The Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel, Paris

So again in my humid cool nights of the Morbihan Breton with about 11C and hard rains at times, I sit in my computer to do my favorite past times ,my blog. I thank you all for sharing with me this experience on each post. I just need to tell you more about my eternal Paris of course.

The Arch of Triumph of the Carrousel in Paris is especial as it was near my work area for several years and spent many days walking around it. As such is the case, sometimes the places you have to near you the less pictures you take, after all you see it live every day at the time. So now in French, it is the Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel.

The Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel is an arch monument situated in the Place du Carrousel in the 1éme arrondissement or district of Paris, just west of the Louvre museum. With entries on each of the four sides, built between 1807 and 1809, the Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel celebrates the victory of Napoleon Bonaparte’s great army at Austerlitz, currently in the Czech Republic, located east of the city of Brno.

The Arch has three archways;the largest, central one is 6.5 m or 21ft high. The whole structure is 19m (63 ft) high and 23m (75ft) wide The monument is erected in front of the palace of the Tuileries to which it serves as an entrance of honor, a gate separating the courtyard from the palace of the Place du Carrousel which gives it its name. After the fire of the Palace of the Tuileries in 1871(done by the Communards of Paris uprising) and its destruction in 1883 (by the Third Republic and city of Paris), the monument is located in the center of the large esplanade formed by the jardin du carrousel and the place du Carrousel.

It is a small scale copy of the Arch of Constantine (313-315) in Rome, the latter being inspired by the arcs of Septimius-Severa and Orange. The quadriga above the arch is a copy of the bronze horses of Constantine I, a hitch adorning the top of the main gate of the Basilica of St. Mark of Venice. Indeed, after the first campaign in Italy, the French army led by the general of the Italian Army Napoleon Bonaparte took them from Venice in 1798, the original of the sculpture as taken as war treasure and placed it on the monument. Itself been taken by the Venetians from Constantinople (Istanbul today) in 1204.   He was surrounded by two victories from 1808. In 1815, following the Battle of Waterloo and the fall of the Emperor (restoration), France returned the Quadriga to the Austrians, who returned it immediately to Venice, which had just been annexed to the Austrian Empire by the Congress of Vienna. In 1828, King Charles X asked to create a new quadriga that represented the restoration leading a chariot dragged by four horses.

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We can read about the front sides as such:

East Façade: The French army embarked in Boulogne threatened England; A third coalition breaks out on the continent; The French go from the ocean to the Danube; Bavaria is delivered, the Austrian army imprisoned in Ulm; Napoleon enters Vienna, he triumphs at Austerlitz; In less than a hundred days, the coalition is dissolved

South facade: Honor to the Grand Armée (great army); Victorious at Austerlitz; In Moravia December 2, 1805 anniversary Day of Napoleon’s coronation. 

West facade: To the voice of the winner of Austerlitz; The Empire of Germany Falls; The Confederation of the Rhine begins; The kingdoms of Bavaria and Württemberg are created; Venice is joined to the Iron Crown; Whole Italy bows under the laws of its liberator

North facade: Master of the states of his enemy; Napoleon makes them , signed peace on 27 December 1805 in the capital of Hungary occupied by his victorious army.

In turn each side is decorated with bas-reliefs such as

North Face, a bas-relief of the entrance to Vienna.

South Face, a bas-relief of   the Peace of Pressburg.

Face East (Carousel side), from left to right: a cuirassier, ; a dragon,; a hunter on horseback, a Carabinier,   Between the two columns on the left, a bas-relief of the capitulation of Ulm; between those on the right: a bas-relief of the Battle of Austerlitz.

West Face (Tuileries side), from left to right: a grenadier, a rifleman of the line, a gunner,; a sapper. Between the two columns on the left, a bas-relief of the entrance of the French army in Munich; Between those on the right: a bas-relief of the interview of Tilsit.

The arc is also equipped with a sundial and a leveling mark.

It is a wonderful arch ,and wonderful to walk underneath it and around it. There are some webpages to help you know more this wonderful arch such as:

Arc de Triumphe du Carrousel in Napoleon’s site

In French at the city of Paris history museum of CarnavaletCarnavalet museum on the Arch

A nice youtube video on the Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel

It is wonderful area and I would say a nice must walk around while in Paris. Surrounded by many wonderful sights of my eternal Paris.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

 

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