Archive for January 31st, 2019

January 31, 2019

Church of St. Clement ,Nantes!

Ok so now let me take you to a lot more familiar grounds, just south of me ,about 1h30 from my house lies the wonderful city of Nantes. Needless to say you must put it in your to do list when visiting my belle France, another jewel in my belle France.

As I have written several posts on Nantes, telling you about many things, I believe fair to showcase some monuments that I think are worth visiting if only for a few moments. This is the case of the Church of Saint Clément in Nantes.

The Church of St. Clément of Nantes, dept Loire Atlantique 44 in the Pays de la Loire region, and was built in the 19C. The priestly Fraternity of St. Peter celebrates offices according to the Tridentine Rite.

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It began as the Chapel of the Hospice Saint-Clément in the 5C,probably circa 490, a Chapel serving a hospice of charity is erected, about 200 meters from the location of the present Church. At that time, the Church is located outside the city walls, between the current rue de Sully and Rue Geoffroy-Drouet. The sponsor of the chapel, Bishop Gérimius, is buried there in 498.

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The first Church of St. Clément  was erected in 1227, dedicated to St. Clément, 4th Pope and Bishop of Rome, patron Saint of the bargemen, and built at the corner of the current rue Maréchal-Joffre and Rue Guibourg-de-Luzinais. The Church facing west-east , and occupies the location of the present forecourt, and encroaches two meters on the  current  rue  Maréchal-Joffre. During the construction of the 19C Church, the old Church was still standing; it was only destroyed during the construction of the façade of the new Church, except for the north wall which was used as a work area limits. The old southern nave was located at the level of the steeple of the present Church.

The new rectangular Church of Saint Clément, consists of a single nave, before two aisles are added, all dominated by a pointed steeple covered with slates, and containing three bells. In front of the entrance, a canopy shelter allows to shelter before the opening of the doors.  At the time of the French revolution, in 1791, the Church was closed to worship and sold as a national property under the name of Liberty and Demosthenes. In 1803, the Masses resumed, the Church then welcomed Abbé Duproz, his first priest under the Concordat laws.

The Church Gothic works were started for nine years, assigned to the parish of Saint-Clément in 1838. The first stone was blessed  on the new Church in 1841 and the first completed parts were the three naves, the transept, as well as the bedside, oriented north-west/southeast, located between rue Lorette-de-la-Refoulais and Rue Guibourg-de-Luzinais. In 1851, the work resumes, and lasted for six years. Starting from 1854, the installation of the vault on the central nave and the aisles is initiated. The realization of doors and stained glass in 1857 beautified the Church of Saint Clément.

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In 1860, the renovation of the façade was initiated with the spire completed in 1868, and surmounted in 1875 by a Holy Cross in 1874. First equipped with a harmonium, the Church of Saint Clément received a Cavaillon-Coll organ in 1867. A newer organ in 1892 with a revolutionary instrument, equipped with an electric transmission system this innovation allows the organ to be installed in two buffets, located in two lateral arches. The instrument is restored, in 1978, and again in 2012.

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Some webpages to help you plan your trip here are

Official on the Church of Saint Clement

City of Nantes on Church Saint Clement in French

Tourist office of Nantes on heritage

There you go another jewel in my belle France ,and one usually side steped when visiting this wonderful city of the Loire-Atlantique for many still in old Brittany!  Hope you enjoy the post and think of the Church of Saint Clément next time in town!

And remember,happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

ps. this is my 1900 posts in my blog!!! Thank you all very much!!!!!

 

 

 

 

 

January 31, 2019

Church of Notre Dame de la Couture ,Le Mans!

Hi there you all, thanks for reading my blog. I come back to you on another that can be call off the beaten path sites in my belle France. The town is world famous but most folks come here for the car races and on sights go to the Cathedral, however, there is a lot more in Le Mans.

I like to tell you a bit on the Church of Notre Dame de la Couture. It is of course, in Le Mans, dept 72 of the Sarthe in the Pays de la Loire region.

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The Church of Notre Dame de la Couture is the former abbey of the Abbey of Saint-Pierre de la Couture. And therefore, now name Notre Dame de la Couture Church.  It is located in Le Mans, in the dept Sarthe of the Pays de la Loire region. Located in the city center/downtown at about 500 meters from the train station. The Church has a large western massif framed by two very different towers. The other buildings of the old abbey are juxtaposed with the Church, on its southern flank and are occupied today by the prefecture (dept reg govt) of the Sarthe. This major monument of the city of Le Mans, comes mainly from the 12C; In the same way as St. Julien Cathedral (see my post on it). The two buildings have many similarities starting with their imposing mass. The seam has a common architecture with the Cathedral of Angers(see my post on it), despite the fact that the Le Mans’ Church is not built in limestone. Their plans were roughly the same while their time of construction was very close, even simultaneous.

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A bit of history I like

The Abbey of Couture was founded thanks to the generosity of Bishop Bertrand du Mans, a faithful of  Clotaire II after 605AD. It is then called the Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul. In his will, written in 616, Bertrand donates the lands of Couture  to the monks, which is the origin of the abbey’s nickname. Destroyed by the Normans in the 9C, the abbey were rebuilt around the year 1000AD  and were baptized  Saint-Pierre de la Couture  or, more simply,  the Couture ( seam). The body of Saint Bertrand was placed in the Crypt. From the reconstruction in the 10C  century on the bases of the primitive sanctuary, there remain the bedside, as well as some rousers walls in small forms of the nave and transepts. The Abbey of Saint-Pierre de la Couture of which remains the Church of Notre-Dame de la Couture ,and the cloister. The rest of the buildings constitute the premises of the present prefecture of the Sarthe. The monastery dates from the 11C but the buildings currently visible were rebuilt between 1760 and 1775. It is to be considered one of the most powerful abbeys in the west of France before the French revolution.

It is restored and rebuilt around the year 1000AD. The Church was then renamed Saint-Pierre de la Couture by a monk in the abbey while he left another Abbot  to take part in his previous duties. Remnants of the old version of the Church are still visible above the south cloister, 18 meters high.  In 1180, the Great fire of Le Mans ravaged everything. The Church Notre Dame de la Couture  was severely affected. It was rebuilt in the 12C. The nave is 42 meters long and was done with 3 bays on a square plane. This plan was taken from the Cathedral of Angers. The Dominicans vaults are longer than average with 16 meters long, reaching more than 22 meters under dome. Some columns exceed 5 meters in thickness while the outer walls must also be thickened. Rare thing, the central nave is illuminated by geminate windows surmounted by an oculus. The two towers of the western part date from the 13C, while the porch is open between the latter two. In 1533, the Lord John II of the Escotais offered a richly sculpted altarpiece to the Chapel of the baptismal font.

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The Concordat of 1801 (accord between the Church and the State ) authorized the reopening of the Churches. Notre Dame de la Couture Church was the first parish in Le Mans to do so. Now known as Notre-Dame de la Couture, her priest, Pierre-René Huard, returned to his ministry after ten years of exile and devoted himself to the difficult task of reconstructing and restoring the Church that had suffered during these years of abandonment and neglect. Father Joseph de Lisle, who had been exiled with Huard, settled from that time to Notre-Dame de la Couture Church as a priest-in-residence.

Some interior description of the Church of Notre Dame de la Couture :

The gothic nave of three bays took the place of an ancient Romanesque nave of seven bays. There is a walkway  of the braces towards the nave. The choir, the high parts are gothic; The ambulatory kept its Romanesque vault: ridges on doubles. There were originally five radiant apsidioles. There is only one Romanesque apsidiole in the southeast remaining. It has some surviving Romanesque arches. The vast Crypt with three aisles vaulted with ridges. The pillars are often made of monolithic marble columns, probably used. One can see a stained glass window dedicated to the Virgin dating from the 19C, and which is one of the first windows designed in medieval fashion, called archaeological window. Nice!

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Some webpages to help you plan your trip here are

Official Parish site of Notre Dame de la Couture

Tourist office of Le Mans on heritage

Tourist office of Sarthe dept 72 on the Church

There you go another dandy in superb Le Mans and of course plenty to see there but this one is one on my book of must sees while in town. Enjoy the Church of Notre Dame de la Couture!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

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January 31, 2019

Cathedral St Maurice, Angers!

And just noticing the wonderful monuments of my belle France, on one previous post notice mentioning the Cathedral of Angers. Upon further checking in my blog realize never written a post on it!!! pity it is a wonderful Cathedral. Well on a cold night in the Morbihan breton I will remedy that right away!

I would like to tell you a bit on the history and architecture of this wonderful Cathedral of Saint Maurice in Angers. Dept 49 of the Maine-et-Loire in the region of Pays de la Loire.

Angers

The Cathedral of St. Maurice of Angers, at Place Monseigneur-Chapoulie  is the Cathedral Church of the Diocese of Angers. The work is intermediate between Romanesque and Gothic styles. The Cathedral is a testament to Angevin Gothic art.

Angers

A bit of history I like

The first Church mentioned in 470 is burned by the Franks. At the beginning of the 11C Bishop Hubert de Vendôme built a new Romanesque Cathedral with a single nave, which was consecrated in 1025. Barely finished, this building burned down in 1032. Bishop Geoffroy of Tours renovated the Cathedral to its former state during the second half of the 11C. The altar of the Crucifix was blessed in 1051 and the new master altar was consecrated in 1096 shortly after the Bishops Renaud de Martigné and Ulger undertook the reconstruction of this place of worship. This took place gradually under the impetus of the Norman Bishops of Doué and Guillaume de Beaumont. The basic structures of the walls of the nave, Romanesque in style, have survived up to mid-height. In the middle of the 12C they received columns and vaults of warheads: it is the birth of the Gothic Angevin. The single-vessel Romanesque nave thus opens onto a Gothic transept and chorus, the latter has been laid out on the late-ancient enclosure of the city.

In the 16C, was added to the base of the two towers, the gallery of the characters representing the Knights, companions of Saint Maurice. On this gallery, was done in the Renaissance style, a second level, having the appearance of a square turret surmounted by a hexagonal belfry . The Cathedral Saint Maurice consists of two spires ,that of the North was built in 1518 and that of the South in 1523. Overlooking its bell tower and its 73 meters the entire city with its beautiful staircase joining the Maine and the Doutre. In 1806, was destroyed because of dilapidated, a monumental porch which stood in front of the facade of the Cathedral, facing the forecourt remain nowadays, four orgival arches, only testimonies of this ancient medieval porch.

A bit of description on the interior of the St Maurice Cathedral.

The four-poster high altar with its summit glory, in gilded Baroque-style wood, dates from 1758. The canopy is inspired by the Saint-Pierre canopy in Rome , and the Val-de-Grâce in Paris. The base and the two columns are made of marble. The upper part is oak. The altar of the north arm of the transept is dedicated to the Virgin, the one in the south arm is to Saint Maurice. The pulpit to be preached dates back to the mid-19C and is a Gothic style. It was installed in 1870 and blessed in 1871. The upper part represents the glorious Church like Father, Son and Holy Spirit as well the lower part illustrates the Church in its earthly struggles such as with Adam, Noah and Abraham in the center; the old Law on the left; and scenes from the New Testament to the right. Facing the pulpit are the stalls of the Cathedral. The first organ was built in 1416 ; a new organ was erected in 1507-1513. In 1873, Aristide Cavaillon-Coll installed a new organ. It was severely tested by the bombardment of 1944 ,and again another new organ was inaugurated in November 1959.

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Until the French revolution, 30 canons served the service of the Cathedral. The Chapel of St. Anne, adjacent at the Cathedral on one side and the Chapel Notre-Dame-de-pitié on the other balance the perspective.

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Among the significant works present in the Saint Maurice Cathedral are:

A sculpted ensemble influenced by the royal portal of Chartres; a 13C painted decor discovered around 1980 and presenting the Life of Saint Maurille; a canopy of the life of Saint Julien ,located in the transept, considered as a masterpiece of painting on Glass of the 13C. Stained glass windows, in particular the two rosettes, the transepts of great richness, made in 1451. The renovation of a number of stained glass windows were done in the 1960’s. In 1453, remade the paving of the north transept of the Cathedral, the staircase on a straight flight of access to the library, in the south transept.   Altarpiece Beaussant, Crucifixion, Pietà and donor, painting on wood, attributed to the master of the altarpiece Beaussant, given by General Beaussant in 2004. It was covered by a painting of the assumption dated 1699.

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Some webpages to help you plan your visit here and it is a must are

Official Cathedral of Saint Maurice Angers

Tourist office of Angers on the Cathedral

Tourist office of Anjou area on the Cathedral

There you go ,another jewel in the crown of France or French Republic!! The Cathedral Saint Maurice of Angers, enjoy it

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

 

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