The Colosseum or Colosseo of Rome of course!

Ok so I am moving back to old pretty Italy again and of course to my favorite city there Roma , Rome where all started for many ::) I have written several posts over the years on it and as always touch base on a general nature.

I like to bring you a bit more on one of the emblematic monuments of Rome and maybe even Italy; the Colosseum or Colosseo in italian! Much has been written on it elsewhere and everywhere so will give you the basis and the hope you do visit it.

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Of course, the history and architecture is the most for me. The Colosseum,(Colosseo in Italian) originally the Flavian amphitheater, is a huge ovoid amphitheater located in the center of the city of Rome, between the Esquiline and the Caelian, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire. It is one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering.  Its construction, just east of the Roman Forum, began between 70 and 72 A.D., under Emperor Vespasian, and ended in 80 AD  under Titus. Further changes were then made during the reign of Domitian 81-96AD. The name of the amphitheater Flavian derives from the surname of Flavii of Emperor Vespasian and his sons Titus and Domitian.

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It was more likely to accommodate 50 000 spectators , the Colosseum was used for venations (fights of wild animals), the Munera (fights of gladiators) and other public performances, such as executions of condemned to death, reenactments of famous battles and dramas based on Roman mythology. It remained in service for nearly 500 years, the last games extending to the 6C.

The Colosseum continues to give the measure of the ancient power of imperial Rome. Today it is one of the symbols of modern Rome, one of its most popular tourist attractions.

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After the Great fire of Rome in 64 AD, Nero built a sumptuous palace. Having seized land at the bottom of a low valley at the bottom of which ran a channeled stream, between the Caelian, the Esquiline and the Palatine, he built the magnificent Domus Aurea. In front of pavilions, gardens, and porticoes, he created an artificial lake and placed Nero’s colossus palace not far from the entrance to the estate. The pre-existing aqueduct of the Aqua Claudia was extended for the water supply of this area. The lake was filled and the land reused for the construction of the new Flavian Amphitheater which was destined to replace the amphitheater of Statilius Taurus totally ravaged during the great fire of Rome.

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In 1749, Pope Benedict XIV decided that the official policy of the Church would be to make the Colosseum the sacred place where the first Christians were martyred. He forbade the use of the Colosseum as a quarry, and consecrated the edifice to the Passion of Christ and set up a Way of the Cross, declaring it sanctified by the blood of the Christian martyrs who perished there. Today, still has close ties with the Roman Catholic Church as on every Good Friday, the Pope leads a procession to the torches on a way of the cross culminating in the amphitheater. In 2001, a museum dedicated to Eros is located on the upper floor of the building. A part of the floor of the arena is reconstituted in the same year.

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Inside the Colosseum there is the Church of Santa Maria della Pietà al Colosseo which is a place of Catholic worship. Small in size, it is inserted in one of the arcades of the Flavian Amphitheater and was probably built between the 6C and the 7C, although the first certain information about its existence dates back to the 14C. This church has always been a place of worship in memory of the Christian martyrs who lost their lives inside the Colosseum; it was frequented by many Saints, notably Ignatius of Loyola, Felipe Neri and Camille de Lellis.

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Under the French first empire, the façade was reinforced by bricks in 1807 and 1827, with Napoleon I having employed the army in the restoration and excavation of the main monuments of Rome from 1811 to 1814. Following the occupation of Rome, in the second empire Napoleon III continued the restoration and excavation work.

In 1995, the Colosseum started a restoration site, the most important since 1836, whose objective was to reduce the number of fragments of the monument detaching and to open 85% of the monument to the public against 15% in 1995.  Work finally started in 2013, and after a 33-month facelift, during which the travertine façade was hosed with a fine water spray, the symbol of Rome ,if not of Italy gleams creamy white by day and even flushes pink as the sun sets.

Some webpages to help plan your trip here are

Colosseo better buy your tickets ahead in English

Tourist office of Rome on the Colosseum in English

Tourist office Region of Lazio on the Colosseum in English

The Colosseum very good site on the it in English

There you go,now you have a bit more on my blog and I feel better for the credit to this wonderful monument of Rome, the Colosseum. Hope you have enjoyed it and do visit if not done so by now.

And remember, happy travels ,good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

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2 Comments to “The Colosseum or Colosseo of Rome of course!”

  1. I like the Colosseum but it is always so busy. I like the amphitheatres at Verona and Arles.

    Liked by 1 person

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