The other Churches of Toledo!

So I am back settled down in my beloved Spain, and I come to you for a world historical city ,very popular and many times visited by me and many over the years. This is known to all me think. However, Toledo has in such a small space treasure throves of jewels to be seen. Time is still here ,and me think must go to the best known touristic wise. I have family in a small town just north of it towards Madrid, so makes it easy for me stopping y often.

There are so many wonderful places to see here, and written briefly on many already. However, I feel need to tell you a bit more on the Churches of Toledo in my beloved Spain. I will be brief, just an introduction as they are all needed to be seen while in town!

The Church of the Savior or Iglesia del Salvador was at the time of the Muslim presence, a mosque, whose date is to be determined, although some researchers date it in 1041 or possibly earlier. Previous remains of Visigoth ecclesial occupation and even a late Roman period of the 2C have been found.  It is one of the Churches named in the guide of Tormes and in it were baptized Juana I de Castilla (“La Loca”=crazy) and the playwright Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla.  The present Church is built on an old Muslim mosque, so it is oriented towards the southeast, towards Mecca. For whose construction, as usual, different architectural elements were reused Visigoths, thanks to which has retained a horseshoe arches supported on Visigoths pilasters with sculpted decoration of figurative themes. The Pilaster of El Salvador presents in one of its faces various miraculous scenes of the life of Jesus, in overlapping records: The healing of the blind, the resurrection of Lazarus, the Samaritan and the Hemorroísa, as well as other themes of Eucharistic nuance that allude to Christ  as a salvation and whose iconography seems to be taken from some Paleo-Christian sarcophagus that  served as a model. The conversion to Christian worship in 1159 made it undergo various modifications, especially the construction of the Gothic Chapel of Santa Catalina, at the end of the 15C. The minaret, converted into a tower, would later be added to a brick steeple. Again in 1822 a new fire had it badly destroyed and only the Chapel of Santa Catalina was saved.

Tourist office of Castilla La Mancha on the Church

Toledo

The Church (Iglesia) of San Ildefonso is a baroque-style Church located in the center of the historical city of Toledo, is also known as the Church of the Jesuits and is consecrated to San Ildefonso of Toledo, patron of the city and father of the Church. Its construction, which lasted for more than a hundred years, began in the year 1629, on a land acquired by the Jesuits of Toledo in 1569 where were the houses of Juan Hurtado de Mendoza Rojas and Guzmán, Conde de Orgaz,  and that had also been the birthplace of San Ildefonso. Located between the Calle San Román and Calle Alfonso XII , the Church has a northwest-southwest orientation, so that its frontal facade is directed towards the Cathedral of Toledo. The interior of the Church, with its main nave in the form of a Latin cross plant, is large and white in color. On this nave stands the high dome over the transept. In the transept there are two large baroque altarpieces. The Chapels on the northeast side of the building, in order from the transept, are dedicated to the Virgin of Fatima, to San Francisco Javier, to the Blessed Christ Crucified and to San Francisco de Borja. On the southwest side are those dedicated to the Immaculate, Dolorosa or painful, St. Ignatius of Loyola and the Christ of the Martyrs. In one corner of the Church lies the Chapel of the Ochavada in which the relics of the Church are kept and venerated. The outside of the dome, due to its dimensions and the location of the Church, is one of the highest points of Toledo, next to the Cathedral of Santa Maria and the Alcázar, to which has notable views, just like the towers, which can be visited.

Tourist office of Toledo on the Church

 Toledo

The Church (Iglesia) of San Román  was built in Mudejar style in the 13C in the place where once there was an ancient Visigoth basilica and probably an ancient Roman building. Nowadays it is the seat of the Museum of the Councils and the Visigoth Culture. It is located in one of the highest and privileged places of the city, in the second of the Twelve Hills that form it. There is already news of the parish in the 12C and the Church would be consecrated in 1221 by Archbishop Rodrigo Ximénez de Rada. The tradition points out that here  was crowned king Alfonso VIII of Castile in  1166. The Church has a basilica plant with three naves, separated by horseshoe arches with alfas that support on pillars with Visigoth and Roman columns attached with capitals reused of Visigoth origin in some cases, distinguishing by its Corinthian leaves. The frescoes are divided into two areas separated by inscriptions. The four winged evangelists and the representations of Archbishops, the Saints Esteban and Lorenzo, angels or the Final judgement stand out. In the 16C, Alonso de Covarrubias designed the plateresque domed apse of coffers in the main chapel; And the paintings were subsequently covered, thus losing their trail until the first third of the 20C in which they were rediscovered. It was not until the  1940’s when they were recovered as much as possible.

Tourist office of Castilla La Mancha on the Church

 Toledo

The Church (Igleisa) of Sao Tome or Saint Thomas the Apostle is located in the historical center of Toledo, and was founded after the reconquest of this city by King Alfonso VI of León. as quoted in the 12C , as built on the site of an old 11C mosque. This mosque along with others of the city were used as Christian churches without major changes, since in the making of the city there was no destruction of buildings. However, at the beginning of the 14C, being in a dilapidated state was completely rebuilt by Gonzalo Ruiz de Toledo, Lord of Orgaz and transformed the old minaret of the mosque into a belfry in Mudéjar style. Its fame is mainly due to house inside, the painting the Burial of the Count de Orgaz by El Greco, (El entierro del Conde de Orgaz de El Greco) which can be seen by accessing the back of the Church. The Church consists of three naves with transept, covered by barrel vaults and polygonal apse. It has the Church in its chapels, two Baroque altarpieces, one plateresque and a baptismal font from the 16C. They include an image of the Virgin Mary of marble from the 12C, and the altarpiece with ionic elements of the main chapel of the 19C.

Tourist office of Castilla La Mancha on the Church

Toledo

The Convent of San Pedro Martyr, through its successive extensions and modifications, became one of the richest and most important convents of the city. The convent, large, is organized around three courtyards: the closest to the entrance is called Real or Royal; The smallest is called Silencio or silence/quiet, and the Naranjos or Orangery  or Procesiones or processions  is located on the side of the epistle of the Church. The cloister called the Silence  is the oldest of all and possibly corresponds to a civil construction that, later, was included in the convent ensemble. It consists of three floors. The low with half-point arches resting on columns. In the north band there are pointed arcs. Marble columns and capitals, of great invoice, point to an Italian origin. The second floor is made up of lowered arches resting on columns very similar to the lower ones. The cloister of the silence contrasts with the Real, of much larger size, which began to be built with traces of Covarrubias, in 1541, by his disciple Hernán González de Lara. It consists of three floors entirely built in stone. The low floor is composed of half-point arches resting on columns. The new church and the sacristy. It began to be built in 1587 and consists of two spaces: the largest, rectangular, is the one that really serves as a sacristy, and another, square, houses a small Chapel. The walls of the two spaces are formed by arches with niches, which achieves a greater unity between them. Among the arches are erected Doric pilasters with its corresponding entablature run, which also serves as an element of union between the two spaces. The main space is covered with a flat Cistercian vault, bands and with eyelids. The most direct access from the Church to the sacristy is made by a door located at one end of the main side. There is the Chapel of Santa Inés, whose architecture is Gothic, with vault of edges, which contains several interesting graves. The works of the current church began in 1605. As a curiosity, in this monastery, was a member, the Dominican friar Juan Bautista Maíno in 1613. It is a renowned painter whose works include the “Adoration of the Shepherds ” of the Museo del Prado in Madrid. Since 1991 the building serves as university headquarters of the Faculty of Juridical and Social Sciences of Toledo, belonging to the University of Castilla-La Mancha.

Tourist office of Castilla La Mancha on the Convent

 Toledo

 

And last ,but not least, the Hermitage of Our Lady of the Star (Ermita Nuestra Senora  de la  Estrella)  was founded by the Brotherhood of the same name, which was based in the neighboring Church of Santiago del Arrabal (see my previous post on it). Its construction was carried out in 1611, it presents a plant close to a Greek cross. However, in extending the nave and presbytery, with respect to the arms of the broad transept, the axially of the building is strengthened, in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the bedhead. This makes it possible to lose the idea of a centralized plant, especially in addition, after the presbytery and the aforementioned axis, the dressing room of the Virgin. The present cover of the Hermitage is of late realization than the building; It was built around the middle of the 17C.  A bit isolated description on it but best here in Spanish:

Site Adventures of Madrid on the Hermitage

 Toledo

These are some of my favorite curiosity in the city of Toledo. There are plenty more to browse while in town. I have several entries on Toledo in my blog for more information on visiting here. Well already well known no need to tell you further, is a must. I have come often as have cousins not far on the road to Madrid.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

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2 Comments to “The other Churches of Toledo!”

  1. Went to Toledo over 30 years ago. I’d forgotten how beautiful it is, thanks for the reminder.

    Liked by 1 person

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