Archive for March 1st, 2019

March 1, 2019

Other Churches of Saarbrüecken!

Now that I rumbling thru Germany why not bring you to a major city have visited and written on it previous posts in my blog. However, as there is so much to see, believe fair to write a post just on the other Churches in the city of Saarbrüecken!

There is a lot more info in German of course I just try to give you some historical background and main pictures , in the hope you can come and see them. It is a nice city to walk its center indeed. We came here by car but once parked walked all over!

Saint Jakob Church is the parish church in Old Saar , the center of the Saarland capital Saarbrücken in the southern part of the Diocese of Trier. The patron Saint of the church is the Apostle James the Elder. With regard to its patronage, the church is in the historical tradition of the medieval Saarbrüecken Castle Chapel.

The inhabitants of the original town of Saarbrücken, now the Old Saar Bridge district, belonged to the parish of the Collegiate Church of St. Arnual. But they had their own chapel as early as the 13C. This chapel was built under the reign of Countess Lauretta . The Bishop Philip of Flörchingen  had given permission to build the chapel in 1261.

By 1549, Saarbrüecken became an independent parish. In 1575, the Reformation was introduced by Count Philip III of Nassau-Saarbrücken, and by the beginning of the 19C there was no Catholic parish in Saarbrücken. In 1803, a cantonal circle was built in Saarbrücken, which was then part of France (Département de la Sarre), but it did not have its own church, but had to use the Church of St. John.

The Church of Saint Jakob was originally a three-aisled neo-Gothic stepped hall with a west tower, a little sprawling cross-aisle, a recessed choir room with a chorus and an enclosed three-sided. Scaling arcades on slender round pillars shared the nave of the longhouse. The facade was emphasized by pillars of four half columns with polygonal fighter plates. The bays were cross-vaulted. The furnishing of the Church of St Jakobs includes an altar that can be rotated around a fixed point of view, which can therefore be used for various sacred uses. In addition, it is also possible to completely evacuate the altar and thus free up the altar space for cultural uses.  Other things to see are the sculpture of St. Barbara in the left side chapel, the sculpture group Mother Anna  in the right side chapel, the Madonna with Child Jesus in the Chapel of St. Mary, the wood-carved sculpture group St. Anthony , and the tabernacle with sacrament scene. The organ was built in 1950.

Official Church of St Jakob in German

Tourist office of Saarbrüecken on heritage in English

Saarbruecken

Saarbruecken

 

The Ludwigskirche or Church of St Ludwig (aka Prince Louis of Nassau) is a Protestant Baroque-style church. Symbol of the city, it is with the Frauenkirche of Dresden and the Michel of Hamburg one of the best examples of Protestant church built in Germany.

Built from 1762 under the patronage of Prince Guillaume Henri of Nassau-Saarbrüecken in the center of a typical baroque square, it was completed and inaugurated in 1775 by Prince Louis of Nassau-Saarbrüecken, son and successor of Guillaume-Henri, who gave it his name and the square on which the Church was built. Restored in the 19C and 20C, it was severely damaged by the bombardments of 1944. Rebuilt from 1949 and until the 1970’s, it was first decided to retain the original walls but to endow the interior decorations with modern furnishings. The project was abandoned as well as that of giving back to the walls their original whiteness contrary to what was done with the buildings bordering the square.

The ground plan is shaped somewhat like a Greek cross; the arms are 38.5 meters ,and  34.2 meters long each and are each 17 meters wide. There are niches on the outside which contain statues of the four Evangelists. The stone balustrades were decorated with 28 figures, depicting the apostles, prophets and other Biblical people. The interior of the Church of St Ludwig is decorated with ornamental stucco . Each of the four arms of the cross has a gallery supported by two to four caryatids. The floor is made of sandstone. Until 1944 there has been an organ, the modern organ case is a reconstruction of the historical case. The current organ was built in 1982.

City of Saarbruecken on St Ludwig Church

Tourist office of Saar state on St Ludwig Church in English

Saarbruecken

SAMSUNG CAMERA PICTURES

The Church of Saint John ( Johanneskirche) is a neo-Gothic Church built between 1894 and 1898. The Church was not affected by the bombardments of WWII, which razed almost all of the center of Saarbrücken between 1942 and 1945. Today it is used for Protestant worship, but also for many events such as dinners, film screenings, cocktails, etc. It is possible to rent this Church to organize an event. Located at  Cecilienstr. 2, (street) ,not to be confused with the Basilica of St John.

City of Saarbruecken on St John’s Church

 Saarbruecken

When you walk a lot in a city you get to places off the beaten path, some of the above can be considered that and you find jewels to be visit and hope you enjoy the tour to make you visit them, on the Other Churches of Saarbrüecken!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

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March 1, 2019

Other Churches of Saarburg!

And here I am again on Germany. Expanding a bit more on my previous posts on the town of Saarburg and its Other Churches! A nice picturesque town by the Sarre river with quant city center. The Churches hava an interesting history and different architecture. Therefore here is my take a bit more on the Other Churches of Saarburg!

The Church of St. Lawrence (St Laurentius) is a parish church dedicated to St. Lawrence in Saarburg. It replaced the Chapel of the Holy Cross, built here in the 13C.  In the same place since the 13C (first mentioned in documents in 1368) was the Chapel of the Holy Cross, which belonged to the Mother Church of St. Lambertus near Saarburg. In 1370, this chapel was raise to the rank of parish church.

A second tower was added to the original church tower on the south side in 1563. In order to remain up to the influx of the faithful, further additions and conversions were gradually developed, so that in the middle of the 17C three nave and two wing buildings were mentioned in the annals. This steady enlargement led to the fact that the Church of St Lawrence was re-consecrated as a church in 1658 by the Trier auxiliary bishop, and was given the patronage of Saint Lawrence. The next two hundred years led to such severe structural damage that repair was no longer possible. The town of Saarburg decided to demolish and build a new Church in the same place.

The new St. Lawrence Church was built between 1854 and 1856 in the neo-Gothic style. The new church was now given a north-south orientation. The double-helmet double tower was integrated into the new Church. In June 1855, the Archbishop of Trier ordained the new church.

During a bombing in WWII in 1944, the nearby Saar Bridge felled and destroyed the Church at around 50 percent. The eastern aisle, the choir, the tower group as well as parts of the perimeter wall remained.  The reconstruction took place between 1946 and 1949 in a simplified form.  In 1962, the Church St Lawrence received an additional fourth bell. Also in the 1960s, the interior was refurnished with modern elements.

The neo-Gothic Church of St Lawrence, which draws on 13C styles, is a monumental slate fragment structure. On the river side, the base of the church, enclosed by retaining walls and supported by struts and an arch construction, forms a mighty subsidy that further underlines the urban dominance of the complex. The closed massive figure with a slate roof with roof gauss was given to the Church on the occasion of the reconstruction in 1947. Before that, the Church , together with the tower group of the previous church, had a more historically differentiated form through two overly cross arms and rolled diaphoretic houses on the side aisles.

The Church of St Lawrence is run as a three-aisled hall church with a three-sided closing choir and a portal front .  During the reconstruction, the roof rider above the cross house was assigned to the yoke of the vestibule. The Church portal in the tympanum above the main pillar portal, the crucifixion of Jesus is sculptively depicted and at the portal post there is a mother God sculpture. The tower, which is stemming from sandstone stone stones and quaked on the corners, is the oldest part of the church. It was doubled to a façade tower in 1563 and raised in 1854 by a fourth floor in the style of early Gothic. The tower was also given the incisive twin pyramid helmet. A Baroque portal dating back to 1780 is embedded in the extension of the tower.

Inside you can see the octagonal Renaissance baptism, which dates back to 1575 and was restored in 1983, as well as two of the former four epitaphs in the eastern chapel room. Other features include four Rococo-style figures representing Saints Anna, Andrew, Franz Xavier and John of Nepomuk, which form a side altar in the eastern aisle. The figures flank an oil painting of the Cross from 1706. The stained glass windows, donated by the Prussian King Frederick William IV in 1855 and made in Berlin, are preserved in the choir from the construction period of the neo-Gothic church. The Choir, the eastern aisle and the entrance porch above the cross rib vault on bundle pillars still present themselves in the original first-construction state. The western row of support of round pillars, which bears a half-timbered wall on the traditionally Saarburg building tradition and separates the main nave and the western aisle with its flat beamed ceilings, are, on the other hand, due to reconstruction.

In the previous Church stood a used organ, acquired in 1739, which was replaced after almost forty years in 1777 by a two-manual instrument .The new organ built in 2004, with high shape reflecting the Gothic tradition of the Church of St Lawrence, the blue cloth behind the pipes the Saar.

Official parish Church of St Lawrence in German

Saar Obermosel tourist site on the heritage of Saarburg

Saarburg

 Saarburg

The Evangelical Church of Saarburg is a Protestant congregation church in Saarburg. It is located underneath the Castle ruins. It was built at the end of the 19C for the diaspora congregation, which had been newly created by continuous migration in the hitherto purely Catholic area and has grown, and remains its spiritual center to this day.  Completed in 1893 in the Historicism style, the Church, like the neighboring rectory,despite severe damage during WWII, the structure of the church is largely that of the edification period. The original furnishings include the altar and the pulpit basket.  Today, the stained glass windows are the main attraction of the Church.

From 1575, the evangelical confession was introduced in the middle Saar by the brothers Philip III and Albrecht von Nassau-Weilburg in 1575.  With the Congress of Vienna of 1815, this fell like the whole country on the middle of Saar to Prussia and the Rhine Province was incorporated. It became part of the Rhenish State Church under church law. The responsibility for new evangelical citizens in the hitherto purely Catholic areas of the middle and lower Saar lay with the Church area. The influx of Protestant inhabitants to the newly built district of Saarburg began in the first half of the 19C. These evangelical residents were initially predominantly Prussian.  It was not until 1893 that a dedicated Evangelical Church was inaugurated in Saarburg. The foundation stone was laid on May 8, 1892, and the inauguration took place on July 11, 1893.

In the period after the seizure of the Nazis, tensions arose and ultimately there was a break between the pastor Schmidt and the presbytery.  In 1945 ,the pastor Schmidt was stripped of his duties for his Nazi affiliation and replace by a new pastor but he remain there refusing to give up his duties until 1950. In December 1944, the church suffered severe damage from air raids and was no longer usable thereafter. After the damage caused by the war, the church was inaugurated again on 10 April 1949.

The Evangelical Church stalls consist of two blocks of straight cross benches, between which a central passageway leads from the entrance portal in the tower to the choir room. In the choir room, which has three set windows, stands the neo-Romanesque altar table made of sandstone, on this one a metal cross. To the left of the altar is the baptism. On the south side of the arch, which separates choir room from the nave there is a pulpit. This originally stood elevated on a pedestal and could only be reached from the sacristy. During the last renovation, the plinth was removed and the pulpit can now be reached directly from the choir. Altar and pulpit  are still part of the original furnishings. Inaugurated in 1968, a manual organ is the masterpiece, and has a mechanical structure without supports. In 1983, the Evangelical Church underwent an extensive interior renovation. In this context, the stained glass windows were created.

City of Saarburg on heritage sites in German

Tourist office of Saar Obermosel on heritage of Saarburg

Saarburg

Saarburg

There you go a nice ride into Saarburg, easy from my base south of Trier and a lovely city center in addition to some interestings Other Churches of Saarburg!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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March 1, 2019

St. Luitwinus Church at Mettlach!

Ok so I am on the road warrior campaign in fast moving Germany! The roads are glorious and the scenery is wonderful. We came from south of Trier where we were based to visit this town famous for its Villeroy & Bach porcelain factory at Mettlach. However, once in town and walk around, we notice a wonderful St. Luitwinus Church that we like very much.

Therefore  ,here is a bit more especially for St. Luitwinus Church in nice Mettlach, Germany. On the beaten path I go again!

First a bit on the town of Mettlach.

Mettlach  is also in the Saar. it was a village with an abbey in the duchy of Lorraine attached to the diocese of Trier . This abbey was founded in the 7C . Mettlach has two rail stations on the Saarstrecke that runs between Saarbrucken and Trier , but the lovely ride is from the road B51 to Konz and Merzig, just lovely indeed.

Mettlach is a nice town, with a history of Saint Luitwinius in a very nice Church; the abbey has a great garden with water fountain, and a tower 1000 years old of St Liutwinius and a statue of the Saint up the square facing the town; just a nice small town indeed and a wonderful find.

And the nice find!

St. Luitwinus Church was built in 1902 in the Neo-Romanesque Rhine style, offers beautiful examples of local mosaic art. It presents pieces of a unique finesse to the north of the Alps. These are representations based on tesserae of glass and clay, the assemblage of which lasted over 50 years. In addition to these rare and magnificent mosaics, the Church houses a reliquary chest dating back to 1228.

Mettlach

St. Luitwinus Church built in 1847 which replaced the old church from the 8C,and again in 1902.  Old Tower (burial site of St. Lutwins) It was constructed over 1,000 years ago as a burial chapel for St. Luitwinus and has undergone extensive restoration in recent years.

 Mettlach

Mettlach

 Mettlach

As difficult to find info on the Church and my library is not so extensive on Germany, will leave you with some webpages to further expand on my writings above and help plan your trip here. I say is a nice detour to make if by these parts of Germany or into porcelain shopping!

 Mettlach

 Mettlach

The Saar region tourist info on St Luitwinus Church

Saarland site on the heritage and Church in German

Tourist office of Mettlach on heritage in German

City of Mettlach on heritage in German

There you go ,again a nice ride, nice town and interesting historical and architectural buildings to keep you for a day. Enjoy St Luitwinus Church and Mettlach.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

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