constantine!

Back to my eternal Roma, and Italy. Going around driving around well here came by plane too! I like to tell you about two arches , briefly that I saw while walking our way around Rome! Strange enough as too many old stones, these arches are not even showcase fully in the Tourist office of Rome! oh well.

I like to tell you a bit on it because they look nice on the heavy Roman traffic to see them still standing at all! And we like things to see for free lol! So,therefore, here are the Arch of Titus and Constantine, my version!

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The arch of Constantine is a triumphal arch in Rome, located between the Colosseum and the Palatine. Nowadays it is in the area of the Celio, the ancient road of triumphs. It was built by the Roman Senate to commemorate the victory of Constantine at the Milvian Bridge against Maxence in 312AD  and his 10 years of power. It was placed near the Colosseum and the Meta Sudans, Constantine wanting to associate his reign with that of the Flavian dynasty which had erected these monuments. Inaugurated in 315, it is the last of the series of triumphal archs in Rome, in which it is distinguished by its systematic use of re-use of previous monuments.

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The arch of Constantine measures 21.10 meters high, 25.7 meters wide and 7.4 meters deep. It has three bays: the central bay is the largest, with 11.5 meters high for 6.5 meters wide, while the side passages measure 7.4 meters high for 4.4 meters wide. The lower part of the monument is constructed of marble blocks, while the upper part, the attic, is made of brick masonry coated with a marble veneer. A staircase is laid out in the thickness of the arch; it is accessed by a door located in up on the side of the Palatine.

The decor of the arch of Constantine reuse massively fragments of older monuments, which acquire a new meaning in the context of the Constantinan edifice. On this commemorative monument of Constantine’s victory, the new historical frieze representing its Italian campaign is the most important reason: it celebrates the emperor, both in its military and civil functions.

The arch of Titus is an arch of Roman triumph at a balcony erected in Rome by Emperor Domitian in 81 A.D. to celebrate the victories of his brother Titus during the Judean war between 66 and 73 A.D. The arch was built after Titus ‘ death. The arch borders the Clivus, near its intersection with the Sacred Way, at the top of the Velia in Summa Sacra Via in the present old Rome. It is possible that it was slightly moved to the south and turned during the construction of the Temple of Venus.

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The arch of Titus was erected shortly after Titus ‘ death in 81 A.D. to commemorate the capture of Jerusalem and the destruction of the Second Temple of Jerusalem. The statues that decorate the arch, including two bronze elephants, are found on the Via Sacra (sacred way)  between 535 and 536AD. The arch of Titus  is integrated into a fortress of frangipani during the Middle Ages. A room is built in the upper part of the vaulted passage. The room was liberated from the buildings around 1822 and was rebuilt . It reconstitutes a large part of the upper part and the outer half of the two pillars with travertine. The frieze and inscription are therefore preserved only on the side facing the Colosseum.

The arch of Titus, covered with marble of the Pentelic, is composed only of one arch against three for the arch of Constantine for example. It is 13.50 meters wide, 15.40 meters high and 4.75 meters deep. The vault reaches 8.30 meters high and 5.36 meters from wide. Each façade is adorned with two pairs of columns engaged in the two pillars of the arch. Their casks are fluted and the marquees are of a composite nature with volutes and acanthus leaves. The columns stand on square pedestals and frame small rectangular niches dug into the pillars. The upper part, the attic, is 4.40 meters high. It is on the attic that the inscription is engraved which is preserved only on the eastern side. The Arch summit was adorned with a bronze statuary group comprising an elephant-drawn quadriga in which the Emperor was shown as a god.

One reference to this arch was found in the tourist office Tourist office of Rome things to do

There you walking you can see more and find amazing buildings even if again old stones which I know very well. Enjoy Rome, and its Arches, and do walk the city!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

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6 Comments to “Roma, arch Titus and Constantine!”

  1. Rome was the first European capital that I ever visited, back in 1976.

    Like

  2. This brings happy memories of the Eternal City.👍

    Liked by 1 person

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