Archive for January 30th, 2019

January 30, 2019

Collegiate Church of Saint Aubin, Guérande!

So lets get back south of me in familiar territory with friends visited and wine purchase, the wonderful fortified town of Guérande, in old Brittany, now Loire-Atlantique dept 44 of the Pays de la Loire region.  The town and things to see has been written several times in my blog and it is worth visiting as a whole.

However, I think will do justice to it by having a post just on the Collegiate Church of Saint Aubin , a wonderful place to visit while in town or nearby. Enjoy it!!!

guerande

The Collegiate Church of Saint Aubin is located in Guérande in the dept 44 of the Loire-Atlantique in the region of Pays de la Loire. The Church is located in the center of the medieval old city area surrounded by the castle ramparts.

guerande

A first building is located on the present site in the 6C, according to tradition, under the aegis of the King of Vannes, Waroc’h II. After the transfers of the relics of Saint-Aubin of Angers, a second larger building was built in the late 9C or 10C. The Norman incursions, with significant consequences in the region, gave the necessary the reconstruction of the Church and other buildings in late Romanesque style. This phase began after the middle of the 12C and ended with the construction of the main façade in the 13C. This is probably more of an extension with a construction of an enlarged nave, than a complete reconstruction of the Church. The 10C choir was probably preserved, at least in part. The north wall of the choir was probably rebuilt at the end of this construction cycle. Some of the visible elements from this period are the 8 columns with historiated capitals in the nave (7 of the Capitals are Romanesque 12C), the 8th was remade in the 19C following the collapse of the facade, as well as sculptures in replaced of the 13C in the current facade.

guerande

After the sack of  Guérande  by the troops of Louis de la Cerda in 1342 in the context of the War of the Succession of Brittany, the ruined Collegiate Church is rebuilt from 1380 in Gothic style with the south transept and the crypt in the 14C , the north transept is then resumed and the choir and bedside are rebuilt in the 15C. A new Gothic façade finishes the Church, the frame on the transepts are laid in 1541.

guerande

In the 16C  the laying of the stained glass windows of Saint-Aubin and Saint-Julien ,to the left and right of the Choir was done , then in the 17C , the laying of the great stained glass of the coronation of the Virgin, in the center of the bedside and finally, the furniture of the Church: stalls, altars, rood (removed in 1804, and put in the National Museum of the Middle Ages (Cluny in Paris),  and from its central gate is deposited in the Museum of the Porte Saint-Michel, and layout of the sacristy.

guerande

The Collegiate Church of Saint-Aubin has always been the second episcopal seat of the Diocese of Nantes. The interior surprises by the imposing grandeur of the uniqueness of its ship and the elevation of its transept. See the historiated marquees, the large canopy, the stained glass windows and the alternating game of columns. The Choir seems more elongated, higher and more enlightened than the nave, justifying the term architectural illusionist. The lower Chapel is home to the belying of Tristan de Carné and his wife, Jeanne de La Salle and a sarcophagus  of the Middle Ages. Its recently appointed forecourt offers the south side an original fountain in hollow rock and the north side in procession, behind Saint-Aubin, the characters of the life of the city. The building retains many characteristics of the Breton religious architecture of the late Middle Ages.

guerande

guerande

In 1789-1790, the Church is dilapidated, the pipes of the organ are melted, the bells also. The Church will temporarily serve the worship of the Supreme Being. The Church was returned to Catholic worship in 1802.  By 1864 , the construction of the vaults in Tufa stone, above the heart and the transepts. The vaults of the nave and its collateral will be carried out between 1876 and 1885. In 1872, the construction of an arrow steeple  in neo-Gothic style at the top of the façade on the base of the Renaissance belfry.  On 28 November 1876, the clock tower on the façade collapsed in full mass and took with it a large part of the façade and the first crossing of the nave. The spire built 4 years ago was too heavy and the foundations of the building too old. The restoration of the Collegiate Church of Saint Aubin is completed in 1885, the façade is rebuilt by taking up the maximum of old blocks. The outer pulpit is of the 15C, an architectural rarity, although partially dismantled and done identical. In 1891, the laying of the relics of Saint Solomon III ,Duke of Brittany and founder of the Sacred College. Finally, in 1903 the construction of the central steeple, replacing a small bell tower in pepper-pots built in 1580.

guerande

guerande

There you go another jewel of the west of France, and my belle France of course. Where else we can keep so much treasury for the world to see even after devastating wars from 1789 onwards! France a movable feast! Come to see the Collegiate Church of Saint Aubin and enjoy the fortified town of Guérande!

Some webpages to help you plan your trip here are

City of Guerande on the Collegiate Church

Tourist office of Guerande on the Collegiate Church

Tourist office of Guerande on heritage in English

Heritage webpage of Pays de la Loire region

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

January 30, 2019

Basilica of Notre-Dame-du-Roncier at Josselin!

So now that I was in and around the Loire-Atlantiques area ,why not go up a bit thru Brittany oops well old Brittany we said. As the topic was Olivier V of Clisson, why not tell you something on where he rests in peace and another jewel of my belle France!

I like to give you more than briefly on my other posts on Josselin, and talk to you about the Basilica of Notre-Dame-du-Roncier.  

josselin

 josselin

The Basilica of Notre-Dame-du-Roncier, also a parish Church, built at the end of the 12C and several times enlarged and modified. It houses the tombs of Olivier V de Clisson, Constable de France, and his second wife Marguerite de Rohan. All succeeded all the major events in Josselin of the family of chevalier Olivier de Clisson, and Marguerite de Rohan, therefore the story of the Rohan family in the castle. There is a pilgrimage here and one of the most important of the Morbihan, after that of Sainte Anne d’Auray (for Sainte Anne). The town of Josselin is in the Morbihan dept 56 of the region of Brittany. My dept! It is the site of the pardon or forgiveness celebration of the virgen for 1200+ years!  every september 8th. You can climb the tower 138 steps at a height of 61 meters. Inside its richly decorated.

Catholic parish of Vannes on the Basilica

 josselin

 josselin

josselin

The Basilique Notre Dame du Roncier, in 808D leyend has it, a farmer who worked the land finds a statue of the Virgin and takes it home, however, the Virgin always comes back to the place where he found it ,and several times as well. The bishop ask him to rend a cult in her memory; the daughter of the farmer who was blind recovered her sight and people flock to the place until finally a Church is ordered built.

Official webpage of the Basilica Notre Dame du Roncier

josselin

 josselin

The old furniture kept in the Basilica Notre Dame du Roncier is remarkable. The decor of the south porch is taken up in the 16C and expresses Renaissance influences. The organ is from the 17C, pulpit  18C wrought iron, stained glass of the 15-20C. New bell tower in 1949.

 josselin

josselin

Some further webpages to help you plan your trip here are

Tourist office of Morbihan 56 on the Basilica

Tourist office of Broceliande area on the Basilica

So , therefore, now you have the whole story , not much to write because I think is monumental and beyond my humble creative writing; but the Basilica Notre Dame du Roncier is worth to visit, a must I would say if by this area, which is in itself a must to visit and say hello ::)

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

January 30, 2019

Notre Dame Church of Clisson!

So here I am in these lands of the Loire yes, a lot more than castles! Well for me its the wines as my house wines even if special occasions I take the Médoc. The town of Clisson is rich in history and architecture combine with excellent price/quality ratio of my belle France makes for a nice visit from me or you anytime.

I like to tell you a bit on one thing to see in this would say off the beaten path town of my belle France. The Notre Dame Church of Clisson, that is. Ah yes, where is Clisson? well is in dept Loire-Atlantique no 44 in the region of Pays de la Loire (old brittany!), just south from me.

clisson

clisson

clisson

The Notre Dame Church was originally founded by Constable of France Olivier V de Clisson around the 14-15C. In his will, Olivier ordained to the Church in 1406, a college of secular canons, composed of a dean, six canons, and six semis-prepends, six singers and four altar children. For this foundation he gave all the land of the castelany of Monfaucon. He also founded the convent of the Cordeliers by a codicil dated in 1406. The magnificent tomb of Olivier V of Clisson and his second wife Marguerite de Rohan, mutilated in the French revolution, is now in the Chapel of Sainte-Marguerite, in the southern transept of the Basilica of Notre-Dame-du-Roncier located between in  the Rue Olivier de Clisson and the Place Alain de Rohan at Josselin (Morbihan 56).

clisson

The Notre Dame Church  underwent some modifications during the following centuries  such as the addition of the Chapel of Saint Anne to the nave in the 17C. Burned and ransacked during the wars of the Vendée, the Church was restored under the Empire, early 19C. This new shrine, in Neo-Classical-Romanesque style, is strongly inspired by the older Church of St. John and St. Paul of Rome.

clisson

The Notre Dame Church has a tripartite, low and chunky façade, typical of the Roman churches.  Supported by columns, the tympanum of the main gate presents the effigy of Notre Dame and the lateral tympanums  of St Joachim and Ste Anne. Outside, the bell tower and the bedside of the Church are characteristic of the Italian churches.

Inside ,the fresco of the Choir, like that of the baptismal font, is the work of Georges Lusseau, a local painter. The fresco that decorates the stone-vaulted Choir represents the Assumption of the Virgin. The characters are very stylized, lanky in homage to the Italian artists of the Renaissance. The composition is very symmetrical. A modern statue of the Virgin, carved in Oak, was erected after WWII, in recognition of the protection afforded to the city.

clisson

Built on the site of the Collegial of the Lords of Clisson, it was once the Church of the fortified closed city, then burned and ransacked during the wars of Vendée. A commemorative plaque of persecution under the French revolution was affixed in 1961 on the wall to the right of the Choir, in honor of the eight priests of Clisson, killed in the reign of terror. Five were drowned in the Loire. They were between 58 and 68 years old; another 71 years old was burned alive in his house.  This martyrology also honors the 107 victims from Clisson, killed in hatred of the faith in 1793 and 1794. The Notre Dame Church was rebuilt in 1887-88 with again, Italy is in the spotlight, with its remarkable Tuscan-style campanile and its body inspired by a basilica of Rome; Romanesque neo-classical style, it offers a superb view of the valley. The organ was done in 1903 and renovated in 1986.

clisson

Some webpages to help you plan your trip here are

City of Clisson on heritage

Tourist office of Clisson area on the Notre Dame Church

Historical Clisson site on the Notre Dame Church

Historical Vendée on the history of Clisson

Now you know where to come see beautiful architecture and history and enjoy some good wines of the Loire. The typical region Nantaise, especially its Muscadet Maine et Sévre sur lie whites but all other kinds are available too. Enjoy Clisson!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

 

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