Archive for February 25th, 2019

February 25, 2019

Basilique Saint Sauveur, Rennes

So why not stay in lovely Rennes! As said been here several times and walked the beat but with so many monuments there are some that I think are worth mentioning in a post of their own. This is the case of the Basilica minor Saint Sauveur of Rennes.

Let me tell you a bit more on it and hope you enjoy it.

The Saint-Sauveur Basilica of Rennes is a minor basilica, known as  Notre Dame des Miracles et Virtue or Our Lady of Miracles and Virtues, located in the heart of the historic city center of Rennes. Its foundation, under the name of Saint-Sauveur, was before the 12C. Enlarged on several occasions and rebuilt in the early 18C, it was the seat of a parish for nearly three hundred years, until WWII, then again from 2002. Following several miraculous events in the 14C and 18C, the cult of Notre Dame developed strongly to culminate in a basilica erection in 1916. In classical style, this building is particularly distinguished by its furniture, a canopy of the high altar, wrought iron chair, organ, as well as the numerous ex-votos deposited by the faithful.

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Located in place Saint-Sauveur, it lies at the end of a perspective starting at the bottom of the Place du parliament de Bretagne and formed by the succession of the Rue Brilhac,Rue Ermine and Rue du Guesclin. Only its eastern and southern facades are visible, the remainder being adjoined by buildings, including the presbytery to the West,at  2 Rue Saint-Sauveur. The main façade, in the east, overlooks Place Saint-Sauveur, while the south façade opens onto Rue Saint-Sauveur, and beyond, on the garden of the Hôtel de Blossac.

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A bit of history I like

The present Basilica Church of Saint Sauveur was built at the beginning of the 18C, replacing a chapel whose origins merge with those of the city. The first written traces mentioning a Saint-Sauveur chapel in Rennes date from the 12C. Erected Saint-Sauveur in parish Church in 1667. This decision was confirmed by the Parliament of Brittany by a judgment of 1667, despite the opposition of the rector of Toussaints. A Brotherhood was founded in 1670 on the initiative of Saint John Eudes in honor of Our Lady of Miracles and Virtues and of the Holy Heart of Mary.

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In 1682, the west gable of the Church collapsed, making the Church unfit for worship. After a few months during which the Blessed Sacrament was transported to the Saint James Chapel, the cult resumed in the partially demolished church. The first stone was laid two years later, on July 24, 1703. The architect decides to orient the new church from east to west, unlike the old one. This new orientation allows to open the facade on the bottom of the place du grand bout de la Cohue (this square where a market was held until 1720 the location of the current Rue de  Clisson and Place Saint-Sauveur). The work begins with the Chorus, once it is completed, the Blessed Sacrament is transported there and the old church is finally demolished. Of it remains only a marquee carved on a face of a standing figure, dated the 12C, and kept at the Museum of Brittany. The new Church is consecrated on August 5, 1719, when only the choir (blessed earlier in the same year) and a crusader are completed.

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The destruction of the Place du grand bout de la Cohue, replaced by the Rue de Clisson and the Place Saint-Sauveur, and the piercing of the Rue du Guesclin in the axis of the Church, lead it to redraw the façade to integrate it into this new perspective. It also produces the map of the gate and its leaves. The major altar, symbolizing the end of the work, is consecrated in 1768.

The French revolution interrupted the reconstruction work of St. Peter’s Cathedral destroyed in 1768. The Church of Saint-Sauveur then became the temple of reason, then the temple of the Supreme Being in 1794. The miraculous statue of Notre Dame is destroyed during this period. The building hosts public meetings. Saint-Sauveur is officially rendered to worship only on September 30, 1802.

The arrival of the master Altar c.1827 – 1829, of a Chandelier c. 1846, of a Cross c. 1860 and of the Choir Organ c. 1894. The Altars of the Sacred Heart and St. Louis and St. Anne are redone and receive new paintings. A second restoration from 1870 on the altars of the transept. It was created in 1875 the altar dedicated to Notre Dame of Miracles and Virtues, in the north-side. Three bells are then installed in the tower in 1876. Finally, a ceramic paving replaces the original tome in 1886. The Church also carries, between 1832 and 1855, a Telegraph Chappe on the station 4 of Rennes and the number 10 of the line Avranches-Nantes. With the reactivation of the cult of Notre Dame of Miracles and Virtues, the Church is consecrated on October 12, 1912 by Pope Pius X. It was erected in a minor Basilica on 27 April 1916 by Pope Benedict XV.

Four narratives of miracles, attributed to Notre-Dame, are related to the Church and are the subject of special devotion. In 1667, the Church of Saint-Sauveur, truce of the parish of Toussaints, becomes parish in turn, the new parish then has for limits to the north the Porte Saint-Michel (current place Rallyer-du-Baty), south the Vilaine river, to the east the rue  Tristin (route close to the current rue de l’Horloge) and west the back of the Cathedral. This represents half of the first precinct of Rennes, four hectares entirely built. In 1939, the parish’s seat was moved to St. Peter’s Cathedral, the Church of Saint-Sauveur preserving its only Basilical vocation. With the reorganization in 2002; Saint-Sauveur finds a parish assignment, between the Cathedral St Pierre, and the Church of Saint-Étienne.

A bit more on the description and architecture I like

The exterior style of the Basilica recalls, on a lesser scale, that of the Church of the Gesù of Rome or the Basilica of Notre-Dame-des-Victories in Paris. of modest size 43 meters by 26 meters, the Basilica has a multi-cut Latin cross form, with a three-span nave and two collateral, a cut-out apse and a shallow transept.

The Basilica St Sauveur is composed of a nave with two aisles, a narrow transept, a short choir and an apse with cut-out pans, without ambulatory or apsidiole. The nave has three spans against one for the choir. The first two bays on the north side are slightly deeper. The first one contains the baptismal fonts, the second, the confessional. The second span of the south aisle was enlarged at the beginning of the twentieth century to accommodate the Chapel of Notre Dame des Miracles et Virtues. The aisles communicate with the central ship and the transept through full-hang arches supported by square pillars. Each face of these pillars is adorned with a Doric pilaster. The south aisle has a canopy at each span. The north side has only two, the first span being adjacent to the tower. The choir span has only one canopy on the south side, the blind north wall being occupied by a sham

The master Altar is surmounted by a remarkable canopy, made in 1768 with motifs adorning the adjacent pulpit in the south-western pillar of the choir. This painted or gilded wrought iron chair, made in 1781, richly decorated, the tub carries many ornaments such as medallions surrounded by fins and ribbons, falls of leaves and fruits, volutes and garlands of laurels. The lampshade is surmounted by a gadroons dome, and the pellet is made of acanthus leaves. The new altar is made of marble and stainless steel, in harmony with the existing furniture. Each side carries a monogram: “JHS” facing the nave – as a reminder of the dedication of the Basilica, the Chrismon surrounded the letters α and ω facing the choir, “MA” facing the altar of Notre Dame des Victoires, “JPH” in front of that of Saint Joseph. Relics of Saint Melaine are laid in the table. A new Ambon accompanies the altar.

The statue of Notre Dame des Miracles et Virtues, often referred to simply as Our Lady of Miracles, is a Virgin and the Child. It is mentioned in the 14C, as part of a miracle that would have occurred during a siege of the city. It is already a sculpture of painted wood. It is repainted in 1445, then its hands are restored in 1522. During the French revolution, as the Church welcomed the revolutionary cult, the statue was destroyed. It is only replaced in February 1876.

Two organs are in the church: a choir organ and a monumental organ in a tribune. The choir organ consists of two symmetrical bodies placed obliquely. Each body consists of two flats, thirteen and three pipes respectively. The bodies are surmounted by gendarme hats adorned with a shell. It is the first electrically transmitted organ installed in Rennes, received on March 11, 1894. The organ of Tribune dates from the 17C. The painted shuttered buffet is made of oak (central part) and fir (wings) carved in the Louis XIV style. It has four six-, twelve-, twelve-and six-pipe plates, separated by five-pipe turrets. The flat faces are surmounted by damping volutes; the skylights have motifs of abundance horns and cherub heads. The central turret is surmounted by a statue of St. George slaying the dragon, the side turrets of fire pots in gadroons. The whole is painted in imitation oak covering the original polychromies.

a site on organ concerts in Rennes and that of the Basilica: Music Rennes concerts Basilica St Sauveur

The present stained glass windows were made in 1951 and 1952, with the exception of the Chapel of Notre Dame des Miracles and the large canopy on its left. The series of Mr. Barrillet replaces the stained glass windows bombarded in 1940 during WWII. The large canopies at the bottom evoke the cult of Notre Dame des Miracles, while the small canopies of the upper represent Marian scenes. The Chapel of Notre Dame des Miracles retains its clear windows of the late 19C and the canopy on its left is from 1962.

The Rennes tourist office take on the Basilica of Saint SauveurTourist office of Rennes on the Basilique Saint Sauveur

Hope you have enjoy the historical architecture tour of the Basilique Saint Sauveur de Rennes. OF course, this is just a condense story of a magnificent monument.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

February 25, 2019

Basilica minor Notre Dame de Bonne Nouvelle, Rennes!

So let’s stay in wonderful Rennes shall we! This is a city that has lots to offer and still remains on the off the beaten path of foreign visitors here. It should be seen more. I like to bring out some of the monuments that struck me while visiting this city and walking its streets.

A pity on the Basilica minor Notre Dame de Bonne Nouvelle ( Our Lady of Good News Basilica) there is little information on the tourist office while I have plenty in my history books on Brittany. Something to make you find out about, hope you do and enjoy it.

rennes

The Church of Saint-Aubin later Basilica of Notre-Dame-de-Bonne-Nouvelle, is located in the city center of Rennes, Ille et Vilaine dept 35 in Brittany, on place Sainte-Anne. The current, unfinished building replaces an ancient homonymous church located in the same square. Its north and east facades are bordered by the Contour Saint-Aubin. The Rue de Saint-Malo separates the Church from the convent of the Jacobins. It was erected in Basilica minor on August 6, 1916.

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A bit of history I like

The old Church Saint Aubin, demolished in 1904, was located in the north of the city, outside the ramparts of Rennes and occupied the western part of the present place Saint-Anne. Attested in the 12C, it is mostly from the 17-18C, and it had hosted from the 19C, the cult of Notre-Dame-de-Bonne-Nouvelle, primitively located in the convent of the Jacobins. Guy XII de Laval continued the work begun by Jean IV of Brittany for the construction of Notre-Dame-de-Bonne-Nouvelle de Rennes, founded in the aftermath of the Battle of Auray.

The tradition reports that the Duke of Brittany Jean IV attributed the victory of the Montfort’s (his) to the Blois’s, during the war of the Duchy’s succession, during the Battle of Auray, to the intercession of the Virgin Mary. In 1368 he founded the Dominican convent of Rennes, which quickly became the name of the convent of good-news (bonne nouvelle), a painting on wood of the Virgin and the Child becoming during the 15C the object of the veneration of the faithful. Still, the votive work was melted during the French revolution and replaced after a cholera epidemic in 1849 by a new ex-voto dating from 1861. During the Prussian invasion of 1871, Mgr. Brossay-Saint-Marc decided to offer a candle to Notre-Dame-de-Bonne-Nouvelle every 8 September, if the city was spared. This tradition was perpetuated and the Church of St. Aubin was erected in Basilica minor Notre Dame de Bonne Nouvelle on August 6, 1916.

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The Church of Saint-Aubin was built from 1884 to 1904, the manifesto of the Gothic style triumphant in the Breton capital. In the absence of the main façade, the creation of the Rue de Bonne-Nouvelle magnified the entrance to the right transept, in the axis of rue Saint-Melaine and the former Benedictine Abbey.  St. Aubin’s Church being the parish where Blessed Marcel Callo was born and the church where he was baptized, a permanent place in his memory was installed following his beatification on 4 October 1987, by Pope John Paul II. There is a statue to remember this occasion.

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A bit on the construction style I like

The Basilica, although unfinished, presents itself as a Latin cross with ample chorus. The nave, of three bays, is accosted by collateral that promotes easy circulation during the liturgy. It leads to a largely overflowing transept, each arm having two spans. The chorus, extending the distribution to three vessels of the nave, ends with a pentagonal apse. Its side aisles act as an ambulatory, allowing to bypass the liturgical choir and to access the bedside, place of devotion to Notre-Dame-de-Bonne-Nouvelle. The sacristy and Catechism room are in the extension of the transepts along the first two spans. The elevation has two floors with large arcades and high windows; made in the Gothic style of the 13C. The rosettes of the transepts are the direct transposition of the rose of the west facade of Chartres, and the high windows with four lancets derive from those of Amiens. The stained glass of the Basilica is its major ornamental element. Most of the stained glass, declining floral motifs,  are also featured in medallions of the scenes of Brittany’s history in connection with the Duchess Anne (Anne de Bretagne).

 

As said not much online on it but these will give some idea

Catholic Mass info on Bonne Nouvelle in French

Breton heritage site on Bonne Nouvelle in French

Hope you enjoy and do stop by it is a nice Basilica indeed and something different to see in wonderful Rennes!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

February 25, 2019

Church of St Peter , and al. Baden!

Ok so I was in town for a ride in my area with the boys and came back to Baden only 21 kms south of me. I guess told you bits and pieces of it in previous blog and there is so much beauty around it. See my previous posts as Baden is on the head of the Gulf of Morbihan!

As in many posts, the monument heritage around here is huge, and the architecture and history of it enormous. So will tell you a bit more on a simple off the beaten path Church St Pierre (St Peter) in Baden, the Morbihan dept 56 (mine) in the region of Brittany/Bretagne!

Baden

Baden

The Church of St. Pierre ,b.12C, founded by the Rolland family of Cardelan. This Church was rebuilt in 1835-1836 and between 1860 and 1864, when it was completed by a spire with an arrow. The Choir altarpiece dates from the 17C. The Lords of Cardelan had once their burials in the Chapel of Saint John, on the side of the epistle of the ancient Church.

Baden

 Baden

The steeple of the Church of St Pierre forms a remarkable guide for sailors. From the Bay of Quiberon, aligning the white obelisk of the island of Petit Vézy and the steeple, the boats enter the Gulf following the deepest channel. Located in the heart of the town on a headland, it is remarkable for its bell tower built in 1864 and the arrow steeple in 1866 which serves as a guide to the navigators of the Gulf.

This Church of St Pierre, falling dilapidated, was rebuilt in 1835 and 1836, in the form of a Latin cross, with two aisles. The old steeple, having been demolished later, to widen a path, the Church took a squat short form. The new tower, surmounted by an elegant pyramid, all in beautiful sizes of stones, that can be seen from a very far.

Baden

Baden

In 1801, Baden was attached to the canton of Vannes-Ouest, or Saint-Pierre, which was accepted by the bishop in 1802. Dedicated to Saint Peter, the present Church dates back only to the 19C, even though it presents in the south wing the outer buttresses showing its Romanesque origin.

In 1869, the rector acquired a monumental wooden altarpiece dating from the 16C and would come from the Chartreuse of Auray. Reassembled and finished , this altarpiece has been registed as a national treasury in 1912. Outside, near the porch, there are two Gallic stele stones.

It has a quaint small city center with good restaurants and a  traditional museum  of wings and passions, all around the Church of St Pierre. A nice off the beaten path into the creeks and cranny areas of my beautiful Morbihan breton.

 Baden

City of Baden on the Church St Pierre

Museum of Baden

Hope you enjoy the tour of these off the beaten paths places, they abound in France still even if receiving millions of tourists , for the enjoyment of those who seek the traditional and local folklore. Baden is one jewel to be visited, and of course in my Morbihan!

And remember ,happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

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