The Opéra Theaters of Paris!!

So here we are in full winter, today sunny -1C or about 31F morning a bit colder in Paris and some call it possible snow , will see, do not think so. Anyhow, let me touch another amateur subject of mine, operas. Paris has plenty and some of the best in the world. I have touch on them back years in my blog, you can do search.

However, I like to bring them back due to some nice anniversaries coming up. Here is the latest with some touches of history from yours truly.

Opera National de Paris celebrates in 2019, a double anniversary: The 350 anniversary of the Royal Academy of Music and the 30 years anniversary of the Opéra Bastille.  The Académie Royale de Musique et de Danse or Royal Academy of Music and Dance, in 1663, the King Louis XIV founded the Royal Academy of Dance, with the mission of training the artists and codifying the choreographic art. In 1669, the Royal Academy of Music was founded at the instigation of Colbert. Under royal tutelage, this institution brings together a troupe of singers, the first professional orchestra of France and the Ballet Corps of the Royal Dance Academy.

The Palais Garnier was built between 1861 and 1875 by the architect Charles Garnier on the order of Napoleon III. It is a building which was affirmed to be the best symbol of the Second Empire’s “contentment of oneself.” The hall was inaugurated on January 5, 1875. Napoleon III, who died two years before, will never see the opera he ordered.  The electricity was installed in the room and on the stage between 1881 and 1887. In 1932 the first radio broadcast of a live show was held.   At the request of André Malraux, the painter Marc Chagall creates a new ceiling for the grand Hall of the Palais Garnier. Inaugurated on 23 September 1964, this monumental canvas of 220 m² required a year of work with three assistant painters.

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In 1987, the l’Ecole de Danse or School of Dance, built and inaugurated in Nanterre (Hauts de Seine dept 92).  While President François Mitterrand launches the work of a large popular opera in the Bastille, it is without counting on the patronage of the Maison Yves Saint-Laurent, and Pierre Berge, who was eyeing the presidency of the institution.

On 13 July 1989, the Opéra Bastille, built and inaugurated as part of the bicentennial events of the French revolution.  Having arrived at the helm of the Paris opera in the summer of 2014, Stéphane Lissner created in September 2015 the Academy, which welcomes singers, instrumentalists, directors and artisans of Art (costumers, wigmakers, carpenters…) to ensure the succession.

On September 15, 2015, the Opéra de Paris opened its “3rd scene” on the Internet. After the Palais Garnier and the Opéra Bastille, the institution has a third digital space dedicated to original creations.

A third room at the Opéra Bastille,  the Opéra de Paris will regroup the activities of the Berthier workshops (manufacturing, renovation, storage of decorations, reserve of costumes) and create a new modular room in a space of the Opéra Bastille empty for 30 years. and supposed to start work in the spring of 2020, the opening of this third room is scheduled for January 2023.

The Opéra National de Paris is the French opera and ballet company that has succeeded those gathered from 1669 in the Royal Academy of Music in Paris. The opera has produced lyrical works in the various halls that it has occupied in the course of his history, sung by lyric artists formerly attached to it permanently but now invited, and ballets, danced by the members of this company of ballet, and accompanied by the musicians of the Symphony orchestra.

Since the end of the 20C, the Opéra National de Paris activity has been organized between the two theaters of the Opéra Garnier (inaugurated in 1875) and the Opéra Bastille (inaugurated in 1990). In common talk, the term “Opéra de Paris” often refers to the Palais Garnier in the architectural sense of the word. Between 1939 and 1990, the company was united with the Opéra-Comique (Favart Hall) under the name of the National United  Lyric Theaters. The Opéra National de Paris is a member of the United Operas of France (ROF), RESEO (European Network for the Awareness of Opera and Dance) and Opera Europa.

A bit of history I like, brief on these wonderful institutions of Paris, France, Europe, and the World!

First steps from the activity of operas in Paris: On December 14, 1645, Cardinal Mazarin represented in the room of the Petit-Bourbon of the Palais du Louvre, for the entertainment of the young Louis XIV, La finta pazza by Francesco Sacrati. Forerunner of the Opéra-Ballet, this is the first opera given in Paris. The hall is demolished on October 11, 1660 to make way for the colonnade of the Louvre. The Salle des Machines (engine room)  that follows it is installed at the Palais des Tuileries (now gone too) and inaugurated on February 7, 1662 with the Ercole Amante by Francesco Cavalli, commanded by Mazarin for the marriage of Louis XIV but whose representation is delayed. Apart from the creation on January 17, 1671 of the tragedy-ballet Psyche of Jean-Baptiste Lully and Philippe Quinault, it is however no longer used.

The Royal Dance Academy was founded on the initiative of Louis XIV in 1661. The thirteen “Academists” are part of the entourage of the King and the court. They are, for the most part, both dancers and musicians and have the mission to train dance artists and to codify choreographic art.  The Opera academy in charge of broadcasting the French opera to the public, not only in Paris but also in other cities of the kingdom, was founded on June 28, 1669 at the instigation of Jean-Baptiste Colbert.  The Academy obtains the privilege of blackmailing in public  operas or performances in music and French verses’, with no one to do the same without obtaining permission from the holders. The first to benefit from the privilege granted by the letter patent of King Louis XIV is the poet Pierre Perrin. On March 3, 1671, Pomone, considered the first French opera, composed by Robert Cambert on a libretto by Pierre Perrin, is created under the aegis of the Opera Academy in the salle du Jeu de paume de la Bouteille. Or room of the palm game of the bottle(sp?)

The Dance School of the Opéra National de Paris trains the future dancers of the ballet of the National Opera of Paris, one of the most prestigious classical dance companies in the world. Founded in 1713 by Louis XIV, the school is now considered the best in the world. The school moved to 1987 in the new building located in Nanterre, near the Parc André Malraux.

More on the Dance School here: Official Opera de Paris on the Dance School

The Opéra Bastille is a modern opera house located on the Place de la Bastille. It was inaugurated in 1989 on the occasion of the festivities of the bicentennial of the Revolution as part of the major works for Paris. It is with the opera Garnier one of the two halls constituting the Opéra de Paris. With its 2 703 seats, the Grand Salle of the Opéra Bastille is one of the most important in the world in terms of capacity.

More on the Opéra Bastille here: Official Opera de Paris on the Bastille

The Opéra Garnier, or Palais Garnier, is a national theater with a lyrical and choreographic vocation and a major element of the heritage of the 9éme arrondissement of Paris. It is located at the Place de l’Opéra , at the north end of the Avenue de l’Opéra ,and at the crossroads of many lanes. The building is a monument that is particularly representative of the eclectic architecture and the historicist style of the second half of the 19C. On a design by the architect Charles Garnier retained following a competition, his construction, decided by Napoleon III in the context of the transformations of Paris led by the prefect Haussmann and interrupted by the war of 1870, was taken up at the beginning of the Third Republic, after the fire destruction of the Opera Le Peletier in 1873. The building was inaugurated on January 5, 1875 by President Mac Mahon under the Third Republic.

More on the Palais Garnier or Opéra Garnier here: Official Opera de Paris on the Palais Garnier

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So in brief there you have it, wonderful places to come to them when visiting Paris. I admit been once to the Opéra Bastille but several times to the Opéra Garnier who was next to my previous employer and I love it. And of course, is Paris, plenty to see close by to the two. Never been to the Opéra-Comique or the School of Dance in Nanterre. So , therefore, plenty still to see in my eternal Paris!

Enjoy the tour and see you soon by Paris! And remember, happy travels, good health ,and many cheers to all!!!

 

 

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3 Comments to “The Opéra Theaters of Paris!!”

  1. Fabulous, Paris has a lot to thank Napoleon III for!

    Liked by 2 people

  2. I can highly recommend the Opéra Comique (I saw two performances there last year), and also the opera productions at the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées.

    Liked by 2 people

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