Citadela de Jaca or Castillo San Pedro in Jaca!

So let me stay on the north of my beloved Spain, in the beautiful kingdom of Aragon, oops it is an autonomous region of Spain, and the province of Huesca, and the city of Jaca. On the road to the pyrénées and my belle France. This is a monumental construction and because of staying in bigger more popular cities seldom overlook by the visitor. I like to tell you a bit of the off the beaten path into my Spain!

Let me tell you a bit more on the Citadel of Jaca aka Saint Peter’s castle. This is in my stop over city of Jaca for many years, familiar territory!

The Ciudadela de Jaca or Castle of Saint Peter in Jaca, province of Huesca, autonomous region of Aragon.

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It is protected upstream by the forts of the Coll de Ladrones or thieves and the turret of the Riflemen. It testifies to the diffusion of the military art to defend the place à la Vauban. The Spanish citadel of Jaca is a pentagonal construction, with a defensive rampart in every corner communicated by paths of round, which king Felipe II, in the 17C, ordered to erect in a suburb of Jaca because he feared an Invasion of the French heretics. Its construction is framed in the defense strategy adopted by king Felipe II after the invasion of the Tena Valley by troops from the south of France in January 1592, and also as a soothing element of possible internal revolts. It was conceived as the central axis of a thick network of Pyrenean defenses in which were integrated the towers of Ansó, Hecho, La Espelunga (Canfranc) and Santa Elena (Biescas-Valley of Tena), in addition to the small castles of Berdún and Canfranc.

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Its construction began in 1595, and ended in the 18C. It was under king Felipe  III, in 1613, that the access façade was completed. However, the digging of ditches and other collateral projects were longer, and still continued towards the end of the 17C. The interior is accessed by a Mannerist air door on which the Austrian shield appears. United with that of Liège, in Belgium, it is the only citadel of this pentagonal shape that is preserved completely. Its external protection system is built around a pit. The arms court consists of a double arch, broken bows and a basket handle alternate and rely on the pillars of stones in its lower and upper brick.  Around the immense central courtyard, the buildings to house the troops, offices, warehouses and ammunition, organized in five blocks parallel to the walls, are aligned. Inside is also the military Chapel of San Pedro, you will find a large square of arms also pentagonal, around which are articulated the barracks quarters and the chapel of the Citadel that is the Church of San Pedro that was built in the 18C (St Peter)  a baroque building with a stone façade built in the second half of the 17C. The citadel was only used defensively during the War of Independence. But paradoxically, it was the French troops who took possession of it after having conquered the place. They occupied the fortress for four years.

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The fortress has a five-pointed star plant and is preserved practically intact since its construction. It observes the characteristics of a fortress of Italian trace, maintaining all its elements; Moat, bastions, escarpments and buttresses, barracks for the lodging of the troop, powders, tunnels.The access is made crossing the moat through a bridge of three arches plus a drawbridge to access the door of the enclosure, Herrerian style of great artistic interest.

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Do not forget to see the military miniature museum inside a jewel for the aficionado and collector and just plain history buff like me:love it!! More than 32000 figurines in 23 showcases retracing the military history of our days in figurines that goes down to 20 mm or about 0,8 inch! All in order from the first great armies of the world,from the crusades to the 18C, towards WWI, Spanish Civil War, towards WWII, and towards Peace. A must to see while there , perhaps the main thing to see there!

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jaca

some webpages to help you plan your trip and enjoy it are

Military miniature museum inside Citadel of Jaca

Official Citadel of Jaca

City of Jaca on the Citadel

Region of Aragon heritage on the Citadel of Jaca

Again, come up north and continue on the beautiful Spain, the second most visited country in the world in 2018 85M by WTO-UN. And see this jewel of our times, the Citadela de Jaca!

And remember, happy travels, good health ,and many cheers to all!!!

 

 

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