Other Churches of Saarburg!

And here I am again on Germany. Expanding a bit more on my previous posts on the town of Saarburg and its Other Churches! A nice picturesque town by the Sarre river with quant city center. The Churches hava an interesting history and different architecture. Therefore here is my take a bit more on the Other Churches of Saarburg!

The Church of St. Lawrence (St Laurentius) is a parish church dedicated to St. Lawrence in Saarburg. It replaced the Chapel of the Holy Cross, built here in the 13C.  In the same place since the 13C (first mentioned in documents in 1368) was the Chapel of the Holy Cross, which belonged to the Mother Church of St. Lambertus near Saarburg. In 1370, this chapel was raise to the rank of parish church.

A second tower was added to the original church tower on the south side in 1563. In order to remain up to the influx of the faithful, further additions and conversions were gradually developed, so that in the middle of the 17C three nave and two wing buildings were mentioned in the annals. This steady enlargement led to the fact that the Church of St Lawrence was re-consecrated as a church in 1658 by the Trier auxiliary bishop, and was given the patronage of Saint Lawrence. The next two hundred years led to such severe structural damage that repair was no longer possible. The town of Saarburg decided to demolish and build a new Church in the same place.

The new St. Lawrence Church was built between 1854 and 1856 in the neo-Gothic style. The new church was now given a north-south orientation. The double-helmet double tower was integrated into the new Church. In June 1855, the Archbishop of Trier ordained the new church.

During a bombing in WWII in 1944, the nearby Saar Bridge felled and destroyed the Church at around 50 percent. The eastern aisle, the choir, the tower group as well as parts of the perimeter wall remained.  The reconstruction took place between 1946 and 1949 in a simplified form.  In 1962, the Church St Lawrence received an additional fourth bell. Also in the 1960s, the interior was refurnished with modern elements.

The neo-Gothic Church of St Lawrence, which draws on 13C styles, is a monumental slate fragment structure. On the river side, the base of the church, enclosed by retaining walls and supported by struts and an arch construction, forms a mighty subsidy that further underlines the urban dominance of the complex. The closed massive figure with a slate roof with roof gauss was given to the Church on the occasion of the reconstruction in 1947. Before that, the Church , together with the tower group of the previous church, had a more historically differentiated form through two overly cross arms and rolled diaphoretic houses on the side aisles.

The Church of St Lawrence is run as a three-aisled hall church with a three-sided closing choir and a portal front .  During the reconstruction, the roof rider above the cross house was assigned to the yoke of the vestibule. The Church portal in the tympanum above the main pillar portal, the crucifixion of Jesus is sculptively depicted and at the portal post there is a mother God sculpture. The tower, which is stemming from sandstone stone stones and quaked on the corners, is the oldest part of the church. It was doubled to a façade tower in 1563 and raised in 1854 by a fourth floor in the style of early Gothic. The tower was also given the incisive twin pyramid helmet. A Baroque portal dating back to 1780 is embedded in the extension of the tower.

Inside you can see the octagonal Renaissance baptism, which dates back to 1575 and was restored in 1983, as well as two of the former four epitaphs in the eastern chapel room. Other features include four Rococo-style figures representing Saints Anna, Andrew, Franz Xavier and John of Nepomuk, which form a side altar in the eastern aisle. The figures flank an oil painting of the Cross from 1706. The stained glass windows, donated by the Prussian King Frederick William IV in 1855 and made in Berlin, are preserved in the choir from the construction period of the neo-Gothic church. The Choir, the eastern aisle and the entrance porch above the cross rib vault on bundle pillars still present themselves in the original first-construction state. The western row of support of round pillars, which bears a half-timbered wall on the traditionally Saarburg building tradition and separates the main nave and the western aisle with its flat beamed ceilings, are, on the other hand, due to reconstruction.

In the previous Church stood a used organ, acquired in 1739, which was replaced after almost forty years in 1777 by a two-manual instrument .The new organ built in 2004, with high shape reflecting the Gothic tradition of the Church of St Lawrence, the blue cloth behind the pipes the Saar.

Official parish Church of St Lawrence in German

Saar Obermosel tourist site on the heritage of Saarburg

Saarburg

 Saarburg

The Evangelical Church of Saarburg is a Protestant congregation church in Saarburg. It is located underneath the Castle ruins. It was built at the end of the 19C for the diaspora congregation, which had been newly created by continuous migration in the hitherto purely Catholic area and has grown, and remains its spiritual center to this day.  Completed in 1893 in the Historicism style, the Church, like the neighboring rectory,despite severe damage during WWII, the structure of the church is largely that of the edification period. The original furnishings include the altar and the pulpit basket.  Today, the stained glass windows are the main attraction of the Church.

From 1575, the evangelical confession was introduced in the middle Saar by the brothers Philip III and Albrecht von Nassau-Weilburg in 1575.  With the Congress of Vienna of 1815, this fell like the whole country on the middle of Saar to Prussia and the Rhine Province was incorporated. It became part of the Rhenish State Church under church law. The responsibility for new evangelical citizens in the hitherto purely Catholic areas of the middle and lower Saar lay with the Church area. The influx of Protestant inhabitants to the newly built district of Saarburg began in the first half of the 19C. These evangelical residents were initially predominantly Prussian.  It was not until 1893 that a dedicated Evangelical Church was inaugurated in Saarburg. The foundation stone was laid on May 8, 1892, and the inauguration took place on July 11, 1893.

In the period after the seizure of the Nazis, tensions arose and ultimately there was a break between the pastor Schmidt and the presbytery.  In 1945 ,the pastor Schmidt was stripped of his duties for his Nazi affiliation and replace by a new pastor but he remain there refusing to give up his duties until 1950. In December 1944, the church suffered severe damage from air raids and was no longer usable thereafter. After the damage caused by the war, the church was inaugurated again on 10 April 1949.

The Evangelical Church stalls consist of two blocks of straight cross benches, between which a central passageway leads from the entrance portal in the tower to the choir room. In the choir room, which has three set windows, stands the neo-Romanesque altar table made of sandstone, on this one a metal cross. To the left of the altar is the baptism. On the south side of the arch, which separates choir room from the nave there is a pulpit. This originally stood elevated on a pedestal and could only be reached from the sacristy. During the last renovation, the plinth was removed and the pulpit can now be reached directly from the choir. Altar and pulpit  are still part of the original furnishings. Inaugurated in 1968, a manual organ is the masterpiece, and has a mechanical structure without supports. In 1983, the Evangelical Church underwent an extensive interior renovation. In this context, the stained glass windows were created.

City of Saarburg on heritage sites in German

Tourist office of Saar Obermosel on heritage of Saarburg

Saarburg

Saarburg

There you go a nice ride into Saarburg, easy from my base south of Trier and a lovely city center in addition to some interestings Other Churches of Saarburg!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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