Archive for February 16th, 2019

February 16, 2019

Piazza del Popolo ,Rome of course!

Coming back at you about Rome, eternal Roma of all its history, architecture and beauty kept over milleniums. We went there after my several business trips to take the family and stayed in an apartment right in the city. From it we criss cross the region by bus and walks

One of the highlights of our trip was to be able to do much walking and visited all the major sights ,however the squares were it for us. The moment we step into one it was like wow! I like to tell you a bit about the Piazza del Popolo of Rome!

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Piazza del Popolo is a large monumental square, north of the historic center of Rome. Its name, in Italian, literally means place of the people, but it is historically derived from that of poplars trees, to which the Church of Santa Maria del Popolo   at the northeast corner of the square, owes its appellation of origin. The square is located inside the northern gate of the Aurelian Wall, the porta Flaminia of ancient Rome, now called Porta del Popolo. It was the starting point of the Via Flaminia, an important Roman road that led to Ariminum (now Rimini) and to the whole of northern Italy. Before the railway era, it was the point of arrival in Rome of any traveller coming from the north. For centuries, the vast square, visible to all, but situated a little away from urban life, was a place of public executions, the last time in 1826.

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The square or piazza as it stands today was conceived in the neoclassical style between 1811 and 1822 walls were drawn in two half-circles, recalling Bernini’s plan for St. Peter’s Square, replacing the original trapezoidal square, more narrow and centered on the Via Flaminia. Conceived its space in a third dimension, expressed by the construction of a ramp that leads to the hill and the gardens of the Pincio, which regulates the problem of difference between the square and the hill.

An Egyptian obelisk of Heliopolis, due to Seti I and erected later by Rameses II, is located in the center of the square. Three sides of the obelisk were carved under the reign of Seti I and the fourth side under Ramses II. The obelisk, known as the Flaminio Obelisk or Obelisk del Popolo, is the second oldest and one of the largest obelisks in Rome at about 24 meters high, or 36 meters, including the plinth. The obelisk was brought to Rome in 10 B.C. on the order of Augustus to adorn the spine of the Circus Maximus. It was rebuilt at its present location in the center of the square in 1589, as part of the urban plan wanted by Sixtus Quint.

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Looking south, three streets branch from the square to the city, forming a so-called Trident: The Via del Corso in the center; Via del Babuino on the left opened in 1525 under the name of Via Olina and Via di Ripetta opened by Léon X in 1518 under the name of Via Leonina on the right. The twin Churches of Santa Maria dei Miracoli c.1681 and Santa Maria in Montesanto c.1679, define the junctions of the streets. A careful examination of the twin Churches shows that they are not mere copies, as it would have been done in a neoclassical project, but that they are different in their details, offering a variety in their symmetrical equilibrium, quite in the Baroque style. The main street, the current Via Del Corso, is the old via Lata, which connects the old via Flaminia to the Capitol and the Forum. Via di Ripetta leads to the mausoleum of Augustus and the Tiber, whose baroque quays, called Porto di Ripetta, were visible until their destruction at the end of the 19C, during the canalization work of the river. Via del Babuino , which leads to Piazza di Spagna , takes its name from a grotesque sculpture of Siléne to which was given the popular name baboon.

 

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The Fontana del Nettuno stands on the west side: Neptune, with its Trident, is accompanied by two dolphins. The statue of Rome between the Tiber and the Aniene marks the terminal point of the aqueduct: the goddess Rome is armed with a spear and a helmet, preceded by the wolf breastfeeding Romulus and Remus. In the center of the square is the Fontana dell ‘ Obelisco: Four small fountains surround the base of the obelisk, each with a lion on steps. Nice

Some webpages to help you plan your trip here are

Tourist office of Rome on piazza del Popolo

Yelp reviews on the Piazza del Popolo

This is a wonderful square and when walking and coming in it is awesome experience. As said, one of the highlights of the family in Rome was walking into the squares! Piazza del Popolo is wonderful indeed, in eternal Rome.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

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February 16, 2019

Piazza Navona ,Roma of course!

And why not Rome, eternal Roma and its wonderful squares, we are all a bit Roman after all. We did a lot of walking there and spoken on it in previous blog posts but on some I like to bring out more deservently so.

One of this jewels is the Navone square or Piazza Navona in Rome! Let me bring you in on it ok

Piazza Navona is the largest tourist square in Rome. Located in the northern part of the field of Mars, near the Pantheon, it is built on the ruins of the Domitian Stadium of the 1st century, of which it retains the exact form. It is, with its monumental architectural decor (fountain of the Four rivers of Gian Lorenzo Bernini (called Bernini), Church of St Agnes in Agone by Francesco Borromini…), one of the most beautiful ensembles of Baroque architecture of Rome.

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The Piazza Navona is originally a stadium built by Emperor Domitian in 86AD. Domitian introduced a cycle of Greek games: running, fist, javelin throwing and discus-throwing. In the fifth century, the stadium is no more than ruins. Navona which evokes in Italian a “big nave”. The name of the Church of St. Agnes in Agone also perpetuates the memory of this etymology. The old monument finds life only in the Renaissance, when it becomes one of the most beautiful squares in Rome.

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The present square is adorned with three fountains. The center, known as the Fountain of the Four Rivers, a fountain done by Pope Innocent X and completed in 1651. The four rivers symbolize the four parts of the world: the Danube for Europe, the Nile for Africa, the Ganges for Asia and the Río de la Plata for America. In the center of the Fountain is the obelisk of Piazza Navona bearing in Egyptian hieroglyph the name of Domitian, which is surmounted by a dove, emblem of the family Pamphili ;a Roman noble family whose palace Pamphili is located in Piazza Navona and which gave several Popes including Innocent X, sponsor of the fountain. Two other fountains adorn this square: the Fountain of Neptune and the Fountain of the Moor, dating from 1574 and 1576 respectively. The basin of the Neptune Fountain, arranged at one end of the Navona square, received carved ornaments at the end of the 19C.

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The obelisk of Piazza Navona, or Obelisk of the fountain of the Four Rivers is an Egyptian obelisk, of Roman period. It was erected in Rome on three successive sites. The Egyptian origin of this medium-sized obelisk 16.5 meters is no doubt, since it is made of red granite of syene. But the hieroglyphic inscriptions it bears on each of its faces are in the name of Domitian. It is therefore an order of this emperor, perhaps on the occasion of his accession to power.

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Some webpages to help you plan your trip here as usual by me are

Tourist office of Rome on Piazza Navona

Yelp reviews on Piazza Navona

This is a dandy and I believe one of the best sights of Rome, the huge spaces and wonderful architecture in addition to the history is great and it looks all new! Piazza Navona in Rome be there and be seen by the world!!!

And remember ,happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

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