Archive for January 14th, 2019

January 14, 2019

Basilica of Saint Remi, Reims!

And I take you a sacre Royal place of my belle France. Yes no matter what, history and roots are deep here, sometimes they make you change with difficulty but the history and architecture is enormous. I have here often, been the place with my dear late wife Martine and sisters used to worked the vineyards to help pay studies etc. They took me early in 1990 ,and then some.

I like to tell you about the Basilica of Saint Remi, enormous, gorgeous, awesome a must to visit. And it is at Reims, department 51 of the Marne, in the region of Grand Est.

The Basilica of St. Remi after the Cathedral, which it equals almost in size, it is 122 meters long (403 ft) , the Basilica of Saint-Remi is the most famous Church of Reims. It was a long time attached to an important abbey, the Abbaye Saint-Remi de Reims. Saint-Remi dates from the 11-13C and 15C.

Reims

A bit of history I like

This Basilica Church contains the relics of Bishop Saint Remi, who baptized Clovis, King of the Franks, on Christmas Day of a year between 496 and 506, perhaps in 499 of the Incarnation, after the Battle of Tolbiac. However, the tradition holds the year 496, celebrated by the coming of Pope John Paul II in 1996 to celebrate the 1 500 years of the baptism of France.

In 533, Remi, Bishop of Reims, wished to be buried in the Chapel dedicated to Saint Christophe, which was located 2 km from the Cathedral. Very quickly this Chapel Saint-Christophe becomes a place of pilgrimage. People flocking, religious   folks to keep the body of the holy man. The primitive chapel is enlarged to the dimensions of a Church, where the body is transferred in 533, the day that became, the Saint-Remi.

reims

At about 760, Abbé Jean Turpin (Turpin in the song of Roland) founded the Abbey of Saint-Remi and settled there a Benedictine religious community that remained there until the French revolution. The basilica was consecrated by Pope Leo IX in 1049, during the Council of Reims between 1118 and 1151, the sanctuary and the monastic choir was decorated and was preserved until the French revolution. It has been done a mosaic pavement in the choir of the monks, which occupied the last four bays of the nave, and in the cross of the transept. The pavement surrounded and highlighted funerary slabs of important characters, buried in the church since the time   Carolingians.

At the beginning of the 16C, raised the flamboyant window gate to the south arm of the transept. The congregation of Saint-Maur, which reformed the abbey from 1627 and reclaimed many residential buildings, came back from the novices, built the Renaissance colonnade, which closed the choir.

The Basilica Saint Remi  escape the demolitions of the revolutionary turmoil, but the interior is desecrated and ransacked. Invaluable interior furniture disappears like the holy light bulb destroyed by the revolutionaries in 1793, when the Benedictines are expelled from their monastery. After the French revolution, it became a parish church for the southern districts.. The gilded bronze shrine enclosed in the mausoleum is made on the occasion of the 14th centenary of the baptism of Clovis, in 1896. The “Crown of Light”, symbol of the celestial Jerusalem and whose ninety-six candles evoke the life of Saint Rémi, is redone.

The Basilica St Remi adopts the plan of the basilica. The nave and the transepts, Romanesque in style, are the oldest, while the facade of the south transept is the most recent. The choir and the apse date back to the 12-13C. The monuments of value that were in the church in the past were looted during the French revolution; The tomb of the Saint is a 19C revival. However, there are still 12C stained glass windows in the apse and the tapestries exhibited in the museum in the old Abbey. The Basilica of St. Remi and the adjoining Benedictine abbey of the 18C (museum Saint-Remi, Gallo-Roman collections in particular).

reims

It was only in 2000 that the basilica was once again endowed with a great organ. It is integrated into the south aisle at the tenth span. It is also exceptional by the height of its pipes, 6.5 meters integrated in a buffet of 11.5 meters. A commemorative plaque affixed in the southern collateral nave reminds us that three kings of the Franks were sacred in this Basilica: Charles III the Simple in 893, Robert I in 922, and Lothaire in 954.. Among the royal and ecclesial personalities buried in the basilica, we can note the Kings Carolingian Louis IV and Lothaire who were the subject of description at the time of their destruction under the French revolution.

A jewel and nothing else, a must see in Reims. And some webpages to help you plan your visit here

City of Reims on the St Remi Basilica

Tourist office of Reims on the Basilica

Catholic diocese of Reims on culture and organ music

Museum of St Remi in Reims

There you go , nothing more to say ,you need to come here. Reims is great, and not to forget this is Champagne country! Cheers

And remember, happy travels , good health, and many cheers to all!!

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January 14, 2019

Notre Dame Cathedral of Rouen!

And I come back to Rouen, I told you, one of my favorite cities in my belle France! It used to be my weekend trip away from the capital area , less so now from Brittany. The city of Rouen has many jewels to easily spent over a couple days, and all worth it. Again, Rouen is in the Seine Maritime dept 76 of the region of Normandy.

Let me tell you a bit, well maybe more than a bit on the Notre Dame Cathedral of Rouen! Enjoy the brief tour! and briefer photos lol!!!

The Cathedral of Notre-Dame, officially Cathedral Primatiale Assumption of Rouen. It is the seat of the Archdiocese of Rouen, the capital of the Ecclesiastical region of Normandy. The Archbishop of Rouen with the title of Primate of Normandy, his cathedral has the rank of Primatiale.

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It is a Gothic architecture construction whose first stones go back to the High Middle Ages. It has the peculiarity, rare in France, to preserve its Archbishop Palace and the surrounding adjoining buildings dating from the same period. The wooden arrow covered in Renaissance style lead that crowned was destroyed by a fire ignited by lightning in 1822. It is now surmounted by a cast iron boom, built from 1825 to 1876, which rises to 151 meters. The Cathedral Notre-Dame de Rouen is the highest in France and was the highest building in the world at the time of its completion in 1876, and will remain until 1880, it is also the Cathedral which, by the width of its western facade of 61.60 meters , holds the record of France. It is known worldwide, notably through the 28 paintings of the series of Cathedrals of Rouen, painted by Claude Monet.

A lot of history I like

A sermon by Bishop Victrice dated about 395-396AD implies the presence of a Cathedral in the city and evokes the construction of a nearby Basilica.  In the 5C, these two basilicas were brought together by galleries.  In the 10C, after the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte in 911, Rouen became the capital of the young Duchy of Normandy, the chief Viking Rollon would have received the baptism in 912 (under the first name Robert) in the primitive basilica. Necropolis of the first dynasty of the Dukes of Normandy, the Cathedral (the first Carolingian edifice) was enlarged only under the reign of Richard I, the latter dying in 996.  Around 1237, the Cathedral seems to be completed.  The work on the western façade resumed from 1370, to end at 1450. It was then that a series of arches were built and filled with more than 60 statues.

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Also completed the Saint-Romain tower by making a high floor, covered with an axe roof with curved slate panels, from 1468 to 1478. It housed nine bells, which were added in 1467 by Marie D’Estouteville and in 1470, La Guillaume. The presence of these numerous bells gave the nickname of the “Tower of the Eleven Bells”. From 1477 to 1479, it completely resumed the Canon Bookstore (Chapter library) and built the “booksellers’ Staircase”, which allowed access from the Cathedral’s transept in 1479.  Begins at the end of 1485 a tower south of the façade, the Tour du Beurre, finishes in 1506.

The Choir is endowed with a new master altar, delivered in 1734. The yellow copper fencing that surrounded the choir since 1526 is replaced by gilded copper grates. The 13C Rood is replaced in 1775 by a classic marble rood. During the French Revolution, the Cathedral became the Temple of Reason. The bells are broken and the Georges of Amboise melted. The revolution kept the Cathedral proper by using the Chapel of the Virgin as a hay loft, while the rest of the building served as a concert hall. It regained the Cathedral status in 1796

The definitive restoration of the Arrow has a project, which started in 2016 and is to be completed in 2022, is divided into 7 slices. This operation includes the restoration of cast iron structure and decor elements, restoration of the Corten steel structure, reinforcement before final Solution The repair of the assembly permits between the two structures, the protection of the Arrow by painting of the structure in Corten in grey or light green and cast elements in grey green according to the original hue, the copper cover of the slab of the stool at the foot of the arrow and a highlighting by the lighting of the whole .

Some main things to see

The courtyard or Place de la Cathédrale is located in the center of the Gallo-Roman castrum of the 4C, at the crossroads of the Cardo (current Rue des Carmes) and the Decumanus (axis of the rue de Gros-Horloge

The North tower or Saint-Romain Tower, which is the oldest part of the façade 12C, first Gothic. Another level in flamboyant Gothic style was added and endowed with a roof in frame called axe. Most likely, this tower was isolated from the Cathedral and served as a defensive tower before being integrated into the façade of the Cathedral

rouen

The Butter Tower or tour du Beurre or south tower is much more recent since it dates from the beginning of the 16C. The first stone is laid in 1485. The huge bell of the tower is melted in 1501, it takes the name of its patron, Georges of Amboise.  The tour de la beurre inspired the construction of a famous Chicago building, the Tribune Tower, in 1923-1925.

The western facade the rhythm of the facade is given by the four turrets and their perforated arrows, centered on the axis of the portal Notre-Dame .The main porch is the last gothic element adjoining the Cathedral.

The portal Saint-Jean in the north is the only tympan that is intact.  The tympan is divided into two parts, represents events of the lives of St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist. The upper part represents the mysterious passage of St. John the Evangelist. The lower register, from left to right, tells the feast of Herod, the dance of Salome and the decollation of Saint John the Baptist. Between the broken arch and the discharge arch, in the upper tympan of the gate, is the baptism of Christ in the center and the details of the life of Saint John in Chinese shadows. This decoration technique, very original, is a motif of cutting stone, on the background of Fleur de Lys, originally gilded.

The portal Notre-Dame , the floor of the portal consists of a first large gable cutting a gallery, the large rose in retreat and a second gallery called  Viri Galilei

The portal Saint-Étienne is unrecognizable on the portal of the same name in the south. Its tympan is divided into two parts: a Christ in Majesty in a mandorla that welcomes faithful and pilgrims because he was not mutilated by the Protestants, and under the stoning of St. Stephen. The configuration of the tympan such as the glorious Christ in the skies, surrounded by angels, on the upper part, and St Stephen stoned by his executioners in the presence of Saul,  illustrates the story of the Martyr of Saint Stephen

The portal Saint-Siméon is built in the 13C on the 8th span of the southern collateral the portals of the transept: the portal of booksellers like that of the Calende, is surmounted by a bow in third-point to vaulted carved above which a gable detaches from the clear glass. The Rose is surmounted by a large gable

The lantern tower and its arrow the chevet or bedside at the end of the Cathedral is the Chapel of the Virgin. Its broken arched windows are capped with gables including between the pinnacles overcoming the foothills

The Chapels of the north aisle are: Saint-Mellon, Sainte-Agathe ,Saint-Jean-de-la-Nef, Saint-Sever, Saint-Julien ,Saint-Eloi ,Chapelle des fonts Saint-Nicolas ,and Sainte-Anne

The Chapels of the south aisle are: Saint-Étienne-la-Grande-Eglise in the tour du beurre, Saint-Eustache, Saint-Léonard ,Saint-Pierre called the builder ,Sainte-Colombe called Eucharistic Wheat,  Sainte-Catherine,  portal of the Masons, also known as the Saint-Siméon Portal, Sainte-Marguerite, and the Chapel of the Little Saint-Romain.

The transept has four chapels, all oriented, one at the angles and the other in a apsidiole ,these are: Chapelle Notre-Dame-de-Pitié , Chapel of the Blessed Sacrament, Chapelle Sainte-Jeanne d’Arc, and Chapelle Saint-Joseph.

The Choir, slightly stalker to the north, has five straight bays and an apse in a five-part hemicycle. It rises on three levels. On either side of the Choir are stalls, which include sculpted mercies illustrating the Bible and secular subjects. It opens on three radiant chapels separated by a large window. The ambulatory gives access from the south to the north to the Saint-André/Saint-Barthelemy Chapel de la Revestiére, the Chapel of the Virgin and the Saint-Pierre-Saint-Paul chapel. Like the transept, arches run in the basement and have a passage at the base of the bays that retain the 13C stained glass. The ambulatory houses tombs with recumbents, each with an epitaph, from the south to the north. that of Rollon (a 19C copy) is empty. That of Richard the Lion Heart contained his heart, whose reliquary of lead is preserved with the treasure of the Cathedral; That of Henri the Younger, elder brother of Richard the Lion Heart. That of William I of Normandy, son of Rollon.. Access to the crypt is from the Chapel of Saint Jeanne D’Arc, in the south brace.

Some webpages to help you plan your trip here are

Official Cathedral of Rouen

City of Rouen on the Cathedral

Tourist office of Rouen on the Cathedral

Tourist office of Seine Maritime dept 76 on the Cathedral

Tourist office of region of Normandy on the Cathedral

There you go now you have it all to come and enjoy the city of Rouen ,and the Notre Dame Cathedral both awesome! Hope you have enjoy the reading and do ride over !

And remember ,happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

 

 

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